Frisian Water Dog

FCI standard Nº 221

Origin
The Netherlands
Translation
Diana Striegel-Oskam (Official language: EN)
Group
Group 8 Retrievers-Flushing Dogs- Water Dogs
Section
Section 3 Water Dogs
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 21 December 1959
Publication of the official valid standard
Thursday 08 June 2023
Last update
Thursday 06 July 2023
En français, cette race se dit
Chien d'eau frison
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Friesischer Wasserhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro de agua frisón
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Wetterhoun

Usage

Hunting dog, water dog, traditionally otter hunting, guarding the yard.

Brief historical summary

Supposedly brought by gypsies and / or sailors from countries around the Baltic Sea. In the 19th and 20th century they were used to pull dog carts, but were mostly used as a hunting dog on the otter and other small predators. The Wetterhoun was mainly found in water rich areas in Friesland; the northern part of the Netherlands. In the early 20th century, the Wetterhoun and the Stabijhoun were regularly crossbred with each other, threatening to undermine the unique variety of each.
In 1938, a group of enthusiasts of the ‘Kynologenclub Fryslân’ began purifying the breed again and, in 1942, both breeds were officially recognized. Important names connected with this process were : J. Bos, T. van Dijk, B. de Graaf and W. Hoeksema. The first standard was dated February 10, 1944. The current population (2013) is about 1000 dogs worldwide.

General appearance

A simple dog, overall picture square, powerful build, compact without being heavy or cumbersome.

Important proportions

The withers height compared to body length, measured from prosternum to the point of the buttock, has a ratio of 1: 1.
The distance between the withers to the elbow is equal to the distance from the elbow to the ground.

Behaviour / temperament

The Wetterhoun is self-willed by nature. As a family pet, the Wetterhoun is affectionate. In and around the house, the Wetterhoun is watchful and keen to catch vermin. The Wetterhoun can initially be reserved with strangers, but should not be fearful.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Dry. Size in proportion to the body, robust and powerful. Must clearly show its gender. Skull (from stop to occiput) is slightly longer than the muzzle (from stop to point of nose).
Skull
Shape of skull, direction of axes of skull and muzzle should be parallel. Slightly arched, giving the impression of being broader than long, gently sloping into the cheeks. 
Stop
The transition from skull to muzzle is gradual and only marked slightly.

Facial region

Nose
Black for dogs with a black basecoat colour. Brown for dogs with a brown basecoat colour. Well developed, with well opened nostrils.
Muzzle
Broad and firm with a straight nasal bridge.
Lips
Tightly fitting.
Jaws and teeth
Powerful scissor bite and complete. According to the teeth formula.
Cheeks
Cheek muscles are moderately developed.
Eyes
Medium sized, oval shaped with tight fitting eyelids. The eyes are placed slightly oblique, which is part of creating a grim expression. Colour dark brown for dogs with a black base colour and brown for dogs with a brown base colour.
Ears
Set moderately low. The ear auricle is not too wide open, so the ears are worn smoothly against the head without a fold. The ears are moderately long and have the shape of a mason’s trowel. The hair of the ear is a typical characteristic of the breed. It is curled, rather long at the base of the ear, decreasing in length to the lower 1/3 part where the ear is covered with short hair.

Neck

Short and powerful, round, merging into the topline with a very blunt angle, resulting in the head being carried low while moving. The neck is slightly arched without throatiness.

Body

Body
Very powerful, muscular.
Topline
Level.
Withers
Strong, not prominent.
Back
Straight and short.
Loin
Powerful.
Croup
Slightly sloping.
Chest
Viewed from the front, the chest is rather broad, showing more width than depth, so the fore legs are rather wide apart. The underside of the ribcage should not be pointy nor lower than the elbow.
Ribs
Ribs well-rounded with well developed last ribs.
Underline and belly
Contour of underline, shape of belly and flanks smooth lined and the belly moderately tucked up.

Tail

Long, and rolled into a spiral carried over or alongside of the croup.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Muscular and sufficient angulation, straight legs, fairly far apart.
Shoulders
Well connected to the body. Shoulder blade moderately inclined.
Upper arm
Sufficient angulated relative to the scapula.
Elbows
Fitting closely to the ribs.
Forearm
Strong, straight and parallel.
Carpal
Powerful, straight when seen from the front, slightly sloping when seen from the side.
Pastern
Slightly sloping.
Forefeet
Powerful, round feet, toes well developed and arched and pointing forward. Closed. Paw pads strong.

Hindquarters

Generality
Moderate angulated. Hocks parallel as seen from the rear.
Upper thigh
Strong, moderate angulation with the hip joint.
Lower thigh
Of good length.
Stifle
Slightly angulated.
Metatarsus
Relatively short.
Hock
Set low.
Hind feet
Similar to forefeet.

