Poodle

FCI standard Nº 172

Origin
France
Translation
Jennifer Mulholland, in collaboration with Raymond Triquet
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy dogs
Section
Section 2 Poodle
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Saturday 01 January 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Monday 03 November 2014
Last update
Friday 23 January 2015
En français, cette race se dit
Caniche
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Pudel
En español, esta raza se dice
Caniche
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Poedel

Usage

Companion dog

Brief historical summary

Etymologically, the French word "caniche" (Poodle) comes from "cane", the French word for a female duck. In other countries, the name of the breed is associated with splashing around in water. Originally, this dog was used for wildfowling. It descends from the Barbet of which it has conserved many characteristics. In 1743, it was called the "caniche": the female of the barbet in French. Thereafter the Barbet and the Caniche (Poodle) were gradually separated. Breeders worked hard to obtain original subjects of uniform colour. The Poodle became very popular as a companion dog because of its friendly, joyful and loyal character and also because of its four sizes and different colours which everyone can choose according to preference.

General appearance

Dog of medium proportions, with a characteristic frizzy coat which is either curly or corded. The appearance is that of an intelligent dog, constantly alert and active, harmoniously built, giving an impression of elegance and pride.

Important proportions

• The length of the muzzle is approximately 9/10ths of that of the skull.
• The length of the body (scapular ischial) is slightly superior to the height at withers.
• The height at withers is practically equal to the height at the croup.
• The height at the elbow is 5/9ths of the height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

A dog renowned for its loyalty, capable of learning and being trained thus making it a particularly pleasant companion dog.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Distinguished, rectilinear and in proportion to the body. The head must be well chiselled and neither heavy nor excessively fine.
Skull
Skull: Its width is less than half the length of the head. The entire skull, seen from above, appears oval and seen from the side slightly convex. The axes of skull and muzzle are slightly divergent.
Superciliary arches: Moderately pronounced and covered with long hair.
Frontal furrow: Wide between the eyes, narrowing towards the occiput ,which is very pronounced. (In Miniatures it can be slightly less pronounced). 
Stop
Only slightly pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Developed, vertical profile; open nostrils. Black nose in black, white and grey subjects; brown nose in brown subjects. In orange fawn (apricot) or red fawn subjects the nose is brown or black.
Muzzle
Upper profile is perfectly straight; its length is approximately 9/10ths of that of the skull. The branches of the lower jaw are almost parallel. The muzzle is strong. The lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the lower jaw and not by the edge of the upper lip.
Lips
Moderately developed, rather tight, of medium thickness with the upper lip resting on the lower lip without hanging over it. Black in black, white and grey subjects; brown in brown subjects. In orange fawn (apricot) and red fawn subjects, the lips are more or less dark brown or black. The corner of the lips must not be pronounced.
Jaws and teeth
Scissor bite. Strong teeth.
Cheeks
Not prominent, shaped on the bones. The sub-orbital regions are chiselled and very slightly filled. Zygomatic arches very slightly pronounced.
Eyes
Keen expression, placed at the level of the stop and slightly oblique. Almond shaped. Black or dark brown colour. In brown subjects the colour may be dark amber.
Eyelids: The rims are black in black, white and grey subjects. In orange fawn (apricot) or red fawn subjects they may be brown or black.
Ears
Rather long, falling along the cheeks, set on in the prolongation of a line going from the top of the nose and passing under the outer corner of the eye; flat, widening after the attachment and rounded at the tip, they are covered with very long, wavy hair. The leather should reach the corner of the lips.

Neck

Strong ,slightly arched after the nape, of medium length and well porportioned. The head is carried high and proudly. The neck, without dewlap, is of oval cross section. Its length is slightly less than that of the head.

Body

Body
Well porprotioned. The length is slightly superior to height at withers.
Withers
Moderately developed.
Back
Short. Topline harmonious and taut. The height at withers is practically equal to the height from the top of the croup to the ground.
Loin
Firm and muscled.
Croup
Rounded but not falling away.
Chest
Reaching the elbow; its width is equal to 2/3 of depth. In Standard Poodles, the perimeter of the thorax, measured behind the shoulders, should be superior by 10 cms to the height at withers. Oval cross section, broad at dorsal part.
Side
Belly and Flanks tucked up but not excessively so.
Underline and belly
The point of the sternum should be slightly prominent and set rather high.

Tail

Set on quite high at the level of the loin. It can be either natural or docked by 1/3 closest to the body or by 1/2 of its length in countries where tail docking is not forbidden. When standing the tail is low; in action it is raised obliquely.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Perfectly upright and parallel, well muscled with good bone. The height from the elbow to the ground is slightly more than half the height at withers.
Shoulders
Sloping, muscular. The shoulder blade forms an angle of approximately 110° to the humerus.
Upper arm
The length of the humerus corresponds to that of the shoulder blade.
Carpal
In continuous line with front of forearm.
Pastern
Strong and almost upright seen in profile.

