French Spaniel

FCI standard Nº 175

Origin
France
Translation
Jennifer Mulholland in collaboration with Raymond Triquet
Group
Group 7 Pointing Dogs
Section
Section 1.2 Continental Pointing Dogs, Spaniel type
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Saturday 25 June 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 04 November 2008
Last update
Friday 23 January 2009
En français, cette race se dit
Epagneul français
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Französischer Spaniel
En español, esta raza se dice
Spaniel francés
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Frans Spaniel

Usage

Pointing dog.

Brief historical summary

The French Spaniel is a descendant of the bird dogs described by Gaston Febus and used in the Middle Ages. Its ancestors are more than likely at the origin of the diverse varieties of sporting Spaniels. Through selection it developed into the elegant and athletic dog, pointing very firmly, which today excels in working trials. The first standard was drawn up in 1891 by James de Connick; it has been revised several times since, and adapted to the diverse evolutions of the breed.

General appearance

Medium size dog, elegant and muscled, of medium proportions, of braccoïd type. Its balanced construction provides the energy and toughness essential for its utilization. The bone structure is strong without being coarse.

Important proportions

The length of the body (from the point of the shoulders to the point of the buttock) is slightly superior (by 2 to 3 cm) to the height at the withers. The length of the chest is equal or superior to 6/10th of the length of the body.

Behaviour / temperament

Balanced, frank, gentle, calm and docile, enthusiastic hunter, sociable with other dogs and an ideal companion in all circumstances. Excellent pointing dog, it also has a talent for retrieving.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Carried proudly, without heaviness, without excessive leanness and showing well defined outlines. Of medium length and width.
Skull
The lateral sides are almost parallel. The superciliary arches are marked. In profile, the axes of the skull and the muzzle are slightly divergent. 
Stop
Progressive and moderately pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Brown, well pigmented; with wide open nostrils.
Muzzle
A slightly convex nasal bridge is preferable to a straight one; it is a little shorter than the skull.
Lips
The upper lip fits well. Seen in profile, it falls almost vertically at the front and curves progressively up to the only slightly visible but well closed corner of the lips. The upper lip must not cover the lower lip excessively.
Jaws and teeth
Complete dentition. Scissors bite or pincer bite (edge to edge). Scissor incisors are preferred to edge to edge incisors.
Eyes
The eyes of a cinnamon to dark brown colour, as close as possible to that of the patches, express kindness and intelligence. They are quite big, of oval shape. The brown eyelids are well fitted to the eyeball. The upper eyelid is well furnished with eyelashes.
Ears
Well set back at eye level, carried close to the cheeks. Pulled gently towards the front, the end of the cartilage must just reach the base of the nose. The fringes are more or less long and wavy.

Neck

Muscled, profile slightly arched, oval cross section, without dewlap.

Body

Topline
Straight, well sustained in both action and standing.
Withers
Lean, well defined and broad.
Loin
Broad, not too long and powerfully muscled.
Croup
Broad, rounded, harmoniously sloping in the extension of the loin and without visible bony structure.
Chest
Ample, of great capacity, let down to elbow level.
Side
Ample and harmoniously rounded.
Underline and belly
Harmoniously raised towards the belly, without exaggerated tuck-up.

Tail

Not docked, reaching the point of the hock, not deviated, set below the topline. Carried obliquely, curving downwards at the root and curving more or less upwards at the tip. Strong at its root, tapering progressively towards the tip. Furnished with long wavy silky fringes starting at a few centimetres from the root, lengthening to the middle part, and then getting progressively shorter towards the tip.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The forequarters are upright. The back of the upper arm is furnished with wavy silky feathering of medium length. The feathering is distinctly longer at level of the forearm and falls to the level of the pastern.
Shoulders
Well attached to the chest and quite oblique (50° to the horizontal).
Upper arm
Length is less than one third of the height at the withers; its obliquity on the horizontal is nearly 60°.
Forearm
Lean and muscled.
Carpal
Well defined, lean.
Pastern
The pastern is very slightly oblique, seen from the side.
Forefeet
Oval, with tight, well arched toes and strong, dark coloured nails. Furnished with hair between the toes. The pads are firm and dark.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen from behind, the hindlegs are vertical; the limbs are powerful and muscled from the upper thigh to the lower thigh. Feathering at back of rear limbs particularly profuse behind the upper thighs.
Upper thigh
Broad and quite long with powerful and very visible muscles. Its slant on the horizontal is between 65° and 70°.
Lower thigh
Of almost equal length to that of the upper thigh, with visible muscles.
Hock
Solid and sinewy.
Hind feet
Oval and slightly longer than the front foot, but otherwise with the same characteristics.

Gait and movement

Easy, supple, even and energetic while remaining elegant. The legs move well in the axis of the body without too much up and down movement of the topline and without rolling.

Skin

Supple and well fitting to the body.

Coat

Hair
Long and wavy on the ears, falling beyond the cartilage, as well as on the back of the legs and the tail. Flat, silky and well furnished on the body with a few waves behind the neck and above the root of the tail. Short and fine on the head.
Colour
White and brown with medium spotting, sometimes getting predominant, with irregular patches, slightly or moderately flecked and roan without excess. The brown varies from cinnamon to dark liver. A white blaze and white on the head, if the marking is not too wide, are appreciated. The absence of white on the head is perfectly admissible. The edges of the lips, the eyerims and the nose are brown, without any unpigmented areas.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males: 56 to 61 cm. Females: 55 to 59 cm. Tolerance: + 2cm or -1cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Skull too broad.
 Teeth badly set.
 Eye colour too light.
 Ear partially white, too short or triangular.
 Lack of bone.
 Hair curly on the body.
 Lack of fringes (feathering).

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Lack of type (insufficient ethnical characteristics which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble its fellow creatures of the breed).
 Overshot, undershot (tolerance for reversed bite without loss of contact).
 Wry mouth.
 Any teeth missing (except PM1).
 Wall eyes.
 Vicious stare or hawk eye.
 White patch surrounding the eye (white eye mark).
 Presence of dewclaws on the hindlegs.
 Any other colour than white and brown.
 Depigmentation (severely flesh coloured nose and/or eyelids).
 Size outside the limits of the standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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