Mastiff

FCI standard Nº 264

Origin
Great Britain
Group
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Section
Section 2.1 Molossoid breeds, Mastiff Type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Thursday 05 November 1964
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 13 October 2010
Last update
Wednesday 02 March 2011
En français, cette race se dit
Mastiff
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Mastiff
En español, esta raza se dice
Mastiff
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Mastiff

Usage

Watch and security dog.

Brief historical summary

The Mastiff, perhaps not in exactly the form as we know it today, has been with us for many hundreds of years, and played its part in history since well before the Battle of Agincourt, in the early fifteenth century. Even then the Mastiff was known for his courage and guarding instincts. It is recorded that when the Romans invaded Britain they found a mastiff type dog already here, and were so impressed that they took some back to fight in the arenas of Rome. When the Normans came to Britain the mastiff type was so common that the French word dogue found its way into the English language. The breed almost became extinct in Britain after the Second World War. Stock was then imported, and since that time the numerical strength and quality of the breed have taken an upsurge. Combining grandeur with good nature, he is an extremely large dog in both height and girth, broad and deep in body, full of substance, with large strong bones.

General appearance

Head, in general outline, giving a square appearance when viewed from any point. Breadth desired and in ratio to length of whole head and face as 2:3. Body broad, deep, long, powerfully built, on legs wide apart and set. Muscles sharply defined. Size is desirable, but only if combined with quality and if absolute soundness is maintained. Height and substance important if both points are proportionately combined. Large, powerful, well-knit frame.

Important proportions

Length of body taken from point of shoulder to point of buttock greater than height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

A combination of grandeur and courage. Calm, affectionate to owners, but capable of guarding. Usually indifferent with strangers; timidity is unacceptable.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Skull broad between ears, forehead flat, but wrinkled when attention is excited. Brows (superciliary ridges) slightly raised. Arch across skull of a flattened curve, with depression up centre of forehead from median line between eyes, to halfway up sagittal suture. 
Stop
Stop between eyes well marked but not too abrupt.

Facial region

Nose
Black. Broad, with widely spreading nostrils when viewed from front, flat (not pointed or turned up) in profile.
Muzzle
Short, broad under eyes, and keeping nearly parallel in width to end of nose; truncated, i.e. blunt and cut off squarely, thus forming a right-angle with upper line of face, of great depth from point of nose to under-jaw. Length of muzzle to whole head and face as 1 :3. Circumference of muzzle (measured mid-way between eyes and nose) to that of head (measured before the ears) as 3 : 5. Whilst in repose, any exaggeration of wrinkle or excess of skin is unacceptable in mature adults.
Lips
Lips diverging at obtuse angles with septum and slightly pendulous so as to show a square profile.
Jaws and teeth
Under-jaw broad to end. Canine teeth healthy; powerful and wide apart. Incisors level (pincer bite, edge to edge) or lower projecting beyond upper (reversed scissor bite) but never so much as to become visible when mouth is closed.
Cheeks
Muscles of temples and cheeks (temporal and masseter) well developed.
Eyes
Moderate size, wide apart. Colour hazel brown, darker the better, showing no haw. Loose eyelids highly undesirable. Free from obvious eye problems.
Ears
Small, thin to touch, wide apart, set on at highest points of sides of skull, so as to continue outline across summit and lying flat and close to cheeks when in repose.

Neck

Slightly arched, moderately long, very muscular, and measuring in circumference about 2,5 – 5 cms less than skull before ears.

Body

Topline
Level.
Back
Wide and muscular.
Loin
Wide and muscular; flat and very wide in bitch, slightly arched in dog.
Chest
Wide, deep and well let down between forelegs. Ribs arched and well rounded. False ribs deep and well set back to hips.
Underline and belly
Great depth of flanks.

