Border Collie

FCI standard Nº 297

Origin
Great-Britain
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Section
Section 1 Sheepdogs
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 27 September 1977
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 24 June 1987
Last update
Monday 21 December 2009
En français, cette race se dit
Border Collie
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Border Collie
En español, esta raza se dice
Border Collie
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Border Collie

Usage

Sheepdog.

General appearance

Well proportioned, smooth outline showing quality, gracefulness and perfect balance, combined with sufficient substance to give impression of endurance. Any tendency to coarseness or weediness undesirable.

Important proportions

Skull and foreface approximately equal in length. Body slightly longer than height at shoulder.

Behaviour / temperament

Tenacious, hard-working, of great tractability. Keen, alert, responsive and intelligent. Neither nervous nor aggressive.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Fairly broad, occiput not pronounced. 
Stop
Very distinct.

Facial region

Nose
Black, except in brown or chocolate colour when it may be brown. In blues nose should be slate colour. Nostrils well developed.
Muzzle
Tapering to nose, moderately short and strong.
Jaws and teeth
Teeth and jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Cheeks
Not full or rounded.
Eyes
Set wide apart, oval shaped, of moderate size, brown in colour except in merles where one or both or part of one or both may be blue. Expression mild, keen, alert and intelligent.
Ears
Medium size and texture, set well apart. Carried erect or semi-erect and sensitive in use.

Neck

Of good length, strong and muscular, slightly arched and broadening to shoulders.

Body

Body
Athletic in appearance. Slightly longer than height at withers.
Loin
Deep and muscular but not tucked up.
Chest
Deep and rather broad.
Ribs
Well sprung.

Tail

Moderately long, the bone reaching at least to hock, set on low, well furnished and with an upward swirl towards the end, completing graceful contour and balance of dog. Tail may be raised in excitement, never carried over back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Front legs parallel when viewed from front. Bone strong but not heavy.
Shoulders
Well laid back.
Elbows
Close to body.
Pastern
Slightly sloping when viewed from side.
Forefeet
Oval, pads deep, strong and sound, toes arched and close together. Nails short and strong.

Hindquarters

Generality
Broad, muscular, in profile sloping gracefully to set on of tail.
Upper thigh
Long, deep and muscular.
Stifle
Well turned.
Metatarsus
From hock to ground, hindlegs well boned and parallel when viewed from rear.
Hock
Strong, well let down.
Hind feet
Oval, pads deep, strong and sound, toes arched and close together. Nails short and strong.

Gait and movement

Free, smooth and tireless, with minimum lift of feet, conveying impression of ability to move with great stealth and speed.

Coat

Hair
Two varieties : Moderately long or Smooth. In both, topcoat dense and medium textured, undercoat soft and dense giving good weather resistance. In the moderately long-coated variety, abundant coat forms mane, breeching and brush. On face, ears, forelegs (except for feather), hindlegs from hock to ground, hair should be short and smooth.
Colour
Variety of colours permissible. White should never predominate.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal height at withers males 53 cm (21 ins), females slightly less.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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