Kintamani - Bali Dog

FCI standard Nº 362

Origin
Republic of Indonesia
Sukawana Village, District of Kintamani
Bangli Regency, Bali Province
Translation
Himpunan Trah Anjing Kintamani-Bali (Kintamani-Bali Dog Club)
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive type
Section
Section 5 Asian Spitz and related breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a provisional basis by the FCI
Wednesday 20 February 2019
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 13 June 2018
Last update
Tuesday 26 March 2019
En français, cette race se dit
Chien de Bali - Kintamani
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Kintamani - Bali-Hund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro Kintamani-Bali
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Bali Dog - Kintamani
In his country of origin, his name is

Anjing Kintamani-Bali

Usage

Companion dog.

Brief historical summary

The Kintamani-Bali Dog is a common household pet in Indonesia. This breed is native from the village of Sukawana in the district of Kintamani in Bali. The Kintamani-Bali Dog comes from the region of mountains, vulcanos and forests. The beginning of Kintamani-Bali Dog is still unknown. Very ancient Lontar Bali, a traditional Balinese documentation, mentioned about KulukGembrong which is believed to be the origin of Kintamani-BaliDog. In 1985, with the collaboration of the Veterinary Medicine Study Program of Udayana University, the Kintamani-Bali Dog Club of Bali (Pantrab) held its first dog show in Bali. Kintamani-Bali Dog is Republic of Indonesia’s national breed and very popular in the country. Kintamani-Bali Dog has spread throughout Indonesia, and is used as a companion. The name of the breed was given after the region of origin of this dog.

General appearance

Well balanced dog with a rectangular body, a wedge shaped head, moderate stop, pricked ears and a sickle tail with a double-coat, harsh outer coat of medium length on the body and shorter on its face.

Important proportions

Length of body / Height at withers is 11 : 10. Females can be slightly longer.
Depth of chest is half of the height at withers.
Length of muzzle / Length of head is 2 : 5.
Length of head is 1/4 of body length.

Behaviour / temperament

Watchful, intelligent, alert, gentle, loyal and easy to train.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
The forehead is broad and wedge shaped. 
Stop
Moderate.

Facial region

Nose
Broad and well developed. On white with biscuit coloured Kintamani-Bali Dog, nose colour is black or brown. Grey colour is permitted. On black, fawn and brindle Kintamani-Bali Dog, nose colour is black. Nose colour may become lighter with the age.
Muzzle
Strong, wedge-shaped and tapering.
Lips
Tight, fully cover-up the lower jaw and dark pigmented.
Jaws and teeth
Scissor bite with a complete dentition.
Cheeks
Relatively well developed.
Eyes
Almond-shaped; well set-in horizontal line at the level of stop. Eyes colour is black or brown, with well pigmented eye lids. Other eye colours are considered as undesirable.
Ears
Fully erect and triangular in shaped, round-tip and facing front. Set slightly below the top of skull and far apart. Full erected ears is a must after 12 months of age. Edges of ears are biscuit colour for white coloured Kintamani-Bali Dog.

Neck

Well set into the body, strong, well developed muscular, without dewlap.

Body

Body
Rectangular in shape with a leveled top line.
Topline
Level.
Withers
Well developed and smooth floating from the neck.
Back
Straight and strong.
Loin
Broad and muscular.
Croup
Broad, of moderate length.
Chest
Well developed. Moderately sprung rib cage, and depth to elbow.
Underline and belly
Slightly tucked up.

Tail

Set in low, on the center of croup with full feathered coat. The ideal shape is curved upward moderately. Full curled is allowed. The end of tail should not drop lower than the level of topline.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Shoulder and upper arm are equal in length. Height to elbow is half height at withers.
Shoulders
Well layed back.
Upper arm
Broad and strongly muscular.
Elbows
Tight.
Forearm
Straight and parallel.
Carpal
Broad.
Pastern
With little inclination.
Forefeet
The toes are close set, compact, round in shape.

Hindquarters

Generality
Well developed, strong and moderately angulated. Parallel when viewed from the rear.
Upper thigh
Broad.
Lower thigh
Strong and muscular.
Stifle
Moderated angulated, never be too close to theparacentral part of the body.
Metatarsus
Broad, flat when viewed from the side.
Hock
Medium length and perpendicular to the ground.
Hind feet
The toes are close set, compact, round in shape.

Gait and movement

Resilient and light with good reach and drive.

