Samoyed

FCI standard Nº 212

Origin
Northern Russia and Siberia
Patronage : Nordic Kennel Union (NKU)
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section
Section 1 Nordic sledge dogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 26 June 1959
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 04 September 2019
Last update
Monday 07 October 2019
En français, cette race se dit
Samoyède
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Samojede
En español, esta raza se dice
Samoyedo
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Samojeed
In his country of origin, his name is

Samoiedskaïa Sabaka

Usage

Sledge- and companion dog.

Brief historical summary

The name Samoyed derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern Russia and Siberia. In Southern parts of the area they used white, black and brown particoloured dogs as reindeer herders ; in the northern parts the dogs were pure white, had a mild temperament and were used as huntingand sledge dogs. The Samoyed dogs lived close to their owners, they even slept within the shelters and were used as heaters. The British zoologist Ernest Kilburn Scott spent three months among Samoyed Tribes in 1889. Returning to England he brought with him a brown male puppy called « Sabarka ». Later he imported a cream coloured bitch called « Whitey Petchora » from the western side of the Urals and a snow white male called « Musti » from Siberia. These few dogs and those brought by the explorers are the base for the western Samoyed. The first standard was written in England in 1909.

General appearance

Medium in size, elegant, a white Arctic Spitz. In appearence gives the impression of power, endurance, charm, suppleness, dignity and self-confidence. The expression, the so called « Samoyed Smile », is made up of a combination of eye shape and position, and the slightly curved up corners of the mouth. The sex should be clearly stamped.

Important proportions

The length of the body is approximately 5% more than the height at the withers.
The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the height at the withers.
The muzzle is approximately as long as the skull.

Behaviour / temperament

Friendly, open, alert and lively. The hunting instinct is very slight. Never shy nor aggressive. Very social and cannot be used as guard dog.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Powerful and wedge-shaped.
Skull
Viewed from the front and in profile only slightly convex. Broadest between the ears. Slightly visible furrow between the eyes. 
Stop
Clearly defined but not too prominent.

Facial region

Nose
Well developed, preferably black. During some periods of the year the pigment of the nose can fade to a so called « winter nose » ; there must however always be dark pigment at the edges of the nose.
Muzzle
Strong and deep, approximately as long as the skull, gradually tapering towards the nose, neither snipey nor heavy and square. The bridge of the nose is straight.
Lips
Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners of the mouth are slightly curved forming the characteristic « Samoyed Smile ».
Jaws and teeth
Regular and complete scissor bite. The teeth and the jaws are strong. Normal dentition.
Eyes
Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets, placed rather apart, somewhat slanting and almond-shaped. The expression is « smiling », kind, alert and intelligent. The eyerims are black.
Ears
Erect, rather small, thick, triangular and slightly rounded at the tips. They should be mobile, set high ; due to the broad skull well apart.

Neck

Strong and of medium length with a proud carriage.

Body

Body
Slightly longer than the height at the withers, deep and compact but supple.
Withers
Clearly defined.
Back
Of medium length, muscular and straight ; in females slightly longer than in males.
Loin
Short, very strong and defined.
Croup
Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
Chest
Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the elbows. The ribs are well sprung.
Underline and belly
Moderate tuck-up.

Tail

Set rather high. When the dog is alert and in motion the tail is carried bent from the root forward over the back or side, but may be hanging at rest, then reaching to the hocks.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Well placed and muscular with strong bones. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
Shoulders
Long, firm and sloping.
Upper arm
Oblique and close to the body. Approximately as long as the shoulder.
Elbows
Close to the body.
Carpal
Strong but supple.
Pastern
Slightly oblique.
Forefeet
Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing straight forward. Toes arched and not too tightly knit. Elastics pads.

Hindquarters

Generality
Viewed from behind straight and parallel with very strong muscles.
Upper thigh
Of medium length, rather broad and muscular.
Stifle
Well angulated.
Metatarsus
Short, strong, vertical and parallel.
Hock
Rather low and well angulated.
Hind feet
As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed (except in countries where it is forbidden by law).

Gait and movement

Powerful, free and tireless in appearance with long stride. Good reach in the forequarters and good driving power in the hindquarters.

Coat

Hair
Profuse, thick, flexible and dense polar coat. The Samoyed is a double coated dog with short, soft and dense undercoat and longer, more harsh and straight outer coat. The coat should form a ruff around the neck and shoulders framing the head, especially in males. On head and on front of legs, hair is short and smooth ; on outside of ears short, standing off and smooth. Inside the ears should be well furred. On back of the thighs the hair forms trousers. There should be a protective growth of hair between the toes. The tail should be profusely covered with hair. The coat of the female is often shorter and softer in texture than that of the male. The correct coat texture should always have a special glistening sheen.
Colour
Pure white, cream or white with biscuit. (The basic colour to be white with a few biscuit markings.) Should never give the impression of being pale brown.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal height : male 57 cm with a tolerance of ± 3 cm and females 53 cm with a tolerance of ± 3 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Visible faults in structure.
 Light bone.
 Males not masculine and females not feminine.
 Pincer bite.
 Yellow eyes.
 Soft ears.
 Barrel ribcage.
 Double twisted tail.
 Low on the legs.
 Badly bow-legged or cow hocked.
 Wavy or short coated throughout, long, soft or coat hanging down.
 Aloofness.

Serious faults

 Clearly unpigmented areas on eyerims or lips.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Eyes blue or of different colours.
 Overshot or undershot bite.
 Ears not erect.
 Coat colour other than permitted in the standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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