Serbian Hound

FCI standard Nº 150

Origin
Serbia
Translation
Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown
Group
Group 6 Scent Hounds and Related Breeds
Section
Section 1.2.Medium sized Hounds
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 30 March 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 25 March 2003
Last update
Monday 05 May 2003
En français, cette race se dit
Chien courant serbe
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Serbischer Laufhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Sabueso Serbio
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Servische lopende hond
In his country of origin, his name is

Srpski Gonic

Usage

Scent hound.

Brief historical summary

The breed belongs to the group of scent hounds which have spread throughout the Balkan territory. It is thought that the scent hounds from Asia Minor played an important part in its genesis. The first description of this breed under the name of Balkan scent hound dates from 1005 ; for this we are endebted to Frank Laska who described this breed together with other scent hounds. The first standard was drawn up in 1924 , but it was only at its session in Bled on May 14th 1940 that the F.C.I. adopted the standards already announced in Stockholm in 1939 and among these was included that of the Balkan scent hound. Because the breed was most widespread in Serbia, it was the Yugoslav Cynological Association which controlled breeding and put in place the first registrations in the official stud book. On November 12th 1996,during its meeting in Copenhagen, the General Committee of the F.C.I. discussed the motion put forward by the annual general meeting of the Yugoslav Cynological Association, and accepted that the name Balkan scent hound be replaced by Serbian hound.

General appearance

Dog of medium size with a robust constitution. Full of character, it is lively and energetic.

Important proportions

Length of body measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock is 10% greater than height at withers.
Girth of chest is 20% more than height at withers.
Length of head corresponds to 45% of height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Kind, with lively temperament. Dependable, showing remarkable tenacity.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Dolichocephalic ( narrow skull base coupled with great length ) ; top lines of skull and foreface are divergent.
Skull
Seen from the front and in profile, the skull is slightly rounded with a pronounced frontal furrow. Occipital crest not very defined. Width between ears is less than or equal to distance between stop and occipital crest. Pronounced superciliary ridges. 
Stop
Almost imperceptible.

Facial region

Nose
Well-developed, always black.
Muzzle
Cuneiform, a little shorter than the skull ; ideal relation between length of muzzle and that of skull is 9 to 10. The muzzle tapers progressively from stop to nose. The foreface is straight.
Lips
Mediumly developed, mediumly thick and fitting well with the jaw. The edges of the lips should be black. The upper lip overlaps the lower lip ; corners of lips are firm.
Jaws and teeth
Powerful jaws. Teeth are strong with regular complete scissor bite. Pincer bite allowed.
Cheeks
Flat.
Eyes
Medium size, oval, set slightly slanting. Edges of lids are dark in colour ( preferably black ). Colour of iris as dark as possible.
Ears
Set high, of medium length and width, pendulous, close to cheeks. The tip of the ear is slightly oval in shape. Ears are thinner than thick.

Neck

Strong. In length approximately the same as the head. Top line is slightly arched. It is at an angle of 45-50 degrees to the horizontal plane.

Body

Body
Slightly oblong, with length 10% more than height at withers.
Topline
Straight.
Withers
Slightly pronounced.
Back
Well-muscled. straight,powerful. long.
Loin
Well-muscled. length about the same as the croup.
Croup
Slightly sloping ( 20-25 degrees in relation to horizontal ). Powerful, well-muscled broad.
Chest
Strong; height 50% of height at withers and girth 20% greater than height at withers.
Underline and belly
The oval point of the sternum stands slightly proud. Belly has slight tuk up.

Tail

Extends line of croup. At the base it is strong and tapers progressively towards tip which reaches level of hock. Sligthly curved up, it is carried below line of back. Covered in abundant hair.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Powerful, well-muscled , parallel.
Shoulders
Scapula (shouder blade) : Length corresponds approximately to that of upper arm. Muscled, solid and well-attached to the thoracic wall. Forms an angle of 45-50 degrees to horizontal.
Upper arm
Powerful, muscled, approximately same length as scapula.
Elbows
Solid, close to body .Distance from elbow to ground is 50 % of height at withers.
Forearm
Flat, powerful, muscled.
Carpal
Solid.
Pastern
Powerful, slightly sloping ( up to 15 % from vertical ).
Forefeet
Cat foot, with solid tight toes. Nails are strong and black in colour.

