Curly Coated Retriever

FCI standard Nº 110

Origin
Great Britain
Group
Group 8 Retrievers, Flushing Dogs, Water Dogs
Section
Section 1 Retrievers
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 10 December 1954
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 28 July 2009
Last update
Monday 23 November 2009
En français, cette race se dit
Retriever à poil bouclé
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Curly Coated Retriever
En español, esta raza se dice
Retriever de pelo rizado
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Curly Coated Retriever

Usage

Retriever.

General appearance

Strong, upstanding dog with a degree of elegance. Distinctive coat.

Important proportions

Slightly longer in body, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, than in height from withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Intelligent, steady, reliable. Bold, friendly, self confident and independent. May seem aloof.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Wedge-shaped in both side and front profiles. In proportion to body size.
Skull
Foreface and skull equal length. Planes of skull and muzzle parallel.  
Stop
Slight.

Facial region

Nose
Black in blacks and brown in livers.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Eyes
Large, not prominent, oval-shaped and obliquely set. Dark brown in blacks; in livers brown tone to blend with coat colour.
Ears
Rather small, set slightly above level of eye; lying close to head, covered with small curls.

Neck

Strong and slightly arched, of medium length, free from throatiness and flowing freely into well laid back shoulders.

Body

Topline
Strong and level.
Loin
Short, deep and powerful.
Chest
Deep with well sprung ribs, oval in cross section with brisket reaching elbow. Forechest visible. Ribs extend well back.
Underline and belly
Slight tuck up.

Tail

Flows from topline. Should reach approximately to hock, carried straight on a level with topline when moving.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Forelegs straight, set well under body.
Shoulders
Well laid back and muscular.
Upper arm
Upper arm and shoulder blade approximat ely equal in length.
Pastern
Strong.

Hindquarters

Generality
Strong, muscular.
Stifle
Moderate turn of stifle.
Hock
Well let down and well bent.

Feet

Round, tight with well-arched toes.

Gait and movement

Effortless, powerful gait with good extension and drive. Parallel movement. At speed, legs tend to converge.

Coat

Hair
Body coat a thick mass of small tight, crisp curls lying close to skin, extending from occiput to tip of tail; without undercoat or bare patches. Elsewhere smooth hair.
Colour
Black or liver.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs: 67,5 cm (27 ins), Bitches : 62,5 cm (25 ins).

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

The Curly is of British origin, it is the oldest of the retrievers and its origins are very uncertain. English writings mention the contribution of extinct breeds today such as Large Rough Water Dog, Tweed Water Spaniel, 16th Century English Water Spaniel, St John's Newfoudland, Setter Retriever, Lesser Newfoundland. Then came Wetterhound, Barbet and in the 19th century the Poodle (who was a hunting dog before he moved into the 9th group).

The first presentation of a Curly in show dates back to 1860. At the time, the Wavy Coated and the different versions of dogs resembling Curly were presented together. It was not until about 1865 that the Curly was presented as a single race.

As we said before, the Curly was very popular but the appearance of the 1st World War and the introduction of Labrador as a relationship dog have brought down its popularity and hence the number of births.

Today, the Curly is considered, worldwide, as a vulnerable breed.

The Curly is the oldest of the retrievers. This breed first appeared at the Brighton Canine Show in 1859 (Kennel Club dog) and the first club of the breed was founded in 1896. Since then, the club has continued and bears the name Curly Coated Retriever Club.

The Curly is predominantly black in color but there are subjects of color liver. Her curly dress can be likened to a poodle for neophytes but it is not. He is the greatest of the retrievers, he is very athletic and does not leave indifferent when we see him for the first time.

Originally, the Curly is a dog designed to report ducks in the water which explains its selection on a short hair, which does not take water, dries quickly and has no grip with the brambles and herbs that may be found on hunting areas. Note that the Curly has no undercoat. In the United States, the Curly that are used for geese hunting wear "neoprene jackets" to avoid colds and often negative temperatures. It should also be noted that the American Curly are larger, more robust than their European counterparts.

When comparing Curly photos of the 1900s with those of today, we see that the model remains virtually identical. There was no excess or drift in the conservation of the model compared to the standard.

The Curly is an active dog, enduring, with bone but without excess, harmonious in its model. It is sensitive and its character can not be compared with that of other retrievers. It is by nature reserved, and there also point of comparison with the other retrievers who celebrate the strangers of the house as soon as they arrive.

It is a dog that does not support the kennel and a family life with good socialization is imperative.

The Curly, when it was created was intended for the game report and the crossbreeding between several breeds was intended to have the best relationship dog. If the Curly was very fashionable in the early 1900s, its popularity began to decline thereafter. One of the explanations would be the diversity of the atypical breeds used to "build" the Curly, some of which had a bad reputation for the time, which explains why hunters have turned away from it in favor of other breeds of retrievers.

This breed is not very widespread, even in England. However, it is very popular in New Zealand, Australia and USA where breeders obtain remarkable results in "field trial"

In time, the curly has by necessity become a family dog, except for a few hunters in North America.

The Curly is an excellent family dog. Loyalty is one of his weapons and he needs to live as a family to best express his abilities. But it's not a dog to put in all hands. He is sensitive, delicate, somewhat independent, and does not tolerate the vagaries and errors of education. He does not forgive anything.

Curly are found in agility tests, tracking (especially in the Nordic countries), competition obedience.

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