Portuguese Warren Hound

FCI standard Nº 94

Origin
Portugal
Translation
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland and Renée Sporre-Willes
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section
Section 7 Primitive Type Hunting Dogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Thursday 18 November 1954
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 04 November 2008
Last update
Monday 30 March 2009
En français, cette race se dit
Chien de garenne portugais
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Portugiesischer Podengo
En español, esta raza se dice
Podengo Português
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Portugese Podengo

Usage

Hunting dog, watch dog and companion dog.

Brief historical summary

Primitive type dog, it probably originates from the ancient dogs brought by the Phoenicians and Romans to the Iberian Peninsula in the Classic Antiquity. It was subsequently influenced by the introduction of dogs accompanying the Moors in their invasions in the 8th century. It adapted to the Portuguese terrain and climate, to become what is nowadays known as the Portuguese Warren Hound. It evolved morphologically throughout the centuries due to its functionality, with the small variety being selected, from the 15th century on, as a ratter on the Caravels of the Portuguese navigators.

General appearance

Quadrangular pyramidal head, with erect ears, sickle shaped tail, well proportioned, with sound construction and well muscled; very lively and intelligent; sober and rustic. It exists in three sizes, with two varieties of coat: smooth and wire.

Important proportions

Large and Medium-sized Podengo : Almost square (Sub-mediolinear) of large or medium substance respectively. Ratio of length of body to height at the withers: 11/10 and depth of chest to height at withers: 1/2.
Small Podengo : Body slightly longer than high (Sub-longilinear), of small stature. The length of the body is slightly more than the height at withers with a ratio – length of body/height at the withers: 6/5 and depth of chest /height at withers: 1/2.
In all varieties, the muzzle length is less than the skull length.

Behaviour / temperament

Large Podengo : used for hunting big game.
Medium Podengo : also known as Warren Hound, its natural aptitude as a rabbit hunter is well used, hunting either in a pack or alone.
Small Podengo : used for searching rabbits in holes and rocks.
All varieties are also used as watch dogs and as companion dogs.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Lean and of a quadrangular pyramid shape, with large base and definite pointed muzzle. The longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes are divergent.
Skull
Flat; almost straight in profile; prominent superciliary arches; scarcely perceptible frontal furrow; the area between the ears is horizontal with prominent occipital protuberance. 
Stop
Barely defined.

Facial region

Nose
Tapered and obliquely truncated, prominent at the tip; of darker colour than the coat.
Muzzle
Pointed; curved seen from the front, with a straight profile; shorter than the skull; broader at the base than at the tip.
Lips
Close fitting, thin; firm, horizontally cut and well pigmented.
Jaws and teeth
Normal with scissors bite, with solid, white teeth; normal occlusion of both jaws. Full dentition in the large variety.
Cheeks
Lean and obliquely set, seen from the front.
Eyes
Very lively expression; not prominent; they are small and slanted with the colour ranging from honey to brown, in accordance with the coat; lids darker than the coat colour.
Ears
Set on obliquely at the level of the eyes; straight, erect, with high mobility; vertical or tilting slightly forward, when attentive; pointed, wider at the base, triangular; thin, of considerable length, more than the width at the base.

Neck

In a harmonious transition from head to body; straight; long; well proportioned, strong and well muscled; without dewlap.

Body

Topline
Straight, level.
Withers
Only slightly visible in relation to the neck and back.
Back
Straight and long.
Loin
Straight; broad and well muscled.
Croup
Straight or slightly sloping; medium sized; broad and well muscled.
Chest
Down to the elbows; of moderate width; long, with the sternum rising back and up; ribs slightly sprung and inclined; forechest neither too apparent nor too muscled and of moderate width.
Underline and belly
Slightly tucked up; lean belly and flanks.

Tail

Natural, set on rather higher than low; strong, thick and thinning to the tip, of medium length; at rest falls slightly curved between the buttocks down to the hocks, in action it rises horizontally either slightly curved or vertically in sickle shape, but never curled; fringed on the under side.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Upright when seen from front and sides; well muscled and lean.
Shoulders
Long; inclined; strong and well muscled; scapula-humerus angle, approximately 110º.
Elbows
Parallel to the main line of the body.
Forearm
Vertical; long and well muscled.
Carpal
Lean and not prominent.
Pastern
Short; strong; slightly inclined.
Forefeet
Rounded; long toes, strong, tight and arched; with strong and preferably dark nails, tough and firm pads.

