German Miniature Spitz

FCI standard Nº 97_2

Origin
Germany
Translation
C. Seidler / Gabriele Dulling Original version : (DE)
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section
Section 4 European Spitz
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 01 January 1957
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 04 September 2019
Last update
Tuesday 12 November 2019
En français, cette race se dit
Spitz Miniature
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Mittelspitz
En español, esta raza se dice
Spitz miniatura
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Miniatuur Spitz

Standard valid for German Giant Spitz, German Medium Size Spitz, German Miniature Spitz

Usage

Watch and Companion dog.

Brief historical summary

German Spitz dogs are descendants of the stoneage «Peat Dogs» (Torfhunde) «Canis familiaris palustrisRütimeyer» and the later Lake Dwelling Spitz(Pfahlbauspitz); it is the oldest breed of dog in Central Europe. Numerous other breeds have been developed from them.

General appearance

Spitz breeds are captivating on account of their beautiful coats, made to stand off by plentiful undercoat. Particularly impressive are the strong, mane-like collar round the neck (ruff) and the bushy tail carried boldly over the back. The foxy head with alert eyes and the small pointed, closely set ears give the Spitz its unique characteristic, cheeky appearance.

Important proportions

The ratio of height at withers to body length is 1 : 1.
The ratio length of the muzzle to length of the skull of Giant Spitz, Medium Size Spitz and Miniature Spitz is approximately 2 : 3.

Behaviour / temperament

The German Spitz is always attentive, lively and extraordinarily attachedto its owner. It is very teachable and easy to train. Its natural distrust of strangers and lack of hunting instinct make it the ideal companion and family dog and watch dog for home and farm. It is neither timid nor aggressive. Indifference to weather, robustness and longevity are its most outstanding attributes.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
The Spitz’s medium-sized head, seen from above, appears broadest at the back and tapers wedge-shaped to the tip of the nose. 
Stop
Moderate to marked, never abrupt.

Facial region

Nose
The nose is round, small and pure black. The nose of brown Spitz dogs is dark brown.
Muzzle
The muzzle is not overlong and stands in pleasing proportion to the skull (approximately 2:3).
Lips
The lips are not exaggerated, close fitting to the jaws and do not form any folds to the corner of the mouth. They are completely black. The lips of brown Spitz dogs are brown.
Jaws and teeth
The jaws are normally developed and show a complete scissor bite with 42 teeth, corresponding to the dental formula of the dog, i. e. the upper incisors closely overlapping the lower onesand set square to the jaws. Strong canines fitting exactly into each other. The lack of a few premolars shall be tolerated in Medium Size Spitz and Miniature Spitz. Pincer bite is permissible.
Cheeks
The cheeks are gently rounded, not protruding.
Eyes
The eyes are of medium size, almond-shaped, slightly slanting and dark. The eyelids are black. Brown Spitz dogs have dark brown eyelids.
Ears
The small ears are set high and relatively close to each other, triangular pointed; they are always carried upright, stiff at the tips.

Neck

The medium length neck is set broadly on the shoulders, slightly arched without dewlap and covered by a thick, profuse coat, forming a large ruff.

Body

Topline
Merges in a gentle curve with the short, straight back. The bushy, sweeping tail, which partially covers the back, rounds off the silhouette.
Withers
The high withers drops imperceptibly.
Back
As short as possible, straight, firm.
Loin
Short, broad and strong.
Croup
The croup is broad and short, not falling away.
Chest
The deep chest is well sprung, the forechest well developed.
Underline and belly
The chestreaches back as far as possible ; the belly has only a slight tuck up.

Tail

The tail is set on high and of medium length. It reaches upwards and rolls forward over the back, straight from the root. It lies firmly over the back and is covered with very bushy hair. A double curl at tip of tail is tolerated.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Straight, rather broad front with well-developed bone strength.
Shoulders
The shoulder is well muscled and firmly connected to the chest. The shoulder blade is long and well laid back.
Upper arm
The upper arm, which is approximately the same length as the shoulder blade, forms an angle of 90 degrees to the shoulder blade.
Elbows
The elbow joint is strong, close fitting to the chestand turns neither in nor out.
Forearm
The forearm is of medium length in relation to the body, sturdy and completely straight. The back of the forearm is well feathered.
Pastern
The strong, medium length front pastern stands at an angle of 20 degrees from the vertical.
Forefeet
The forefeet are as small as possible, round and closed, with well arched and tight nails, so called cat feet. The colour of nails and pads is as dark as possible.

