Finnish Lapphund

FCI standard Nº 189

Origin
Finland
Translation
Finnish Kennel Club
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive type
Section
Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 22 August 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Friday 30 September 2016
Last update
Wednesday 12 October 2016
En français, cette race se dit
Chien finnois de Laponie
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Finnischer Lapphund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro Finlandés de Laponia
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Finse Lappenhond
In his country of origin, his name is

Suomenlapinkoira

Usage

Originally a herder and watch dog used in work of keeping reindeer. Today also popular as a companion dog.

Brief historical summary

For hundreds of years the Lapps have used dogs of the same type as Finnish Lapphund as reindeer herders and watchdogs in Fennoscandia and in the northern parts of Russia. Due to these dogs the first standard of the Lapponian Herder was established by the Finnish Kennel Club in 1945. The breed’s name was changed into Lapphund in 1967. In the 1970:s the type and picture of the breed became fixed and the standard has been specified several times. The breed name was again changed into Finnish Lapphund in 1993. The breed type has become stable in a short time and today the breed is very popular mainly as a house and hobby dog in the whole of Finland.

General appearance

Smaller than medium sized, the conformation is strong for the size, slightly longer than the height at the withers. Long and thick coated dog with pricked ears.

Important proportions

The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the height at the withers. The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull. The skull is slightly longer than broad, the depth is the same as the breadth.

Behaviour / temperament

Keen, courageous, calm and willing to learn. Friendly and faithful.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Strong in outline, rather broad.
Skull
Broad, slightly convex. The forehead is rather domed. The frontal furrow is clearly defined. 
Stop
Clearly defined.

Facial region

Nose
Preferably black, yet harmonizing with the coat colour.
Muzzle
Strong, broad and straight; viewed from above and in profile evenly, but only slightly tapering.
Lips
Tight.
Jaws and teeth
The jaws are strong. Scissor bite.
Cheeks
The zygomatic arches are clearly marked.
Eyes
Dark brown in colour, yet harmonizing with the coat colour; oval shaped. The expression is soft and friendly.
Ears
Medium sized, carried erect or semi-erect, set rather apart, rather broad at the base, triangular in shape and very mobile.

Neck

Medium in length, strong and covered with profuse hair.

Body

Withers
Muscular and broad, slightly marked.
Back
Strong and straight.
Loin
Short and muscular.
Croup
Of medium length, well developed, only slightly oblique.
Chest
Deep, rather long, reaching almost to the elbows, not very broad. The ribs are slightly arched; the forechest clearly visible, not very strong.
Underline and belly
Slightly tucked up.

Tail

Set rather high, medium in length, covered with profuse and long hair. The tip of the tail may have a J-formed hook. In movement the tail is curved over the back or side, in rest it may hang.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Powerful with strong bones. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
Shoulders
Slightly oblique.
Upper arm
As long as the shoulder blade. The angle between shoulder and upper arm is rather open.
Elbows
Placed slightly lower than the lower edge of the ribcage, pointing straight backwards.
Forearm
Rather strong, vertical.
Carpal
Flexible.
Pastern
Of medium length, slightly oblique.
Forefeet
Well arched, oval rather than round, covered with dense hair. The pads are elastic with the sides covered with dense hair.

Hindquarters

Generality
Strong boned, powerful, viewed from behind straight and parallel. The angulation is clearly marked but not too strongly.
Upper thigh
Of medium length, rather broad with well developed muscles.
Lower thigh
Relatively long and sinewy.
Stifle
Pointed forward, the angulation is rather clearly marked.
Metatarsus
Rather short, strong and vertical.
Hock
Moderately low set; the angulation is clearly marked but not too strongly.
Hind feet
As front feet. Dewclaws are not desirable.

Gait and movement

Effortless. Changes easily from trot to gallop, which is the most natural style of movement. The legs move parallel. When working agile and fast.

Skin

Tight overall without wrinkles.

