Italian pointing dog

FCI standard Nº 202

Origin
Italy
Translation
Mrs. Peggy Davies
Revised by SABI and Mrs. Renée Sporre-Willes. Official language (EN)
Group
Group 7 Pointing Dogs
Section
Section 1.1 Continental Pointing Dogs « Braque » Type
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Thursday 07 June 1956
Publication of the official valid standard
Friday 13 November 2015
Last update
Thursday 17 December 2015
En français, cette race se dit
Braque italien
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Italianischer Vorstehhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Braco italiano
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Italiaanse Staande Jachthond
In his country of origin, his name is

Bracco Italiano

Usage

Pointing dog.

Brief historical summary

This dog of ancient Italian origin used for bird hunting has modelled itself and developed over the ages; from the hunting of yester years by means of hunt and shooting. Frescoes from the 14th century are proof of the indisputable timelessness of the Italian pointer over the centuries, regarding his morphology or his hunting aptitudes as a pointing dog. Selected for great ability in fast and wide trot and by nature an excellent retriever.

General appearance

Of strong and harmonious construction, powerful appearance. The preferred subjects are those with lean limbs, well developed muscles, well defined lines with a markedly sculpted head and a very obvious lower orbital chiselling, elements which all contribute to give distinction to this breed.

Important proportions

Length of the body is the same or a little more than the height at the withers.
Length of head is equal to 4/10 of the height at the withers; its width, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches, is less than half its length.
Skull and muzzle are of equal length.

Behaviour / temperament

Tough and adapted to all types of hunting, reliable, endowed with an excellent ability to understand, docile and easy to train.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Angular and narrow at the level of the zygomatic arches; the length of the skull equals the length of the muzzle. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle are divergent, i.e. if extending the top line of the muzzle the latter must emerge in front of the occipital protuberance, ideally at mid-length of the skull.
Skull
Seen in profile, the skull is in the shape of a very open arch. Seen from above, it forms lengthwise an elongated ellipse. The width of the skull, measured at the level of the zygomatic arches, should not exceed half of the length of the head. The bulge of the forehead and the supraorbital ridges are perceptible. The frontal groove is visible and ends at mid-length of the skull. The interparietal crest is short and not very prominent. The occipital protuberance is pronounced. 
Stop
Not pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Voluminous, with large well-opened nostrils, protruding slightly over the lips with which it forms an angle. Colour is more or less pink – to flesh-coloured or brown, depending on the colour of the coat.
Muzzle
Either slightly arched or straight. Its length is equal to half of the length of the head and its depth measures 4/5 of its length. Seen from the front, the lateral sides of the muzzle converge slightly, still presenting a foreface of good width. The chin is not very apparent.
Lips
Upper lips well developed, thin and floppy without being flaccid, covering the jaw; seen in profile, they overlap the lower jaw slightly. Seen from the front, they form an inverted « V » below the nose; the corner of the lips must be marked without being droopy.
Jaws and teeth
Dental arches well adapted, with the teeth square set to the jaw; scissor bite. A pincer bite is also acceptable.
Cheeks
Lean.
Eyes
Semi-lateral position with a soft and submissive expression, neither deep set nor prominent. Eyes fairly large, eyelids oval-shaped and close fitting (no entropion or ectropion). The iris is of a more or less dark ochre or brown colour depending on the coat colour.
Ears
Long, they should reach the tip of the nose without being stretched. Their width is at least equal to half their length; raised only very slightly; base rather narrow, set rather backwards at level of zygomatic arches; a supple ear with a front rim well turned inwards and really close to the cheek is appreciated; the tips are slightly rounded.

Neck

Powerful, in truncated cone shape, length not less than 2/3 of the length of the head, well detached from the nape. The throat shows a soft double dewlap.

Body

Topline
The topline presents two lines: one, almost straight, slopes from the withers to the 11th dorsal vertebra; the other is slightly arched, joining with the line of the rump.
Withers
Well defined, with the points of the shoulder blades well separated.
Loin
Wide lumbar region, muscled, short and slightly convex.
Croup
Long (about 1/3 of the height at the withers), broad and well muscled; the ideal pelvic angulation (angle formed by the pelvic girdle with a horizontal line) is 30°.
Chest
Broad, deep and well let down to the elbows, without forming a keel, with well-sprung ribs, particularly in the lower part.
Underline and belly
Lower profile almost horizontal along theribcage rising slightly at the abdomen.

