French Pointing Dog Pyrenean type

FCI standard Nº 134

Mrs. Peggy Davis
Group 7 Pointing Dogs
Section 1.1 Continental Pointing Dogs « Braque » Type
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 18 January 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 01 August 2023
Last update
Friday 22 September 2023
En français, cette race se dit
Braque français type Pyrénées
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Französischer Vorstehhunde typ Pyrenäen
En español, esta raza se dice
Braco Francés tipo Pirineos
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Franse braque type Pyrénées


Pointing dog.

Brief historical summary

The small size French Pointing Dogs « Pyrenean type » show, while keeping all proportions, with more reduced dimensions and lighter shapes, the same general characteristics as those of the « Gascogne type ». They only differ on the following points :

General appearance

Rustic dog, not heavy but sufficiently muscled. Skin tighter than that of the Gascogne type.


Facial region

Chestnut-brown in colour, nostrils well opened.
The lips are less pendent or less convex than in the Gascogne type.
Set on above eye line, barely folded. The tips of the leathers must end at 2 cm from the nose leather.


Slight or no dewlap.


Underline and belly
Belly less let down than in the Gascogne type.


Fine; can be docked or naturally short.



They are lighter than in the Gascogne type.
Muscular and moderately sloping.


Hind feet


Finer and shorter than that of the Gascogne Type.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Male 51 - 58 cm, female 49 - 56 cm.


• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Dog too heavy or hyperlight.
 Lips too droopy or too light.
 Round eyes caused by the exaggeration of the zygomatic and superciliary arches.
 Leathers set at eye level, too long (touching the nose).
 Belly too tucked up (whippety).
 Splayed feet.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Split nose, pronounced depigmentation of the nose leather.
 Entropion, ectropion, pink spots at the base of the eyelids.
 No tail (anury).
 Syndactyly (toes grown together), surplus toes, absence of toes.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.



Additional information from visitors

Directly descended from its taller cousin, the Grand Taille, the lively French Pyrenean Pointer has also been influenced by the Sabueso Espanol and an extinct variety of continental gundogs known as the Southern Hounds. This is a dedicated scenthound, bred to a consistent type since the 1600's. Smaller and more driven than the French Gascony Pointer, the Petite Taille is a resilient and tireless worker. Quite rare outside its native borders, the Braque Francais Type Pyrenees is still a popular tracking dog among French hunters. Trainable and even-tempered, it makes an agreable family companion. The coat is short, flat and smooth to the touch, either white with chestnut patches or white with brown mottling. Average height is around 20 inches.

Detailed history

Braque type most widespread today in France, the French Braque is also the direct representative of the oldest strains of dogs. From the early Middle Ages, indeed, hunting is the favorite pastime of lords; and their appanage, one might say, since a hunting right, which existed neither in the Gallo-Roman laws nor in the Germanic law of the Franks, was established in the eighth century. The most popular type of hunting at that time was the hunting of big game in the forest, with the help of packs of common dogs, to which others were added, and greyhounds. Hunting is also considered a veritable school of courage preparing young "bachelors" for the profession of arms.

The pleasure of the table is not, however, exempt from the concerns of the feudal nobility, and, as such, game birds are particularly popular. But it is also the most difficult to take. To catch the birds, the lords thus have the nets in the most game-filled places, a practice known since the Antiquity but that the hunters of the Middle Ages perfected by resorting to dogs "socks"; they also use hawks and "calling" dogs to hunt game, fly it, and eventually help the hawks to control large-sized birds (like the heron). As call dogs or dogs, the lords use "Brachets", which are quite close to the common dogs.

Some animals are also trained to hunt "dumb", that is to say, they provide game to their master without their barking betray them. From silent hunting to poaching, so there is only one step that some people easily cross, and if the right to hunt is strictly respected in many areas, "there are still many places, as clarified Robert Delort , renowned medievalist and specialist in the history of animals, where hunting is free, especially from the Iberian Peninsula to northern Italy, where poaching is not pursued ". It is therefore quite naturally in southern Europe that the Brachet will develop, where the lord is not fortunate enough to maintain large packs and where the wealthy peasant can possess with impunity, or almost, a dog of hunt.