Coat

Hair
Profuse, especially the males have an abundant mane. The outer coat is long, straight and harsh. On the head and on the frontside of the legs the coat is shorter. There has to be an undercoat that is soft and dense.
Colour
All colours are permitted. The basic colour must be dominant. Colours other than the basic colour can occur on head, neck, chest, underside of the body, on legs and tail.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal height for males 49 cm, ideal height for females 44 cm. With a tolerance of ± 3 cm. The type is more important than the size.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Males not masculine and females not feminine.
 Light head.
 Insufficient stop.
 Drop-ears.
 Tail carriage continuously lower than the topline.
 Over angulated or too straight rear angulation.
 Lack of under coat.
 Flat coat.
 Curly outer coat.
 Basic colour indistinct.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Overshot or undershot mouth.
 Kinky tail.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

The latest updated breeds

  • Smooth Chisoxy -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Chihuahua

    Smooth Chisoxy He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Chisoxy The Smooth Chisoxy is a hybrid dog by design. It is derived from the Fox Terrier Smooth and the Chihuahua. It's a very small dog - some would even classify it as a toy. It usually...
  • Skye-Pap -- Skye Terrier X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Skye-Pap He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skye-Pap The Skye-Pap is a cross between the Skye Terrier and the Continental Toy Spaniel (Papillon). These little dogs have a lot of personality in a small space. Most of them measure just...
  • Skip-Shzu -- Schipperke X Shih Tzu

    Skip-Shzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Belgium <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skip-Shzu The Skip-Shzu is a rare hybrid of the Schipperke and the purebred Shih Tzu. Despite its rarity, the Skip-Shzu is recognized by five different breed registries, including the Designer Breed Registry...
  • Skilky Terrier -- Scottish Terrier X Australian Silky Terrier

    Skilky Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Scotland <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skilky Terrier The Skilky Terrier is a hybrid between the purebred Scottish Terrier and the Australian Silky Terrier. The Scottish Terrier parent adds some ruggedness to the Skilky Terrier, but the...
  • Ski-Collie -- American Eskimo Dog X Collie Rough

    Ski-Collie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ski-Collie The Ski-Collie is a hybrid of the American Eskimo Dog and the Collie Rough. This hybrid mix combines two pure breeds that have both been bred for agricultural/breeding tasks in their...
  • Ski-Border -- American Eskimo Dog X Border Collie

    Ski-Border He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ski-Border The Ski-Border is a hybrid dog of mixed conception. It is a combination of an American Eskimo Dog and a Border Collie. This friendly, outgoing mix has all the pleasing characteristics of its...
  • Silkzer -- Australian Silky Terrier X Miniature Schnauzer

    Silkzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkzer The Silkzer is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the purebred Miniature Schnauzer. The Silkzer is a small dog and, despite its Terrier roots, is not fiery but makes an excellent companion...
  • Silkytie -- Australian Silky Terrier X Shetland Sheepdog

    Silkytie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkytie The Silkytie is a cross between the purebred Shetland Sheepdog from the UK and the Australian Silky Terrier. Its name may not immediately betray its parentage, as some people don't remember...
  • Silky Pug -- Australian Silky Terrier X Pug

    Silky Pug He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Pug The Silky Pug is a designer dog and is a cross between an Australian Silky Terrier and a Pug. They are small dogs with a big attitude. They're friendly, mischievous little dogs that make excellent...
  • Silky-Pin -- Australian Silky Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    Silky-Pin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky-Pin The Silky-Pin is a mix of the Australian Silky Terrier and Miniature Pinscher breeds. They are small dogs, weighing no more than 7 kilos and measuring around 30 centimeters. They are very healthy and...
  • Silky-Lhasa -- Australian Silky Terrier X Lhassa Apso

    Silky-Lhasa He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky-Lhasa A Silky-Lhasa is a combination of the Lhassa Apso breed and the Australian Silky Terrier breed. As both are toy breeds, your Silky-Lhasa should measure no more than 30 centimeters and weigh...
  • Silky Jack -- Australian Silky Terrier X Jack Russell Terrier

