Presa Canario

FCI standard Nº 346

Origin
Spain
Translation
Brígida Nestler
Technical Supervision: Mr. Miguel Ángel Martínez
Revision : Mr Jorge Nallem
Original version: (ES)
Group
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid Breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle dogs
Section
Section 2.1 Molossoid Mastiff type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 04 July 2011
Acceptance on a provisional basis by the FCI
Monday 04 June 2001
Publication of the official valid standard
Saturday 23 September 2023
Last update
Thursday 05 October 2023
En français, cette race se dit
Presa Canario
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Presa Canario
En español, esta raza se dice
Presa Canario
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Presa Canario

Usage

Guard dog used for protection of cattle.

Brief historical summary

A molossoid type dog, originating from Tenerife and Gran Canaria (Canary Islands). It is believed to be the result of matings between the “majorero”, a prehispanic dog indigenous to these islands, and other molossoids introduced to the Canary Islands.
These matings produced an ethnical group of catch dogs, of medium size, brindle or fawn or black with white marking, with a specific molossoid morphology but yet agile and powerful, having a strong temperament, robust and lively, loyal character.
During the XVI and XVII centuries, the number of these dogs increased considerably and numerous references to them in pre-Conquest historical texts, especially in the “Cedularios del Cabildo” (municipal registers), which explain their duties essentially as guard dogs and protectors of cattle.

General appearance

A medium-sized molossoid, with a rectilinear profile and black mask. Robust and well-proportioned.

Important proportions

The body is longer than the height at the withers; this characteristic is more noticeable in the female.
Skull- foreface proportion is 60-40%. The width of the skull is 3/5 of the total length of the head. The distance from elbow to ground should be 50% of the height at the withers for males and a little less for females.

Behaviour / temperament

Severe look; attentive expression. Especially suited to guarding and traditionally used for herding cattle. Balanced temperament and very self-confident. Low and deep bark. Obedient and docile with family members, very devoted to its master, but can be suspicious of strangers. Confident attitude, noble and a little distant. When alert, the stance is firm with a vigilant attitude.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Massive, brachycephalic and compact in appearance, covered with thick skin. The shape tends towards a slightly elongated cube. The cranial-facial lines are parallel or slightly converging.
Skull
Slightly convex in anteposterior and transversal direction. Frontal bone tends to be flat. The width is almost identical to the length. Pronounced zygomatic arch, with well developed cheek and jaw muscles, but not prominent, covered with loose skin.The occipital protuberance is only slightly marked. 
Stop
The stop is pronounced, but not abrupt. The furrow between the frontal lobes is well defined and is about two thirds the size of the skull.

Facial region

Nose
Wide, strong black pigmentation. In line with the muzzle. The nostrils are large to facilitate breathing.
Muzzle
Shorter than the skull, normally about 40% of the total length of the head. The width is 2/3 of that of the skull. Very wide base, narrowing slightly towards the nose. Bridge of the nose is flat and straight, without ridges.
Lips
The upper lip is pendulous, although not excessively. Seen from the front, the upper and lower lips come together to form an inverted V. The flews are slightly divergent. The inside of the lips is a dark colour.
Jaws and teeth
Scissor bite or slightly undershot bite, max 2 mms. Pincer bite is admitted but not desirable due to the dental erosion produced. The dental arch is wide at the canines. The teeth are wide and solidly set. Large molars, small incisors, well developed canines. The absence of premolars P1 is not subject to penalisation, given that the catch is made with incisors and canines, which must be properly aligned and anchored.
Eyes
Slightly oval in shape, from medium to large in size. Set well apart, but neither sunken nor protruding. Eyelids are black and tight-fitting, never sagging. The colour varies from dark to medium brown, depending on the colour of the coat. They should never be light.
Ears
Medium sized, set well apart, with short and fine hair. They fall naturally on each side of the head. If folded, they are in the shape of a rose. They are set on slightly above eye level. Ears set too high and very close on the head are considered unusual. In countries were cropping is allowed, they must stand erect.