Gait and movement

Powerful, sufficient drive. When viewed from the front, the Wetterhoun has fairly broad movement. While moving, the head is carried slightly above the topline. Tends to pace, which is less desirable, but acceptable.

Skin

Firm, well fitting, without wrinkles or folds.

Coat

Hair
Dense curls : these are solid, firm curls of hair bundles. The hair itself is quite coarse and feels greasy. Head and legs are covered with short hair.
Colour
Solid black with white markings on the chest and / or toes and solid brown with white markings on the chest and / or toes. Black patches and brown patches, ticking and roan is allowed.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal size : Males : 59 cm, Females : 55 cm.
Weight
Approximately 34 kg, Females : Approximately 28 kg .

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Too narrow skull.
 Sagging feet.
 Lips too loose and heavy.
 Bulging or deep set eyes.
 Yellow bird or prey-like eyes.
 Muzzle not straight.
 Ears, not close to the head.
 Ears with a thick auricle.

Serious faults

 Lack of sexual dimorphism.
 Missing multiple teeth (P1 and M3 are not taken into account).
 Any colour other than the colour as defined.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Under- or overbite.
 Insufficient breed type.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Additional information from visitors

Created in Friesland in the 17th century, the Dutch Wetterhoun is believed by some to be a result of crossing the Stabyhoun with the Otterhound, but there are also other theories, tracing its heritage to imported Spanish water spaniels. Regardless of its origin, this Dutch working breed was established as a superb hunter of otters and other small game, as well as a versatile gundog and retriever. Its strong guarding instincts make it a good watchdog, but some specimens can be overly territorial if not socialized properly. The Wetterhoun is intelligent and loyal, although it can be quite stubborn and difficult to train. Deep-chested and agile, it is an excellent swimmer and a very fast runner. The curly coat is dense and rough, reasonably easy to maintain and fully waterproof. Most dogs are black, but liver, brown and bicoloured specimens are fairly common. Average height is around 22 inches.

The latest updated breeds

  • Tibalier -- Tibetan Spaniel X Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

    Tibalier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tibalier The designer dog known as the Tibalier is the intentional blend of two small pets, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, a breed originally favored by English royalty, and the Tibetan Spaniel, a cat...
  • Tervoodle -- Belgian Shepherd X Poodle

    Tervoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Belgium <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tervoodle The Tervoodle is a hybrid dog. Its parents are the Belgian Shepherd Tervueren and the Poodle. They are highly intelligent dogs. Always on the alert, they make excellent watchdogs. He's easy to train...
  • Tervard -- Belgian Shepherd X German Shepherd

    Tervard He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Belgium <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tervard The Tervard is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the Belgian Shepherd Tervueren and the German Shepherd. Generally used for work, Tervards are alert and vigilant. They are highly intelligent and easy...
  • Taylor's Bulldane -- Dorset Old Tyme Bulldogge X Great Dane

    Taylor's Bulldane He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Taylor's Bulldane The Taylor's Bulldane is both a Dorset Old Tyme Bulldogge and a Great Dane. The Old Tyme Bulldog is a rare breed, which makes the Taylor's Bulldane very unique. They are giant...
  • Taco Terrier -- Chihuahua X Toy Fox Terrier

    Taco Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Mexico <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Toy Chitoxy Toy Chiwoxy Foxchi A brief presentation of the Taco Terrier The Taco Terrier takes its name from its two parent breeds, the Chihuahua and the Toy Fox Terrier. The Taco part of the name refers to...
  • Swissy Saint -- Great Swiss Mountain Dog X St. Bernard

    Swissy Saint He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland -> Switzerland Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Swissy Saint The Swissy Saint is a beautiful dog bred for work, search, rescue and companionship. Not only is he ready to work and easy to train, he is also very gentle, affectionate and obedient. You may...
  • Swissneese -- Great Swiss Mountain Dog X Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Swissneese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Swissneese The Swissneese is a magnificent mix of Great Swiss Mountain Dog and Pyrenean Mountain Dog. Both breeds are considered giant dogs, so your Swissneese will be giant too. However, they are...
  • Swiss Newfie -- Great Swiss Mountain Dog X Newfoundland

    Swiss Newfie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Swiss Newfie The Swiss Newfie is a very large hybrid dog, an intentional combination of the Great Swiss Mountain Dog, the oldest and largest of the Sennenhund dogs that developed in the Swiss...
  • Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog -- Bernese Mountain Dog X Great Swiss Mountain Dog

    Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland -> Switzerland Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog The Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog is a hybrid between the Bernese Mountain Dog and the Great Swiss Mountain Dog. The Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog is a delightful blend of its two parent...
  • Stump Double Cattle dog -- Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog X Australian Cattle Dog

