Scotch Collie

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
Scotland, now U.S.A.
Translation
Francis Vandersteen
The Scotch Collie is a local breed of dog that originated in the mountainous regions of Scotland. The breed consisted of both the long-haired collie (now known as the Rough) and the short-haired collie (now known as the Smooth). It is generally believed to have descended from a variety of ancient sheepdogs, some dating back to the Roman occupation, which could include Roman cattle dogs, native Celtic dogs and Viking breeding spitzes. Other ancestors include Gordon and Irish Setters.

In Scotland, this dog was called "cooley", "coaly" and "collie". The name "Collie" comes from the Old English word for "black" or "coal" (coll) and may have referred to a type of sheep (Coaley) they used to herd. However, "Collie" could also derive from the Gaelic càilean and cóilean for "dog" or "young puppy", or from the Celtic word for "useful" which is "colie". Due to its popularity, it was imported to other countries, including the USA, where it simply became known as the Scotch Collie.

In their native country, Scotch Collies were used to raise sheep and other farm animals, as well as for farm guarding and hunting. In the 1800s and early 1900s, large numbers of these dogs were imported to America to help families maintain their farms. As their numbers and popularity grew, Scotch Collies began to be widely used as pets and eventually shown at conformation events in England (Birmingham 1860) and America (New York, circa 1878). In 1885, the Scotch Collie Club was formed and the breed was accepted into the AKC (American Kennel Club). A year later, the Collie Club of America was formed.

The name Scotch Collie was initially used by the AKC for this new breed. However, "Scotch" was eventually dropped as the AKC chose to use the terms "Rough" and "Smooth" to designate these collies. It is generally believed that this occurred in an attempt to differentiate show dogs from common, or working, Scotch Collies.

Following the continued popularity of this breed and their increased appearance in conformation shows, the rough and smooth Collies began to change shape, developing the flat skull and long, narrow head familiar to today's Collies, as well as the more pronounced mane. the rough Colley. The changes occurred as a result of cross-pollination with other dog breeds, perhaps the Borzoi but more likely the Greyhound. These physical changes also separated the original Scotch Collie from the Collies that evolved from it.

The Scotch Collie was at one time registrable by the United Kennel Club as well as the National Kennel Club (like the Old Time Farm Shepherd) but, at some point, lost recognition and began to be absorbed by other breeds, including the English Shepherd, which opened its registry to the breed. Scotch Collies not only contributed to the development of the Collie Rough and Smooth, but also the Australian Shepherd, and may have contributed to the development of other breeds, including, but not limited to, English Shepherds, Border Collies and Shetland Sheepdogs.

Although no longer recognized as a distinct breed by American breed clubs, Scotch Collies continued to be popular with families and farmers as useful companions and helpers on small and family farms in the 1950s and 1960s. However, as the American farm began to decline, the Scotch Collie as a breed began to lose not only numbers but even their name, as the breed became known as "Farm Collies", "Farm Shepherds" and "Old-Fashioned Collies".

In the 1990s, there was renewed interest in the breed, and the remains of the last known Scotch Collies in the USA were located in Tennessee and North Carolina (by Richard McDuffie), as well as in Canada (by Erika DuBois). These dogs were referred to as Old-Fashioned Farm Shepherds, as opposed to Scotch Collies, mainly to avoid confusion with the more popular and widely recognized collie breeds.

In the 2000s, the Scotch Collie still remained small in numbers and a group was formed to further promote the breed (OTSCA), this time calling it "Old Time Scotch Collie". The group maintains an open registry for Scotch Collies as well as any collie-type dog. As of May 2017, the pedigree database contained just 174 registered Old Time Scotch Collies.

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Balinais

    Balinais Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Balinais is a cat breed that originated in the United States. This medium-sized cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Siamese. Standard The French standard specifies that the Balinais, although fine, must not be too thin. A brief historical overview The Balinais is the semi-long-haired variety...
  • Australian mist

    Australian mist Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Australian Mist, also known as the Spotted Mist, is a breed of cat native to Australia. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short-haired coat with a spotted tabby or blotched tabby pattern. A brief historical overview The origins of the Australian Mist go back to the late 1970s,...
  • Anatoli

    Anatoli Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Anatoli, also known as the Anatolian shorthair or Turkish shorthair, is a cat breed of Turkish origin. It is the short-haired variety of the Van Turk. Standard The Anatoli is said to be a natural Turkish breed, like the Van Turk and Turkish Angora. The Anatoli was recognized by the WCF in 2001. A...
  • Californian rex