The Brachet thus becomes quickly the Braque, a versatile dog which, by its origins, is as well dog running to run the hare, dog of call, dog lying for the hunting of the birds than the auxiliary of the shooter then of the arquebusier, finally poacher's dog (the poacher is the one who heals the Braques, poaching meaning to hunt with the Braques).

From the fourteenth century, hunters add another type of dog, the Spaniel, more specialized than the old Braques. It was at this time that the great traditions of hunting began to be codified and that the great lords take for auxiliaries dogs more and more diverse. Like Gaston Phoebus, count of Foix and lord of Béarn, the kings of France and all the great characters of the kingdom will therefore maintain several hundred hunting dogs, including French Braques if we judge after some paintings of the eighteenth century. François Alexandre Desportes and Jean-Baptiste Oudry, who are the official painter of the dogs of Louis XIV and Louis XV successively, reproduce various scenes of hunting where are portraits of Braque dogs, while Sélincourt, from 1683, describes the Braque as "a dog generally of rather large size and robust format: big head, long ears, square muzzle, big nose, hanging lips, thick neck, white coat with brown spots". In a word: a typical French Braque.

The Braques are also valuable auxiliaries for small hunters, who are numerous in southern Europe not only because poaching is little repressed but also because hunting, due to lack of forests, is there. little practiced. This explains why Spain, Italy and the south of France will retain the three oldest Braques breeds, all of which have retained in their morphology certain characteristics of the Brachets of the past.

The French Revolution, which allows many citizens to access hunting, then the generalization of firearms will encourage the spread of Braques throughout the country. In the first half of the nineteenth century, these dogs will tend to regionalize; each adapted to its terroir; even if their characteristics are still only superficially fixed, especially as regards those of Braques d'Anjou or those of breeds created by crosses, such as Braque Dupuy. Taking the example of the first zootechnicians, dog-lovers try to study the different dog breeds, seeking to attribute to each type of dog a specific region. But if this approach is entirely justified as regards the Braque du Bourbonnais, it seems more questionable with regard to Braque d'Auvergne or Braque de l'Ariège; also called Braque de Toulouse; who are both types of the French Pointer, but one with a white and black-blue coat, the other with a white dress, spotted with orange.

In the second half of the last century, the French Braque will suffer from the enthusiasm of French dog breeds for English breeds, and at the beginning of the 20th century the best subjects are only found in regions where hunting remains a strong tradition. . Moreover, in these very beginnings of the cynophilia, the distinction between French Braque and Braque "of country" is not always easy to make. In his book published at the end of the nineteenth century, The Races of Dogs, A. Reul even goes so far as to describe under the name "Braque de pays" the old French Braque: "The essential characteristic is its large size with the consequence a very strong frame and a very high weight. His limbs are large, his feet wide and open, his muzzle wide, his head bulky and heavy, his ears very strong and dangling, his tail shortened. This dog is also the subject of sharp criticism. In an article published in L'Acclimatation in 1898, J. de Conynck, while recognizing that he was born almost ready, found the French Braque much too slow, while Oberthur, a few decades later, will not hesitate to speak from this dog to the past: "He had an excellent nose that kept his power through drought and heat, good paces, but he feared spiciness and did not like water. He sometimes had a hard tooth and was more difficult to train than our Spaniels, whose softness and suppleness he had neither. "

It was not until the inter-war period, during which Pyrenean and Gascan dogs decided to take charge of their endangered regional breeds, so that the French Braque was once again at the heart of dog-eating concerns. Dr. Castets, president and founder of the Club, directs the breeding of the old French Braque; breeding that his father began in 1875; towards a slightly lightened but good-sized type, rather close to the ancestral type; he is soon followed by Senac-Lagrange, another great connoisseur of Southwestern dogs, who is looking for a smaller, much lighter type, better able to support the comparison with the English dogs, whose fashion is then at its peak. Thus, and whatever the efforts of cynophiles to adapt the French Braque to the twentieth century and thereby lead to a truly satisfactory synthesis, two types will continue: Gascony, more classic, and the Pyrenees, more modern.

The breed will not be more popular so far, and in the sixties, this dog is less well represented than his cousin, the Braque d'Auvergne, himself greatly exceeded by the German pointer. Little by little, however, and thanks to Dr. Servier who defines a "standard of work" aimed at clarifying the "inherent" style of this dog in the field-trials, the French Braque is more interested. In the exhibitions first of all, the two types (now subject to two standards) are better known; Welder Rallie (Gascony type) and Sirex Arrieussecq (type Pyrenees) will prove two outstanding champions; and in field trials later, especially in the autumn fields on game shooting, many subjects stand out.