Tail

Set on high, and reaching to hocks, or a little below them, wide at its root and tapering to end, hanging straight in repose, but forming a curve with end pointing upwards, but not over back, when dog is excited.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Balanced and in harmony with hindquarters.
Shoulders
Slightly sloping, heavy and muscular.
Upper arm
Slightly sloping, heavy and muscular.
Elbows
Elbows square.
Forearm
Legs straight, strong and set wide apart; bones being large.
Pastern
Pasterns upright.

Hindquarters

Generality
Broad, wide and muscular. Strength in hindquarters is of paramount importance, cow hocks in mature adults is unacceptable.
Lower thigh
Well developed.
Hock
Hocks bent, wide apart, and quite squarely set when standing or walking.

Feet

Large, round and tight. Toes well arched. Nails black.

Gait and movement

Powerful, easy extension, driven from the rear, fluent, sound, with ground-covering strides. Level topline maintained whilst on the move. Tendency to pace is undesireable. Absolute soundness essential.

Coat

Hair
Short and close-lying, but coarse over neck and shoulders.
Colour
Apricot, fawn or brindle. In any case, muzzle, ears and nose should be black with black around eye rims, and extending upwards between them. Excessive white on body, chest or feet is unacceptable.

Size and weight

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

No comments

Nobody has submitted a comment yet.

Last updated articles

  • Australian Yorkshire Terrier -- Australian Terrier X Yorkshire Terrier

    Australian Yorkshire Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Australian Yorkshire Terrier The Australian Yorkshire Terrier is a cross between an Australian Terrier and a Yorkshire Terrier. They are usually black and brown, blue or red, and...
  • Australian Retriever -- Australian Shepherd X Golden Retriever

    Australian Retriever He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Aussie Golden Retriever A brief presentation of the Australian Retriever The Australian Retriever is a hybrid dog and consists of a mix between a Golden Retriever and an Australian Shepherd. They...
  • Australian Eskimo -- American Eskimo Dog X Australian Shepherd

    Australian Eskimo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Australian Eskimo The Australian Eskimo is a cross between an American Eskimo Dog and an Australian Shepherd Dog. They are generally white with brown or black markings that are often speckled or spotted. Their...
  • Australian Boxherd -- Australian Shepherd X Boxer

    Australian Boxherd He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Aussie Boxer A brief presentation of the Australian Boxherd The Australian Boxherd is a hybrid breed where the Australian Shepherd is crossed with the Boxer. This medium-sized breed has a smooth coat and...
  • Austi-Pap -- Australian Shepherd X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Austi-Pap He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Austi-Pap The Austi-Pap is a hybrid breed where the Australian Shepherd (Standard, Toy or Miniature) is crossed with the Papillon. Relatively new, there's little information available on the...
  • Auss-Tzu -- Miniature American Shepherd X Shih Tzu

    Auss-Tzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Auss-Tzu The Auss-Tzu, a cross between a Miniature American Shepherd and a Shih Tzu, is a small, friendly dog with a thick, silky coat that requires daily grooming. They are active dogs that need a high-fat,...
  • Aussimo -- Australian Cattle Dog X American Eskimo Dog

    Aussimo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussimo The Aussimo is a hybrid cross between the Australian Cattle Dog and the American Eskimo Dog. Medium-sized, the Aussimo has a long, soft coat and can be seen in blue, blue marbled, red marbled and red...
  • Aussie Wheaten -- Australian Shepherd X Irish Soft Coated Terrier

    Aussie Wheaten He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Ireland -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussie Wheaten An Aussie Wheaten is a cross between a pure-bred Australian Shepherd and a soft-coated Irish Terrier. Aussie Wheatens are bred to be active companion dogs because of their energy and...
  • Aussietare -- Australian Shepherd X Bull Terrier

    Aussietare He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussietare An Aussietare is a combination of a pure-bred Australian Shepherd and a Bull Terrier. Aussietares are bred to be active companion dogs. The breed is known to be protective, playful and...
  • Aussie Silk Terrier -- Australian Terrier X Australian Silky Terrier