    Californian rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Rex is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its wavy, semi-longhair coat. It is the semi-long-haired variety of the Cornish Rex. A brief historical overview As its name suggests, this variety was discovered in California in the 1960s.Today, it...
  • Cornish rex

    Cornish rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cornish rex, also known as the Cornish rex, is a breed of cat native to the United Kingdom. This cat is characterized by its very short, notched, soft coat. A brief historical overview The Cornish rex, originally from Great Britain, is the result of spontaneous mutation. The breed's founder...
  • Chausie

    Chausie Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chausie is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its Chaus-like physique. A brief historical overview The Chausie is the result of hybridization between a Chaus and a domestic cat. The first crosses were made in the late 1960s to produce a cat with a wild type...
  • Chartreux

    Chartreux Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chartreux, also known as the Chartreux cat, is a breed of cat native to France. This cat is characterized by gold-to-copper eyes and a short, full coat that is entirely blue. A brief historical overview The Chartreux is one of the oldest natural cat breeds in the world. It is thought to have...
  • Ceylan

    Ceylan Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Ceylan is a cat breed originally from Sri Lanka. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its ticked tabby shorthair. A brief historical overview It was an Italian, Dr. Paolo Pellegatta, who in 1984 discovered half-wild ticked cats (like the Abyssin) in Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylan). With the help of the...
  • British longhair

    British longhair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British longhair is a breed of cat that originated in England. This medium to large cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the British shorthair. A brief historical overview The British longhair is a direct descendant of the British shorthair, and their history was identical until the...
  • British shorthair

    British shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British shorthair is a breed of cat that originated in Great Britain. This medium to large cat is characterized by its very round head and large, round eyes. A brief historical overview At the same time, English breeders such as H. Weir selected the most beautiful alley cats, which were...
  • American Burmese

    American Burmese Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Burmese is a cat breed originating in Burma and developed in the United States from the 1930s onwards. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its sepia-toned coat. It differs from its English counterpart mainly by its face and round eyes. Standard The American Burmese is the only...
  • Bombay

    Bombay Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Bombay is a breed of cat originating in the United States. The Bombay is characterized by its uniformly black shorthair coat. The cobby body is muscular and compact. Standard Apart from coat and eye color, the Bombay's standard is identical to that of the American Burmese for LOOF and TICA.In...
  • Asian

    Asian Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Asian, also known as the Asiatic, is a breed of cat that originated in England. This medium-sized cat is a variety of the English Burmese, with coats and patterns different from those of the Mink, but with the same physique. It is the offspring of the Burmilla breeding program run by Baroness...
  • Burmilla

    Burmilla Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Burmilla is a breed of cat originating in England and belonging to the Asian group. Its development began in the 1980s with a chance cross between a lilac Burmese and a Persian chinchilla. Standard For the LOOF, English Burmese, Asian and Burmilla standards are identical, except in terms of...
  • English Burmese

    English Burmese Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The English Burmese or European Burmese is a cat breed descended from the American Burmese and developed in the United Kingdom from the 1950s onwards. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its sepia-toned coat. It differs from its American counterpart mainly by its triangular face and less...
  • Turkish Angora

    Turkish Angora Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Turkish Angora is a semi-long-haired cat breed from Turkey. A natural breed that enjoyed great success in the 18th century, this medium-sized cat is still little known today, despite its great aesthetic qualities and character. Standard The standard has evolved since the first cat show in...
  • American Wirehair

    American Wirehair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Wirehair is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its curly coat. A brief historical overview This breed is descended from the American shorthair. It appeared in a litter of American shorthairs in 1966 in New York State. One of the males in...
  • American Shorthair

    American Shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Shorthair is a cat breed originating in the United States. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its hardy type. A brief historical overview This breed is a direct descendant of the alley cats brought back by European settlers to protect grain stocks from rodents. The...
  • American Curl

    American Curl Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Curl is a cat breed originating in the United States. "American curl" means "curly American", referring to the breed's origin (the U.S.A.) and the typical shape of the ears. A brief historical overview The first specimen is a long-haired, black-coated, yellow-eyed cat called...
  • American Bobtail

    American Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Bobtail is a new breed of cat from the United States. This medium to large cat is characterized by its almost complete lack of tail. A brief historical overview The breed was discovered in 1965 by an American couple, the Sanders, in the state of Arizona. The kitten had a wild...