Coton de Tuléar

FCI standard Nº 283

Origin
Madagascar
Patronage : France
Translation
Mrs. Pamela Jeans-Brown, Mrs.Renée Sporre-Willes, Mr. Raymond Triquet
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
Section
Section 1.2 Coton de Tuléar
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 02 September 1970
Publication of the official valid standard
Thursday 25 November 1999
Last update
Friday 04 February 2000
En français, cette race se dit
Coton de Tuléar
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Coton de Tuléar
En español, esta raza se dice
Coton de Tuléar
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Coton de Tuléar

Usage

Companion dog.

Brief historical summary

Introduced to France long before its official recognition in 1970, this newcomer from Madagascar quickly acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs of this country; today it is widespread all over the world.

General appearance

Small, long-haired, companion dog with a white cotton textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression.

Important proportions

• The height at the withers in relationship to the length of the body is 2 to 3.
• The length of the head in relationship to that of the body is 2 to 5.
• The length of the skull in relationship to that of the muzzle is 9 to 5.

Behaviour / temperament

Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life. The temperament of the Coton de Tuléar is one of the main characteristics of the breed.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Short, seen from above triangular.
Skull
Seen from the front slightly rounded; rather wide in relation to its length. Superciliary arches only slightly developed. Slight frontal groove. Occipital protuberance and crest only slightly accentuated. Well developed zygomatic arches. 
Stop
Slight.

Facial region

Nose
In the extension of the nasal bridge; black; brown is tolerated; nostrils wide open.
Muzzle
Straight.
Lips
Fine, tight, of the same colour as the nose.
Jaws and teeth
Teeth well aligned. Scissor bite, pincer bite or inverted bite without losing contact. The absence of the PM1 is not penalised; the M3s are not taken into consideration.
Cheeks
Lean.
Eyes
Rather rounded, dark, lively, wide apart; the rims of the eyelids are well pigmented with black or brown according to the colour of the nose.
Ears
Pendulous, triangular, high set on the skull, fine at the tips; carried close to the cheeks, reaching the corners of the lips. Covered with white hairs or with some traces of light grey (mixture of white and black hairs giving a light grey appearance) or red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs giving a red-roan appearance - lemon).

Neck

Well muscled, slightly arched. Neck well set into shoulders. Proportion of neck to body = 1/5. Clean neck with no dewlap.

Body

Body
Dog longer than high.
Topline
Topline very slightly arched.
Withers
Only slightly pronounced.
Back
Strong back.
Loin
Well muscled.
Croup
Oblique, short and muscled.
Chest
Well developed, well let down to elbow level, long. Ribs well sprung.
Underline and belly
Tucked up but not excessively.

Tail

Low set, in the axis of the spinal column.
• At rest : carried below the hock, the tip being raised.
• On the move : Carried « gaily » curved over the back, with the point towards the nape, the withers, the back or the loin. In dogs with abundant coat, the tip may rest on the dorsal-lumbar region.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The frontlegs are upright.
Shoulders
Oblique shoulder, muscled. Scapulo-humeral angle about 120°.
Upper arm
The length of the upper arm corresponds approximatively to that of the shoulder blade.
Forearm
Lower arms vertical and parallel, well muscled, with good bone. The length of the lower arm corresponds approximatively to that of the upper arm.
Carpal
A continuation of the line of the lower arm.
Pastern
Strong, seen in profile sloping very slightly.
Forefeet
Small, round, toes tight, arched; pads pigmented.

Hindquarters

Generality
The hindlegs are upright. Though dewclaws are not sought after, their presence is not penalised.
Upper thigh
Strongly muscled; coxo-femoral angle about 80°.
Lower thigh
Oblique, forming with the femur an angle of about 120°.
Metatarsus
Vertical.
Hock
Dry, well defined, angle of the hock about 160°.
Hind feet
Similar to forefeet.

Gait and movement

Free and flowing, without covering a lot of ground; topline retained on the move. No sign of uneven movement.

Skin

Fine, stretched tight over all the body; although of pink colour, it can be pigmented.

Coat

Hair
This is one of the main characteristics of the breed from which its very name derives. Very soft and supple, with the texture of cotton, never hard or rough, the coat is dense, profuse and can be very slightly wavy.
Colour
Ground colour : White. A few slight shadings of light grey colour (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated, if they do not alter the general appearance of white coat. They are however not sought after.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males : 26-28 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below. Females : 23-25 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below.
Weight
Males : From 4 kg to a maximum of 6 kg. Females : From 3,5 kg to a maximum of 5 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Skull : Flat or too domed, narrow.
 Muzzle : Disproportion between skull and muzzle.
 Eyes : Light, too almond shaped; entropion, ectropion, prominent eyes.
 Ears : Too short, with insufficient length of hair; ears folding backwards (rose ear).
 Neck : Too short, too stuffy in shoulder, too slender.
 Topline : Too arched, sway backed.
 Croup : Horizontal, narrow.
 Shoulder : Straight.
 Limbs : Turned inwards or outwards; out at elbows; hocks wide set or too close; straight angulations.
 Hair : Too short, too wavy, curly.
 Pigmentation : Partially lacking or too light pigmentation of eyelids or lips; discoloured nose, with unpigmented areas.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
General type :
 Lack of type (insufficient breed characteristics which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble other examples of the breed).
 Size and weight outside the requirements and tolerance of the standard.
Particular points :
 Foreface : Bridge of nose convex.
 Eyes : Bulging, with signs of dwarfism; too light; wall eyes.
 Ears : Pricked or semi-pricked.
 Tail : Not reaching to hock; high set, completely curled (forming a tight ring); carried flat on the back or against the thighs; carried candle like; tailless.
 Hair : Atypical, rightly curled, woolly, silky.
 Colour : Heavily marked; any marking of a definite black.
 Pigmentation : Total lack of pigment on eyerims, nose or lips.
Anomalies :
 Overshot or undershot mouth with lack of contact between the incisors; vertical gaping of the incisors.
 Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or the M3s.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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