Polish hound

FCI standard Nº 52

Origin
Poland
Translation
Związek Kynologiczny w Polsce (EN). Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes
Group
Group 6 Scenthounds and related breeds
Section
Section 1.1 Large sized Hounds
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 29 January 1965
Publication of the official valid standard
Monday 03 November 2014
Last update
Wednesday 27 May 2015
En français, cette race se dit
Brachet polonais
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Polnische Bracke
En español, esta raza se dice
Sabueso polonés
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Poolse Brak
In his country of origin, his name is

Ogar Polski

Usage

Scent Hound. In the past, the Polish Hounds were used mainly for hunting hares, foxes, roe deer, wild boar and during duck hunting, flushing wild ducks from rushes. Nowadays, since hunting hare with dogs is prohibited in Poland (except for mountain areas), Polish Hounds are used only for hunting wild boar and fox throughout the country.

Brief historical summary

The Ogar is an old-established Polish breed. The first reports on hunting with dogs in Poland are found in the ‘Chronicles’ of Gallus Anonymous dating from the 11th century. In chronicles of the 14th century it is mentioned that ogar hounds were bred specifically for the royal hunt. The name ogar is found in the Book on Rural Arts by Piotr Krescentyn published in Cracow in 1549 and in The Life of an Honest Man by Mikołaj Rej from 1568. In 1618, the Cracovian publishing house issued Hunting with Ogar hounds by count Jan Ostroróg, the voivode of Poznań. This work may be considered the first Polish cynological guide, containing the principles of rational breeding. The first description of the Polish (Ogar) Hound is found in the book: ‘The beginnings of the natural history and farming of the national domestic and wild animals’ by Krzysztof Kluk (1779). In the 19th century, many Polish as well as German and Russian publications appeared, describing Polish Hounds in detail.
The etymology of the word Ogar is not clear. Different authors claim different origins of the word. According to Sztolcm an and Gerald-Wyżycki, Ogar originated from the Polish word ‘ogorzały’ (‘tawny’), describing the Polish Hound’s colour. In Mann’s opinion, it might have derived from the word ‘grać’ ‘to give tongue’ which defines the characteristic barking on the trail; while Frankiewicz explained it with Czech word ‘ohař’, meaning ‘the pointing dog’. Polish Hounds were very popular and they have found their rightful place in the literature. They can be found on engravings: ancestral and urban emblems, coats of arms, seals, ex-librises and in the paintings of 18th and 19th century as well. Polish Hounds were exhibited at dog shows already in the 19th century. Poland was under occupation at that time and the Polish Hounds were bred in kennels of Polish nobility on the territory annexed by Russia. Poland regained its independence after 123 years of occupation, after the Great War in 1918. The hunting with hounds outlasted only in residual forms in the territory of Easter Borderlands, i.e. in the regions of Polesie, Wołyń and Vilnius. After the World War II, Poland had lost the Easter Borderlands together with the mainstay of Polish Scent Hounds. There were practically no Polish Hounds bred within the new borders of the country. In 1959, colonel Piotr Kartawik imported the first four Polish Hounds from his homeland (nowadays Belarus territory) and established the first Polish Hound kennel in the post-war history with the kennel name ‘z Kresów’ (‘from the Borderlands’). In 1964, on the basis of the Kartawik’s ‘z Kresów’ dogs, engineer Jerzy Dylewski wrote the first standard of the Polish Hound breed that was included in the FCI register on 15 November 1966 under the number 52.

General appearance

Medium size hound of muscular, rather heavy build, ensuring endurance but not speed.

Important proportions

The outline is rectangular, the length of body slightly greater than the height at the withers.
Height to elbow corresponds to half the height at the withers or slightly more.
Skull and muzzle is of equal length.

Behaviour / temperament

The Polish Hound, like all scent hounds, chase the game on the hot trail, with loud barking. The voice is lower pitched in the male and higher in the female. The barking is called “giving tongue” by hunters, and the loud game pursuit by the dogs is described as “the chase”. This outstanding hunting dog is also an excellent family dog, easy to maintain, devoted to the household and wary of strangers.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Quite heavy. In profile looks like a medium length rectangle. Top of muzzle nearly parallel with line from stop to occiput.
Skull
Broad, moderately arched between ears, superciliary ridges well developed, occipital crest well pronounced. 
Stop
Well defined.

Facial region

Nose
Large, wide and dark.
Muzzle
Elongated; seen from the side deep and truncated at the tip. Nose bridge straight.
Lips
Upper lip thick and drooping; lip corners in folds.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws strong, teeth white, complete scissors bite.
Cheeks
Fleshy.
Eyes
Slightly slanting, not very deep-set, dark brown, with gentle expression, lower lid might be slightly loose in older dogs.
Ears
Pendulous, set quite low, of medium length and width, slightly rounded at tip. Front edges of earlobes are turned towards cheeks and hang close to them.