    Stump Double Cattle dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia -> Australia Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Stump Double Cattle dog The Stump Double Cattle dog is a rare designer dog, a combination of two cattle dogs that were developed in the Australian outback. Although the famous Australian Cattle Dog...
  • Standard Wire Hair Snauzer -- Wire Fox Terrier X Schnauzer

    Standard Wire Hair Snauzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Wire Hair Snauzer The Standard Wire Hair Snauzer is a dog by design, the intentional blend of Germany's bearded farm dog, known as the Schnauzer, and an English dog developed...
  • Standard Wauzer -- West Highland White Terrier X Schnauzer

    Standard Wauzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Wauzer The Standard Wauzer is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the West Highland White Terrier and the Schnauzer. They are small dogs, weighing less than 13.5 kilos at maturity. It...
  • Standard Schnauzer Chin -- Schnauzer X Japanese Spaniel

    Standard Schnauzer Chin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Schnauzer Chin A mix of Schnauzer and Japanese Spaniel, the Standard Schnauzer Chin is a beautiful, small to medium-sized dog with a medium to long coat that tends to be thick and soft, but...
  • Standard Ratzer -- Schnauzer X Rat Terrier

    Standard Ratzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Ratzer The Standard Ratzer is a lovely mix of Schnauzer and Rat Terrier. Its size varies a little, since the Rat Terrier comes in two sizes, but it weighs no more than 13.5 kilos and generally...
  • Standard Auss-Tzu -- Australian Shepherd X Shih Tzu

    Standard Auss-Tzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Auss-Tzu The Standard Auss-Tzu is a medium-sized breed designed to be a hybrid companion dog. Its parent breeds are the Australian Shepherd and the Shih Tzu, making it a very unique and...
  • Staffy Bull Pit -- American Staffordshire Terrier X American Pit Bull Terrier

    Staffy Bull Pit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Staffpit Bull Terrier A brief presentation of the Staffy Bull Pit The Staffy Bull Pit is uncommon as a designer dog, although unintentional cross-breeding is probably quite common. This hybrid, which can only be...
  • Staffy Bull Bullmastiff -- Staffordshire Bull Terrier X Bullmastiff

    Staffy Bull Bullmastiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Staffy Bull Bullmastiff Staffordshire Bull Terrier and Bullmastiff are crossed to create the Staffy Bull Bullmastiff hybrid, a medium to large dog with a gentle personality. These dogs may look big...
  • Staffweiler -- American Staffordshire Terrier X Rottweiler

    Staffweiler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Staffweiler The Staffweiler is a hybrid breed that combines the traits of the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Rottweiler. It's a large breed, weighing up to 59 kilos and measuring between 63.5 and 68.5...
  • Staffie Bullweiler -- Staffordshire Bull Terrier X Rottweiler

    Staffie Bullweiler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Staffie Bullweiler The Staffie Bullweiler is a mixed breed whose parents are a Staffordshire Bull Terrier and a Rottweiler. These dogs are smaller than a Rottweiler, but just as strong and...
  • St. Weiler -- St. Bernard X Rottweiler

    St. Weiler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the St. Weiler The St. Weiler is a giant dog weighing between 45 and 81.5 kilos. This mixed breed is a cross between a St. Bernard and a Rottweiler. They are affectionate, loyal, protective, calm and...
  • Sprollie -- English Springer Spaniel X Collie Rough

    Sprollie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Scotland -> Great Britain Translation Francis Vandersteen In his country of origin, his name is English Springer Collie A brief presentation of the Sprollie The Sprollie is a cute, energetic hybrid breed created from an English Springer Spaniel and a Collie Rough. Although...
  • Springer Spaniel Sheepdog -- English Springer Spaniel X Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail)

    Springer Spaniel Sheepdog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Springer Spaniel Sheepdog The Springer Spaniel Sheepdog, a hybrid of the English Springer Spaniel and the Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail), could be considered a plush, furry mix of old English...
  • Springer Rottie -- English Springer Spaniel X Rottweiler

    Springer Rottie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Springer Rottie The Springer Rottie is a cross between the English Springer Spaniel and the Rottweiler. This hybrid is a very active dog with a robust complexion. Their coat is short to medium...
  • Springer Pit -- English Springer Spaniel X American Pit Bull Terrier

    Springer Pit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen     A brief presentation of the Springer Pit The Springer Pit is a cross between an English Springer Spaniel and an American Pit Bull Terrier. They are large, short-coated dogs with a moderate tendency to shed. They live up to 15...
  • Spreagle -- English Springer Spaniel X Beagle

    Spreagle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Spreagle The Spreagle is a hybrid of the English Springer Spaniel and the Beagle. This breed combination blends two pure breeds that were developed for hunting and tracking, and the result is a wonderful...