Hindquarters

Generality
The hindquarters are very muscular and abundantly feathered to the hocks. The hind legs stand straight and parallel.
Upper thigh
Thigh and lower leg are of about equal length.
Stifle
The stifle joint is strong with only moderate angulation and is turned neither in nor out in movement.
Hock
The hock is of medium length, very strong and vertical to the ground.
Hind feet
The hindfeet are as small as possible, round and closed, with well arched and tightnails, so called cat feet. The pads are coarse. The colour of nails and pads is as dark as possible.

Gait and movement

German Spitz dogs move straight ahead with good drive, fluidly and springy.

Skin

The skin covers the body tightly without any wrinkles.

Coat

Hair
German Giant Spitz, Medium Size Spitz and Miniature Spitz dogs have a double coat: Long, straight andfirmstanding off top coat and short, thick, cotton-wool-like undercoat.
Head, ears, front side of front and hind legs and the paws are covered by short, thick (velvety) hair. The rest of the body has a long, rich, hairy coat. Not wavy, curly or shaggy, not parted along the back. Neck and shoulders are covered by a thick mane.
The backside of the front legs is well feathered, the hind legs have ample feathering from croup to hocks. The tail is bushy. Hair must not look like being modelled.
Colour
German Giant Spitz : White, black, brown.

In black and brown Spitz dogs, white spots on the chest, the paws and the tip of the tail are permissible.
German Medium Spitz : White, black, brown, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
German Miniature Spitz : White, black, brown, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
White Spitz : The coat should be pure white. Little trace of yellow, which often occurs, especially on the ears, is tolerated.
Black Spitz : Black Spitz dogs must have a black undercoat and a black skin. The colour on top must be a shining black without any white or other markings.
Brown Spitz : The brown Spitz should be uniformly dark brown.
Orange Spitz : The orange Spitz should be evenly coloured in the medium colour range. Lightening up of the orange colour on the chest, the tail and the trousers is permitted.
Grey-shaded Spitz : Grey-shaded is a silver-grey with black hair-tips. Muzzle and ears are dark in colour, round the eyes well defined shown as a delicately pencilled black line slanting from outer corner of eye to lower corner of ear, coupled with distinct markings and shading forming short but expressive eyebrows; mane and ring on shoulder lighter; fore- and hind legs silver-grey without any black markings under the elbows or stifles, except slight pencilling on the toes; black tip of tail; underside of tail and trousers pale silver-grey.
Other coloured Spitz : The term applies to the following colours : cream, cream-sable, orange-sable, black and tan and particolour. Particoloured dogs must have white always as basic colour. The patches must be uniformly in one colour either black or brown or grey-shaded or orange or orange-sable or cream or cream-sable. They should preferably be distributed over the whole body.

Size and weight

Height at withers
German Giant Spitz : 45 cm ± 5 cm.
German Medium Size Spitz : 35 cm ± 5 cm.
German Miniature Spitz: 27 cm ± 3 cm.
Weight
Each variety of the German Spitz should have a weight corresponding to its size.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Faults in construction.
 Head too flat.
 Distinct apple head.
 Flesh-coloured nose, eyelids and lips.
 Dentition faults, missing incisors.
 Too large and too bright eyes.
 Prodtruding eyes.
 Ingrey-shaded Medium Size Spitz and Miniature Spitz missing of distinct markings of the face.
 Faults in movement.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Gap in fontanel.
 Overbite, underbite, crossbite.
 Ectropion or entropion.
 Ears not fully erected.
 Definite white markings or spots in all non-white Spitz dogs, Giant Spitz dogs are excepted.
 Any colour not mentioned in section “Colours”.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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