Akita Inu

FCI standard Nº 255

Origin
Japan
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section
Section 5 Asian Spitz and related breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 13 March 1964
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 13 March 2001
Last update
Monday 02 April 2001
En français, cette race se dit
Akita Inu
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Akita Inu
En español, esta raza se dice
Akita Inu
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Akita Inu
This breed is also known as
Japanese Akita
Akita Ken

Usage

Companion dog.

Brief historical summary

Originally Japanese dogs were small to medium in size and no large breeds existed. Since 1603 in the Akita region, Akita Matagis (medium-sized bear-hunting dogs) were used as fighting dogs. From 1868 Akita Matagis were crossed with Tosas and Mastiffs. Consequently, the size of this breed increased but characteristics associated with Spitz type were lost. In 1908 dog fighting was prohibited, but this breed was nevertheless preserved and improved as a large Japanese breed. As a result, nine superior examples of this breed were designated as « Natural Monuments » in 1931.
During World War II (1939-1945), it was common to use dogs as a source of fur for military garments. The police ordered the capture and confiscation of all dogs other than German Shepherd Dogs used for military purposes. Some fanciers tried to circumvent the order by crossbreeding their dogs with German Shepherd Dogs. When World War II ended, Akitas had been drastically reduced in number and existed as three distinct types; 1) Matagi Akitas, 2) fighting Akitas, and 3) Shepherd Akitas. This created a very confusing situation in the breed. During the restoration process of the pure breed after the war., Kongo-go, a dog of the Dewa line, which exhibited characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd.
However, sensible learned fanciers did not approve of this type as a proper Japanese breed, so they made efforts to eliminate the strain old foreign breeds by crossbreeding with Matagi Akitas for the purpose of restoring the original pure breed. They succeeded in stabilizing the pure strain of large sized breed as known today.

General appearance

Large-sized dog, sturdily built, well balanced and with much substance ; secondary sex characteristics strongly marked, with high nobility and dignity in modesty ; constitution tough.

Important proportions

The ratio of height at withers to length of body ( from the point of the shoulders to the point of the buttock) is 10 : 11, but the body is slightly longer in bitches than in dogs.

Behaviour / temperament

The temperament is composed, faithful, docile and receptive.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
The size is in proportion to the body. The forehead is broad, with distinct furrow. No wrinkle. 
Stop
Defined.

Facial region

Nose
Large and black. Slight and diffuse lack of pigment accepted in white dogs only, but black is always preferred.
Muzzle
Moderately long and strong with broad base, tapering but not pointed.
Lips
Tight.
Nasal bridge
Nasal bridge straight.
Jaws and teeth
Teeth strong with scissor bite.
Cheeks
Moderately developed.
Eyes
Relatively small, almost triangular in shape due to the rising of the outer eye corner, set moderately apart, dark brown : the darker, the better.
Ears
Relatively small, thick, triangular, slightly rounded at tips, set moderately apart, pricked and inclining forward.

Neck

Thick and muscular, without dewlap, in balance with head.

Body

Back
Straight and strong.
Loin
Broad and muscular.
Chest
Deep, forechest well developed.
Ribs
Ribs moderately well sprung.
Underline and belly
Belly well drawn up.

Tail

Set on high, thick, carried vigorously curled over back ; the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Moderately sloping and developed.
Elbows
Tight.
Forearm
Straight and heavy-boned.

Hindquarters

Generality
Well developed, strong and moderately angulated.

Feet

Thick, round, arched and tight.

Gait and movement

Resilient and powerful movement.

Coat

Hair
Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense ; the withers and the rump are covered with slightly longer hair ; the hair on tail is longer than on the rest of the body.
Colour
Red fawn, sesame (red fawn hairs with black tips), brindle and white. All the above mentioned colours except white must have « urajiro ».