    Silky Jack He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Jack This little dog with long, silky hair is called the Silky Jack, which is a combination of the Jack Russell Terrier and the Australian Silky Terrier. As both breeds are small dogs, the...
  • Silkyhuahua -- Australian Silky Terrier X Chihuahua

    Silkyhuahua He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkyhuahua The Silkyhuahua, also known as the Silky Chi, is a toy-sized designer dog, a cross between a purebred Australian Silky Terrier and a purebred Chihuahua. They weigh between 2.5 and 4.5 kilos...
  • Silky Coton -- Australian Silky Terrier X Coton de Tuléar

    Silky Coton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Coton The Silky Coton is a hybrid breed created by crossing an Australian Silky Terrier and a Coton de Tuléar. These affectionate little dogs are designed to be loving companions and fit...
  • Silky Cocker -- Maltese X American Cocker Spaniel

    Silky Cocker He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Central Mediterranean Basin <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Cocker The Silky Cocker is a hybrid of the Maltese and the American Cocker Spaniel. As neither of these dogs is particularly large, this mixed breed companion is relatively small,...
  • Silky Cairn -- Australian Silky Terrier X Cairn Terrier

    Silky Cairn He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Scotland -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Cairn The Silky Cairn is a designer dog, an intentional cross between two small but spirited Terriers, the Cairn Terrier, developed on the rugged, rocky coasts of Scotland, and the Australian...
  • Silkshund -- Australian Silky Terrier X Dachshund

    Silkshund He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkshund The Silkshund is an intentional cross between the German badger-hunting dog known as the Dachshund and the Australian Silky Terrier, a companion Terrier that was originally developed in...
  • Silkshire Terrier -- Australian Silky Terrier X Yorkshire Terrier

    Silkshire Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkshire Terrier The Silkshire Terrier is a cross between the Australian Silky Terrier and the popular Yorkshire Terrier. Like its parents, the Silkshire Terrier is small in stature. At...
  • Silkland Terrier -- Australian Silky Terrier X West Highland White Terrier

    Silkland Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkland Terrier The Silkland Terrier is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier or Westie. This mix combines two pure toy breeds that both demand your...
  • Silkinese -- Australian Silky Terrier X Pekingese

    Silkinese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkinese The Silkinese is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the Pekingese. This toy-sized canine will quickly become the darling of your heart and your life. It's the result of blending two pure...
  • Silkin -- Australian Silky Terrier X Japanese Spaniel

    Silkin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkin The Silkin is a cross between a Japanese Spaniel and an Australian Silky Terrier. This cute little dog is cheerful, fun-loving and affectionate. He loves being with his family and is very loyal. He has a...
  • Silkese -- Australian Silky Terrier X Maltese

    Silkese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Central Mediterranean Basin -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkese The Silkese is a toy-sized hybrid of an Australian Silky Terrier and a Maltese. The Silkese has a long, silky coat that comes in a variety of colors such as black, brown, white,...
  • Silkchon -- Australian Silky Terrier X Bichon frise

    Silkchon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkchon The Silkchon is a designer hybrid that was created by crossing the Bichon frise with the Australian Silky Terrier. This lively little dog has the physical and temperamental characteristics...
  • Siberian Shiba -- Siberian Husky X Shiba

    Siberian Shiba He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Siberia <> Japan -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Siberian Shiba The Siberian Shiba is an adorable little dog created from a Siberian Husky and a Shiba. Although it can vary from one individual to another, most Siberian Shiba need attention and can be...
  • Siberian Pinscher -- Siberian Husky X Dobermann

    Siberian Pinscher He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Siberia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Dobsky A brief presentation of the Siberian Pinscher The Siberian Pinscher is a hybrid of the Siberian Husky and the Dobermann. The Siberian Husky is easy-going and outgoing, capable of fulfilling a...