Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog

FCI standard Nº 350

Origin
Roumania
Translation
Jennifer Mulholland and Raymond Triquet
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Section
Section 1 Sheepdogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 09 June 2015
Acceptance on a provisional basis by the FCI
Wednesday 06 July 2005
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 09 June 2015
Last update
Tuesday 18 August 2015
En français, cette race se dit
Chien de Berger Roumain des Carpathes
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Ciobanesc Românesc Carpatin
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro de Pastor Rumano de los Cárpatos
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Ciobanesc Românesc Carpatin
In his country of origin, his name is

Ciobanesc Românesc Carpatin

Usage

Herding dog used by Romanian shepherds in the Carpathian mountains for centuries to defend the herds while, at the same time, being an excellent guard dog.

Brief historical summary

The Romanian Carpathian Shepherd Dog was selected from an endemic breed present in the Carpatho-Danubian area. For centuries the principle criteria for selection has been utilisation, this dog having conserved its character intact to the present day.
The first standard was written in 1934 by the National Institute of Zootechny. This standard was modified and updated in 1982, 1999 and 2001 by the Romanian Cynological Association. The Technical Committee of the R.C.A. adapted the standard on 30.03.2002 to conform to the model proposed by the F.C.I.

General appearance

Relatively large-sized dog, agile, never heavy, the general appearance being that of a vigorous dog. The body is rectangular, the croup is broad, slightly sloping, the chest is large and deep, the shoulder long and slightly sloping. Sexual dimorphism is well defined, the males should be taller and stronger than the females.

Important proportions

The length of the skull is slightly greater than or equal to half of the total length of the head.
The length of the body is always greater than the height at the withers. In females, the lumbar region may be a little longer.
The depth of the chest corresponds more or less to half of the height at the withers.

Behaviour / temperament

A natural guardian and courageous, he distinguishes himself by his instinctive and unconditional attachment to the herd and his master. He is a dignified, calm and stable dog.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Lupoid type (wolf-like).
Skull
The Carpathian Shepherd Dog is of the mesocephalic type, with a powerful but not heavy head. The forehead is wide and slightly domed; wider between the ears and narrowing progressively towards the stop. The frontal furrow is relatively long and sufficiently well defined. 
Stop
Moderate, never too pronounced nor too discreet.

Facial region

Nose
Large, wide and always black.
Muzzle
Powerful, of approximately oval section, slightly truncated cone shaped. The length of the muzzle is slightly less than or , at the most, equal to that of the skull
Lips
Thick, well pigmented, tight and well closed at the corner of the mouth.
Jaws and teeth
Strong, solid and straight jaws. Powerful dentition; scissor bite with the incisive arcades slightly rounded.
Cheeks
Lean, with strong but never prominent cheek muscles. The skin is tight.
Eyes
Almond shaped, slightly oblique, not too big compared to the size of the skull, colour dark brown. Neither protruding nor sunken in the sockets. The eyelids are black, tightly fitting the eyeball.
Ears
Not too big, triangular, attached a little higher than the line of the eye, with the tip slightly rounded, carried close to the cheek.

Neck

Muscled, very strong, of medium length presenting an angle of approximately 50° to the horizontal.

Body

Body
Vigorous, well developed, slightly rectangular.
Topline
Straight and firm.
Withers
Only slightly pronounced.
Back
Of moderate length, straight, solid and muscled.
Loin
Powerful, muscled, but not too broad, of moderate length, neither too long (the topline would not be firm enough) nor too short.
Croup
Broad and muscled, of moderate length, slightly sloping, never falling away.
Chest
Well developed, deep, reaching to the elbows, relatively wide.
Ribs
Strong ribs, well sprung, never barrel like.
Underline and belly
Moderately rising, belly tucked up but never drawn in nor pendulous.

Tail

Set on relatively high, bushy, with abundant coat. At rest, it is carried low, straight or slightly sabre-like, reaching to the hock. When the dog is alert or in action, tail is carried upwards and can be even higher than the topline but never lying on nor curled over the back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Strong bones. Seen from the front or from the side, upright and perpendicular to the ground.
Shoulders
Strong, moderately sloping.
Elbows
Close to the body, neither in nor out.
Forearm
Straight, very vigorous, with an oval section.
Pastern
Short, slightly sloping.
Forefeet
Oval, massive, compact.

Hindquarters

Generality
Upright. Muscled with strong bones and good angulation.
Upper thigh
Broad, very muscular.
Lower thigh
Powerful, muscled, of moderate length.
Metatarsus
Solid, vertical.
Hock
Solid, firm, neither too high (indicating an accentuation of the stifle angulation) nor too low.
Hind feet
Oval, well developed and compact, a speck smaller than the front. Toes arched and tight. Dewclaws, if any, should be removed except in countries where their removal is forbidden by the law. The pads are resilient and resistant.

