Italian pointing dog

FCI standard Nº 202

Origin
Italy
Translation
Mrs. Peggy Davies
Revised by SABI and Mrs. Renée Sporre-Willes. Official language (EN)
Group
Group 7 Pointing Dogs
Section
Section 1.1 Continental Pointing Dogs « Braque » Type
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Thursday 07 June 1956
Publication of the official valid standard
Friday 13 November 2015
Last update
Thursday 17 December 2015
En français, cette race se dit
Braque italien
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Italianischer Vorstehhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Braco italiano
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Italiaanse Staande Jachthond
In his country of origin, his name is

Bracco Italiano

Usage

Pointing dog.

Brief historical summary

This dog of ancient Italian origin used for bird hunting has modelled itself and developed over the ages; from the hunting of yester years by means of hunt and shooting. Frescoes from the 14th century are proof of the indisputable timelessness of the Italian pointer over the centuries, regarding his morphology or his hunting aptitudes as a pointing dog. Selected for great ability in fast and wide trot and by nature an excellent retriever.

General appearance

Of strong and harmonious construction, powerful appearance. The preferred subjects are those with lean limbs, well developed muscles, well defined lines with a markedly sculpted head and a very obvious lower orbital chiselling, elements which all contribute to give distinction to this breed.

Important proportions

Length of the body is the same or a little more than the height at the withers.
Length of head is equal to 4/10 of the height at the withers; its width, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches, is less than half its length.
Skull and muzzle are of equal length.

Behaviour / temperament

Tough and adapted to all types of hunting, reliable, endowed with an excellent ability to understand, docile and easy to train.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Angular and narrow at the level of the zygomatic arches; the length of the skull equals the length of the muzzle. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle are divergent, i.e. if extending the top line of the muzzle the latter must emerge in front of the occipital protuberance, ideally at mid-length of the skull.
Skull
Seen in profile, the skull is in the shape of a very open arch. Seen from above, it forms lengthwise an elongated ellipse. The width of the skull, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches, should not exceed half of the length of the head. The bulge of the forehead and the supraorbital ridges are perceptible. The frontal groove is visible and ends at mid-length of the skull. The interparietal crest is short and not very prominent. The occipital protuberance is pronounced. 
Stop
Not pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Voluminous, with large well-opened nostrils, protruding slightly over the lips with which it forms an angle. Colour is more or less pink – to flesh-coloured or brown, depending on the colour of the coat.
Muzzle
Either slightly arched or straight. Its length is equal to half of the length of the head and its depth measures 4/5 of its length. Seen from the front, the lateral sides of the muzzle converge slightly, still presenting a foreface of good width. The chin is not very apparent.
Lips
Upper lips well developed, thin and floppy without being flaccid, covering the jaw; seen in profile, they overlap the lower jaw slightly. Seen from the front, they form an inverted « V » below the nose; the corner of the lips must be marked without being droopy.
Jaws and teeth
Dental arches well adapted, with the teeth square set to the jaw; scissor bite. A pincer bite is also acceptable.
Cheeks
Lean.
Eyes
Semi-lateral position with a soft and submissive expression, neither deep set nor prominent. Eyes fairly large, eyelids oval-shaped and close fitting (no entropion or ectropion). The iris is of a more or less dark ochre or brown colour depending on the coat colour.
Ears
Long, they should reach the tip of the nose without being stretched. Their width is at least equal to half their length; raised only very slightly; base rather narrow, set rather backwards at level of zygomatic arches; a supple ear with a front rim well turned inwards and really close to the cheek is appreciated; the tips are slightly rounded.

Neck

Powerful, in truncated cone shape, length not less than 2/3 of the length of the head, well detached from the nape. The throat shows a soft double dewlap.

Body

Topline
The topline presents two lines: one, almost straight, slopes from the withers to the 11th dorsal vertebra; the other is slightly arched, joining with the line of the rump.
Withers
Well defined, with the points of the shoulder blades well separated.
Loin
Wide lumbar region, muscled, short and slightly convex.
Croup
Long (about 1/3 of the height at the withers), broad and well muscled; the ideal pelvic angulation (angle formed by the pelvic girdle with a horizontal line) is 30°.
Chest
Broad, deep and well let down to the elbows, without forming a keel, with well-sprung ribs, particularly in the lower part.
Underline and belly
Lower profile almost horizontal along theribcage rising slightly at the abdomen.

Tail

Thick at the base, straight, with a slight tendency to taper; hair short. When the dog is in action and especially when questing, it is carried horizontally or nearly. The natural tail should not extend below the hock and have the above-mentioned features. If docked, for hunting purposes and in compliance with health and animal welfare, the tail must have a length of 15–25 cm from the root.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Very free in movement.
Shoulders
Strong, well muscled, long and sloping.
Upper arm
Sloping, fitting to the ribcage.
Elbows
The point of the elbow should be on perpendicular line from the rear point of the shoulder blade to the ground.
Forearm
Strong, straight, with strong and well marked sinews.
Pastern
Well proportioned, lean, of good length and slightly sloping.
Forefeet
Strong, slightly oval shaped; well arched with tight toes and strong nails well curved towards the ground. Colour of nails is white, yellow or brown, of a more or less dark shade depending on the colour of the coat; pads elastic and lean.

Hindquarters

Upper thigh
Long, parallel, muscular, with a rear edge almost straight.
Lower thigh
Strong.
Stifle
Well angulated.
Metatarsus
Relatively short and lean.
Hock
Broad.
Hind feet
With all the characteristics of the forefeet; they have dewclaws, the absence of which is not a fault. Double dewclaw is tolerated.

Gait and movement

Extended and fast trot, with powerful propulsion from the hindquarters, head raised and nose held high in such a way that, when hunting, the nose is higher than the topline.

Skin

Tough but elastic; finer on the head, the throat, the armpits and on the lower parts of the body. The visible pigmentation must be of a corresponding colour with the coat, and never show black spots. The pigmentation of the mouth is pink; in the roans or white and chestnut coloured dogs they sometimes show brown or pale chestnut spotting.

Coat

Hair
Short, dense and glossy, finer and shorter on the head, the ears, front part of the legs and feet.
Colour
White. White with patches of varied size of an orange or more or less dark amber colour. White with more or less large brown patches. White speckled with pale orange, i.e. orange roan. White speckled with brown, i.e. liver roan. In this last combination, a metallic sheen is appreciated, and a warm shade of brown is preferred, recalling the colour of a monk’s frock. A symmetrical facial mask is preferred, but the absence of a mask is tolerated.

Size and weight

Height at withers
55 – 67 cm. Preferred size for males: 58 – 67 cm. Preferred size for females: 55 – 62 cm.
Weight
Between 25 and 40 kg depending on size.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Accentuated undershot mouth.
 Excessive amount of skin causing an exaggerated dewlap or an un-divided dewlap and too many wrinkles on the head.
 Size, 2 cm above or below the standard height at the withers.
 An upturned tail is highly undesirable.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Split nose.
 Convergence of cranio-facial axes.
 Overshot mouth.
 Wall eye.
 Coat black, white and black, tricolour, fawn, hazel, unicolour and tan markings.
 Absence of pigmentation (Albinism).
 Pigmentation of skin and annexes with traces of black.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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