Hindquarters

Generality
Hind legs parallel seen from behind; muscles developed and very apparent. The hock joint is relatively well angulated; the coxal-femoral, tibial-femoral and tibial-tarsal angles should be pronounced.
Upper thigh
Well muscled and strong.
Metatarsus
Rather short and upright. The Poodle should be born without dewclaws on the hind legs.

Feet

Rather small, firm, of short oval shape. Toes are well arched and tight fitting. The pads are hard and thick. The nails are black in black and grey subjects. They are black or brown in brown subjects. In whites the nails may be any colour in the range from horn colour to black. In the orange fawns and red fawns they are brown or black.

Gait and movement

The Poodle has a light and springy gait.

Skin

Supple, not loose, pigmented.
Black, brown, grey and orange fawn or red fawn Poodles must be pigmented in accordance with the colour of their coat. In white Poodles, a silver coloured skin is sought after.

Coat

Hair
Curly Coats : Profuse of fine, woolly texture, very frizzy, elastic and resistant to pressure of the hand. It should be thick, well furnished, of equal length and form even curls.
Corded Coats : Profuse of fine, woolly texture and dense, forming characteristic cords which should measure at least 20 cm.
Colour
Solid colour: black, white, brown, grey, orange fawn (apricot) and red fawn.
• Brown: Should be deep, rather dark, uniform and warm. Beige and its paler derivatives are not admitted.
• Grey: Must be uniform, deep, neither blackish nor whitish.
• Orange fawn: Must be uniform without tending to pale fawn, cream or red fawn.
• Red fawn: Must be uniform over the entire body. It must never tend to orange fawn.
Eyelids, nose, lips, gums, palate, natural orifices, scrotum and pads are well pigmented.

Size and weight

Height at withers
• Standard Poodles: Over 45 cm up to 60 cm with a tolerance of +2 cm. The Standard Poodle must be the enlarged and developed replica of the Medium Poodle of which it retains the same characteristics.
• Medium Poodles: Over 35 cm up to 45 cm.
• Miniature Poodles: Over 28 cm up to 35 cm. The Miniature Poodle must display the apprearance of a reduced Medium Poodle, retaining as much as possible the same proportions and without presenting any sign of dwarfism.
• Toy Poodles: Over 24 cm up to 28 cm (sought after ideal: 25 cm) (with a tolerance of -1 cm). The Toy Poodle maintains, in its ensemble, the aspect of a Miniature Poodle and the same general proportions complying with all the points of the standard. Any sign of dwarfism is excluded; only the occipital protuberance may be less pronounced.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Roach or sway back.
 Tail set on too low.
 Too restless subject.
 Absence of 2PM1 is not taken into account.
 Absence of one or two PM2, if symmetrical.
 Absence of M3 is not taken into account.

Serious faults

 Partially depigmented nose.
 Snipey nose.
 Pointed muzzle.
 Arched bridge of nose.
 Absence of two PM2 if not symmetrical.
 Eyes too big or sunken, not dark enough.
 Ears too short.
 Croup falling away.
 Tail curved over the back.
 Rear anuglations too straight.
 Flowing or extended gait.
 Sparse, soft or harsh hair.
 Colour not clearly defined or not uniform: blackish grey or whitish grey, washed out fawn, cream, beige in browns or very dark brown.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Nose completely depigmented.
 Lack of type, particularly in head.
 Overshot or undershot.
 Absence of 1 incisor or 1 canine or 1 carnassial (P4 upper jaw, M1 lower jaw).
 Absence of one PM3 or of one PM4.
 Absence of three or more PM (except PM1).
 Absence of tail or naturally short tail.
 Dewclaws or evidence of dewclaws on rear limbs.
 Coat which is not solid colour.
 White marks.
 White hairs on feet.
 Height exceeding 62 cm in Standards and inferior to 23 cm in Toys.
 Any subject displaying signs of dwarfism, globulous skull, absence of occipital protuberance, very pronounced stop, prominent eyes muzzle too short and turned up, receding chin.
 Median furrow practically inexistant.
 Very light bone in Toys.
 Tail curled with the tip falling over the flank or the croup.

Important

Addition to Standard
AUTHORIZED SHOW CLIPS


Lion Clip » : The Poodle, whether curly or corded, shall be clipped on the hindquarters up to the ribs.
Also clipped: the muzzle, above and underneath from the lower eyelids; the cheeks; the fore and hindlegs, except for the cuffs or bracelets and optional motifs on the hindquarters; the tail, except for round or oblong terminal pompom. A moustache is required for all subjects. Leaving hair, called “trousers” , on the forelegs is admitted.

