Picardy Sheepdog

FCI standard Nº 176

Origin
France
Translation
Jennifer Mulholland in collaboration with R. Triquet
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Section
Section 1 Sheepdogs
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 27 June 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 04 November 2008
Last update
Wednesday 04 August 2010
En français, cette race se dit
Berger de Picardie
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Picardie Schäferhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Pastor de Picardia
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Picardische Herdershond
In his country of origin, his name is

Berger Picard

Usage

Shepherd and guard dog.

Brief historical summary

The Picardy Sheepdog has very ancient origins. Of course it is not certain that the Picardy Shepherd originates strictly from the Picardie region; it is possible, even probable, that it was widerspread as harsh-coated sheep and cattle dogs were typical throughout north west Europe.
In 1863, the first Picardies were judged at a show in the same class as Beaucerons and Briards. In 1898 it became evident that the Picardy was a breed. Paul Megnin drafted the first standard in 1922. The breed obtained definitive recognition in 1925.
The breed stagnated somewhat until the second world war and it was only afterwards that fanciers, who wanted to revive interest in the breed, began searching in Picardie, at the source, for the most typical subjects for breeding.
After many years, during which the Breed Club had difficulties in obtaining official recognition, Mr Robert Montenot, an eminent dog specialist, created the “Les Amis du Berger Picard” Club in 1955. The club obtained definitive recognition in 1959 and a new breed standard was approved by the S.C.C. in 1964. The present standard was drawn up by Mr. J.C. Larive, President of the Club, and his committee in collaboration with Mr. R. Triquet.

General appearance

The Picardy Shepherd is a medium-sized dog. It is solid, hardy, well muscled and well built without ever being heavy. It remains very elegant whether standing or in action. Its lively and alert expression is characterized by its rugged appearance.

Important proportions

The Picardy Sheepdog is mediolinear (of medium proportions). The length of the body, from the point of the shoulder to the point of buttock, should be slightly more than the height at the withers (from 5 to 8%). Females are generally a little longer than males. The skull and muzzle are of equal length. The distance from the elbow to the ground is equal to half the height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

The Picardy Sheepdog is even tempered. It is neither aggressive, shy nor nervous. It should be both obedient and fearless. These qualities enable it to easily accomplish its work which consists of driving and protecting flocks of sheep. It is also a very good guard for the home and an excellent family dog who enjoys close contact with children.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Without being heavy, it should be in proportion to the size. Delicately chiselled, it should not give the impression of being pointed. Seen from the side, the lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel. The type is stamped by the rugged aspect; distinct eyebrows (hair approximately 4cm long and which should not veil the eyes) along with beard and moustaches.
Skull
Seen from the front, the forehead should not be flat but slightly convex, with a minimal depression in the middle. 
Stop
Only slightly defined; it is placed at equal distance from the occiput and the tip of the nose.

Facial region

Nose
Well developed. Always black, well opened nostrils.
Muzzle
Strong and not too long. It should not end in a point. Presence of thin beard and moustaches.
Lips
Thin and tight-fitting.
Nasal bridge
The nosebridge is straight.
Jaws and teeth
Powerful jaws. Scissors bite. Dentition should be complete.
Cheeks
Should be moderately round.
Eyes
Horizontal, of medium size, oval, not prominent, dark colour (the colour can be more or less dark depending on that of the coat, but never lighter than hazel).
Ears
Of moderate size, wide at set-on, high set, always carried naturally erect with slightly rounded tips. A diverging carriage is tolerated, but not sought after.

Neck

Strong and muscled, of reasonable length, springing cleanly from the shoulders to allow for proud carriage.

Body

Body
The bone structure is solid, without exaggeration, and the muscles are lean.
Back
Straight.
Loin
Strong.
Croup
Sloping slightly and progressively into the buttocks.
Chest
Reaches the elbows but not beyond. The correct chest perimeter measurement, taken immediately behind the elbows, is superior by 1/5th to the height at withers. The ribs are well sprung at the top then gradually flatten towards the sternum.
Underline and belly
Slightly tucked up.

Tail

Naturally long. At rest, it should reach the point of the hock joint and be slightly curved at the tip. In action, it can be carried higher but never over the back. The hair on the tail is the same length as that on the body.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Upright, seen from the front and side.
Shoulders
Long and sloping.
Elbows
Tight to the body.
Forearm
Straight and well muscled.
Pastern
Sloping slightly forwards.
Forefeet
Rounded, short and compact.

Hindquarters

Generality
Parallel seen from behind and upright seen from the side.
Upper thigh
Long and well muscled.
Stifle
Strong articulation.
Metatarsus
Upright.
Hock
Moderately bent; neither too open or closed.
Hind feet
Rounded, short and compact. No dewclaws or supernumery digits. Pads are firm. Nails dark in colour.

Gait and movement

Supple and free. Giving the impression of being both elegant and effortless. Moderate reach of forelegs; limbs remaining parallel.

Coat

Hair
Harsh, semi-long. It should feel crisp when touched. Should measure from 5 to 6 cms over the entire body including the tail. Fine, dense undercoat.
Colour
Fawn, fawn with dark overlay, fawn brindle and grey which generally remains dark. Without any large white patches (a slight white mark is tolerated on the forechest and the end of the feet).

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males 60 – 65 cms, females 55 – 60 cms, tolerance +/- 1cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Absence of 2 teeth except for PM4 in the lower jaw (PM1 are not taken into consideration).
 Reverse bite without loss of contact of the incisors.
 Eyes very light in colour.
 Tail curled over the back or excessively short.
 Coat which has tendency to curl.
 Coat too flat; length less than 4 cm or more than 7 cm.
 Limp or woolly coat.
 Very irregular conformity of limbs; especially, faulty hindquarters, excessively turned-out feet, cow-hocked.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Lack of type.
 Overshot or undershot with loss of contact of incisors.
 Absence of 2 PM4 or more than 2 teeth other than PM4 (The PM1 are not taken into consideration).
 Wall eye or light eye tending to yellow.
 Ears not naturally erect.
 Tail rudimentary or absent.
 Colour black, white, harlequin or pied; white spreading too much over the forechest, completely white feet, white elsewhere than stated above.
 Height not within the limits of the standard (including tolerance), heights of 67 cms for a male and 62 cms for a female can only be tolerated for subjects of exceptional quality.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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