The French Braque is a dog with a very sweet, sensitive character, to the point that some subjects may even seem shy. What is certain is that this animal does not support brutal people and that he feels very bad punishment undeserved or too frequent mood swings in his master. The French Braque is nothing like a dog that is mechanized, that one "raises to the button" without having first understood what is expected of him.

It is also when he is a puppy that it is important to develop his sociability, to accustom him to noises, to the crowd, especially as, for him to become a real auxiliary, it is necessary to first make it an accomplice. His master will have him perform the necessary exercises before taking him to the hunt, such as walking without leash and recall, but, above all, he will not hesitate to congratulate him if successful. The French Braque declares himself quickly and all alone, provided he has the opportunity to use his flair. He puts such good will into satisfying his master that it has been said that he was born "trained". He has an instinct of submissive submission and a sense of hunting just as developed. It can be found, however, that it lacks style with respect to certain English races, and sometimes of celerity in the execution of orders or in the report. It's misunderstanding the way he works. He has never been selected in the field-trials to distinguish himself by a dazzling brilliance during the quarter of an hour that lasts the test, but he is asked to support a good pace a whole day. Thus, if the Setters and Pointers are athletes with a very good resistance, able to extend their sprints in middle distance races, the French Braques, they are "founders", that is to say they prove to be very enduring. Indeed, if the selection has made the Braque modern faster than the Braques of yesteryear, it has kept most of its rusticity.

As Jean Servier pointed out, he "gives the impression of maximizing his strength and running for the performance index", in other words, he works with regularity and without fatigue. Should we be surprised, for a race that had for centuries hunted on very fragmented terrain that we had to explore thoroughly, on stony soils, in hot and dry weather, in the mountains where the altitude difference is more demanding than the number of kilometers?

His stops are known for their firmness. However, he knows how to "sink" to the game, especially after his master has given him the order. The French Braque, moreover, is a "galloping trotter", his gallop, supple and economical, being frequently interrupted by a trot; the animal can pass several times in the same places (or almost) when it has the intuition that the game is not far and that it is likely to make it fly away. The French Braque can still track and recover the injured parts, and is an excellent retriever. The vast majority of subjects have a natural relationship; However, it is advisable to obtain firm stops before asking for the report and to have the hair only brought back to a dog that is perfectly "routine", because, if the French Braque is the ideal auxiliary for the hunter who only has 'a single dog, it is above all a stop dog. It adapts to game and to the most diverse territories.

Easy on the field, rough to the task, pleasant at home, venerating his master, this companion also knows how to be discreet when the situation requires it, and especially not very demanding. He can be taken to town or left alone at home without worry. Her exercise needs are moderate compared to those of some other hunting dogs, impetuous and nervous. He is finally very patient and playful with children, and tolerant with his peers.

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • LaPerm

    LaPerm Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The LaPerm is a cat breed originally from the United States. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its curly coat. A brief historical overview The breed was created in 1982 in the U.S. state of Oregon by a woman named Linda Koehl. The curly hair is due to a natural mutation in the genes of one of...
  • Korat

    Korat Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Korat is a breed of cat native to Thailand. This small cat is characterized by its blue coat and green eyes. A brief historical overview The Tamra Meow, or Book of Cat Poems, is a richly illustrated Thai collection of verses written between 1350 and 1767, describing seventeen different cats, some...
  • Khao Manee

    Khao Manee Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Khao Manee is a breed of cat native to Thailand. This cat is characterized by its white shorthair coat. Its eyes can be yellow, blue or mint. Standard Official recognition of the Khao Manee is underway, notably through TICA and GCCF. It has been possible to register adult and juvenile Khao...
  • Himalayen

    Himalayen Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Himalayen, also known as the colorpoint or colorpoint (US), is a cat breed originating in the United States. In some European countries, this breed does not exist and is considered a coat of the Persian. A brief historical overview The Himalayen is a colorpoint Persian. These Persians are...
  • Highland Fold

    Highland Fold Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Highland Fold is a breed of cat originally from Scotland. The name Highland Fold is given to the shorthair variety. A brief historical overview The first known specimen of a cat with folded ears is Susie, a cat living on a farm north of Dundee in Scotland. She was discovered in 1961 by...
  • Scottish Fold