    Aussie Silk Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussie Silk Terrier Aussie Silk Terriers are classified as a Toy breed and are a cross between pure-bred Australian Terriers and silky-haired Australian Terriers. Aussie Silk Terriers are bred to be...
  • Aussie Siberian -- Australian Shepherd X Siberian Husky

    Aussie Siberian He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Ausberian Shepherd A brief presentation of the Aussie Siberian An Aussie Siberian is a combination of a pure-bred Australian Shepherd and a Siberian Husky. Aussie Siberians are bred to be active...
  • Aussie-Flat -- Australian Shepherd X Flat-Coated Retriever

    Aussie-Flat He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussie-Flat The Aussie-Flat, a combination of the Australian Shepherd and the flat-coated Retriever, is a new customizable hybrid that is not yet registrable with the American Canine Hybrid Club or the...
  • Aussiedor -- Australian Shepherd X Labrador Retriever

    Aussiedor He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Aussie ShepradorAustralian ShepradorSheprador A brief presentation of the Aussiedor The Aussiedor is a hybrid breed where the Australian Shepherd is crossed with the Labrador Retriever. Known for being fluffy,...
  • Schipperke

    Schipperke FCI standard Nº 83 Origin Belgium Translation Pamela Jeans Brown, Raymond Triquet and Dr. Robert Pollet.Revised by Jennifer Mulholland Group Group 1 Sheep and cattle dog (except Swiss cattle dogs) Section Section 1 Sheepdog Working Without working trial Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI Wednesday 27 October 1954 Publication of...
  • Aussie-Corgi -- Australian Shepherd X Welsh Corgi Pembroke

    Aussie-Corgi He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Auscorg A brief presentation of the Aussie-Corgi The combination of the Australian Shepherd and the Welsh Corgi Pembroke is officially known as the Aussie-Corgi, although they are also commonly known...
  • Aussalier -- Miniature American Shepherd X Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

    Aussalier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussalier The Aussalier is a newly recognized hybrid, a cross between a Miniature American Shepherd and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and there can be many areas of variation in the appearance of these...
  • Ausky -- Australian Cattle Dog X Siberian Husky

    Ausky He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ausky The Ausky is a cross between an Australian Cattle Dog and a Siberian Husky, two intelligent, active and durable breeds. The resulting cross is an intelligent, active dog that does best with early...
  • Arubian Cunucu

    Arubian Cunucu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Caribbean island of Aruba Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Arubian Cunucu The Arubian Cunucu is an outcast dog that lives on the Caribbean island of Aruba. Although they are not officially recognized as a breed by any breed association or club, they are well known to...
  • Antebellum Bulldog

    Antebellum Bulldog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Altamaha Plantation DogAltamaha Plantation Bulldog A brief presentation of the Antebellum Bulldog The Antebellum Bulldog is a newcomer to the breed stakes. They were developed recently as a recreation of Bulldogs that were...
  • Anatolian Pyrenees -- Kangal Shepherd Dog X Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Anatolian Pyrenees He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Turkey <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Anatolian Pyrenees Anatolian Pyrenees are a cross between the Kangal Sheepdog and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog. Both breeds were primarily used as livestock guardians, so the Anatolian Pyrenees can also...
  • Amstiff -- American Staffordshire Terrier X Mastiff

    Amstiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as BandoggeStaffordshire Mastiff A brief presentation of the Amstiff The Amstiff is a cross between the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Mastiff. The nickname Bandogge refers to a cross between the...
  • American Rat Pinscher -- Rat Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    American Rat Pinscher He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Rat-a-PinRat Pinscher A brief presentation of the American Rat Pinscher The American Rat Pinscher is a combination of the American Rat Terrier and the Miniature Pinscher. The American Rat Terrier was...
  • American Pugabull -- American Bulldog X Pug

    American Pugabull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Pugabull The Pug originated in China. It was often part of the royal households of Europe and, in Victorian times, the Pug featured in paintings, postcards and figurines. The American Bulldog...