Chesapeake Bay Retriever

FCI standard Nº 263

Origin
U.S.A.
Group
Group 8 Retrievers-Flushing Dogs-Water Dogs
Section
Section 1 Retrievers
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 15 September 1964
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 14 February 1995
Last update
Friday 12 March 1999
En français, cette race se dit
Retriever de la baie de Chesapeake
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
En español, esta raza se dice
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Usage

Retriever equally proficient on land and in the water.

General appearance

Equally proficient on land and in the water, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever was developed along the Chesapeake Bay to hunt waterfowl under the most adverse weather and water conditions, often having to break ice during the course of many strenuous multiple retrieves. Frequently the Chesapeake must face wind, tide and long cold swims in its work. The breed's characteristics are specifically suited to enable the Chesapeake to function with ease, efficiency and endurance. In head, the Chesapeake's skull is broad and round with a medium stop. The jaws should be of sufficient length and strength to carry large game birds with an easy, tender hold. The double coat consists of a short, harsh, wavy outer coat and a dense, fine, wooly undercoat containing an abundance of natural oil and is ideally suited for the icy rugged conditions of weather the Chesapeake often works in. In body, the Chesapeake is a strong, well-balanced, powerfully built animal of moderate size and medium length in body and leg, deep and wide in chest, the shoulders built with full liberty of movement, and with no tendency to weakness in any feature, particularly the rear. The power though, should not be at the expense of agility or stamina. Size and substance should not be excessive as this is a working retriever of an active nature. Distinctive features include eyes that are very clear, of yellowish or amber hue, hindquarters as high or a trifle higher than the shoulders, and a double coat which tends to wave on shoulders, neck, back and loins only.

Important proportions

Height from the top of the shoulder blades to the ground should be slightly less than the body length from the breastbone to the point of buttocks. Depth of body should extend at least to the elbow. Shoulder to elbow and elbow to ground should be equal.

Behaviour / temperament

The Chesapeake is valued for its bright and happy disposition, intelligence, quiet good sense, and affectionate protective nature. Courage, willingness to work, alertness, nose, intelligence, love of water, general quality and, most of all, disposition should be given primary consideration in the selection and breeding of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever. Extreme shyness or extreme aggressive tendencies are not desirable in the breed either as a gun dog or companion.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Broad and round. 
Stop
Medium stop.

Facial region

Nose
Nasal bridge medium short.
Muzzle
Approximately the same length as the skull, tapering pointed but not sharp.
Lips
Thin, not pendulous.
Jaws and teeth
Scissors bite is preferred, but a level bite is acceptable.
Eyes
Are to be medium large, very clear, of yellowish or amber color and wide apart. Intelligent expression.
Ears
Are to be small, set well up on the head, hanging loosely, and of medium leather.

Neck

Should be of medium length with a strong muscular appearance, tapering to the shoulders.

Body

Body
Of medium length, neither cobby nor roached, but rather approaching hollowness from underneath as the flanks should be well tucked up.
Topline
Should show the hindquarters to be as high as or a trifle higher than the shoulders.
Back
Short, well coupled and powerful.
Chest
Strong, deep and wide. Rib cage barrel, round and deep.

Tail

Of medium length; medium heavy at the base. The tail should be straight or slightly curved and should not curl over back or side kink.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
There should be no tendency to weakness in the forequarters. They are medium in length and straight, showing good bone and muscle. The front legs should appear straight when viewed from front or rear.
Shoulders
Should be sloping with full liberty of action, plenty of power and without any restrictions of movement.
Pastern
Slightly bent and of medium length. Dewclaws may be removed.

Hindquarters

Generality
Good hindquarters are essential. They should show fully as much power as the forequarters. There should be no tendency to weakness in the hindquarters. Hindquarters should be especially powerful to supply the driving power for swimming. Legs should be medium length and straight, showing good bone and muscle. The hind legs should look straight when viewed from the front or rear. Dewclaws, if any, must be removed from the hind legs.
Stifle
Well angulated.
Hock
The distance from hock to ground should be of medium length.

