English Toy Terrier

FCI standard Nº 13

Origin
Great Britain
Group
Group 3 Terriers
Section
Section 4 Toy Terriers
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 17 September 1963
Publication of the official valid standard
Thursday 26 March 2009
Last update
Tuesday 19 May 2009
En français, cette race se dit
Terrier anglais d'agrément noir et feu
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Englischer Toy Terrier Schwarz und loh
En español, esta raza se dice
Terrier inglés de juguete negro y fuego
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Engelse Toy Terrier

Usage

Terrier.

General appearance

Well balanced, elegant and compact, sleek and cleanly built. Head and legs proportionate thus producing the correct balance.

Behaviour / temperament

Toy with Terrier characteristics. Alert, remembering that historically he could acquit himself satisfactorily in the rat pit. Never unduly nervous.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Head long, narrow and well filled up under eyes.
Skull
Flat. 
Stop
Slight.

Facial region

Foreface
Wedge-shaped.
Nose
Black.
Muzzle
Foreface tapers gently to provide wedge-shaped impression, in profile similar to that seen when viewed from front. Although an illusion of being overshot can result, any suggestion of snipey appearance is undesirable.
Lips
Compressed lips.
Jaws and teeth
Top and bottom jaws held tightly together. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissors bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Teeth level and strong.
Cheeks
Without emphasis of cheek muscles.
Eyes
Dark to black, without light shading from iris. Relatively small, almond shaped, obliquely set and sparkling, not prominent.
Ears
Candle-flame shape, slightly pointed tips, placed high upon back of skull and proportionately close together. A guide to size can be obtained by bending ear forward - it should not reach eye. From nine months of age ear carriage must be erect. Entire inside of ear should face front. Leather of ear thin.

Neck

Long, graceful, slightly arched. Line of neck flowing into shoulders, and sloping off elegantly. Throatiness undesirable.

Body

Body
Compact.
Back
Very slightly curving from behind shoulders to loin, falling again to root of tail.
Loin
Well rounded and well cut up.
Chest
Narrow and deep with ribs well sprung.

Tail

Thick at root, tapering to point. Set low and not reaching below hock. 'Gay' tail undesirable if displayed to excess.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Fine bone eminently desirable.
Shoulders
Well laid back.
Elbows
Close to chest.
Forearm
Falling straight from shoulders, providing a straight front.
Forefeet
Dainty, compact; split up between toes; well arched, with jet black nails, two middle toes of front feet rather longer than others

Hindquarters

Generality
Fine bone eminently desirable. Buttocks gently rounded. A "tucked under" appearance undesirable.
Stifle
Well Angulated.
Hock
Well let down; neither turning in nor out.
Hind feet
Cat-like, dainty; compact; split up between toes; well arched, with jet black nails, hare feet undesirable.

Gait and movement

Ideal fore-movement akin to the "extended trot"; hackney action not desirable; equally a "shuffling gait" undesirable. Hind action smooth with ease and precision combined with drive; there should be flowing quality to indicate true soundness.

Coat

Hair
Thick, close and glossy. A density of short hair required.
Colour
Black and tan. The black ebony, the tan likened to a new chestnut deeply rich.
Colours not running or blending into each other, but meeting abruptly, forming clear and well defined lines of colour division. Forelegs tanned to knees in front. The tan then continuing inside and at back of forelegs to point just below elbows; thin black line up each toe (pencilling) and a clearly defined black mark (thumb mark) on centre of each pastern, and under chin. Hindlegs well tanned in front and inside with black bar dividing tan at centre of lower thigh. Heavy tan on outside of hindquarters (breaching or culottes) undesirable.
Muzzle well tanned. The black continuing from nose along top of muzzle, curving below eyes to base of throat. A tan spot above each eye and a small tan spot on each cheek. Under jaw and throat tanned, lip line black. Hair inside ears tan (tan behind ears undesirable). Each side of chest has some tan. Vent and under root of tail, tan. White hairs forming a patch anywhere totally undesirable.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal height 25 - 30 cm at the shoulder.
Weight
Ideal weight 2,7 - 3,6 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

If this dog is very rare, the multiplicity of denominations with which it has been endowed in the course of its history is undoubtedly not foreign. He debuted in the world dog shows as variety of Manchester Terrier. It was later known as Black and Tan Toy, Miniature Black and Tan. Today, he is the English Black and Tan in Britain and the English Black and Fire Amenity Terrier in France and the countries that are part of the International Cynological Federation as federated members. In the United States, it is the Manchester-Terrier variety English Terrier of approval black and fire. The question of its name is therefore somewhat confusing. Yet its history is limpid and very old, although in general there is only too much tendency to make miniature breeds of "fantasies" recent.

