Ariege hound

FCI standard Nº 20

Origin
France
Translation
Mrs Peggy Davis
Group
Group 6 Scenthounds, and related breeds
Section
Section 1.2 Medium sized Hounds
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 01 October 1954
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 24 January 1996
Last update
Tuesday 03 September 1996
En français, cette race se dit
Ariégeois
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Ariege Laufhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Sabueso del Ariege
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Ariege hond

Usage

Scenthound used for driving game to waiting guns and for coursing. His medium size and lightness make him a precious auxiliary, whether he hunts on his own or in a pack, capable of evolving easily on difficult terrains. Hare hunting is his favourite type of hunting; but he is also used in tracking roe deer or wild boar.

Brief historical summary

Originates from the Ariège, product of a crossing of a Briquet with a “chien d’ordre” (scenthound hunting in a pack) which could have been the Bleu de Gascogne or the Gascon Saintongeois. Physically he has kept the typical characteristics of the “chien d’ordre”, with, however, less distinction, less size and more lightness.

General appearance

Light dog, medium size, elegant and distinguished.

Behaviour / temperament

From his origins he is hardworking dog being at the same time very good at driving game to the waiting guns and showing proof of much initiative and enterprise. He has a resounding voice and is quick in his plotting. Happy and sociable; easy to train.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Seen from the front, slightly domed, not too broad; the occipital protuberance only slightly marked. Seen from above, the back of the skull is of lightly pronounced ogival shape. The forehead is full. Superciliary arches only slightly marked. 
Stop
Only slightly accentuated.

Facial region

Nose
Black, developed; nostrils well opened.
Lips
Tight, rather thin. The upper lip must just cover the lower jaw but without giving the muzzle a pointed profile.
Nasal bridge
Nasal bridge straight or slightly arched; muzzle of equal length with that of the skull.
Jaws and teeth
Scissor bite. Incisors set square to the jaws.
Eyes
Well open, brown; eyelids without looseness. Alert, bright expression.
Ears
Fine, supple, curled in, must be able to reach the onset of the nose without going beyond its extremity. The leather is narrow at its base and is set just below the eye level.

Neck

Light, rather thin, long, slightly arched.

Body

Back
Well muscled and sustained (firm).
Loin
Well fused, slightly arched.
Croup
Quite horizontal.
Chest
Long, medium width, let down to elbow level.
Ribs
Long, moderately rounded.
Side
Flat and slightly drawn up.

Tail

Well set, fine at its extremity, reaching the point of the hock. Carried gaily, sabre blade style.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
View of the ensemble : solidly constructed.
Shoulders
Moderately oblique, muscular without heaviness.
Elbows
Close to body.

Hindquarters

Generality
View of ensemble : well proportioned.
Upper thigh
Quite long and muscled without excess.
Hock
Well set in the axis of the body, well let down. No dewclaw.

Feet

Elongated oval, i.e. “harefeet”; toes lean and tight. Pads and nails black.

Gait and movement

Supple and easy.

Skin

Fine, supple, not closely adherent to the body but not allowing the presence of dewlap, folds or wrinkles. Mucous membranes (hairless zones) black.

Coat

Hair
Short, fine and dense.
Colour
White with jet black markings with well defined outlines; sometimes mottled. Presence of quite pale tan on the cheeks and above the eyes.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males 52 to 58 cm, females 50 to 56 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Skull flat or too pronounced dome.
 Profile of the extremity of the muzzle too square.
 Presence of wrinkles or dewlap.
 Eye round; haw apparent.
 Leathers too flat; thick, badly set, too long or too short.
 Excessive volume.
 Slack (soft) back.
 Drooping croup.
 Tail deviated.
 Insufficiently developed bone structure.
 Cow hocks seen from behind.
 Splayed feet.
 Timid subject.

Disqualifying faults

 Flightened or aggressive subject.
 Lack of type.
 Serious anatomical malformation.
 Visible disabling (invalidating) defect.
 Over-or undershot mouth.
 Light eyes.
 Any coat other than schedulded in the standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

The Ariégeois is a worthy representative of the excellent common dogs produced by the French regions and who have contributed so much to the wealth of the national cynophilia.

Yet this is a dog that almost disappeared in the late nineteenth century. In his book Le Chien et ses Races, Pierre Mégnin wrote: "The Ariège breed has fallen into a decadence from which it will not recover. And he added, "Artesians and Porcelains are nearly dead as a pure race. There are probably only Arlesian-Normans and Harriers-Porcelaines, apart from a few rare subjects."