    Scottish Fold Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat originally from Scotland. The name Scottish Fold is given to the shorthair variety. A brief historical overview The first known specimen of a cat with folded ears is Susie, a cat living on a farm north of Dundee in Scotland. She was discovered in 1961 by...
  • Highlander

    Highlander Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Highlander is a breed of cat that originated in the United States. The Highlander is a recent breed and still very rare. A brief historical overview Descended from hybrid breeds, the Highlander is a magnificent feline reminiscent of the Lynx.The Highlander is a recent and still very rare...
  • Havana brown

    Havana brown Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Havana brown, also known as the Swiss Mountain cat or Chestnut Oriental Shorthair, is a cat breed originally from Great Britain. This cat is characterized by its chocolate-colored shorthair coat. A brief historical overview The ancestors of the Havana brown existed in the kingdom of Siam...
  • German rex

    German rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The German rex is a breed of cat that originated in East Prussia (now Baltic Russia). This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short, wavy and very soft coat. A brief historical overview The German rex is thought to be the first breed of cat with curly or wavy hair. The first subject was...
  • Exotic shorthair

    Exotic shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Exotic shorthair or simply Exotic is a cat breed originating in the United States. The result of an attempt by American breeders to improve the American shorthair in the 1950s, the Exotic shorthair was recognized as a breed in its own right in the 1960s. A brief historical overview n the...
  • European shorthair

    European shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The European shorthair, also known as the Européen or Celtic shorthair, is a breed of cat originating in Europe, the ennobled representative of the common cats of Europe. The breed is popular in Scandinavian countries, where it is appreciated as a natural breed, never polluted by...
  • Donskoy

    Donskoy Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Donskoy, also known as Don Sphynx and Sphynx du Don, Don Hairless, originated in Rostov-on-Don, Russia. The Donskoy remains very rare. In France, 57 pedigrees were issued between 2003 and 2014. A brief historical overview The discovery of the Donskoy dates back to 1987, when a schoolteacher...
  • Devon rex

    Devon rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Devon rex is a cat breed originating in the United Kingdom. The Devon rex is characterized by a conical head, marked by high cheekbones, a short muzzle and large ears. A brief historical overview In the 1960s, a harecat with curly fur was spotted in an abandoned tin mine near Buckfastleigh in...
  • Cymric

    Cymric Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cymric is a cat breed from the Isle of Man (British Isles). This cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Manx, which has the particularity of not having a tail. A brief historical overview Like the Manx, the Cymric originated on the British Isle of Man. As the island's cat population was...
  • Colorpoint shorthair

    Colorpoint shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Colorpoint Shorthair is a cat breed originally from Thailand. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its colorpoint coat and blue eyes. A brief historical overview The origins of the Colorpoint Shorthair are the same as those of the Siamese, since it is the same breed.The breed is said to...
  • Chantilly

    Chantilly Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chantilly is a semi-long-haired cat breed created in the United States in the 1960s from two kittens of undetermined breed. On the brink of extinction in the 1980s, breeding was revived in Canada. The breed remains very rare and is only recognized by a few North American federations, mostly on an...
  • California Spangled

    California Spangled Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Spangled is a breed of cat native to the United States. This endangered cat is characterized by its leopard-like spotted tabby coat. A brief historical overview Paul Casey, an American screenwriter, created the breed in 1970. He had just returned from a trip to Africa and wanted a...
  • Brazilian shorthair

    Brazilian shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Brazilian shorthair, also known as the Pelo Curto Brasileiro, is a breed of cat native to Brazil. This medium-sized cat is characterized by the fact that it is the first internationally recognized Brazilian breed and is extremely rare. Standard The current standard published by the...
  • Japanese Bobtail

    Japanese Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of cat native to Japan. This cat is characterized by its short, curled tail. A brief historical overview The breed, when tortoiseshell and white, is known as the Mi-ké (three hairs = three colors) in its native Japan, where it is considered a symbol of...
  • Kuril Bobtail

    Kuril Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Kuril Bobtail is a cat breed from the Kuril Islands in Russia. This cat is characterized by its very short pom-pom tail, the result of a natural mutation. The breed exists in shorthair and longhair varieties. A brief historical overview This natural breed originated on the Kuril Islands, on the...