Italian Rough Haired Segugio

FCI standard Nº 198

Origin
Italy
Translation
Mrs Peggy Davis
Group
Group 6 Scent Hounds and Related Breeds
Section
Section 1.2.Medium sized Hounds
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 09 March 1956
Publication of the official valid standard
Friday 13 November 2015
Last update
Thursday 17 December 2015
En français, cette race se dit
Chien courant italien à poil dur
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Drahthaariger Italienischer Laufhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Sabueso Italiano de pelo duro
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Segugio Italiano Ruwhaar
In his country of origin, his name is

Segugio Italiano a pelo forte

Usage

Dog for hunting especially the hare and the wild boar.

Brief historical summary

The origin of the Segugio loses itself in the passing of times. Dogs of the same type and stature as the present Segugio adorn the statutes of « Diane the Huntress » (Naples Museum) and that of Diana with Bow and Arrow (Vatican Museum). In a Lombard necropolis of the province of Verona, there have recently been discovered two skeletons in perfect state of conservation, of which the conformation is identical to that of the modern Segugio. At the castle of Borso d’Este (1600), one can see a painting which gives an excellent representation of the present Segugio.

General appearance

Dog of general medium proportions, the body fitting into a square; harmonious as to size (heterometric = normal proportions between the size and the different parts of the body) and unharmonic in proportion to the profiles (alloidism = concordance between the profiles of the head and body). Its construction is well balanced, perfectly symmetrical, well built, with lean shapes, well muscled and without trace of fat, making him capable of following game from dawn to dusk.

Important proportions

Height from ground to withers is equal to the length of the body measured from the scapular-humeral articulation to the point of the ischium (from point of shoulder to point of buttock). The withers must not be too prominent, but they should be slightly above the level of the croup. The length of the muzzle must reach half the length of the head. The depth of the chest is slightly less than half the height at the withers.

Behaviour / temperament

The Segugio is perfectly adapted to the most difficult terrains and can be used as well in the mountains as on level ground. Very resistant and fast, he works with ardour and passion, alone or in a pack. Compared with the short-haired subjects, he is more reserved, less exuberant, wise, calm and poised for the job. His expression is friendly, soft and proud, yet veiled by a melancholic reflection. His voice is resonant and very harmonious.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Of longish shape. Its length reaches the 4/10ths of the height at the withers.
Skull
Seen from above the skull presents itself in elongated ellipsis shape; in profile, its upper longitudinal axis is moderately divergent in relation ot the longitudinal axis of the muzzle; the profile of the skull is slightly convex; the bi-zygomatic width must be inferior to half the length of the head; the superciliary arches are only slightly developed; frontal furrow not pronounced; the occipital protuberance should be distinct, but slightly recessed, therefore only slightly visible, perceptible only by touch; it must be short. 
Stop
Very slightly marked; from the muzzle, the upper profile must ascend in a soft slope towards the skull.

Facial region

Nose
Large; seen in profile protudes beyond the forward vertical line of the lips; fresh and moist, with well opened and mobile nostrils. Always black.
Muzzle
The muzzle measures half the length of the head; its depth exceeds just slightly half its length; its width reaches the 17% of the length of the head; the upper profile is slightly convex; the lateral sides of the muzzle converge, but not to the point of making the muzzle pointed. In their entire length, the branches of the lower jaw are almost in a straight line; they are slightly developed in their fore part. The sub-orbital region is chiselled, but a little less than in the short-haired Segugio.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws strong in appearance, normally developed; the dental arches of the incisors perfectly adapted. Teeth white, regulary aligned and of normal size; complete dentition; scissor bite is correct, pincer bite is acceptable.
Cheeks
Not too marked.
Eyes
Large, luminous eyes of dark ochre colour; in semi-lateral position, the inner corner of the eyelids must be at equal distance from the forward edge of the nose and the external point of the occipital crest; fascinating expression, a look soft and proud with a veil of sadness; eye opening almond-shaped with perfectly close fitting eyelids. The rim of the eyelids must be black.
Ears
Their inset, of moderate width, is at the level of the zygomatic arches; they are hanging, of triangular shape, flat in almost their entire length (66 - 70 % of the length of the head) and very broad. The ear ends in a sharp point. Although thin, the ear cartilage must be rather rigid in its entirety; its insertion, very rigid, is characterized by a torsion which draws the ear forward without allowing it to relax nor to fold over on itself, nor to curl. The point is turned slightly inwards. The ear is covered with hair of moderate length, shorter than that of the body, less harsh, and without any fringing.

Neck

The topline of the neck is slightly arched, the lower part absolutely without dewlap.
Length : The length of the neck corresponds to the length of the head and thus reaches 4/10 of the height at the withers.
Shape : It is that of a truncated cone attached to the head by a well defined nape; also the neck must connect with the body by blending harmoniously with the shoulders; very lean and light, it must give the impression of not being very muscular.

Body

Body
Its length, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock, is equal to the height at the withers.
Topline
Seen in profile, from the withers to the croup, the topline is straight. Just slightly convex at loin level.
Withers
Only slightly raised over the backline and narrow because of closeness of the points of the shoulder blades; blends harmoniously with the neck.
Back
Upper profile of back is straight, well muscled, even if not very apparent. The ratio between the thoracic length and that of the lumbar region is of 3 to 1.
Loin
The length of the loin is a little inferior to the fifth of the height at the withers; its width is a little inferior to its length; muscles well developed.
Croup
Upper profile of the croup is slightly convex. The croup is considered to be horizontal, because its obliqueness from the haunch to the tail set is between 15 and 20 degrees; its length is about 1/3 of the height at the withers, and its width the 2/3 of its length; powerful musculature.
Chest
Its length reaches about half the height at the withers; its width is about 1/3 of the height at the withers; its depth must be about 48% of the height at the withers; the lateral sides show a slight convexity. The upper rib arches, however, must be well sprung. Chest of moderate width; the manubrium of the sternum must be at the level of the points of the shoulders.
Underline and belly
The lower profile is determined by a straight line which rises gradually towards a lean abdomen (belly), never tucked up. The flanks are slender, never fleshy.