Feet

Well webbed harefeet, of good size with toes well-rounded and close.

Gait and movement

The gait should be smooth, free and effortless, giving the impression of great power and strength. When viewed from the side, there should be good reach with no restrictions of movement in the front and plenty of drive in the rear, with good flexion of the stifle and hock joints. Coming at you, there should be no sign of elbows being out. When the Chesapeake is moving away from you, there should be no sign of cowhockness from the rear. As speed increases, the feet tend to converge toward a center line of gravity.

Coat

Hair
Coat should be thick and short, nowhere over 1 1/2 inches ( 4 cm) long, with a dense, fine, woolly undercoat. Hair on the face and legs should be very short and straight with a tendency to wave on the shoulders, neck, back and loins only. Moderate feathering on rear of hindquarters and tail is permissible. The texture of the Chespeake's coat is very important, as the Chesapeake is used for hunting under all sorts of adverse weather conditions, often working in ice and snow. The oil in the harsh outer coat and woolly undercoat is of extreme value in preventing the cold water from reaching the Chesapeake's skin and aids in quick drying. A Chesapeake's coat should resist the water in the same way that a duck's feathers do. When the Chesapeake leaves the water and shakes, the coat should not hold water at all, being merely moist.
Colour
The colour of the Chesapeake Bay Retriever must be as nearly that of its working surroundings as possible. Any colour of brown, sedge or deadgrass is acceptable, self-coloured Chesapeakes being preferred. One colour is not to be preferred over another. A white spot on the breast, belly, toes, or back of the feet (immediately above the large pad) is permissible, but the smaller the spot the better, solid coloured preferred. The colour of the coat and its texture must be given every consideration when judging on the bench or in the ring. Honorable scars are not to be penalized.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males should measure 23 to 26 inches; (58-66 cm), females should measure 21 to 24 inches; (53-61 cm).
Oversized or undersized animals are to be severely penalized.
Weight
Males should weigh 65 to 80 pounds (29,5-36,5 kg), females should weigh 55 to 70 pounds (25-32 kg).

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Specimens lacking in breed characteristics.
 Teeth overshot or undershot.
 Declaws on the hind legs.
 Coat curly or with a tendency to curl all over the body.
 Feathering on the tail or legs over 1 3/4 inches (4,5 cm) long.
 Black coloured.
 White on any part of the body except breast, belly, toes, or back of feet.

Important

The question of the coat and general type of balance takes precedence over any scoring table which could be drawn up. The Chesapeake should be well proportioned, an animal with a good coat and well balanced in other points being preferable to one excelling in some but weak in others.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Highlander

    Highlander Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Highlander is a breed of cat that originated in the United States. The Highlander is a recent breed and still very rare. A brief historical overview Descended from hybrid breeds, the Highlander is a magnificent feline reminiscent of the Lynx.The Highlander is a recent and still very rare...
  • Havana brown

    Havana brown Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Havana brown, also known as the Swiss Mountain cat or Chestnut Oriental Shorthair, is a cat breed originally from Great Britain. This cat is characterized by its chocolate-colored shorthair coat. A brief historical overview The ancestors of the Havana brown existed in the kingdom of Siam...
  • German rex

    German rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The German rex is a breed of cat that originated in East Prussia (now Baltic Russia). This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short, wavy and very soft coat. A brief historical overview The German rex is thought to be the first breed of cat with curly or wavy hair. The first subject was...
  • Exotic shorthair

    Exotic shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Exotic shorthair or simply Exotic is a cat breed originating in the United States. The result of an attempt by American breeders to improve the American shorthair in the 1950s, the Exotic shorthair was recognized as a breed in its own right in the 1960s. A brief historical overview n the...
  • European shorthair

    European shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The European shorthair, also known as the Européen or Celtic shorthair, is a breed of cat originating in Europe, the ennobled representative of the common cats of Europe. The breed is popular in Scandinavian countries, where it is appreciated as a natural breed, never polluted by...
  • Donskoy

