Cesky Terrier

FCI standard Nº 246

Origin
Czech Republic
Translation
Mrs Dipl. Ing. K. Bechov and Mrs R. Binder-Gresly
Group
Group 3 Terriers
Section
Section 2 Small sized Terriers
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 24 May 1963
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 11 March 1997
Last update
Tuesday 20 January 1998
En français, cette race se dit
Terrier tchèque
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Tschechischer Terrier
En español, esta raza se dice
Terrier checo
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Boheemse Terriër
In his country of origin, his name is

Český Teriér

Usage

Formerly a Terrier breed for hunting foxes and badgers, today more a house-and companion dog.

Brief historical summary

The Czech Terrier is the result of an appropriate crossbreeding between a Sealyham Terrier dog and a Scotch Terrier bitch, with the aim to develop a light, short legged, well pigmented hunting Terrier, with practical drop ears, easy to groom and easy to train. In 1949 Mr. Frantisek Horak from Klanovice near Prague started to improve the breed by fixing their characteristics. In 1959 these dogs were shown for the first time, and the breed was finally recognized by the FCI in 1963.

General appearance

Short legged, long haired, well made and well muscled Terrier with smallish drop ears, of a rectangular format.

Behaviour / temperament

Balanced, non-aggressive, pleasant and cheerful companion, easy to train; somewhat reserved towards strangers; of calm and kind disposition.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Shaped like a long, blunt, not too broad wedge, the plane of the forehead forming a distinctive breaking with the bridge of the nose.
Skull
Not too broad between the ears and tapering moderately towards the supraorbital ridges. Occipital protuberance easy to palpate; cheek bones moderately prominent. Frontal furrow only slightly marked. 
Stop
Not accentuated but apparent.

Facial region

Nose
Dark and well developed. It should be black on Terriers with a grey-blue coat and liver-coloured on light-coffee brown Terriers.
Lips
Relatively thick, fitting neatly.
Nasal bridge
Straight.
Jaws and teeth
Strong jaws. Scissors or level bite; complete dentition (the absence of the 2 M3 in the lower jaw not being penalized). Teeth strong, regularly aligned and set square to the jaw.
Cheeks
Cheek bones not too prominent.
Eyes
Of medium size, slightly deep set, with a friendly expression; well covered by the overhanging eyebrows. Brown or dark brown in grey-blue coated dogs, light brown in light-coffee-brown dogs. Eyelids black in grey-blue dogs, liver-colour in light-coffee-brown dogs.
Ears
Of medium size, dropping in such a way as to well cover the orifice. Set on rather high and falling flat along the cheeks. Shaped like a triangle, with the shorter side of the triangle at the fold of the ear.

Neck

Medium long, quite strong, carried on a slant. The skin at the throat is somewhat loose but without forming a dewlap.

Body

Body
Oblong.
Topline
Not straight because loins and rump are always moderately arched.
Withers
Not very pronounced; neck set on rather high.
Back
Strong, of medium length.
Loin
Relatively long, muscular, broad and slightly rounded.
Croup
Strongly developed, muscular; pelvis moderately slanting. Hip bones often slightly higher than the withers.
Chest
More cylindrical than deep; ribs well sprung.
Underline and belly
Ample and slightly tucked up. Flanks well filled.

Tail

The ideal length is 18-20 cm; relatively strong and low set. At rest hanging downward or with a slight bend at the tip; when alert the tail is carried sabre shape horizontally or higher.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The forelegs should be straight, well boned and parallel.
Shoulders
Muscular.
Elbows
Somewhat loose, yet neither turned in nor out.
Forefeet
Large; well arched toes and strong nails. Pads well developed and thick.

Hindquarters

Generality
Hindlegs strong, parallel, well angulated and muscular.
Lower thigh
Short.
Hock
Set relatively high, strongly developed.
Hind feet
Smaller than the forefeet.

Gait and movement

Free, enduring, vigorous, with drive. Gallop rather slow but lasting. The forelegs extend in a straight forward line.

Skin

Firm, thick, without wrinkles or dewlap, pigmented.

Coat

Hair
Hair long, fine but firm, slightly wavy with a silky gloss; not too much overdone. The Czech Terrier is groomed by scissors (clipping). At the forepart of the head the hair is not to be clipped thus forming brows and beard. On the lower parts of the legs, under the chest and belly the hair should not be clipped either. In show condition the hair at the upper side of the neck, on the shoulders and on the back should not be longer than 1 - 1,5 cm; it should be shorter on the sides of the body and on the tail and quite short on the ears, cheeks, at the lower side of the neck, on elbows, thighs and round the vent. The transition between clipped and unclipped areas should be pleasing for the eye and never abrupt.
Colour
The Czech Terrier has 2 varieties of coat colour :
- grey-blue (puppies are born black).
- light-coffee-brown (puppies born chocolate brown).
In both colour varieties yellow, grey or white markings are permitted on the head (beard, cheeks), neck, chest, belly, the limbs and round the vent. Sometimes there is also a white collar or a white tip of the tail. The basic colour, however, must always be predominant.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Between 25 - 32 cm. Ideal size for a dog = 29 cm, for a bitch = 27 cm.
Weight
The weight must not be less than 6 kg and more than 10 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Weak construction.
 Temporary loss of nasal pigmentation (snow nose).
 Weak, short or snipey foreface, with weakly developed teeth.
 Absence of one (1) incisor.
 Eyes too big or protruding.
 Ears too big or too small, or different in shape or carriage as described in the standard.
 Back too long or too short.
 Crooked forelegs, incorrect front.
 Coat too fine or too coarse.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Absence of more than 4 teeth altogether; absence of 2 or more incisors.
 Canine placed in vestibulo position.
 Entropion or ectropion.
 Chest circumference more than 50 cm.
 Curled tail or carried over the back.
 Long brindled coat on dogs older than 2 years.
 Coarse or curled cotton-wool type hair.
 White markings covering more than 20%; white blaze on the head.
 Irregular, jerky, spasmodic movements ("Scottie cramp").
 Weight above 10 kg or less than 6 kg.
 Shyness, unbalanced or aggressive disposition.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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