Hindquarters

Generality
Upright when seen from back and sides; well muscled and lean; parallel to the main body line.
Upper thigh
Long; of medium width; well muscled.
Lower thigh
Inclined; long; lean, strong, well muscled.
Stifle
Femur-tibia angle approximately 135º.
Metatarsus
Strong; short; inclined; without dewclaws.
Hock
Of medium height; lean; strong; open hock angle, approximately 135º.
Hind feet
Rounded; long toes, strong, tight and arched; short and strong nails, preferably dark; tough and firm pads.

Gait and movement

Light trot, easy and agile movement.

Skin

Thin and tight. Mucous membranes preferably dark pigmented or always darker than the coat.

Coat

Hair
Two varieties: Either short and smooth or long and wire - both of medium thickness; without undercoat. The short coat is more dense than the wire coat. In the wire variety the hair on the muzzle is longer (bearded).
Colour
Yellow and fawn in all shades from light to dark, with or without white markings, or white with patches of these colours.
In the Small Podengo, the following colours are accepted but not preferred: black, brown, with or without white markings or white with patches of these colours.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Small Podengo : 20 to 30 cm.
Medium Podengo : 40 to 54 cm.
Large Podengo : 55 to 70 cm.
Weight
Small Podengo : 4 to 6 Kg.
Medium Podengo : 16 to 20 Kg.
Large Podengo : 20 to 30 Kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Behaviour : Signs of shyness.
 Cranium/Muzzle : Parallel longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes.
 Jaws : Incorrect occlusion or badly implanted teeth; pincer bite; incomplete dentition in the large variety.
 Nose : Partial lack of pigmentation.
 Neck : Arched.
 Body : Arched top line.
 Croup : Too sloping.
 Dewclaws : Their existence is not appreciated.
 Coat : Silky and/or with undercoat.

Serious faults

 Cranium/Muzzle : Convergent superior cranium-facial axes.
 Nose : Total lack of pigmentation.
 Ears : Rounded.
 Belly : Too tucked up.
 Tail : Curled.

Disqualifying faults

 Behaviour : Aggressive or overly shy.
 General Appearance : Signs of crossbreeding to sighthounds, pointing breeds or any other crossbreeding.
 Jaws : Undershot or overshot.
 Eyes : Of different colours.
 Ears : Folded or hanging.
 Colour : Brindle; black and tan; tricolour and totally white.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

The average Portuguese Podengo is rare and even extremely rare. Only one subject, a female, is registered in the French Book of Origins, none in Great Britain and the United States. To this, a good reason and a sad conclusion: the race is in the process of extinction.

In his native country, northern Portugal, Podengo has been a hunter for ages. It must be recognized, however, that this son of Nimrod has a past without history. We do not know anything about his ancestors. Nowadays, he is related to greyhounds without being one, because, like them, he hunt on sight. It is said of this common dog that he is an effective bushman, that he dreads neither the thickest thickets nor the rough terrain. The few documents in our possession tell us that he hunts game animals, that males work alone because they are quarrelsome, while females, sweeter, hunt in packs. He has no equal in raising and capturing game in record time, and his self-esteem forbids him to rest until he has found his prey.

The Podengo also stands out as a watchdog. Devoid of all aggression but suspicious, he is devoted body and soul to his master and his family. Very alert and lively, he gives the alarm of a powerful and serious voice at the slightest suspicious noise. He watches with the same determination on the car as on the house. Very dissuasive and impressive when he gets angry, he bristles his hair, shows his teeth and growls.

In the intimacy, he is an excellent pet dog. Of cheerful and cheerful character, it is pleasant to live. Very kind, intelligent, affectionate, attentive and obedient, he rises and educates himself with a facility quite disconcerting.

Podengo Português is not a fragile dog; he does not usually go to the vet. Robust and rustic, it supports both heat and cold. Only the rain does not tell him anything that is worth it, and therefore the humidity. In walk, it is an animal enduring but also very fast: it stakes willingly a 100 meters in 9 seconds.

Let's add that there are two other varieties: a big Podengo, which measures from 55 to 70 centimeters and which, according to its standard, is able to take big game and a Small Podengo, of size between 20 and 30 centimeters, sublongiline dog , "Used to take the rabbit in the holes and cracks of the rocks". These two varieties are also in danger of extinction.

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