Norrbottenspitz

FCI standard Nº 276

Origin
Sweden
Translation
Renée Sporre-Willes in collaboration with Jennifer Mulholland
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section
Section 2 Nordic hunting dogs
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 20 September 1968
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 28 July 2009
Last update
Wednesday 21 October 2009
En français, cette race se dit
Spitz de Norrbotten
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Norrbottenspitz
En español, esta raza se dice
Norrbottenspets
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Norrbottenspets

Usage

Hunting dog.

Brief historical summary

The Norrbottenspitz (Spitz from the county of North Bothnia) probably originates from small Laika type spitz that were known to live with hunting people in the North Cape area already in prehistoric time. Small hunting spitz have survived for thousands of years through natural selection - the survival of the fittest. In the very harsh areas of the northern parts of the Scandinavian Peninsula, hunting for food and fur was a necessity for survival. Precious furs like sable, marten-skin and ermine were the only valid currency for centuries. When fur prices dropped drastically after World War II, so did the interest for the Norrbottenspitz. The breed vanished and had no registrations for many years; hence the Swedish Kennel Club (SKK) declared it extinct.
But only a decade later news came that some true to type specimens had been found living as pets and watch dogs on small homesteads in the inland North Bothnia. Due to the very dedicated work of a few men, this old type hunting spitz was saved. In 1967 the Norrbottenspitz was re-introduced to the Registry and a new standard was drawn up.

General appearance

Small, slightly rectangular spitzdog, well poised, with sinewy and well developed muscles. Alert with head carried high, a fearless attitude and extremely agile. Sexual diphormism should be clearly visible.

Behaviour / temperament

In its capacity as hunting dog the breed should be attentive and bold. It is a keen, lively, self confident dog with a kind disposition. Although the breed is mainly used for hunting large forest grouse (caper-caillie and black grouse) it is still capable of hunting fur game as well as baying elk.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Strong and clean cut. Seen from above and from sides evenly tapering towards nose.
Skull
Relatively broad, forehead is slightly arched, top of skull rather flat. 
Stop
Evident but only slightly marked.

Facial region

Nose
Black.
Muzzle
Its length is half the length of the head or somewhat shorter. Clearly tapering towards tip of nose, but never snipy.
Lips
Thin, and tightly fitting.
Jaws and teeth
Well developed jaws and teeth, scissors bite.
Cheeks
Defined.
Eyes
Medium sized, almond-shaped and obliquely set. Bright with a calm but keen expression. Colour dark brown.
Ears
High set, erect, slightly over medium size, with hard leather, tips slightly rounded.

Neck

Moderately long, in proportion to body dry and muscular with slight arch and good reach.

Body

Withers
Defined.
Back
Short, level, strong, muscular and springy.
Loin
Short and broad.
Croup
Moderately long and broad, slightly sloping and with well developed and hard muscles.
Chest
Moderately deep and long. Depth about half the total height at withers and with well developed last ribs. Oval in shape viewed from the front and of normal width. Forechest well developed and well defined.
Underline and belly
Viewed from side, the lowest part of the ribcage should be in line with the elbow or just below it and softly merge into the bellyline. Belly only slightly tucked up.

Tail

Rather high set, carried in a high curve, but loosely curled. Tip of tail touching side of upper thigh. Stretched, the length of the tail should not reach below hock.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Viewed front on, neither narrow nor broad, with legs straight and parallel.
Shoulders
Shoulder blades long, broad, muscular and with well developed withers. Close fitting to chest and set obliquely.
Upper arm
Of the same length as the shoulder-blades, and forming a marked angle. Well developed and lying close to the chest without restricting movement.
Elbows
Neither turning in nor out.
Forearm
Straight, strong bones, lean but flexible muscles.
Pastern
Strong, slightly sloping, viewed from side.
Forefeet
Small, strong, pointing straight forward with tightly knit, well arched toes. Well developed and hard pads.

Hindquarters

Generality
Standing parallel when viewed from behind.
Upper thigh
Proportionately long, almost forming a right angle with the pelvis. Strong muscles.
Lower thigh
Forming a marked angle with the upper thigh.
Stifle
Strong with well defined angulations.
Metatarsus
Dry and elastic and rather long.
Hock
Strong.
Hind feet
As forefeet.

Gait and movement

Smooth, free and covering lots of ground, keeping firm topline. Limbs parallel, viewed from front and rear.

Coat

Hair
Double coat. Undercoat fine and dense, guardhair hard, short and straight. Topcoat rather close laying with different lengths; shortest on nose bridge, top of skull, ears and front of legs. Longest on neck, backside of thighs and under side of tail.
Colour
Pure white, always with well defined and well distributed patches with the ideal colour that is in all nuances of red and yellow. Patches on body should be fairly big. Colour should cover the sides of head and ears. Patches in black, any nuance of fawn or agouti are tolerated but the ideal colours are always to be preferred.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal size for males : 45 cm. Ideal size for females : 42 cm. Tolerance of +/- 2 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Flesh coloured or liver brown nose.
 Missing teeth, except P1.
 Tan-markings.
 Roaning or ticking.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Stumpy tail.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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