Neck

Shorter than the length of the head. Skin on the underside is loose, forming a slight dewlap. Solid and straight, it tends to be cylindrical and muscular. Average length: between 18 and 20 cm.

Body

Body
Long, broad and deep. Its length is normally 18 or 20 % longer than its withers height.
Topline
Straight, without deformations and sustained by well developed but barely visible muscles. Rising slightly from the withers to the croup. Back apparently hollow, just behind the withers. The height at the croup is 1,5 cm more than the height at the withers.
Croup
Medium length, broad and rounded. Should not be long as this would limit movement. The female is usually broader.
Chest
With great capacity and well defined pectoral muscles. Seen from both the front and the side, it should be well let down to at least the elbow. Thoracic perimeter is usually equal to the height at the withers plus 30% of the latter, although a bigger proportion is desirable. Well sprung ribcage.
Underline and belly
Slightly tucked up, never sagging. The flanks are only slightly pronounced.

Tail

Thick base, tapering to the tip, down to the hock but no longer. Medium set on. In action it rises like a sabre, but without curling nor leaning towards the back. At rest it hangs straight with a slight curve at the tip.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Well laid back.
Upper arm
Well angulated, oblique.
Elbows
Must be neither too close to the ribs nor sticking out.
Forearm
Well balanced, straight. Strong boned and well muscled.
Pastern
Very solid and slightly sloping.
Forefeet
Cat feet with rounded toes, not too close together. Well developed and black pads. Nails are dark, white nails should be avoided, although they can occur in function of coat colour.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen from behind, strong and parallel, without deviation.
Upper thigh
Long and well muscled thighs.
Stifle
Angulation not very pronounced but should not be insufficient.
Metatarsus
Always well let down.
Hind feet
Slightly longer than the front feet, otherwise identical.

Gait and movement

On the move, the Dogo Canario is agile and supple and should cover a lot of ground. Long reach. The tail is carried low and the head is carried only a little above the level of the back. When alert, the head and tail are carried high.

Skin

Thick and elastic. More loose on and around the neck. When alert, the skin on the head forms symmetrical wrinkles which fan out from the furrow between the front lobes.

Coat

Hair
Short, coarse, flat with no undercoat (it can appear on neck and on back of the thighs). Rather coarse to the touch. Very short and fine on the ears; slightly longer on the withers and on the back of thighs.
Colour
All shades of brindle, from warm dark brown to pale grey or blond. All shades of fawn to sandy. Black. White marks are acceptable on the chest, at the base of the neck or throat, forefeet and toes of hind feet, but these should be kept to a minimum. The mask is always black (in fawn and brindle specimens) and should not spread above eye level.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males : 60 -66 cm. Females: 56 -62 cm. For very typical specimens, a tolerance of 2 cm. over or under these limits is accepted.
Weight
Medium: Males: 45 to 57 kg. Females: 40 to 50 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Pincer bite.
 Too many wrinkles in the craniofacial region.
 Presence of claw.

Serious faults

 Any fault is considered severe when affecting the expression and limiting the type of the dog.
 Specimens with greyhound appearance.
 Incorrect head proportions.
 Extremely convergent facial-cranial lines (over pronounced stop).
 Loins and withers of the same height.
 Incorrect position of limbs.
 Square profile.
 Triangular head, narrow (not cube shape).
 Thin, curled or deformed tail.
 Set on high.
 Too pronounced saddle or roach back.
 Light eyes (yellow), very close together or oblique, sunken or protruding.
 Excessive undershot mouth.
 Insufficient mask.
 Butterfly nose.
 Too floppy chaps.
 Missing teeth except P1.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Total depigmented nose.
 Unacceptable white marks.
 White marking on more than 20 %.
 Overshot mouth.
 Croup lower than withers.
 Sloping topline.
 Blue eyes or unmatched in colour.
 Cropped tail.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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