This pessimism was probably founded at the time, but, fortunately, the prediction was not accomplished. And while the Dog of Ariege is still relatively rare today, there are some beautiful subjects, especially in Saint-Girons, in the south of France, in Haute-Garonne and in the Gers.

The Ariégeois is a half-blood, or "dog cut", resulting from crossings between thoroughbred stallions like the Gascon-Saintongeois dog (still called Virelade) or the Bleu de Gascogne on the one hand and the best bitches Lighters of the country on the other hand.

Witness the words of the brothers Castet: "Thus Mr. Aldebert presented at the Dog Show of Paris, in 1890, Ariégeois son of a pure Virelade, Tapageur, and a large Briquette of Ariege, Sapho", and than those of the local great huntsman of the time, Count Elie de Vezins, who was one of the most famous haresmen of his region: "The Dog of Ariege, issued from the dog of the order and the Briquet, has preserved physically the typical characters of the purest factor with less species, less size and more lightness. It measures about 21 inches; distinguished, light as a whole, with a dry, elongated head, the pronounced occipital bone, the thin, wavy ear, tied low, the whip, the hare's paw."

Ariegeois of the first generation could present a certain balance, since each individual inherits 50 of the genetic inheritance of his father and 50 of that of his mother. But in the following generations, before the race was finally fixed, it was natural to appear dogs closer to the Blue type, heavier, and others closer to the Gascon-Saintongeois type, much finer and elegant. While the Blues continued to renew themselves frequently thanks to the activity of the club of the race, the Gascons-Saintongeois were going through a very hollow period since the end of the golden age of the dogs of J. Carayon Latour de Virelade . From where, at the level of the breeding of Ariégeois, a long predominance of massive subjects reminding the Blue of Gascogne, especially among the males, whereas the heavy dog ??is never recommendable for the hare. It is even to eliminate for hunting in difficult terrain, especially in the mountains.

Fortunately, the breed seems today to find its distinction thanks probably to the renewal that the Gascons-Saintongeois have been experiencing for some years now. Dogs are lighter and more elegant. The head is drier and the skull narrower but still too flat for the occipital protuberance to be prominent and prominent. The ears are always very French, but sometimes a little long, resembling those of the Blues and Gascons-Saintongeois, whereas the blood Lighter had shortened them. The tissues are, however, quite dry, and the lower eyelid, less drooping, does not reveal the conjunctiva. The influence of the Blue is still reflected by fairly bright fires on the cheeks and above the eyes, while these marks should be pale.

Finally, the Ariégeois often lacks skeleton, and it would gain perhaps a little retempe, either with the Harrier, or with the Anglo-French Small Vénerie.

A rustic animal particularly well suited to small hunting, the Ariégeois is absolutely not a pet dog. Approaching 60 cm at the withers, it has the size limit to hunt the hare, the ideal height being between 48 and 55 cm. He has always been appreciated for the qualities brought to him by the Lighter: intelligence, liveliness, health, skill, activity in the work, persistence and tenacity to meet the defects.

Generally well gorged, Ariégeois have a voice lower and more serious than other common dogs. They are pretty thin nose, an essential quality on this side of the Channel because, as noted thirty years ago a great dog, Mr. de Kermadec, we do not hunt the hare in France in the same way that in England, with "a lot of dogs, a lot of hares and a lot of horses". And the hare's path, light as that of deer, decreases rapidly as time passes.

More docile than Lighters, the Ariégeois also show more wisdom in the led. They are good for hare, deer, wild boar, but they are not rabbit dogs. Like all the dogs of the South, they are particularly at ease on dry, sandy, rocky ground, and their owners agree that they are closer to the hares of the night than their congeners.

In recent years, the Ariégeois overflowed from his native Midi to spread in the west of France, where he was used to make Anglo-French. Those of Philippe Mitterrand, brother of the President, from crossings between Ariégeois and pure Harriers, are a perfect example. The subjects obtained are distinguished from the Anglo-French of Petite Vénerie by their longer ears and Ariégeois by a significantly improved construction. Very homogeneous, robust and resistant, they take their hare.

The real Ariégeois de Saint-Girons, for their part, are totally French dogs. In particular, they were not the subject of any English blood supply. All the freedoms being possible in breeding of current dogs, one can regret it, because this contribution could only strengthen their framework and make them more robust.

No comments

No comments

Nobody has submitted a comment yet.