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs : 67 cm, bitches : 61 cm, there is a tolerance of 3 cm more or less.
Weight
25 to 40 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Bitchy dogs / doggy bitches.
 Undershot or overshot mouth.
 Missing teeth.
 Blue or black spotted tongue.
 Iris light in colour.
 Short tail.
 Shyness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Ears not pricked.
 Hanging tail.
 Long hair (shaggy).
 Black mask.
 Markings on white ground.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

No comments

Nobody has submitted a comment yet.

Last updated articles

  • Bohemian Spotted Dog

    Bohemian Spotted Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Czechia Translation Francis Vandersteen In his country of origin, his name is Ceský Strakatý Pes The ancestry of some dogs can be traced as accurately as that of the Czech Spotted Dog. It was created in the 1950s in Frantisek Horak's laboratory. This Czech scientist used the dogs for...
  • Bullenbeisser

    Bullenbeisser He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany and the Netherlands Translation Francis Vandersteen The Bullenbeisser was a Molosser-type dog native to Germany and the Netherlands. Bred for a variety of purposes, the Bullenbeisser specialized in bull-baiting and wild boar hunting. Also known as the Barenbeiszer, Bullenbijter,...
  • Azerbaijan Mountain Dog

    Azerbaijan Mountain Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Azerbaijan Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Azarbaycan Ovtcharka Usage Shepherd and guard dog. Brief historical summary The Azerbaijani Shepherd Dog is very closely related to the Armenian Gamprs and generally considered a variant of the Caucasian...
  • Aur Cheuan Mastiff

    Aur Cheuan Mastiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Mongolia Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Central Mongolian ShepherdInner Mongolian MastiffMenggu Ao Related to the dogs of Tibet and Central Asia, the Menggu Ao is sometimes considered a kind of Tibetan Mastiff. This Mongolian breed is generally used to guard...
  • Amdo Mastiff

    Amdo Mastiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet Translation Francis Vandersteen Considered a variant of the Tibetan Mastiff, this rare breed is also known as the dog of the Amdo people of Tibet.Primarily a protector and guard dog for nomads, the Amdo, a powerful Mastiff, is also a dog capable of herding and hunting. Very aggressive...
  • Afghan Tiger Dog

    Afghan Tiger Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Afghanistan Translation Francis Vandersteen This ancient Koochee sage is Djence Palangi's steppe type.Smaller than the mountain type and larger than the desert type, the Afghan tiger dog looks like a cross between the two.Its head can be described as balanced, between the molosser and...
  • Afghan Mountain Dog

    Afghan Mountain Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Afghanistan Translation Francis Vandersteen Descended from the ancient tribal dogs of Tajik and Turkoman, the Djence Sheri is the mountain type of the Koochee sage group.Some regard the Koochee sage as a variant of the Central Asian shepherd dog, while others believe they are the...
  • Bucciriscu Calabrese

    Bucciriscu Calabrese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Calabria (Italy) Translation Francis Vandersteen This rare breed comes from Calabria, often referred to as the Calabrian Corsican Dog. Compared to the Corsican, it's a heavier, broader dog with a rounder skull than its cousin.The Bucirriscu has been used for a number of functions,...
  • Dogo Romano

    Dogo Romano He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Dogo Romano This colossal Mastiff is a recreation of the ancient Roman arena dogs, developed in 1996 by Stan DeMarco from Old English Mastiffs, Neapolitan Mastiffs, Bullmastiffs, French Mastiffs and Swinford Bandogges...
  • Shahsavan Mastiff

    Shahsavan Mastiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Iran Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Shahsavan Mastiff This hardy working dog is found in northwestern Iran, where it is kept by the Shahsavan tribes as a guardian of their settlements and livestock. Although the Shahsavan Mastiff is very rare and unknown...
  • Havachin -- Havanese Bichon X Japanese Spaniel

    Havachin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Western Mediterranean basin <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Havachin The Havachin is a hybrid dog, a charming blend of the Bichon havanais and the Japanese Spaniel. They are small to medium-sized dogs, characterized by their calm, affectionate nature and...
  • Border-Aussie -- Border Collie X Australian Shepherd

