Greenland Dog

FCI standard Nº 274

Origin
Greenland, patronage Denmark
Translation
DKK Standard Committee
Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes
Official language (EN)
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section
Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 05 May 1967
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 30 March 2022
Last update
Tuesday 06 September 2022
En français, cette race se dit
Chien du Groenland
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Grönlandhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro de Groenlandia
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Groenlandhond
In his country of origin, his name is

Grønlandshund

Usage

Sledge dog.

Brief historical summary

The Greenland Dog is one of the world’s oldest breeds and has since ancient times been used for transportation and hunting purposes by the Eskimos. Selection of specimens for breeding has been based mainly upon qualities like sturdy strength, hardiness and endurance, but an attractive appearance has also been kept in view. With its robust nature the Greenland Dog is especially a dog for people enjoying open-air life. He is an excellent companion for people who likes strolling in woods or mountains with their dog pulling or carrying their gear.

General appearance

A very strong polar spitz, built for endurance and strenuous work as a sledge dog under arctic conditions. Some variation in size is allowed, assuming working ability and harmony are not affected.

Important proportions

The body is short rectangular with the ratio of height at withers to body length as 10 to 11. Bitches are allowed a slightly longer body.

Behaviour / temperament

The predominant temperamental qualities of the Greenland Dog are energy, mental strength and boldness. He is a passionate and tireless sledge dog. To people - also strangers - he is friendly, and while acting as sledge dog not closely attached to any particular person and so not suitable as a guard dog. On hunting seal and polar bear he will show a strong hunting instinct.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
The skull is broad and slightly arched, broadest between the ears. 
Stop
Definite, but not strongly marked.

Facial region

Nose
Big and dark, corresponding to coat colour, often liver in dogs with red-golden coat. May turn pink during winter (« winter-nose »).
Muzzle
In the shape of a wedge, broad at base and tapering towards the nose, but not pointed.
Lips
Thin and tight, lying close to the very powerful teeth.
Nasal bridge
The nasal bridge is straight and broad from the stop to the nose.
Jaws and teeth
Powerful jaws with regular, sound and strong teeth. Scissors-bite.
Eyes
Dark eyes are preferred, but colour according to coat is accepted. They are slightly slanted and not deep set or protruding. Expression is frank and bold. The eye-rims are closely fitting.
Ears
Rather small, triangular, with rounded tips, carried firmly erect. The ears are very mobile and expressive through their position.

Neck

Very powerful and rather short.

Body

Body
Strong and rather compact, just slightly longer than height at withers.
Topline
Level or just slightly sloping.
Back
Straight.
Loin
Broad.
Croup
Slightly sloping.
Chest
Deep and broad, but ribcage not barrel-shaped.
Underline and belly
Following the line of the brisket. Slight tuck up accepted.

Tail

Set on high, thick and bushy. Carried in a curve or lightly curled over back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Seen from the front the forelegs are perfectly straight, with powerful muscles and heavy bone.
Shoulders
Moderately laid back.
Upper arm
Straight and strong, somewhat longer than shoulder-blade.
Elbows
Fitting close to the body, but able to move freely.
Forearm
Straight and strong.
Carpal
Strong and flexible.
Pastern
Strong and elastic, only slightly sloping.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen from behind the hindlegs are perfectly straight. Very muscular hindquarters with powerful bone and moderate angulation.
Upper thigh
Powerful and very muscular.
Hock
Broad and strong, moderately angulated.

Feet

Rather big, powerful and rounded, with strong nails and pads.

Gait and movement

An efficient, harmonious, fluent and tireless trot is most essential to a sledge dog. In the ring the dog should be shown in a loose lead in a moderate trot to display good reach in front and good drive from behind. Seen from front when walking, a Greenland Dog does not single track, but as the speed increases, the legs will gradually converge inward until the feet follow the center line.

Coat

Hair
Double coat, i.e. a soft, dense undercoat and an outer coat of dense, straight and coarse hair, without curl or wave. On head and legs the hair is rather short, on the body longer and more generous. The coat is long on the underside of the tail, giving it a bushy appearance.
Colour
Any colour - solid or particolour - permitted, except albinos which should be disqualified.

Size and weight

Height at withers
For males 60 cm and upwards, for bitches 55 cm and upwards.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Light in bone.
 Short legs, body low set.
 Timid temperament.

Serious faults

 Coat long and soft.
 Ears not carried firmly erect.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Albinism.
 Eyes of different colour.
 Blue eyes or wall eyes.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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