Modern Clip : Leaving hair on all four legs is only admitted on condition that the following norms are respected:
1. Shall be clipped :
a) The lower part of the forelegs, from the nails to the tip of the dewclaw, the lower part of the hindlegs to the same height. Machine clipping, limited to the toes only, is admitted.
b) The head and the tail in compliance with rules described above. Shall be exceptionally admitted in this clip:
• The presence, under the lower jaw, of short hair no longer than 1cm the lower line of which should be cut parallel to the lower jaw. A beard, called “goat’s beard” , is not permitted.
• The suppression of the pompom on the tail.
2. Shortened coat :
Over the body, in order to give “shot silk” effect on the line of the back, more or less long but at least 1cm. The length shall be gradually increased over the ribs and above the limbs.
3. Neatened coat :
a) On the head which keeps a topknot of reasonable height as well as down behind the neck to the withers and the front, without discontinuity, to the shaven part of the foot following a slightly slanting line from the top of the forechest downwards. On the top of the ears and for a maximum of one third of their length, the coat may be cut with scissors or clipped in the direction of the hair. The lower part shall be left covered in hair whose length shall increase gradually, from top to bottom, to end in fringes which may be levelled.
b) On the limbs, “trousers” making a distinct transition from the shaven part of the feet. The length of the hair increases gradully towards the top to display, on the shoulder and likewise the thigh, a length of 4 to 7 cm measured by pulling the hair to straighten it, in proportion to the size of the exhibit while avoiding any “fluffy” effect. The hind “trousers” must allow for the typical angulation of the Poodle to be seen. All other fancy clips which do not comply with these norms are eliminatory. Whatever the standard outline obtained by grooming, it should have no influence whatsoever on the placements in shows, all exhibits in the same class should be judged and placed together.

English Clip : To the “Lion Clip” add motifs on the hindquarters, i.e. bracelets and cuffs. On the head: a topknot. For this clip the moustache is optional. The absence of demarcation on the hair of the hindquarters is tolerated. The topknot is optional (it is forbidden to use lacquer or any other substance to keep the topknot in place).
• Poodles which are not groomed in conformity with the standard cannot (as long as they are like this) be judged in shows or official events, without however being disqualified for breeding purposes.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

No comments

Nobody has submitted a comment yet.

Last updated articles

  • Australian Eskimo -- American Eskimo Dog X Australian Shepherd

    Australian Eskimo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Australian Eskimo The Australian Eskimo is a cross between an American Eskimo Dog and an Australian Shepherd Dog. They are generally white with brown or black markings that are often speckled or spotted. Their...
  • Australian Boxherd -- Australian Shepherd X Boxer

    Australian Boxherd He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Aussie Boxer A brief presentation of the Australian Boxherd The Australian Boxherd is a hybrid breed where the Australian Shepherd is crossed with the Boxer. This medium-sized breed has a smooth coat and...
  • Austi-Pap -- Australian Shepherd X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Austi-Pap He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Austi-Pap The Austi-Pap is a hybrid breed where the Australian Shepherd (Standard, Toy or Miniature) is crossed with the Papillon. Relatively new, there's little information available on the...
  • Auss-Tzu -- Miniature American Shepherd X Shih Tzu

    Auss-Tzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Auss-Tzu The Auss-Tzu, a cross between a Miniature American Shepherd and a Shih Tzu, is a small, friendly dog with a thick, silky coat that requires daily grooming. They are active dogs that need a high-fat,...
  • Aussimo -- Australian Cattle Dog X American Eskimo Dog

    Aussimo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussimo The Aussimo is a hybrid cross between the Australian Cattle Dog and the American Eskimo Dog. Medium-sized, the Aussimo has a long, soft coat and can be seen in blue, blue marbled, red marbled and red...
  • Aussie Wheaten -- Australian Shepherd X Irish Soft Coated Terrier

    Aussie Wheaten He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Ireland -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussie Wheaten An Aussie Wheaten is a cross between a pure-bred Australian Shepherd and a soft-coated Irish Terrier. Aussie Wheatens are bred to be active companion dogs because of their energy and...
  • Aussietare -- Australian Shepherd X Bull Terrier

    Aussietare He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussietare An Aussietare is a combination of a pure-bred Australian Shepherd and a Bull Terrier. Aussietares are bred to be active companion dogs. The breed is known to be protective, playful and...
  • Aussie Silk Terrier -- Australian Terrier X Australian Silky Terrier

    Aussie Silk Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussie Silk Terrier Aussie Silk Terriers are classified as a Toy breed and are a cross between pure-bred Australian Terriers and silky-haired Australian Terriers. Aussie Silk Terriers are bred to be...
  • Aussie Siberian -- Australian Shepherd X Siberian Husky