Tail

Thick at the base, straight, with a slight tendency to taper; hair short. When the dog is in action and especially when questing, it is carried horizontally or nearly. The natural tail should not extend below the hock and have the above-mentioned features. If docked, for hunting purposes and in compliance with health and animal welfare, the tail must have a length of 15–25 cm from the root.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Very free in movement.
Shoulders
Strong, well muscled, long and sloping.
Upper arm
Sloping, fitting to the ribcage.
Elbows
The point of the elbow should be on perpendicular line from the rear point of the shoulder blade to the ground.
Forearm
Strong, straight, with strong and well marked sinews.
Pastern
Well proportioned, lean, of good length and slightly sloping.
Forefeet
Strong, slightly oval shaped; well arched with tight toes and strong nails well curved towards the ground. Colour of nails is white, yellow or brown, of a more or less dark shade depending on the colour of the coat; pads elastic and lean.

Hindquarters

Upper thigh
Long, parallel, muscular, with a rear edge almost straight.
Lower thigh
Strong.
Stifle
Well angulated.
Metatarsus
Relatively short and lean.
Hock
Broad.
Hind feet
With all the characteristics of the forefeet; they have dewclaws, the absence of which is not a fault. Double dewclaw is tolerated.

Gait and movement

Extended and fast trot, with powerful propulsion from the hindquarters, head raised and nose held high in such a way that, when hunting, the nose is higher than the topline.

Skin

Tough but elastic; finer on the head, the throat, the armpits and on the lower parts of the body. The visible pigmentation must be of a corresponding colour with the coat, and never show black spots. The pigmentation of the mouth is pink; in the roans or white and chestnut coloured dogs they sometimes show brown or pale chestnut spotting.

Coat

Hair
Short, dense and glossy, finer and shorter on the head, the ears, front part of the legs and feet.
Colour
White. White with patches of varied size of an orange or more or less dark amber colour. White with more or less large brown patches. White speckled with pale orange, i.e. orange roan. White speckled with brown, i.e. liver roan. In this last combination, a metallic sheen is appreciated, and a warm shade of brown is preferred, recalling the colour of a monk’s frock. A symmetrical facial mask is preferred, but the absence of a mask is tolerated.

Size and weight

Height at withers
55 – 67 cm. Preferred size for males: 58 – 67 cm. Preferred size for females: 55 – 62 cm.
Weight
Between 25 and 40 kg depending on size.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Accentuated undershot mouth.
 Excessive amount of skin causing an exaggerated dewlap or an un-divided dewlap and too many wrinkles on the head.
 Size, 2 cm above or below the standard height at the withers.
 An upturned tail is highly undesirable.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Split nose.
 Convergence of cranio-facial axes.
 Overshot mouth.
 Wall eye.
 Coat black, white and black, tricolour, fawn, hazel, unicolour and tan markings.
 Absence of pigmentation (Albinism).
 Pigmentation of skin and annexes with traces of black.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Tibécot -- Tibetan Terrier X Coton de Tuléar

    Tibecot He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tibecot The Tibecot is a hybrid dog, the result of the deliberate combination of two intelligent pets, both native to different isolated regions: the Coton de Tuléar, a small white dog that thrived in the wilds of...
  • Smooth Toy Foxter -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Toy Fox Terrier

    Smooth Toy Foxter He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Toy Foxter The Smooth Toy Foxter is a small dog with a big personality, and the active lifestyle typical of the Terrier breed. Crossing the Fox Terrier Smooth with the Toy Fox Terrier...
  • Bardino

    Bardino He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canary Islands Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Bardino auténtico Bardino Majorero Perro de Majorero Perro de Ganado Verdino Majorero Canario Usage Nowadays, the Bouvier Majorero is much appreciated as a guard dog for villas, industrial estates and farms. Brief...
  • Nord Wachhund

    Nord Wachhund He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen The North Wachhund is a breed of small guard dog developed in the forests of North America. It is influenced by cattle dogs, Collies and Shepherds for drive and intelligence, the American Staffordshire Terrier and American Bulldog for strength and...
  • Longdog

    Longdog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Longdog The Longdog is a cross between Greyhounds and other breeds, including Salukis, Scottish Deerhounds and Whippets. The cross may be made to create a dog with greater stamina or agility. Depending on the crossbreed, Longdogs...
  • Golden Labrador -- Golden Retriever X Labrador Retriever

    Golden Labrador He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Golden Lab Goldador Goldador Retriever A brief presentation of the Golden Labrador The Golden Labrador is a big, friendly, energetic dog that always wants to be part of the action. Highly...
  • German Hund Pointer -- German Wirehaired Pointer X Dachshund

    German Hund Pointer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the German Hund Pointer The German Hund Pointer is a small to medium-sized hybrid, the result of a deliberate cross between the German Wirehaired Pointer, an excellent all-round hunting dog used on land and water for...
  • Froodle -- French Bulldog X Poodle

    Froodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Froodle The Froodle is a hybrid of the French Bulldog and the Poodle. It is recognized by the American Canine Hybrid Club. A sturdy little dog, the Froodle is pleasant and playful by nature, affectionate and devoted to its...
  • Dobsky -- Dobermann X Siberian Husky

