Chechoslovakian wolfdog

FCI standard Nº 332

Origin
The former Czechoslovakian Republic, patronage Slovakian Republic
Translation
Mrs. C. Seidler
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs
Section
Section 1 Sheepdogs
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Sunday 30 May 1999
Publication of the official valid standard
Friday 03 September 1999
Last update
Friday 03 September 1999
En français, cette race se dit
Chien loup tchécoslovaque
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Tschechoslowakischer Wolfhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro lobo checoslovaco
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Tsjechoslowaakse Wolfhond
In his country of origin, his name is

Ceskoslovenský Vlciak

Usage

Working Dog.

Brief historical summary

In the year 1955 a biological experiment took place in the CSSR of that time, namely, the crossing of a German Shepherd Dog with a Carpathian wolf. The experiment established that the progeny of the mating of male dog to female wolf as well as that of male wolf to female dog, could be reared. The vast majority of the products of these matings possessed the genetic requirements for continuation of breeding. In the year 1965, after the ending of the experiment, a plan for the breeding of this new breed was worked out. This was to combine the usable qualities of the wolf with the favourable qualities of the dog. In the year 1982, the Ceskoslovenský Vlciak, through the general committee of the breeders’ associations of the CSSR of that time, was recognized as a national breed.

General appearance

Firm type in constitution. Above average size with rectangular frame. In body shape, movement, coat texture, colour of coat and mask, similar to the wolf.

Important proportions

Length of body : Height at withers = 10 : 9
Length of muzzle : Length of cranial region = 1 : 1.5

Behaviour / temperament

Lively, very active, capable of endurance, docile with quick reactions. Fearless and courageous. Suspicious. Shows tremendous loyalty towards his master. Resistant to weather conditions. Versatile in his uses.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Symmetrical, well muscled. Seen from the side and from above, it forms a blunt wedge. Sex should be unmistakable.
Skull
Seen from the side and from the front, the forehead is slightly arched. No marked frontal furrow. Occipital bone clearly visible. 
Stop
Moderate.

Facial region

Nose
Oval shape, black.
Muzzle
Clean, not broad; straight bridge of nose.
Lips
Tight fitting. No gap at corner of mouth. Rims of lips are black.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws strong and symmetrical. Well developed teeth, specially the canines. Scissor or pincer bite with 42 teeth according to the usual tooth set. Regular teeth set.
Cheeks
Clean, sufficiently muscled, not markedly protruding.
Eyes
Small, slanting, amber coloured. Well fitting lids.
Ears
Pricked, thin, triangular, short (i.e. not longer than 1/6th of the height at withers); the lateral point of the set on of the ears and the outer corner of the eyes are in a direct line. A vertical line from tip of ear would run close along the head.

Neck

Dry, well muscled. In repose forms an angle of up to 40 degrees to the horizontal. The neck must be sufficiently long for the nose to touch the ground effortlessly.

Body

Topline
Flowing transition from neck to body. Sloping away sligthly.
Withers
Well muscled, pronounced. Though pronounced, they must not interrupt the flow of the topline.
Back
Firm and straight.
Loin
Short, well muscled, not broad, sloping slightly.
Croup
Short, well muscled, not broad, falling away slightly.
Chest
Symmetrical, well muscled, roomy, pear-shaped and narrowing towards the sternum. The depth of chest does not reach to the elbows. The point of the sternum does not extend beyond the shoulder joints.
Underline and belly
Taut bellly, tucked up. Slightly hollow in flanks.

Tail

Set on high, hanging straight down. When dog is excited, generally raised in sickle shape.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The front legs are straight, strong, clean and close together with slightly turned out feet.
Shoulders
The shoulder blade is placed rather far forward, well muscled. It forms an angle of nearly 65 degrees to the horizontal.
Upper arm
Strongly muscled, forms an angle of 120 to 130 degrees to the shoulder blade.
Elbows
Close fitting, turned neither in nor out, well defined, flexible. Upper arm and forearm form an angle of approximately 150 degrees.
Forearm
Long, clean and straight. The length of the forearm and pastern is 55% of height at withers.
Carpal
Solid, flexible.
Pastern
Long, forms an angle of at least 75 degrees to the ground. Lightly springy in movement.
Forefeet
Large, turned slightly outwards. Longish arched toes and strong, dark nails. Well defined, elastic, dark pads.

Hindquarters

Generality
Powerful. The hind legs stand parallel. An imaginary vertical line drawn from the point of the ischium, would run midway through the hock joint. The dewclaws are undesirable and must be eliminated.
Upper thigh
Long, well muscled. Forms an angle of 80 degrees to the pelvis. The hip joint is sturdy and flexible.
Lower thigh
Long, clean, well muscled. Forms an angle of about 130 degrees with the hock.
Stifle
Strong and flexible.
Metatarsus
Long, clean. Position almost vertical to the ground.
Hock
Clean, solid, flexible.
Hind feet
Longish, arched toes with strong dark nails.

Gait and movement

Harmonious, light-footed, ground covering trot in which the limbs skim over the ground as closely as possible. Head and neck incline to the horizontal. Pacing when walking.

Skin

Elastic, tight, without wrinkles, unpigmented.

Coat

Hair
Straight and close. Winter and summer coat differ greatly. In winter an immense undercoat is predominant and, together with the topcoat, forms a thick coat all over the body. It is necessary for the hair to cover the belly, the inside of the upper thigh, the scrotum, the inner part of the ear and the area between the toes. Well coated neck.
Colour
Yellowish-gray to silver-gray with a charateristic light mask. Light hair also on the underside of the neck and the forechest. Dark gray colour with light mask is permissible.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs at least 65 cm, bitches at least 60 cm.
Weight
Dogs at least 26 kg, bitches at least 20 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Heavy or light head.
 Flat forehead.
 The absence of two PM1 (premolar 1) or of both M3 (molar 3) is not to be penalized.
 However, the absence of one M3 in addition to 2 PM1 or the absence of one PM1 in addition to both M3 is to be considered as a fault.
 Dark brown, black or different coloured eyes.
 Coarse ear.
 High or low set-on of ear.
 Neck carried high in repose; low position of neck when standing.
 Unpronounced withers.
 Untypical topline.
 Long croup.
 Tail long, set on low and not carried correctly.
 Too little or too much angulation in forequarters.
 Weak pastern.
 Too little or too much angulation in hindquarters.
 Insufficient muscle.
 Barely pronounced mask.
 Short, wavy movement.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Discrepancy in proportions.
 Faults in deportment and temperament.
 Untypical head.
 Missing teeth (except 2 PM1 and the M 3, see § faults), irregular bite.
 Untypical shape and position of eyes.
 Untypical set-on and shape of ears.
 Dewlap.
 Strong slope in croup.
 Untypical ribcage.
 Tail untypical in set on and carriage.
 Faulty and untypical position of front legs.
 Stand-off and untypical coat.
 Colours other than those in the standard.
 Slack ligaments.
 Untypical movement.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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