Last updated articles

  • Malchi -- Maltese X Chihuahua

    Malchi He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Central Mediterranean Basin <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as MalachiMaltechi A brief presentation of the Malchi The Malchi is a hybrid dog, the result of crossing a Maltese with a Chihuahua. They are also known as Malachi or Maltechi. The resulting dog...
  • Alaskan Malador -- Alaskan Malamute X Labrador Retriever

    Alaskan Malador He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Alaskan Lab A brief presentation of the Alaskan Malador Alaskan Maladors are active, affectionate pets that get along with almost everyone. They require a little exercise, attention and maintenance. In...
  • Majorcan Pointer

    Majorcan Pointer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Spain Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Majorcan Pointer The Majorcan Pointer is little known outside their native Majorca. These Pointer-type dogs are used by local sportsmen to hunt game. Considered a rare breed, they were once thought to be extinct until small...
  • Lurcher

    Lurcher He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Lurcher A bit of a mongrel, the Lurcher is not only a crossbreed, it can also be made up of a variety of different breeds, meaning that Lurchers are one of the most diverse types of dog. Most will be athletically built with...
  • Labrottie -- Labrador Retriever X Rottweiler

    Labrottie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Rottwador A brief presentation of the Labrottie A relatively popular hybrid, this Labrador-Rottweiler cross is now widely seen around the world. The Labrottie is a large, robust dog with a dense double coat...
  • Labrala -- Labrador Retriever X Hungarian short haired pointer

    Labrala He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Hungary -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as VizsladorRetizsla A brief presentation of the Labrala An undeniably attractive mix, the Labrala is a combination of the happy Labrador Retriever and the devoted Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer. They have...
  • Labraheeler-- Labrador Retriever X Australian Cattle Dog

    Labraheeler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Labraheeler A cross between the docile, easy-going Labrador Retriever and the intelligent, hard-working Australian Cattle Dog, the Labraheeler is a fine pet for an active household. They benefit from good...
  • Labradinger -- Labrador Retriever X English Springer Spaniel

    Labradinger He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Labradinger The recent blending of the Labrador and Springer Spaniel has given rise to the delightful Labradinger, a breed that is sure to make both parents proud. Although records are lacking, it's...
  • Labrabull -- Labrador Retriever X American Pit Bull Terrier

    Labrabull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Labrabull The Labrador and the Pitbull are two of the biggest names in the canine world. So it was inevitable that they should join forces to create the Labrabull. An increasingly popular crossbreed, this dog...
  • Labmaraner -- Labrador Retriever X Weimaraner

    Labmaraner He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Labmaraner The Labmaraner is a hybrid dog, a cross between a pure-bred Labrador Retriever and a pure-bred Weimaraner. Also known as the Weimador, they are elegant, energetic dogs that love people and have a...
  • Labloodhound -- Labrador Retriever X Bloodhound

    Labloodhound He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as LabhoundLabrador-Bloodhound A brief presentation of the Labloodhound A beautiful and noble breed, this cross between the beloved Labrador Retriever and the energetic St. Hubert's Hound has produced a...
  • Labbe -- Labrador Retriever X Beagle

    Labbe He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as BeagadorLabeagleLabbe Retriever A brief presentation of the Labbe With two dog breeds as popular and well-loved as the Labrador Retriever and the Beagle, it was inevitable that they would join forces to...
  • Lab-Pointer -- Labrador Retriever X English Pointer

    Lab-Pointer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Lab-Pointer A mixed breed that was probably developed decades ago, the Lab-Pointer was created by breeding the beloved Labrador Retriever with the athletic Pointer. By retaining the gentle nature of...
  • Miniature King Schnauzer -- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel X Miniature Schnauzer

    Miniature King Schnauzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Cavalier Schnauzer A brief presentation of the Miniature King Schnauzer The Miniature King Schnauzer, one of the newest hybrids on the market, has many attributes that make it a...
  • King Charles Yorkie -- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel X Yorkshire Terrier

    King Charles Yorkie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the King Charles Yorkie The King Charles Yorkie is a hybrid dog, a cross between a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Yorkshire Terrier. They are also known as Yorkalier, York-a-Lier and Cava-Yorkie. Known...
  • King Cavrin -- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel X Cairn Terrier

    King Cavrin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the King Cavrin The King Cavrin is a lesser-known hybrid, a cross between a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and a Cairn Terrier. These medium-sized dogs get off to a good start with both parents, who have character...
  • Jug -- Jack Russell Terrier X Pug

    Jug He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin England, Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Jug No, not a vase to put your flowers in, the Jug is actually a cross between the feisty Jack Russell Terrier and the calm, confident Pug. As the parent breeds have extremely different personalities,...