    Donskoy Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Donskoy, also known as Don Sphynx and Sphynx du Don, Don Hairless, originated in Rostov-on-Don, Russia. The Donskoy remains very rare. In France, 57 pedigrees were issued between 2003 and 2014. A brief historical overview The discovery of the Donskoy dates back to 1987, when a schoolteacher...
  • Devon rex

    Devon rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Devon rex is a cat breed originating in the United Kingdom. The Devon rex is characterized by a conical head, marked by high cheekbones, a short muzzle and large ears. A brief historical overview In the 1960s, a harecat with curly fur was spotted in an abandoned tin mine near Buckfastleigh in...
  • Cymric

    Cymric Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cymric is a cat breed from the Isle of Man (British Isles). This cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Manx, which has the particularity of not having a tail. A brief historical overview Like the Manx, the Cymric originated on the British Isle of Man. As the island's cat population was...
  • Colorpoint shorthair

    Colorpoint shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Colorpoint Shorthair is a cat breed originally from Thailand. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its colorpoint coat and blue eyes. A brief historical overview The origins of the Colorpoint Shorthair are the same as those of the Siamese, since it is the same breed.The breed is said to...
  • Chantilly

    Chantilly Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chantilly is a semi-long-haired cat breed created in the United States in the 1960s from two kittens of undetermined breed. On the brink of extinction in the 1980s, breeding was revived in Canada. The breed remains very rare and is only recognized by a few North American federations, mostly on an...
  • California Spangled

    California Spangled Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Spangled is a breed of cat native to the United States. This endangered cat is characterized by its leopard-like spotted tabby coat. A brief historical overview Paul Casey, an American screenwriter, created the breed in 1970. He had just returned from a trip to Africa and wanted a...
  • Brazilian shorthair

    Brazilian shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Brazilian shorthair, also known as the Pelo Curto Brasileiro, is a breed of cat native to Brazil. This medium-sized cat is characterized by the fact that it is the first internationally recognized Brazilian breed and is extremely rare. Standard The current standard published by the...
  • Japanese Bobtail

    Japanese Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of cat native to Japan. This cat is characterized by its short, curled tail. A brief historical overview The breed, when tortoiseshell and white, is known as the Mi-ké (three hairs = three colors) in its native Japan, where it is considered a symbol of...
  • Kuril Bobtail

    Kuril Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Kuril Bobtail is a cat breed from the Kuril Islands in Russia. This cat is characterized by its very short pom-pom tail, the result of a natural mutation. The breed exists in shorthair and longhair varieties. A brief historical overview This natural breed originated on the Kuril Islands, on the...
  • Russian blue

    Russian blue Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Russian Blue or Russian is a cat breed with controversial origins, usually considered a natural breed that originated in cold countries such as Russia and Scandinavia. Often described as a calm breed that is very attached to its master, the Russian Blue is well suited to life in an...
  • Balinais

    Balinais Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Balinais is a cat breed that originated in the United States. This medium-sized cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Siamese. Standard The French standard specifies that the Balinais, although fine, must not be too thin. A brief historical overview The Balinais is the semi-long-haired variety...
  • Australian mist

    Australian mist Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Australian Mist, also known as the Spotted Mist, is a breed of cat native to Australia. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short-haired coat with a spotted tabby or blotched tabby pattern. A brief historical overview The origins of the Australian Mist go back to the late 1970s,...
  • Anatoli

    Anatoli Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Anatoli, also known as the Anatolian shorthair or Turkish shorthair, is a cat breed of Turkish origin. It is the short-haired variety of the Van Turk. Standard The Anatoli is said to be a natural Turkish breed, like the Van Turk and Turkish Angora. The Anatoli was recognized by the WCF in 2001. A...
  • Californian rex

    Californian rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Rex is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its wavy, semi-longhair coat. It is the semi-long-haired variety of the Cornish Rex. A brief historical overview As its name suggests, this variety was discovered in California in the 1960s.Today, it...
  • Cornish rex

    Cornish rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cornish rex, also known as the Cornish rex, is a breed of cat native to the United Kingdom. This cat is characterized by its very short, notched, soft coat. A brief historical overview The Cornish rex, originally from Great Britain, is the result of spontaneous mutation. The breed's founder...