Montenegrin Mountain Hound

FCI standard Nº 279

Origin
Republic of Montenegro
Translation
Mrs. Peggy Davis
Group
Group 6 Scent Hounds and Related Breeds
Section
Section 1.2.Medium sized Hounds
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 24 June 1969
Publication of the official valid standard
Friday 19 December 2014
Last update
Wednesday 28 January 2015
En français, cette race se dit
Chien courant de montagne du Monténégro
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Montenegrischer Gebirgslaufhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Sabueso de montaña del Montenegro
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Montenegro berg Hound
In his country of origin, his name is

Crnogorski Planinski Gonic

Usage

Hound.

Brief historical summary

We can say with certainty that this breed is of the same origin as the other Balkan hounds. In the past this dog has sometimes been called « black hound ». The first standard dates 1924. The F.C.I. officially recognized this breed (standard N° 279) on the 8th May 1969 during its meeting in Warsaw.

General appearance

Medium size, solid, agile.

Important proportions

The length of the body (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttocks) and the perimeter of the chest go beyond by about 10% the height at the withers. The length of the head corresponds to 45% of the height at the withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Well balanced, attached to his master, docile, trustworthy.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Dolichocephalic; the upper lines of the skull and the muzzle are divergent.
Skull
Longer than the muzzle; in the occipital region, its width is inferior to the distance between the stop and the occipital protuberance. Seen from the front and in profile flat or slightly arched. Its width decreases from the top of the skull down to the stop. The frontal furrow is accentuated, whereas the occipital protuberance is less obvious; the superciliary arches are well developed. 
Stop
Slightly pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Always black, well developed.
Muzzle
Thick and broad at its base, is shorter than the skull. The desirable relation is of 7,5 : 10. The lateral lines of the muzzle are convergent.
Lips
Moderately developed, tight, upper lip slightly overlapping the bottom lip; the corner of the lips is firm; the edge of the lips is pigmented black.
Nasal bridge
The nasal bridge is straight.
Jaws and teeth
The jaws are strong and show a regular and complete scissor bite; a pincer bite is admitted. The teeth are well developed and regularly implanted.
Cheeks
Flat.
Eyes
Oval shape, placed slightly obliquely, of light to dark brown in colour; the rims of the eyelids are black.
Ears
High set, moderately long, thin to medium thick, pendant without folds and close to the head; their extremity is of a more or less pronounced oval shape.

Neck

Powerful, oblique, forming an angle of 45° to 50° with the horizontal. Its length is approximately equal to that of the head. It is thin, muscled and without dewlap.

Body

Body
Rectangular, its length going beyond by about 10% the height at the withers.
Withers
Very pronounced.
Back
Muscled, broad, moderately long.
Loin
Muscled, solid, medium length, short coupled.
Croup
Slightly slanting (20-25° in relation to the horizontal), powerful, well muscled, broad.
Chest
Strong, deep; its depth corresponds to 45 to 50% of the height at the withers and its perimeter going beyond by about 10% the height at the withers.
Underline and belly
The xyphoid appendix is prominent; the belly is only slightly tucked up.

Tail

It prolongs the line of the croup and goes on, thinning gradually from its set on to the extremity which reaches the hock; carried sabre fashion below the line of the back; is covered with abundant hair.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Strong, solid, muscled, parallel.
Shoulders
Shoulder-blade muscled, well attached to the thoracic wall; its length is approximately equal to that of the head; it forms an angle of 40 to 45° with the horizontal.
Elbows
Solid, close to the body; the distance from the ground up to the elbow corresponds to 50% of the height at the withers.
Forearm
Straight, strong, muscled.
Carpal
Solid.
Pastern
Strong, thin, slightly slanting (up to 15° in relation to the vertical).

Hindquarters

Generality
Strong, muscled, parallel, of strong bone structure.
Upper thigh
Strong, muscled, not prominent.
Lower thigh
Its length corresponds approximately to that of the upper thigh. Muscled.
Stifle
Solid, parallel to the median plane of the body; the angle of the stifle is of about 120°.
Metatarsus
Powerful, almost vertical.
Hock
Solid, pronounced; its angulation is of about 135°-140°.

Feet

Cat feet; solid toes, tight, well arched; the pads are resistant, elastic and black; the nails are always black.

Gait and movement

Regular and elastic stride, with good thrust from the hindquarters; the preferred gait is a lively and even trot.

Skin

Elastic, really tight to the body; shows a dark pigmentation.

Coat

Hair
Short, dense, rough, not very thick, glossy, flat, smooth. The undercoat is quite well developed.
Colour
The basic colour is black with tan markings above the eyes, on the muzzle and on the lower parts of the legs. The tan markings above the eyes are the size of a hazelnut, whereas the ones on the lateral parts of the muzzle extend at maximum to the corner of the lips. The colour of the tan markings goes from a light red through a brownish red to a bright red. A white spot on the chest is admitted but not sought after; its diameter must not be more than 3 cm.

Size and weight

Height at withers
The height at the withers is from 44-54 cm; the ideal size for the males varies between 49-50 cm, and for the females between 48-49 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Timid or aggressive dog.
 Over- or undershot mouth; deviated incisor arch.
 Absence of one tooth, the absence of two premolars 1 (PM1) being tolerated.
 Eyes of a very light colour, wall-eyes, eyes of different colour; entropion, ectropion.
 Rolled up tail, carried above the back line or deviated laterally.
 Non authorized colours.
 Any other white marking than that which is tolerated.
 Superior or inferior size than that prescribed in the standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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