    Dobsky He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Dobsky The Dobermann and Siberian Husky cross is one of the most adorable dogs to come out of the designer dog craze. Affectionately known as the Dobsky, this breed is a unique blend of two extremely popular pure...
  • American Molossus

    American Molossus He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen Brief historical summary 5000 B.C. in a time very different from our own. A time when only the strong survived. Men were primitive by instinct, nomadic by nature, and often barbaric by choice. In those dark times, women and children prayed for...
  • English Toy Papillon -- King Charles Spaniel X Continental Toy Spaniel

    English Toy Papillon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the English Toy Papillon An easy, efficient and playful companion, the English Toy Papillon is a hybrid between the gentle King Charles Spaniel and the cheerful Continental Toy Spaniel...
  • Dooley Mastiff

    Dooley Mastiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen General appearance A breed that was created 22 years ago, the Dooley Mastiff is a breed of great character, intelligence, loyalty and kindness to family. While being a vigilant guardian, the Dooley Mastiff assesses a situation and acts accordingly. Behaviour /...
  • Coydog

    Coydog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Dogote A brief presentation of the Coydog The Coydog is a hybrid between a Coyote and a domestic dog. It shares many characteristics with the Coyote, both in temperament and appearance. With its need for affection and care, it is...
  • Chuvasz -- Chow Chow X Kuvasz

    Chuvasz He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Hungary -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Ku-Chow A brief presentation of the Chuvasz The Chuvasz is a cross between a Chow Chow and a Kuvasz. This breed is independent, reserved and protective. However, with proper socialization, the Chuvasz can be a...
  • Cardigan Pembroke Corgi -- Welsh Corgi Cardigan X Welsh Corgi Pembroke

    Cardigan Pembroke Corgi He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Cardigan Pembroke Corgi The Cardigan Pembroke Corgi is a hybrid developed by breeding the Welsh Corgi Cardigan with the Welsh Corgi Pembroke. Not much information is available on the hybrid, but...
  • Bullboxer Staffy Bull -- Staffordshire Bull Terrier X Boxer

    Bullboxer Staffy Bull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Bullboxer Staffy Bull The Bullboxer Staffy Bull is not a pure-bred dog. It's a cross between the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the Boxer. The best way to determine the temperament of a mixed...
  • Boston Iggy -- Boston Terrier X Italian Sighthound

    Boston Iggy He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Boston Iggy The Boston Iggy is a hybrid of a Boston Terrier and an Italian Sighthound. Little is known about the birth date of this hybrid breed, and it's a rare breed without much data to draw on. The Boston...
  • Bernese Water Dog -- Bernese Mountain Dog X Portuguese Water Dog

    Bernese Water Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> Portugal -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Bernese Water Dog Many people like larger dogs. Bernese Water Dogs crossed with Standard Poodles have worked very well. We thought: Why not offer a more suitable combination to designers? What...
  • Australian Pyrenean Shepherd -- Australian Shepherd X Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Australian Pyrenean Shepherd He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France -> Australia Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Australian Pyrenean Shepherd With such similar parent breeds, the Australian Pyrenean Shepherd is the ultimate family dog. But be warned, these dogs may not be suitable for every household. Here's...
  • American Boston Bull Terrier -- American Pit Bull Terrier X Boston Terrier

    American Boston Bull Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Boston Bull Terrier The American Boston Bull Terrier is a new type of dog that was created 10 to 20 years ago by crossing the American Pit Bull Terrier and the Boston Terrier. It will have a...
  • Yorkie-Ton -- Yorkshire Terrier X Coton de Tulear

    Yorkie-Ton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkie-Ton A balanced blend of a long-established rat hunter and a companion dog, the Yorkshire Terrier and Coton de Tulear respectively, the Yorkie-Ton is an extremely affectionate, strong-willed...
  • Yorkie-Apso -- Yorkshire Terrier X Lhassa Apso

    Yorkie-Apso He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkie-Apso The Yorkie-Apso is a hybrid dog of mixed conception. It is a combination of the Yorkshire Terrier and the Lhassa Apso. This little dog is excellent company and makes a good family dog. Its...
  • Yorkie Pin -- Yorkshire Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    Yorkie Pin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkie Pin The Yorkie Pin is a lively hybrid dog whose toy-like appearance conceals its origins as a born hunter and strategist. A rat terror, the Yorkie Pin is descended from two breeds that were...
  • Yorkeltie -- Yorkshire Terrier X Shetland Sheepdog

    Yorkeltie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkeltie The Yorkeltie is a hybrid dog of mixed conception. It is a very intelligent dog that is very busy. Walks and play are two very important aspects of his life. He's an excellent family dog who loves...
  • Wowauzer -- Welsh Terrier X Miniature Schnauzer

    Wowauzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Wowauzer The Wowauzer is a cross between a Welsh Terrier and a Miniature Schnauzer. These medium-sized dogs have a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. They can weigh from 9 to 14 kilos and measure up to 38...