Neck

Neck of medium length, with straight line of nape, muscular, quite thick, especially at the base, skin is loose and forms folded dewlap.

Body

Topline
Straight.
Withers
Well defined.
Back
Long, broad and well muscled.
Loin
Relatively short.
Croup
Broad, muscular, quite long, slightly rounded.
Chest
Deep, reaching elbows, moderately wide and capacious. True and false ribs long, well sprung, set almost vertically.
Underline and belly
Belly not tucked up. Flanks short and well filled.

Tail

Thick, rather low set, hanging reaches slightly below hock, slightly curved. In slow movement, slightly raised but not curled over back. While chasing, the dog carries the tail below the top line and slightly turned aside. Underside covered with longer hair.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Forequarters of strong bone, well muscled. Seen from the front straight, set parallel; forearms seen from the side set vertically.
Shoulders
Shoulder blade long, oblique, well muscled. Shoulder blade forms an angle of 100o with the upper arm.
Upper arm
Of medium length, oblique.
Elbows
Lying closely to the body, turns neither in nor out.
Forearm
Of strong bone and elastic tendons.
Carpal
Wide, without thickenings and any symptoms of rickets.
Pastern
Quite short and set slightly oblique.
Forefeet
Very tight, round, toes well knit, with firm pads. Nails are strong, thick, black or horn coloured when the toes are white.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen from the side set slightly backwards, seen from the rear straight and parallel.
Upper thigh
Long, broad, with well developed muscles. The angle of the coxo-femoral joint is of about 100o.
Lower thigh
Moderately long, of strong bone structure, well muscled, oblique.
Stifle
Well angulated.
Metatarsus
Quite long, almost vertical.
Hock
Well angulated, with strong heel bone.
Hind feet
Very tight, round, toes well knit, with firm pads. Nails are strong, thick, black or horn coloured when the toes are white.

Gait and movement

Slow trot. While chasing, not a very fast gallop.

Skin

On trunk and limbs smooth and tight; forms wrinkles on forehead. Dewlap hangs in folds.

Coat

Hair
On head, muzzle, ears and limbs short and smooth. On other parts of the body the coat is of medium length, thick and hard. It is a little longer on nape, buttocks and underside of the tail. Undercoat is dense and soft.
Colour
Dark saddle and tan. Black or dark grey hair forms a saddle, covering the whole nape, overlapping to back of head, covering back completely, both sides of body and top of tail. Different shades of tan ranging from dark yellow to mahogany on head, especially above eyes, muzzle, ears, front of neck, shoulders, forechest, under belly, thighs, front and hind legs. Ears are always of a darker shade of tan. Permissible amount of white: white blaze on head and nose bridge, white spot on chest, white on legs or on toes only, as well as white tip of tail.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males : 56–65 cm. Females : 55–60 cm.
Weight
Weight should be proportional to height at withers and the whole conformation.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Untypical specimen.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

The latest updated breeds

  • Smooth Fo-Chon -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Bichon frise

    Smooth Fo-Chon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Fo-Chon The Smooth Fo-Chon is a charming dog of hybrid design that is a mix of Bichon frise and Fox Terrier Smooth. It's a small dog that generally weighs between 3 and 7 kilos. This...
  • Smooth Chisoxy -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Chihuahua

    Smooth Chisoxy He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Chisoxy The Smooth Chisoxy is a hybrid dog by design. It is derived from the Fox Terrier Smooth and the Chihuahua. It's a very small dog - some would even classify it as a toy. It usually...
  • Skye-Pap -- Skye Terrier X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Skye-Pap He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skye-Pap The Skye-Pap is a cross between the Skye Terrier and the Continental Toy Spaniel (Papillon). These little dogs have a lot of personality in a small space. Most of them measure just...
  • Skip-Shzu -- Schipperke X Shih Tzu

    Skip-Shzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Belgium <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skip-Shzu The Skip-Shzu is a rare hybrid of the Schipperke and the purebred Shih Tzu. Despite its rarity, the Skip-Shzu is recognized by five different breed registries, including the Designer Breed Registry...
  • Skilky Terrier -- Scottish Terrier X Australian Silky Terrier

    Skilky Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Scotland <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skilky Terrier The Skilky Terrier is a hybrid between the purebred Scottish Terrier and the Australian Silky Terrier. The Scottish Terrier parent adds some ruggedness to the Skilky Terrier, but the...
  • Ski-Collie -- American Eskimo Dog X Collie Rough

    Ski-Collie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ski-Collie The Ski-Collie is a hybrid of the American Eskimo Dog and the Collie Rough. This hybrid mix combines two pure breeds that have both been bred for agricultural/breeding tasks in their...
  • Ski-Border -- American Eskimo Dog X Border Collie

    Ski-Border He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ski-Border The Ski-Border is a hybrid dog of mixed conception. It is a combination of an American Eskimo Dog and a Border Collie. This friendly, outgoing mix has all the pleasing characteristics of its...
  • Silkzer -- Australian Silky Terrier X Miniature Schnauzer

    Silkzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkzer The Silkzer is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the purebred Miniature Schnauzer. The Silkzer is a small dog and, despite its Terrier roots, is not fiery but makes an excellent companion...
  • Silkytie -- Australian Silky Terrier X Shetland Sheepdog

    Silkytie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkytie The Silkytie is a cross between the purebred Shetland Sheepdog from the UK and the Australian Silky Terrier. Its name may not immediately betray its parentage, as some people don't remember...
  • Silky Pug -- Australian Silky Terrier X Pug

    Silky Pug He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Pug The Silky Pug is a designer dog and is a cross between an Australian Silky Terrier and a Pug. They are small dogs with a big attitude. They're friendly, mischievous little dogs that make excellent...
  • Silky-Pin -- Australian Silky Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    Silky-Pin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky-Pin The Silky-Pin is a mix of the Australian Silky Terrier and Miniature Pinscher breeds. They are small dogs, weighing no more than 7 kilos and measuring around 30 centimeters. They are very healthy and...
  • Silky-Lhasa -- Australian Silky Terrier X Lhassa Apso

    Silky-Lhasa He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky-Lhasa A Silky-Lhasa is a combination of the Lhassa Apso breed and the Australian Silky Terrier breed. As both are toy breeds, your Silky-Lhasa should measure no more than 30 centimeters and weigh...
  • Silky Jack -- Australian Silky Terrier X Jack Russell Terrier

    Silky Jack He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Jack This little dog with long, silky hair is called the Silky Jack, which is a combination of the Jack Russell Terrier and the Australian Silky Terrier. As both breeds are small dogs, the...
  • Silkyhuahua -- Australian Silky Terrier X Chihuahua

    Silkyhuahua He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkyhuahua The Silkyhuahua, also known as the Silky Chi, is a toy-sized designer dog, a cross between a purebred Australian Silky Terrier and a purebred Chihuahua. They weigh between 2.5 and 4.5 kilos...
  • Silky Coton -- Australian Silky Terrier X Coton de Tuléar

    Silky Coton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Coton The Silky Coton is a hybrid breed created by crossing an Australian Silky Terrier and a Coton de Tuléar. These affectionate little dogs are designed to be loving companions and fit...
  • Silky Cocker -- Maltese X American Cocker Spaniel

    Silky Cocker He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Central Mediterranean Basin <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Cocker The Silky Cocker is a hybrid of the Maltese and the American Cocker Spaniel. As neither of these dogs is particularly large, this mixed breed companion is relatively small,...
  • Silky Cairn -- Australian Silky Terrier X Cairn Terrier

    Silky Cairn He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Scotland -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Cairn The Silky Cairn is a designer dog, an intentional cross between two small but spirited Terriers, the Cairn Terrier, developed on the rugged, rocky coasts of Scotland, and the Australian...
  • Silkshund -- Australian Silky Terrier X Dachshund

    Silkshund He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkshund The Silkshund is an intentional cross between the German badger-hunting dog known as the Dachshund and the Australian Silky Terrier, a companion Terrier that was originally developed in...
  • Silkshire Terrier -- Australian Silky Terrier X Yorkshire Terrier

    Silkshire Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkshire Terrier The Silkshire Terrier is a cross between the Australian Silky Terrier and the popular Yorkshire Terrier. Like its parents, the Silkshire Terrier is small in stature. At...
  • Silkland Terrier -- Australian Silky Terrier X West Highland White Terrier

    Silkland Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkland Terrier The Silkland Terrier is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier or Westie. This mix combines two pure toy breeds that both demand your...
  • Silkinese -- Australian Silky Terrier X Pekingese

    Silkinese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkinese The Silkinese is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the Pekingese. This toy-sized canine will quickly become the darling of your heart and your life. It's the result of blending two pure...
  • Silkin -- Australian Silky Terrier X Japanese Spaniel

    Silkin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkin The Silkin is a cross between a Japanese Spaniel and an Australian Silky Terrier. This cute little dog is cheerful, fun-loving and affectionate. He loves being with his family and is very loyal. He has a...
  • Silkese -- Australian Silky Terrier X Maltese

    Silkese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Central Mediterranean Basin -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkese The Silkese is a toy-sized hybrid of an Australian Silky Terrier and a Maltese. The Silkese has a long, silky coat that comes in a variety of colors such as black, brown, white,...
  • Silkchon -- Australian Silky Terrier X Bichon frise

    Silkchon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkchon The Silkchon is a designer hybrid that was created by crossing the Bichon frise with the Australian Silky Terrier. This lively little dog has the physical and temperamental characteristics...
  • Siberian Shiba -- Siberian Husky X Shiba

    Siberian Shiba He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Siberia <> Japan -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Siberian Shiba The Siberian Shiba is an adorable little dog created from a Siberian Husky and a Shiba. Although it can vary from one individual to another, most Siberian Shiba need attention and can be...