    Aussie Siberian He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Ausberian Shepherd A brief presentation of the Aussie Siberian An Aussie Siberian is a combination of a pure-bred Australian Shepherd and a Siberian Husky. Aussie Siberians are bred to be active...
  • Aussie-Flat -- Australian Shepherd X Flat-Coated Retriever

    Aussie-Flat He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussie-Flat The Aussie-Flat, a combination of the Australian Shepherd and the flat-coated Retriever, is a new customizable hybrid that is not yet registrable with the American Canine Hybrid Club or the...
  • Aussiedor -- Australian Shepherd X Labrador Retriever

    Aussiedor He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Aussie ShepradorAustralian ShepradorSheprador A brief presentation of the Aussiedor The Aussiedor is a hybrid breed where the Australian Shepherd is crossed with the Labrador Retriever. Known for being fluffy,...
  • Schipperke

    Schipperke FCI standard Nº 83 Origin Belgium Translation Pamela Jeans Brown, Raymond Triquet and Dr. Robert Pollet.Revised by Jennifer Mulholland Group Group 1 Sheep and cattle dog (except Swiss cattle dogs) Section Section 1 Sheepdog Working Without working trial Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI Wednesday 27 October 1954 Publication of...
  • Aussie-Corgi -- Australian Shepherd X Welsh Corgi Pembroke

    Aussie-Corgi He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Auscorg A brief presentation of the Aussie-Corgi The combination of the Australian Shepherd and the Welsh Corgi Pembroke is officially known as the Aussie-Corgi, although they are also commonly known...
  • Aussalier -- Miniature American Shepherd X Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

    Aussalier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussalier The Aussalier is a newly recognized hybrid, a cross between a Miniature American Shepherd and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and there can be many areas of variation in the appearance of these...
  • Ausky -- Australian Cattle Dog X Siberian Husky

    Ausky He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ausky The Ausky is a cross between an Australian Cattle Dog and a Siberian Husky, two intelligent, active and durable breeds. The resulting cross is an intelligent, active dog that does best with early...
  • Arubian Cunucu

    Arubian Cunucu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Caribbean island of Aruba Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Arubian Cunucu The Arubian Cunucu is an outcast dog that lives on the Caribbean island of Aruba. Although they are not officially recognized as a breed by any breed association or club, they are well known to...
  • Antebellum Bulldog

    Antebellum Bulldog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Altamaha Plantation DogAltamaha Plantation Bulldog A brief presentation of the Antebellum Bulldog The Antebellum Bulldog is a newcomer to the breed stakes. They were developed recently as a recreation of Bulldogs that were...
  • Anatolian Pyrenees -- Kangal Shepherd Dog X Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Anatolian Pyrenees He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Turkey <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Anatolian Pyrenees Anatolian Pyrenees are a cross between the Kangal Sheepdog and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog. Both breeds were primarily used as livestock guardians, so the Anatolian Pyrenees can also...
  • Amstiff -- American Staffordshire Terrier X Mastiff

    Amstiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as BandoggeStaffordshire Mastiff A brief presentation of the Amstiff The Amstiff is a cross between the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Mastiff. The nickname Bandogge refers to a cross between the...
  • American Rat Pinscher -- Rat Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    American Rat Pinscher He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Rat-a-PinRat Pinscher A brief presentation of the American Rat Pinscher The American Rat Pinscher is a combination of the American Rat Terrier and the Miniature Pinscher. The American Rat Terrier was...
  • American Pugabull -- American Bulldog X Pug

    American Pugabull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Pugabull The Pug originated in China. It was often part of the royal households of Europe and, in Victorian times, the Pug featured in paintings, postcards and figurines. The American Bulldog...
  • American Pit Corso -- American Pit Bull Terrier X Italian Corso dog

    American Pit Corso He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Corso Pit Bull A brief presentation of the American Pit Corso The American Pit Corso is a cross between the American Pit Bull Terrier and the Italian Cane Corso. They are large dogs weighing around 23...
  • American Neo Bull -- American Bulldog X Neapolitan Mastiff

    American Neo Bull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as American Bullpolitan Mastiff A brief presentation of the American Neo Bull The American Neo Bull is a large hybrid dog created in the United States. Breeders in the 1980s crossed different types of...
  • American Masti-Bull -- American Bulldog X Mastiff

    American Masti-Bull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Masti-Bull The American Masti-Bull is a hybrid breed created in the USA in the 1960s. The breed was developed by crossing the American Bulldog with the Mastiff to create a large,...
  • American Gointer -- Golden Retriever X English Pointer

    American Gointer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Gointer The American Gointer is a hybrid breed developed by crossing the Golden Retriever and the English Pointer. Although the breed's origins are not well known, Golden Retrievers are well...