Mudi

FCI standard Nº 238

Origin
Hungary
Translation
Mrs C. Seidler and Mrs Elke Peper
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Section
Section 1 Sheepdogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 25 March 1963
Publication of the official valid standard
Monday 25 September 2023
Last update
Friday 27 October 2023
En français, cette race se dit
Mudi
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Mudi
En español, esta raza se dice
Mudi
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Mudi

Usage

Herding dogs. Because of their courageous disposition, they are very popular with the shepherds for the use of herding large and difficult livestock. They are even used for the battue of wild boar. Excellent guard and companion dogs. Watch and alarm dogs. Lovable house pets. Because of their relatively short coat and excellent adaptability, they can be kept in the house too.

Brief historical summary

The breed came into being during the 18th to the 19th century from cross breeding Hungarian herding dogs most probably with various prick eared German herding dogs.

General appearance

Medium sized herding dog with a wedge-shaped head. Prick ears. Body topline is distinctly sloping towards the rear. The head and the limbs are covered by short, smooth coat. Other parts of the body have a somewhat longer, very wavy to slightly curly coat. There are different variations of colour.

Important proportions

Length of body/height at withers: 103-105/100
Depth of brisket/height at withers: 40-45/100
Width of chest/height at withers: 30/100
Length of head/height at withers: 40-45/100
Length of muzzle/length of head: 40/100
Length of ears/length of head: 45/100
Width of head/length of head: 58-63/100

Behaviour / temperament

The Mudi is extremely able to learn, of lively temperament, courageous, watchful, keen to work, alert and adaptable.

Head

Cranial region

Head
The most breed typical part of the Mudi is undoubtedly the head. To the observer it should give the impression of an alert, always energetic, cheerful and intelligent animal without any trace of timidity or aggressiveness. The head is wedge shaped, tapering evenly towards the nose.
Skull
Skull and forehead are slightly domed. Occiput not pronounced. Superciliary ridges only slightly developed. 
Stop
Barely pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Narrow, rounded at front with moderately wide nostrils. Colour is black, except for liver (brown), ash liver and its merle varieties the colour is brown; Ash (blue-grey) and its merle varieties nose colour is blue; for fawn and white, black nose is favourable but blue and brown is accepted.
Muzzle
Moderately strong. Bridge of nose straight.
Lips
Tight-fitting to the teeth. Corner of mouth slightly jagged. The lip pigment corresponds with the pigment of the nose leather.
Jaws and teeth
Complete scissor bite according to the dentition formula. Regular teeth of medium size.
Eyes
Almond shaped and set slightly oblique. The eyes should be as dark as possible. For merle colours partially or solid, blue eye colour is not a fault. Rims of lids are tight, close-fitting to the eyeball and evenly pigmented.
Ears
High set prick ears which are of a reverse V-shape and covered with abundant hair reaching beyond the edges of the external ears. The response of the ears to stimulation is very lively. The dog can turn the ears independently of each other like a radar screen. Ears are approximately 10 to 15 % longer than their width at the base.

Neck

The slightly high set neck forms an angle of 50 to 55 degrees to the horizontal. It is of medium length, barely arched and wellmuscled. Without dewlap or pronounced neck ruff. In male dogs there can be a barely developed mane; this must, however, never be noticeable.

Body

Topline
Slightly sloping towards croup.
Withers
Pronounced, long and muscular.
Back
Straight, medium length.
Loin
Short. firmly coupled.
Croup
Short, very slightly sloping, of medium breadth, muscular.
Chest
Forechest slightly curved - reaching the elbows. Ribs somewhat broad and rather flat.
Underline and belly
Sligthly tucked-up.

Tail

Set on at medium height. In repose, hanging, with lower third raised almost to horizontal. When alert and during active movement, the tail is carried in sickle shape, above the topline. The tail is abundantly coated; the hair on the underside can even be 10 to 15 cm long. Dogs born with or without a natural stump tail are not regarded as a fault.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
The shoulder blade is moderately sloping and well muscled. The forechest is curved, the point of the sternum only slightly protruding.
Upper arm
Of medium length.
Elbows
Close-fitting to the body.
Carpal
Firm, dry.
Pastern
Steep.
Forefeet
Round with well knit toes. Little hair between and under the toes. Pads springy. Nails slate grey and hard.

Hindquarters

Generality
The hind legs are only slightly overstretched beyond the rear.
Upper thigh
Long, well muscled.
Metatarsus
Short and steep.
Hind feet
Like front feet. Dewclaws not desirable.

Gait and movement

The Mudi’s characteristic movement are mincing steps, with a vigorous trot and a powerful gallop.

Skin

Tight, without wrinkles.

Coat

Hair
Head and front of limbs are covered by short, straight and smooth hair. On other parts of the body, the coat is uniformly very wavy or slightly curled. It is dense and always shiny, about 3 to 7 cm long. At some spots, cow-licks and ridges are formed. The coat is longest on the back of the forearms and the upper thighs, and the bottom edge of the tail, where it forms pronounced featherings.
Colour
• Black
• White
• Fawn (from beige to red)
• Ash (blue)
• Liver (brown)
• Ash-brown (diluted brown/izabella)
• Cifra (Merle), i.e. pigmented patterns of the above-mentioned colours diluted by the merle factor. Small sized white markings are tolerated but not desired. A white patch on the chest, less than 5 cm in diameter, and small white stitching on the toes are tolerated but not desired.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males: 41 – 47 cm; Ideal height 43 – 45 cm. Females: 38 – 44 cm; Ideal height 40 – 42 cm.
Weight
Dogs : 11 – 13 kg. Bitches : 8 – 11 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Spotted or flesh-coloured nose leather (except for a small amount of spotting in merle colours).
 A bite other than a scissor bite.
 Absence of any other teeth besides P1 and M3.
 Yellow eyes in black dogs.
 Drop ears.
 Short, smooth, flat coat on the whole body; long hair on the head.
 Coat tending towards matting.
 Wire hair.
 A colour or marking other than the colours listed in the standard.
 Deviation from the proportions and sizes recorded in the standard.
 Toy characteristics (short head, round skull, strong stop, round eyes).

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Additional information from visitors

This is a rare working breed, thought to be either a Hungarian variety of the ancient Voivodjanski Pulin or a result of crossing the Croatian Sheepdog with the Hungarian Puli and Pumi herding dogs in the 19th century, although some believe it to had been established much earlier from various German breeds of the spitz type. It was finally recognized as a separate breed in the 1930's and has been bred true to type ever since. The Hungarian Mudi is an impressive and versatile worker, used for many duties in its homeland, such as herding and guarding livestock, protecting farms, as well as hunting a variety of game, from weasels to wild boars. It is still fairly unknown outside Hungary and the Balkans, but is slowly gaining acceptance in some western countries.
Energetic and intelligent, this rugged sheepdog responds well to obedience training, but can sometimes be stubborn and too noisy for urban environments. When socialized properly, the Mudi makes an excellent family pet, although it still needs supervision around other dogs and small animals. Deep-chested, muscular and agile, this is a healthy and long-lived breed, very similar to the Croatian Sheepdog. The ears are erect and the head is somewhat fox-like in features. Docking of the tail was common int the past, but nowadays the Hungarian Mudi is most often seen with a natural tail. The coat is flat on the legs and face, but wavy or curly on the body, most commonly seen in uniform black or salt-n-pepper shades, but also found in white, fawn, merle, brindle, blue, grey, brown and black-n-white colourings. Average height is around 16 inches, although taller dogs exist.

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