Gait and movement

Free, long-reaching movement. Vigorous and sustained trot. In action, the limbs are parallel.

Skin

Ash grey pigmentation. The nose, the eyerims and the lips should be black. Ash grey or black preferred for the nails.

Coat

Hair
The coat is harsh, dense and straight. The undercoat is dense and soft. With the exception of the head and the front part of the limbs where the coat is short and flat, the coat, of moderate length, is abundant all over the body. On the neck, the back of the limbs and the tail, the coat is longer – profuse coat on these parts being typical.
Colour
Pale fawn overlaid with black (wolf-grey) of different tones, often lighter on lateral parts and darker on the upper part of the body. Pale fawn overlaid with black (wolf-grey) with white marks preferably non predominant.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Male ideally 65 – 73 cm at the withers, Female ideally 59 – 67 cm at the withers.
However the overall impression is always more important.
Weight
In harmony with the size, giving the impression of a powerful but not heavy dog.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Any departure from the preceding text and which hinders utilisation.
 Weak or too heavy construction.
 Eyes too light in colour.
 Very drooping lower eyelids, showing the eyeball, lips too fleshy and drooping commissures.
 Important pigmentation faults.
 Excessive length of body (more than 10%) and square body.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive, overly shy or lethargic.
 Subject clearly untypical with molossoid type appearance.
 Absence of a P3 and another tooth, absence of a canine, absence of a P4, absence of a molar or absence of three or more teeth (except PM1).
 Overshot, undershot or level bite.
 Very light bone.
 Chest insufficiently developed.
 Lack of undercoat, coat other than short on the head and front of limbs, curly or bushy coat, wire coat, long coat, limp coat, silky coat, forming a distinct parting along the spine.
 Important lack of pigmentation of eyelids, the nose, the skin and the lips; wall eye.
 Colour brown, brindle, yellow, or flecked in these colours.
 Males less than 62 cm, females less than 58 cm.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

The latest updated breeds

  • Tibécot -- Tibetan Terrier X Coton de Tuléar

    Tibécot He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tibécot The Tibécot is a hybrid dog, the result of the deliberate combination of two intelligent pets, both from different isolated regions: the Coton de Tuléar, a small white dog that thrived in the wilds of...
  • Tibalier -- Tibetan Spaniel X Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

    Tibalier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tibalier The designer dog known as the Tibalier is the intentional blend of two small pets, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, a breed originally favored by English royalty, and the Tibetan Spaniel, a cat...
  • Tervoodle -- Belgian Shepherd X Poodle

    Tervoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Belgium <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tervoodle The Tervoodle is a hybrid dog. Its parents are the Belgian Shepherd Tervueren and the Poodle. They are highly intelligent dogs. Always on the alert, they make excellent watchdogs. He's easy to train...
  • Tervard -- Belgian Shepherd X German Shepherd

    Tervard He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Belgium <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tervard The Tervard is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the Belgian Shepherd Tervueren and the German Shepherd. Generally used for work, Tervards are alert and vigilant. They are highly intelligent and easy...
  • Taylor's Bulldane -- Dorset Old Tyme Bulldogge X Great Dane

    Taylor's Bulldane He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Taylor's Bulldane The Taylor's Bulldane is both a Dorset Old Tyme Bulldogge and a Great Dane. The Old Tyme Bulldog is a rare breed, which makes the Taylor's Bulldane very unique. They are giant...
  • Taco Terrier -- Chihuahua X Toy Fox Terrier

    Taco Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Mexico <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Toy Chitoxy Toy Chiwoxy Foxchi A brief presentation of the Taco Terrier The Taco Terrier takes its name from its two parent breeds, the Chihuahua and the Toy Fox Terrier. The Taco part of the name refers to...
  • Swissy Saint -- Great Swiss Mountain Dog X St. Bernard

    Swissy Saint He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland -> Switzerland Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Swissy Saint The Swissy Saint is a beautiful dog bred for work, search, rescue and companionship. Not only is he ready to work and easy to train, he is also very gentle, affectionate and obedient. You may...
  • Swissneese -- Great Swiss Mountain Dog X Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Swissneese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Swissneese The Swissneese is a magnificent mix of Great Swiss Mountain Dog and Pyrenean Mountain Dog. Both breeds are considered giant dogs, so your Swissneese will be giant too. However, they are...
  • Swiss Newfie -- Great Swiss Mountain Dog X Newfoundland

    Swiss Newfie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Swiss Newfie The Swiss Newfie is a very large hybrid dog, an intentional combination of the Great Swiss Mountain Dog, the oldest and largest of the Sennenhund dogs that developed in the Swiss...
  • Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog -- Bernese Mountain Dog X Great Swiss Mountain Dog

    Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland -> Switzerland Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog The Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog is a hybrid between the Bernese Mountain Dog and the Great Swiss Mountain Dog. The Swiss Bernese Mt. Dog is a delightful blend of its two parent...
  • Stump Double Cattle dog -- Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog X Australian Cattle Dog

    Stump Double Cattle dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia -> Australia Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Stump Double Cattle dog The Stump Double Cattle dog is a rare designer dog, a combination of two cattle dogs that were developed in the Australian outback. Although the famous Australian Cattle Dog...
  • Standard Wire Hair Snauzer -- Wire Fox Terrier X Schnauzer

    Standard Wire Hair Snauzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Wire Hair Snauzer The Standard Wire Hair Snauzer is a dog by design, the intentional blend of Germany's bearded farm dog, known as the Schnauzer, and an English dog developed...
  • Standard Wauzer -- West Highland White Terrier X Schnauzer

    Standard Wauzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Wauzer The Standard Wauzer is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the West Highland White Terrier and the Schnauzer. They are small dogs, weighing less than 13.5 kilos at maturity. It...
  • Standard Schnauzer Chin -- Schnauzer X Japanese Spaniel

    Standard Schnauzer Chin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Schnauzer Chin A mix of Schnauzer and Japanese Spaniel, the Standard Schnauzer Chin is a beautiful, small to medium-sized dog with a medium to long coat that tends to be thick and soft, but...
  • Standard Ratzer -- Schnauzer X Rat Terrier

    Standard Ratzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Ratzer The Standard Ratzer is a lovely mix of Schnauzer and Rat Terrier. Its size varies a little, since the Rat Terrier comes in two sizes, but it weighs no more than 13.5 kilos and generally...
  • Standard Auss-Tzu -- Australian Shepherd X Shih Tzu

    Standard Auss-Tzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Standard Auss-Tzu The Standard Auss-Tzu is a medium-sized breed designed to be a hybrid companion dog. Its parent breeds are the Australian Shepherd and the Shih Tzu, making it a very unique and...
  • Staffy Bull Pit -- American Staffordshire Terrier X American Pit Bull Terrier

    Staffy Bull Pit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Staffpit Bull Terrier A brief presentation of the Staffy Bull Pit The Staffy Bull Pit is uncommon as a designer dog, although unintentional cross-breeding is probably quite common. This hybrid, which can only be...
  • Staffy Bull Bullmastiff -- Staffordshire Bull Terrier X Bullmastiff

    Staffy Bull Bullmastiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Staffy Bull Bullmastiff Staffordshire Bull Terrier and Bullmastiff are crossed to create the Staffy Bull Bullmastiff hybrid, a medium to large dog with a gentle personality. These dogs may look big...
  • Staffweiler -- American Staffordshire Terrier X Rottweiler

    Staffweiler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Staffweiler The Staffweiler is a hybrid breed that combines the traits of the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Rottweiler. It's a large breed, weighing up to 59 kilos and measuring between 63.5 and 68.5...
  • Staffie Bullweiler -- Staffordshire Bull Terrier X Rottweiler

    Staffie Bullweiler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Staffie Bullweiler The Staffie Bullweiler is a mixed breed whose parents are a Staffordshire Bull Terrier and a Rottweiler. These dogs are smaller than a Rottweiler, but just as strong and...
  • St. Weiler -- St. Bernard X Rottweiler

    St. Weiler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the St. Weiler The St. Weiler is a giant dog weighing between 45 and 81.5 kilos. This mixed breed is a cross between a St. Bernard and a Rottweiler. They are affectionate, loyal, protective, calm and...
  • Sprollie -- English Springer Spaniel X Collie Rough

    Sprollie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Scotland -> Great Britain Translation Francis Vandersteen In his country of origin, his name is English Springer Collie A brief presentation of the Sprollie The Sprollie is a cute, energetic hybrid breed created from an English Springer Spaniel and a Collie Rough. Although...
  • Springer Spaniel Sheepdog -- English Springer Spaniel X Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail)

    Springer Spaniel Sheepdog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Springer Spaniel Sheepdog The Springer Spaniel Sheepdog, a hybrid of the English Springer Spaniel and the Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail), could be considered a plush, furry mix of old English...
  • Springer Rottie -- English Springer Spaniel X Rottweiler

    Springer Rottie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Springer Rottie The Springer Rottie is a cross between the English Springer Spaniel and the Rottweiler. This hybrid is a very active dog with a robust complexion. Their coat is short to medium...
  • Springer Pit -- English Springer Spaniel X American Pit Bull Terrier

    Springer Pit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen     A brief presentation of the Springer Pit The Springer Pit is a cross between an English Springer Spaniel and an American Pit Bull Terrier. They are large, short-coated dogs with a moderate tendency to shed. They live up to 15...