Tail

Set high, on the line of the croup, thicker at its base than that of the short-haired Segugio, it is covered with hair in its entire length, but without any fringing. At rest, it hangs sabre fashion. In action, it rises at the level of the topline and wags from left to right, while just touching the flanks lightly, or sometimes goes round in rotating movements. The tail is considered to be long although its tip ends just close to the the point of hock.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
On the whole, the forequarters, seen in profile, follow a vertical line which, from the scapular-humeral articulation, must reach the ground while touching the point of the toes, whereas a lowered vertical from the elbow point must divide in two almost equal parts, (the large being the front part), the forearm and the carpus, coming out at mid length on the back of the pastern. The height of the frontleg from the ground to the elbow is equal to half the height at the withers.
Shoulders
The shoulder is lean, long, very free in its movement; the points of the shoulder blades are very close to each other. The obliqueness below the horizontal goes from 45° to 55°.
Upper arm
Well jointed to the body; like the shoulder, endowed with long and lean muscles; set parallel to the median plane of the body. The scapular-humeral angle is of 110°, with an obliqueness of the shoulder blade of 45°.
Elbows
Equidistant from the median plane of the body; they must neither turn in or out. Humeral-radial angle of 135° to 145°. Forearm : Its length reaches 1/3 of the height at the withers; the forearm is vertical, the cubital-carpal groove is well visible. It must give the impression of a lean (dry) and very thin limb.
Forearm
Its length reaches 1/3 of the height at the withers; the forearm is vertical, the cubital-carpal groove is well visible. It must give the impression of a lean (dry) and very thin limb.
Carpal
Lean (dry), covered with a fine and thin skin. Seen from the front, it extends the vertical line of the forearm.
Pastern
Its length is at least 1/6 of the length of the foreleg measured from the ground to the elbow; in profile somewhat slanting towards the front.
Forefeet
Oval shaped (hare foot), well knit, arched toes, covered with dense hair; digital pads not very fleshy; pads dry, hard, leathery, always black. Strong nails, curved and always black. The presence of some white nails (not pink) is not a fault.

Hindquarters

Generality
On the whole, a lowered vertical from the point of the buttock touches or almost falls on the tips of the toes. Seen from behind, a lowered vertical from the point of the buttock divides in two equal parts the point of the hock-joint, the hock and the hindfoot. The total length of the hindlimb is about 90% of the height at the withers.
Upper thigh
It is long and wide. Its length reaches at least a third of the height at the withers. Its lower edge is slightly convex; the point of the buttock is very visible. The bulging muscles are clearly divided one from the other. The upper thigh is slightly oblique from top to bottom and from back to front. The angle of the coxal-femural articulation varies between 90° and 95°.
Lower thigh
Its length is just slightly inferior to that of the upper thigh, and its obliqueness below the horizontal is of 40°. Covered with lean muscles; the groove between the Achilles tendon and the bone is well defined and evident, with the outer saphenous vein quite prominent.
Stifle
In a vertical line with the limb; neither turned in or out. The stifle joint angle varies between 110° and 120°.
Metatarsus
Its length is defined by the height of the hock-joint; strong and lean, perpendicular to the ground. No dewclaws.
Hock
Seen laterally, its sides are very wide; it is considered to be low because the distance from the ground to the hock point does not exceed 27% of the height at the withers. The tibial-tarsal angle, closed because of the accentuated obliqueness of the tibia, oscillates between 115° and 125°.
Hind feet
Less oval than the forefoot, has all the same characteristics.

Gait and movement

Preferred gait of the Segugio is the gallop, but the hunting action forces him equally to walk and trot.

Skin

Close fitting all over the body, somewhat thick. The pigmentation of the mucous membranes, third eyelids, nails, central and digital pads is exclusively black. The dark pigmentation of the palate is not required, but is highly desirable.

Coat

Hair
On the body the length of the hair should not be more than 5 cm. The hair is definitely rough, except on the head, on the ears, the legs, the tail and the muzzle, where the hair is usually less rough than on the body and the lips; under the lips, the hair, although of moderate length, forms the so-called beard. The hair on the superciliary arches is of limited length so as not to fall over the eyes or hide them.
Colour
The permissible colours are the whole range of solid fawn, shading from the dark red fawn with black overlay to light fawn, and black and tan. The fawn may have white on the muzzle and the skull (symmetrical mask or not), a white star on the chest, white on the neck, on the pastern and hocks, on the feet and the tip of the tail. However white is not desirable, and the less there is, the better. The black and tan may have only the white star on the chest; in that case, the Segugio is called tricolour.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males from 52 cm to 60 cm, Females from 50 cm to 58 cm. A tolerance of + 2 cm is allowed for excellent dogs.
Weight
Males between 20 kg and 28 kg, Females between 18 kg and 26 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Cranial-facial axes convergent.
 Size over or under the margins indicated by the standard.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Concave muzzle.
 Total depigmentation or depigmentation of the greater part of the nose or the rims of the eyelids.
 Wall eye.
 Overshot mouth.
 Tailless or short tail, whether congenital or acquired.
 Slate or lead colour; brindle coat; coffee, brown or liver colour, or white colour predominant.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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