Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

FCI standard Nº 312

Origin
Canada
Group
Group 8 Retrievers-Flushing Dogs- Water Dogs
Section
Section 1 Retrievers
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 30 November 1981
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 24 June 1987
Last update
Friday 05 February 1999
En français, cette race se dit
Retriever de la Nouvelle-Ecosse
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Nova Scotia Retriever
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro cobrador de Nueva Escocia
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

Usage

The Tolling dog runs, jumps and plays along the shoreline in full view of a flock of ducks, occasionally disappearing from sight and then quickly reappearing, aided by the hidden hunter, who throws small sticks or a ball for the dog. The dog’s playful actions arouse the curiosity of the ducks swimming offshore and they are lured within gunshot range. The Toller is subsequently sent out to retrieve the dead or wounded birds.

Brief historical summary

The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever was developed in Nova Scotia in the early 19th century to toll (or lure) and retrieve waterfowl.

General appearance

The Toller is a medium-sized, powerful, compact, balanced, well-muscled dog; medium to heavy in bone, with a high degree of agility, alertness and determination. Many Tollers have a slightly sad expression until they go to work, when their aspect changes to intense concentration and excitement. At work, the dog has a speedy, rushing action, with the head carried out almost level with the back and heavily-feathered tail in constant motion.

Behaviour / temperament

The Toller is highly intelligent, easy to train and has great endurance. A strong and able swimmer, he is a natural and tenacious retriever on land and from water setting himself for springy action the moment the slightest indication is given that retrieving is required. His strong retrieving desire and playfulness are qualities essential to his tolling ability.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Clean-cut and slightly wedge-shaped.
Skull
The broad skull is ontly slightly rounded, the occiput not prominent and the cheeks flat. A good measurement for an average male would be 5½ ins. (14 cm) between the ears, tapering to 1½ ins. (3.8 cm) at the bridge of the nose. Length of head is approximately 9 ins. (23 cm) from nose to occiput, but the head must be in proportion to body size. 
Stop
Moderate.

Facial region

Nose
Tapers from bridge to tip, with nostrils well open. Colour should blend with that of the coat or be black.
Muzzle
Tapers in a clean line from stop to nose, with the lower jaw strong but not prominent. The underline of the muzzle runs almost in a straight line from the corner of the lip to the corner of the jaw-bone, with depth at the stop being greater than at the nose. Hair on the muzzle is short and fine.
Lips
Fit fairly tightly, forming a gentle curve in profile, with no heaviness in flews.
Jaws and teeth
Strong enough to carry a sizeable bird, and softness in mouth is essential. The correct bite is tight scissors; full dentition is required.
Eyes
Set well apart, almond-shaped, medium sized. Colour amber to brown. Expression is friendly, alert and intelligent. Flesh around the eyes should be the same colour as the lips.
Ears
Triangular, of medium size, set high and well back on the skull, with the base held very slightly erect, well feathered at the back of the fold, hair short at the rounded tips.

Neck

Strongly muscled and well set on, of medium length, with no indication of throatiness.

Body

Topline
Level.
Back
Short and straight.
Loin
Strong and muscular.
Chest
Deep, brisket reaching to the elbows. Ribs well sprung, neither barrel-shaped nor flat.
Underline and belly
Tuck-up moderate.

Tail

Following the natural very slight slope of the croup, broad at the base, luxuriant and heavily feathered, with the last vertebra reaching at least to the hock. The tail may be carried below the level of the back except when the dog is alert when it curves high over, though never touching the body.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Should appear as parallel columns; straight and strong in bone.
Shoulders
Shoulders should be muscular, with the blade well laid back and well laid, on giving good withers sloping into the short back. The blade and upper arm are roughly equal in length.
Elbows
Should be close to the body, turning neither in nor out, working cleanly and evenly.
Pastern
Strong and slightly sloping.

Hindquarters

Generality
Muscular, broad and square in appearance. Rear and front angulation should be in balance. Upper and lower sections being approximately equal in length.
Upper thigh
Very muscular.
Stifle
Well bent.
Hock
Well let down, turning neither in nor out. Dewclaws must not be present.

Feet

Strongly webbed of medium size, tight and round, with well arched toes and thick pads. Dewclaws may be removed.

Gait and movement

The Toller combines an impression of power with a springy, jaunty gait, showing good reach in front and a strong driving rear. Feet should turn neither in nor out and the legs travel in a straight line. As speed increases, the dog should single-track, with the topline remaining level.

Coat

Hair
The Toller was bred to retrieve from icy waters and must have a water-repellent double coat of medium length and softness with a softer, dense undercoat. The coat may have a slight wave on the back, but is otherwise straight. Some winter coats may form a long, loose curl at the throat. Featherings are soft at the throat, behind the ears and at the back of the thighs, and forelegs are moderately feathered.
Colour
Colour is various shades of red or orange with lighter featherings and underside of tail, and usually at least one of the following white markings : tip of tail, feet (not extending beyond the pasterns), chest and blaze. A dog of otherwise high quality is not to be penalized for lack of white. The pigment of the nose, lips, and eye rims to be flesh-coloured, blending with coat, or black.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal height for males over 18 months is 19-20 ins. (48-51 cm); females over 18 months 18-19 ins. (45-48 cm). One inch (2,5 cm) over or under ideal height is allowed.
Weight
Should be in proportion to the height and bone of the dog - Guidelines : 45-51 lbs. (20-23 kg) for adult males; bitches 37-43 lbs. (17-20 kg).

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Dish- or down-faced.
 Abrupt stop.
 Bright pink nose.
 Nose, eye rims and eyes not of prescribed colour.
 Overshot bite.
 Large, round eyes.
 Roached, sway back.
 Slack loins.
 Tail carried below level of back when dog gaiting.
 Tail too short, kinked or curled touching the back.
 Down on pastern.
 Splayed or paper feet.
 Open coat (not tight enough, loose).
 Lack of substance in adult dog.
 Dogs more than 1 inch (2,5 cm) over or under the ideal height.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Butterfly nose.
 Overshot of more than 1/8 inch (3 mm).
 Undershot bite, wry mouth.
 Lack of webbing.
 White on shoulders, around ears, on back of neck, across back or flanks.
 Silvery coat, grey in coat, black areas in coat.
 Any colour other than red or orange shades.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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