    Border-Aussie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as AussieollieAustralian Collie Dog A brief presentation of the Border-Aussie The Border Collie and Australian Shepherd share many similarities, two extremely intelligent and capable breeds that can be trained...
  • Bo-Dach -- Boston Terrier X Dachshund

    Bo-Dach He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Bo-Dach Both the Boston Terrier and the Dachshund have a unique and distinctive appearance, while their offspring, the Bo-Dach, can vary in appearance. In general, they are sturdy little dogs with large...
  • Affenchon -- Affenpinscher X Bichon frise

    Affenchon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Affenchon The Affenchon is a cross between the Affenpinscher and the Bichon Frise. Both dogs are small and don't shed much, so your Affenchon will be the same. Other characteristics this dog will...
  • Zuchon -- Shih Tzu X Bichon frise

    Zuchon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as ShichonTeddy BearShichon-Teddy BearTzu FriseBichonTzuRag DollShih-Chon A brief presentation of the Zuchon The Zuchon is a small, teddy-bear-like dog that will fill your life with love. Their average...
  • Yorwich -- Yorkshire Terrier X Norwich Terrier

    Yorwich He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorwich The Yorwich is a small, shaggy dog resulting from the crossing of a Yorkshire Terrier and a Norwich Terrier. This hybrid weighs between 2.5 and 3.5 kilos, and stands 23 to 25.5 centimeters tall. Its coat is...
  • Yorkinese --Yorkshire Terrier X Pekingese

    Yorkinese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkinese Like its parent breeds, the Yorkshire Terrier and Pekingese, the Yorkinese is a small dog with a huge personality and the coat to match. Unlike many other toy dog breeds, Yorkinese are actually...
  • Yorkillon -- Yorkshire Terrier X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Yorkillon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkillon Beauty, grace and lots of cuteness, the Yorkillon is a dog you'll want to keep by your side for a long time. He's got style, class and a lot of sass, but you'll let him because of...
  • Yorkipoo -- Yorkshire Terrier X Poodle

    Yorkipoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as YoodleYorkapooYorkerpooYorkiepoodleYorkiedoodle A brief presentation of the Yorkipoo With the pedigree of a showman and the heart of a true companion, the Yorkipoo has made waves as a designer dog that's...
  • Yorkie Russell -- Yorkshire Terrier X Jack Russell Terrier

    Yorkie Russell He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkie Russell A lively mix of two of England's oldest working Terriers, the Yorkshire Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier, the Yorkie Russell is an energetic little dog with a big personality...
  • Yoranian -- Yorkshire Terrier X German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian

    Yoranian He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Yorkie Pom A brief presentation of the Yoranian Yoranian is a hybrid blend. It is often referred to as the Yorkie Pom. This little dog measures just 15 to 25.5 centimeters at the shoulders and weighs 1.5...
  • Yo-Chon -- Yorkshire Terrier X Bichon frise

    Yo-Chon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yo-Chon A cross between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Bichon Frise, the Yo-Chon is a lively little dog with a fun-loving personality. They thrive around people and don't want to spend too much time...
  • Westiepoo -- West Highland White Terrier X Poodle

    Westiepoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as WestiedoodleWee-Poo A brief presentation of the Westiepoo Small, adorable and too cute for words, the Westiepoo is one of the original specific crossbreed dogs and is now a popular pet choice. Blending the...
  • Welsh Shepherd Dog

    Welsh Shepherd Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Welsh CollieCi Defaid Cymreig A brief presentation of the Welsh Shepherd Dog The Welsh Shepherd Dog is a rare breed that has existed in one form or another for at least 800 years. Kept almost exclusively as a...
  • Welsh Hound

    Welsh Hound He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain, U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Welsh FoxhoundWelsh Bytheuad A brief presentation of the Welsh Hound As its name suggests, the Welsh Hound is a hunting dog with a strong attachment to Wales. A true hunting dog, the Welsh Hound is a working...