Coat

Hair
Double-coat; soft under-coat is relatively short, harsh outer-coat is medium length along the sides of body. The neck and withers are surrounded with long harsh outer-coat. Full-feathered tail.
(The longer length outer coat around the neck is called “BADONG”, and forms a ruff around the neck. The longer coat atwithers which extend around the back is called “BULU GUMBA”, “BADONG” and “BULU GUMBA” is more visible on the males rather than the females).
Colour
White, black, fawn, and brindle.
White : White with biscuit coloured ear edge. White without biscuit coloured ear edge is accepted but not preferred. Nose is black or brown.
Black : Full black. Small amount of white on the chest, toes and/or at tip of tail is permissible. Nose is black.
Fawn : Fawn comes in various shades, from light fawn to deep red. Black mask is preferred. Nose is black. Small amount of white on the chest, toes or tip of tail is allowed.
Brindle : Fawn background of various shades from light fawn to deep red as base colour, with dark or black stripes. Black mask is preferred. Nose is black. Small amount of white on the chest, toes or tip of tail is allowed.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males : 49 - 57 cm. Preferred at 53 cm. Females : 44 - 52 cm. Preferred at 48 cm.
Weight
Males : 15 - 18 kg. Females : 13 - 16 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Lack of sexual demorphism.
 Any missing tooth (except PM1 and/or M3).
 Eyes too light in colour.

Serious faults

 Curled-tail which drops below the topline.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Overshot or undershot.
 Thin coat on tail.
 Ears not erect at 12 months and older.
 Unpigmented eye lids.
 Any other colour not mentioned in this standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

The Kintamani is a dog native to the Indonesian island of Bali. It is a popular pet for the Balinese and locally the only official breed in Bali, and efforts are currently underway to have the dog accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as a recognized breed. It is an evolutionary breed indigenous to the Kintamani region that evolved from Bali's local street dogs, which are rather a random wild breed distinctive to Bali.

Genetic studies have shown that, despite evidence to the contrary, the Kintamani dog originated in Bali. Thirty-one highly polymorphic tandem repeat markers from Kintamani dogs, Bali street dogs, Australian dingoes and nine recognized American Kennel Club (AKC) breeds of Northeast Asian or European origin were compared. The Kintamani dog was identical to the Bali street dog in all but three respects. The Bali Street Dog and the Kintamani Dog were more closely aligned with the Australian Dingo, more distantly related to recognized AKC breeds of Chinese origin, and more distantly related to AKC breeds of western Eurasia. Consequently, the Kintamani dog evolved from Balinese wild dogs with little loss of genetic diversity.

These findings come despite observable facts about the Kintamani dog that make them more similar to breeds elsewhere and distinguish them from the average village dog, facts that had given credence to a popular local belief that the breed originated 600 years ago from a Chinese Chow Chow imported from abroad.

The Kintamani looks like a cross between Samoyed and Malamute. They have long hair, a broad face, a flat forehead and flat cheeks like Chinese Chow Chow dogs and are able to live as a pet. While many live much the same kind of life as the average village dog, they dig holes to nest their young and some live in small caves among the rocks around Kintamani. They are regarded locally as beautiful dogs and are often sought after as good pets. The Kintamani dog is gentle around people, but retains enough authoritative behavior to make it a remarkable (but not vicious) watchdog.

The most desired and accepted coat color is white - preferably with apricot-tipped ears. Breeders often confine the dogs to dark, cold caves near the Kintamani volcano, insisting that this is an essential stage in the development of the thick white coat. However, other coat colors such as black, beige and brindle exist.

The withers height of the female Kintamani is 40-50 cm, 45-55 cm for the male, about the same size as the Bali Street Dog. Desired physical traits of the Kintamani dog include erect ears, a forward curved tail held at the midline, a medium to long coat, brown almond-shaped eyes and black skin pigment.

Bali Street Dogs come in many colors and coat patterns, and are almost always short-haired and straight-tailed. Both continue to dredge in burrows dug in the earth, a wild dog trait.

A fiercely independent breed, the Kintamanis can be aggressively territorial yet tender and affectionate with its own family. While most dogs are reluctant to climb and climb high, Kintamanis will climb onto rooftops and spend part of the day sitting or sleeping atop a garden wall. They are light-footed and move freely, smoothly and loosely, and bark when confronted with unusual sound or sight.

Genetic studies of the breed have shown that it probably evolved from local Balinese wild dogs, and is distantly related to other Asian breeds.

It's also possible that the Kintamani dog came with the Javanese invaders of the Majapahit kingdom in 1343, or with Javanese refugees from the civil war in the 15th century. But of all the hypotheses concerning the origins of the Kintamani dog, only one is truly plausible : between the 12th and 16th centuries, a Chinese trader named Lee landed in Singaraja in northern Bali, bringing with him a Chow Chow dog that grew up with the local Balinese wild dogs. Lee later settled in the Kintamani region and raised his family there. Proof that the Lee family lived in Kintamani exists in the form of a Chinese temple in which devotees of the Confucian faith continue to worship.

To gain international accreditation for the breed, the Bangli Regency Authority facilitates the Kintamani Dog Show and Competition every year to promote the Kintamani dog. The authority also guides Kintamani dog breeders, establishes rules for Kintamani dog purification areas and has carried out a pilot demonstration project in selected villages.

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