Rats of very small size, they have existed for many centuries in many countries. It has been forgotten that this canine type played an inestimable part in the resistance to two of the great invasions which Western Europe had to undergo, and which, to be non-warlike, nevertheless had a strong impact, especially economic ones. We are talking here about the arrival in innumerable cohorts of black rats, from the eleventh century, then gray rats, or brown rats, even more formidable, because more gregarious and able to flourish in all environments, in the first part of the Eighteenth century. Without these rodents, the cat, long regarded as evil if not diabolical, could not have prospered in Europe. But the bad reputation of this feline, at first, and the invasion of the brown rat, which the cat is difficult to overcome, explain the frequent use of the canine species.

Thus, since the Middle Ages, dogs appeared most often short haired and of the smallest possible size, able to break into the most inaccessible recesses. Admittedly, their selection was only approximate, and the existence at that time of a race of ratiers well established, clearly characterized as to size and shape, can not be proved. Nevertheless, it can be considered that the dog ratier was well developed in Britain towards the end of the eighteenth century and that it appeared under types close to the current Manchester and Toy. The smaller ones, often born in normal-sized litters, were in great demand (some of them could be housed in a jacket pocket). Moreover, in 1570, in De Canibus Britannicis, famous enumeration of the British dogs of his time, the doctor Johannes Caius already evoked the rat, even specifying that it had the short hair, of black color and fire.

Ratier or Terrier? To avoid any misunderstanding, it should be remembered that the word "Terrier" should not be understood in a too restrictive sense. It evokes a type of character: thus, although the Manchester and the Toy did not usually serve to drive the fox or the badger underground, they are "true" and pure Terriers.

British ratiers are therefore found in the early nineteenth century in the large industrial cities of the central and northern counties of England. They are the favorite companions of modest people who fulfill their role as derators, they are also vigilant guardians and are not expensive to maintain. It was then that a singular "distraction" spread among their rude owners, underground miners, metalworkers, textile workers and ceramics workers: the ratiers' competitions, or ratkilling matches. This new sport was probably born in some wasteland, where two workers had to bet on the respective merits of their dogs. Soon, competitions were organized in specially designed rooms, with a pit with board walls, possibly surrounded by bleachers, especially for the comfort of a greater number of punters. The Manchester and Black English Terrier and fey (they had no name yet) were the undisputed champions of this discipline.

In 1990, we may have a bit of trouble imagining our charming and small Toy in a pit where a hundred rats are swarming! And yet, there are many chronicles that extol the exploits of these little dogs, hardly bigger - the fact is to be mentioned - than the current specimens, since their average weight was around 3 kilos.

The career of the Black and Fire English Burrow in shows and as a pleasure dog has been significantly less brilliant. Not that he has demeaned in any way. To make it presentable, moreover, it would have been enough to give a little more elegance and regularity to its lines, to revive its colors. But no doubt it was too simple.

Instead, they claimed to have been forced to resort to other breeds - King Charles Spaniel for color, Whippet or Italian Greyhound to refine his morphology and even Dachshund - all because it would have become very rare. On the verge of extinction, the English Black and Fire Amenity Terrier, while around 1850 it was still very popular? That is not likely. The reality is that we were probably embarrassed by his past ratier, modest dog par excellence, and wanted to hide it.

The breed was presented in exhibitions around 1880. Soon, smaller and smaller subjects were selected, and these fragile miniatures obtained some success around 1900. There followed certain criticisms, actually justified. It should be noted that this vogue was relatively short-lived in Toy's long history. As early as 1922, the Kennel Club gave him separate registers, and a standard amounted to a size and weight less extreme, which did not prevent to see still occasionally specimens of just 2.5 pounds (1.1 kg). The ideal became a dog with a flat skull (and not an apple), with rather small eyes and almond (not globular and round), dense hair (and not rare), jaws without prognathism, regular teeth and well planted.

However, in 1922, there were no more than 36 registered subjects, the race becoming rare. Since then, she has never divested herself of a great discretion in her country. Before the Second World War, the record of inscriptions was only 135 (in 1935); after, the maximum was 185 (in 1950). To explain this rarity, we can invoke the name changes (the current date only 1962) and the draconian requirements of the standard about the dress: for no other dog (except for his cousin Manchester), the paragraph describing the color is only as long and thorough. Finally, the English Black and Fire English Terrier may lack only exoticism and extravagance!

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