Basset Hound

FCI standard Nº 163

Origin
Great Britain
Group
Group 6 Scent hounds and related breeds
Section
Section 1.3 Small-sized hounds
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Thursday 28 April 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 13 October 2010
Last update
Thursday 27 January 2011
En français, cette race se dit
Basset Hound
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Basset Hound
En español, esta raza se dice
Basset Hound
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Basset Hound

Usage

Scent Hound.

Brief historical summary

The Basset was reputedly bred by monks in France in the Middle Ages to hunt in heavy cover and is able to hold its nose close to the ground. Though closely related to the entire family of French Bassets the breed was developed to perfection in Britain. He is a dog capable of hunting his natural prey, the hare, persistently at a relatively slow pace over prodigious distances.

General appearance

Short-legged hound of considerable substance, well balanced, full of quality. It is important to bear in mind that this is a working hound and must be fit for purpose therefore should be strong, active and capable of great endurance in the field.

Behaviour / temperament

Tenacious hound of ancient lineage which hunts by scent, possesses a pack instinct and a deep melodious voice. Placid, never aggressive or timid. Affectionate.

Head

Cranial region

Head
There may be a small amount of wrinkle at brow and beside eyes. In any event skin of head supple enough as to wrinkle slightly when drawn forward or when head is lowered.
Skull
Domed, with prominent occipital bone, of medium width at brow and tapering slightly to muzzle. 
Stop
Moderate.

Facial region

Nose
Entirely black except in light-coloured hounds, when it may be brown or liver. Large and well-opened nostrils, nose may protrude a little beyond lips.
Muzzle
General appearance of foreface lean, not snipy.
Lips
Flews of upper lip overlap lower substantially.
Nasal bridge
Top of muzzle nearly parallel with line from stop to occiput and not much longer than head from stop to occiput.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Eyes
Lozenge-shaped, neither prominent nor deep-set, dark but may shade to mid-brown in light-coloured hounds. Expression calm and serious. Light or yellow eye highly undesirable.
Ears
Set-on low, just below line of eye. Long; reaching only slightly beyond end of muzzle of correct length, but not excessively so. Narrow throughout their length and curling well inwards; very supple, fine and velvety in texture.

Neck

Muscular, well arched and fairly long with pronounced but not exaggerated dewlap.

Body

Body
Long and deep throughout length; withers and quarters of approximately same height.
Back
Rather broad and level. From withers to onset of quarters not unduly long.
Loin
May arch slightly.
Chest
Forechest fitting neatly into crook when viewed from front. Breast bone prominent but chest neither narrow nor unduly deep.
Ribs
Ribs well rounded and sprung, without flange, extending well back.
Underline and belly
There should be adequate clearance between the lowest part of the chest and the ground to allow the hound to move freely over all types of terrain.

Tail

Well set-on, rather long, strong at base, tapering, with moderate amount of coarse hair underneath. When moving, stern carried well up and curving gently, sabre-fashion, never curling or gay.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Upper forearm inclined slightly inwards, but not to such an extent as to prevent free action or to result in legs touching each other when standing or in action. Some wrinkles of skin may appear on lower legs, but this must on no account be excessive.
Shoulders
Shoulder-blades well laid back; shoulders not heavy.
Elbows
Turning neither in nor out but fitting neatly against side.
Forearm
Forelegs short, powerful and with great bone.
Carpal
Knuckling over highly undesirable.
Forefeet
Large well knuckled up and padded. Forefeet may point straight ahead or be turned slightly outwards but in every case hound always stands perfectly true, weight being borne equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.

Hindquarters

Generality
Full of muscle and standing out well, giving an almost spherical effect when viewed from rear. Some wrinkles of skin may appear between hock and foot, and at rear of joint a slight pouch of skin may be present, but on no account should any of these be excessive.
Stifle
Well bent.
Hock
Hocks well let down and slightly bent under but turn neither in nor out and just under body when standing naturally.
Hind feet
Large well knuckled up and padded. In every case hound always stands perfectly true, weight being borne equally by toes with pads together so that feet would leave an imprint of a large hound and no unpadded areas in contact with ground.

Gait and movement

Most important to ensure that the hound is fit for purpose. Smooth, powerful and effortless action with forelegs reaching well forward and hind legs showing powerful thrust, hound moving true both front and rear. Hocks and stifles never stiff in movement, nor must any toes be dragged.

Skin

Supple and elastic without any exaggeration.

Coat

Hair
Smooth, short and close without being too fine. Whole outline clean and free from feathering. Long hair, soft coat or feathering highly undesirable.
Colour
Generally black, white and tan (tri-colour); lemon and white (bi-colour); but any recognized hound colour acceptable.

Size and weight

Height at withers
33 - 38 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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