Catahoula Leopard Dog

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
U.S.A.
Translation
Francis Vandersteen
This breed is also known as
Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog
Catahoula Cur
Catahoula Hog Dog
Clearwater Mastiff
Catahoula Hound
Louisiana Leopard
Leopard Cur
Louisiana Clearwater Mastiff

A brief presentation of the Catahoula Leopard Dog

Nicknamed the "pig dog" of Louisiana, the Catahoula Leopard Dog is an extremely hard-working animal with little fear. This breed has distinctive speckled coats that can be a range of different colors, haunting cracked eyes, and a hard-working disposition. Although the exact origin of the Catahoula is unknown, it is thought that the breed was originally discovered in northern Louisiana by settlers who needed to hunt wild hogs from the land. Given that these dogs were bred to drive wild pigs and cattle to slaughter, it's not surprising that they're stiff and fearless. However, it can be surprising to see their clownish, good-natured side. The Catahoula is an excellent family dog, very loyal and protective of its family. However, there are a few things to note about their personality. Because these dogs are bred to attack wild creatures, it should come as no surprise that they tend to have aggressive personalities towards things they don't know. Catahoulas, for example, are slightly suspicious of strangers and take a long time to trust someone new. It's important to remember that this breed can be aggressive towards unfamiliar dogs. So never walk without a leash. Catahoula leopard dogs need a strong, firm leader who will train them with a determined but kind hand. Although these dogs are considered more work animals than pets, they still make an excellent addition to the family if you're looking for an intelligent companion.

History of the Catahoula Leopard Dog

The Catahoula originated in Louisiana, near Lake Catahoula. The name Catahoula is thought to have been taken from the Choctaw Indian word for "lake". Regardless of the meaning and provenance of its name, the Catahoula Leopard Dog certainly lives up to the leopard part of its name. With a mottled coat of multiple colors, it's not hard to understand why this breed took on this name. Sometimes known as the Catahoula Cur, Catahoula Leopard Cur and Catahoula Hound, the breed's name was officially changed to the Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog when it became the state dog of Louisiana in 1979. In 1976, the Louisiana Catahoula Cur Association was formed. This organization, along with a few others, work together to showcase the breed's unique skills through shows, clinics, trials and testing, including events such as Treeing, Hog Bay, Cow Bay and Cow Trials. The breed's extreme intelligence and independence make them wonderful working dogs, perfect for jobs such as cattle breeding.

Appearance of the Catahoula Leopard Dog

The Catahoula's appearance is as striking as their personality. These medium-sized dogs generally have a medium-length double coat that comes in many colors. From black to merle yellow, the Catahoula has a leopard pattern that has a base of one color with spots of one or more colors. They may have detailed spots above the eyes, chest, cheeks, legs, tail and underbody. The eyes of a Catahoula Leopard Dog are also extremely unique. Colors can vary in many ways, and it's not uncommon to find a Catahoula Leopard Dog with two different-colored eyes; there's even something called "cracked eyes" that occurs in this breed, where a single eye can have several different colors. Weights range from 25 to 37 kilos. Height at the withers is 51 to 61 centimeters. Weight should be balanced with height.

Temperament of the Catahoula Leopard Dog

Although this breed is not aggressive towards its family and fellow dogs, it can be directed towards other animals that it might see as a threat. The Catahoula was bred to hunt feral pigs and the feral cow herd, and because of this, it has a very strong work ethic and has no intention of backing down. Providing adequate socialization and time for your dog to adapt to any situation or new person is the best way to ensure that no aggression will form. The Catahoula should be an alert breed, but gentle when around humans and other pets. One of the most qualitative traits of this breed is the loyalty and protection it provides to the family. It's an excellent dog to have with children and is not only a companion, but an excellent working dog. The Catahoula is not for the faint-hearted and requires a firm, strong leader to guide it. If you're looking for your first dog, while the Catahoula is an incredible breed, it may not be the best option for learning. Careful training and a firm but generous hand will be needed to raise this dog. The Catahoula Leopard Dog's independent, hard-working spirit is what makes it such a sought-after breed today.

Needs and activities of the Catahoula Leopard Dog

The Catahoula needs space to expend an abundant amount of energy and is always in need of a job. It is not suitable for the city or as an apartment dog. Without the right amount of exercise and attention, he will start to cause problems with digging holes and chewing objects. Exercise options can include playtime in the yard, preferably fenced, or walks several times a day. Outdoor activities such as swimming, hiking, catching balls or flying discs can also be a good outlet for expending energy. Note that it is an excellent swimmer. Training for dog sports such as agility, obedience and herding can also be a great way to exercise your dog.

Maintenance of the Catahoula Leopard Dog

The Catahoula's level of grooming is relatively low. A quick brushing once a week is enough to keep this breed's coat shiny and clean. Although they may need a bath if they're particularly dirty, you'll generally only need to bathe them a few times a year. Like all dogs, this breed will shed lightly to moderately all year round and is therefore not considered hypoallergenic. Shedding shouldn't be a problem, however, if regular brushing occurs. In addition to brushing and bathing, be sure to clean your dog's teeth twice a week to remove any tartar build-up, as the Catahoula is prone to dental disease. Trim nails a few times a month, if necessary, and examine ears weekly to remove any debris. Because the Catahoula Leopard Dog has floppy ears, it's easier for bacteria, moisture and mites to create inflammation and infection inside the ear. Regular cleaning and examinations will therefore help reduce the risk of ear problems later on.

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