Brazilian Terrier

FCI standard Nº 341

Origin
Brazil
Translation
Ursula Santos, Prof. W. Brass, Prof. R. Triquet and Dr. J. M. Paschoud
Revised by Ricardo Torre Simões
Group
Group 3 Terriers
Section
Section 1 Large and medium-sized Terriers
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 21 May 2007
Acceptance on a provisional basis by the FCI
Friday 10 March 1995
Publication of the official valid standard
Saturday 14 May 2022
Last update
Wednesday 28 September 2022
En français, cette race se dit
Terrier brésilien
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Brasilianischer Terrier
En español, esta raza se dice
Terrier Brasileño
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Braziliaanse Terrier
In his country of origin, his name is

Terrier Brasileiro

Usage

Hunting dog for small game, guard dog and companion.

Brief historical summary

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, many young Brazilians studied in the European universities, especially in France and England. These young people often returned married and their wives brought with them a small Terrier type dog. The young Brazilians and their families went back to the farms they had left. The little dog adapted to farm life and crossed with local dogs and bitches. Thus, a new type was formed and the phenotype was fixed in a few generations. With the development of large cities, the great urban centres attracted farmers, their families and employees. In this way the small dog underwent another change of environment.

General appearance

Medium-sized dog, slender, well balanced, with firm but not very heavy structure, square shaped body with curved lines.

Important proportions

Square dog: the length of its body, measured from the shoulder to the tip of the iliac is approximately the same as the height at the withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Restless, alert, active and keen; friendly and gentle to friends, suspicious of strangers.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Viewed from the top, the head is triangular in shape, broad at its base, with ears well apart, narrowing notably from the eyes to the nose tip. Viewed in profile, the upper line rises slightly from the tip of the nose to the stop, mainly between the eyes and continuing to the occipital bone with a slight convexity.
Skull
Rounded with moderately flat forehead. Its side lines, seen from the top, converge to the eyes. The distance from the external eye-corner to the set of the ears is equal to the distance between the two external eye-corners. Medial frontal groove well developed. 
Stop
Well marked.

Facial region

Nose
Moderately developed, dark coloured according to the coat colour with wide nostrils.
Muzzle
The muzzle is a truncated cone that gradually tapers from its base towards the nose. It is strong and well modelled under the eyes.
Lips
Dry and firm, the upper lip just over the lower, covering the teeth, allowing to close the mouth completely.
Jaws and teeth
42 teeth, regularly set and well developed, scissors bite.
Cheeks
Dry, well developed.
Eyes
Set halfway between the occipital protuberance and the nose tip, well apart, the distance between the two external eye-corners being equal to the distance from the external eye-corner to the nose tip. Looking straight forward, moderately prominent, large with slightly accentuated superciliary arches. Rounded, well opened, alive, with a keen expression; as dark as possible according to the coat colour. The blue variety has bluish grey, the brown variety has brown, green or blue eyes and the isabella variety, besides the brown variety colours, also may have amber, from light to dark.
Ears
Set on laterally, in line with the eyes, well apart from each other. Triangular shaped with pointed tips; carried half-pricked, with the folded tip falling down and pointing to the external eye-corner.

Neck

Of moderate length, well balanced in relation to the head, harmoniously set to head and trunk. Well defined, clean, dry; upper line slightly curved.

Body

Body
Well balanced, not too heavy, square appearance with well defined curved lines.
Topline
Firm and straight, going slightly upwards from the withers to the croup.
Withers
Well pronounced and harmoniously connected to the front legs.
Back
Relatively short and well muscled.
Loin
Short and firm, harmoniously connected to the croup.
Croup
Slightly sloping, low set tail. Well developed and muscled.
Chest
Long, deep, reaching to the level of the elbows. Well arched ribs. The sternum is moderately curved. Forechest not very pronounced, moderately broad, allowing free movement of the forelegs.
Underline and belly
Slightly curved, rising to the rear but no extremely tucked up.

Tail

Naturally short or long. In the latter case it does not reach below the hock. Vigorous and low set, happily carried and, when long, in a gentle curve, not curled over the back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Viewed from the front straight, moderately apart, but in line with the hind legs, which are also straight, but more apart.
Shoulders
Long.
Upper arm
Approximately the same length as the shoulder-blade, forming with this an angle of approximately 110°.
Elbows
Set tightly to the body, at the same level as the chest underline.
Forearm
Straight, thin and dry.
Pastern
Very moderate, straight and thin, nearly perpendicular to the ground.
Forefeet
Tight, neither turned in nor out; The two median toes are longer.

Hindquarters

Generality
Strongly muscled, well developed thighs, more apart than the forelegs.
Upper thigh
Well developed and muscled.
Lower thigh
In proportion to the upper thighs.
Stifle
Moderately angulated.
Metatarsus
Straight.
Hock
Moderately short and set perpendicular to the ground when standing.
Hind feet
Tight, with longer toes than the forefeet.

Gait and movement

Elegant, free, short and quick movement.

Skin

Well applied, not loose. Dry.

Coat

Hair
Short-haired, smooth, fine but not soft, laid close to the skin. One cannot see the skin through it. Finer on the head, ears, under the neck, on inner and lower parts of forequarters and backside of the thighs.
Colour
Ground colour predominant white with black, blue, brown or isabella markings; the following typical and characteristic markings must always be present: tan markings above the eyes, on both sides of the muzzle and inside and on edge of ears. These markings may extend to other body regions bordering markings.
The head must always present black, blue, brown or isabella markings in the frontal region and ears; there might be a white blaze and marks preferably on the frontal groove and sides of the muzzle, distributed as harmoniously as possible.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males from 35 to 40 cm. Females from 33 to 38 cm.
Weight
10 kg approximately.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Thinning coat showing the skin, long or atypical hair.
 Faults in the typical characteristic markings.
 Too heavy or too loose shoulders.
 Arched hind legs.
 Lack of harmony, atypical build.

Serious faults

 Downwards topline from the withers to the croup.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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