Hindquarters

Generality
Strong flat, well-muscled and parallel.
Upper thigh
Well-muscled, flat.
Lower thigh
Well-muscled, length approximatively that of thigh.
Stifle
Solid, parallel with median line of body. Angle of stifle around 120 degrees.
Metatarsus
Strong, almost vertical.
Hock
Powerful, well let down. AngIe of 135-140 degrees.
Hind feet
A little longer than the front foot, with solid tight toes. Nails strong and black. Pads are resilient and adequately elastic.

Gait and movement

At the walk good front extension. Preferred gait, free energetic trot. Umbs move on parallel axis to median plane of the body.

Skin

Elastic and well-pigmented , taut over body

Coat

Hair
Short, abundant, glearning, quite thick and lying well over all the body with undercoat. Hair slightly longer on back of thighs and underside of tail.
Colour
Red ( fox coloured ) going from yellowy red to a rust tone with black mantle or saddle. The mantle or saddle go as far as the head which shows black marks on either side of the temples; on the chest a round white mark no larger than 2 cm in diameter is allowed.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males 46 -56 cm, ideal height between 51 and 52 cm. Females 44 -54 cm, ideal height between 48 and 49 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Missing tooth, although the absence of two premolars ( 2PM 1 ) is tolerated.
 Over or under shot.
 China eye.
 Body too long.
 Tail curled, carried high or curving over back tip of tail hooked or crooked.
 White mark on chest larger than permitted size or presence of white mark anywhere else.
 Height at withers greater or lesser than that laid down in the standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

The Serbian dog belongs to a group of hunting dogs spread in the Balkan territories. It is thought that this breed has played an important role in small Asian dogs.

The first description of this race, named "Balkanski gonič", dates back to 1905, when Franz Laska, along with other Balkan pirates, also described these dogs.

The first form of the standard was written in 1924 and was the basis for systematic tracking and growth of dogs.

Shortly thereafter, the announcement of standards was made, so that in Stockholm, in 1939, the Canine Association of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia proposed standards for most of our dogs.

Due to the Second World War, the FCI only accepted the standards announced in Stockholm in 1939 at Bled in 1948.

At that time, the standard of Balkan dogs was also accepted. This breed is the most widespread on the ground of Serbia, so that the Kennel Association of Serbia started in 1948 with the monitoring of the breeding and the inscription of the dogs in a generic book.

Between 1948 and 1957 in Serbia, there were about 200 targets assessed, where hunters were specially tracked. The results of the study of the outside of these purebreds were published in a zootechnical study of the Balkan dog published in 1954 by prof. Teacher. Dr. Slobodan Pavlović and prof. Dr. Svetislav Antić.

On the basis of these results, the 1948 Balkan dog standard was updated and reported to the FCI, which verified it in 1955.

At the same time, the question of the proper name of this breed is raised. It has been suggested that the name of the breed be changed to "Serb dog", because it is mainly located in Serbian territory, and Franz Laska wrote in 1905 that he has the greatest number in Serbia.

The same problem, namely the need to change the name, was also mentioned at the 1st Yugoslav Symposium on Goliaths in Valjevo in 1988. The Assembly of the Yugoslavian Kennel Club was held on 17 December. she decided to change the name of the Balkan dog to a Serbian hunting dog.

Amendments to the new standard were made on the basis of a study and zootechnical study of Balkan (Serb) dogs in the territory of Serbia in a period of ten years by Dr. Milivoj Urosevic with associates in 1988.

The Serbian dog is described as a very reliable dog, resistant like a hunting dog, and is used mainly in rabbit, fox, wild boar hunting and others.

In Serbia, in the countries of the region, a hunting dog is very popular, but rarely meets outside the Balkans.

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