South russian Shepherd dog

FCI standard Nº 326

Origin
Russia
Translation
Dimitry Mamontov & Anna Samsonova
Edited by Dr. Eugene Yerusalimsky
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs).
Section
Section 1 Sheepdogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 30 September 1983
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 22 August 2017
Last update
Tuesday 12 December 2017
En français, cette race se dit
Berger de Russie méridionale
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Südrissischer Ovtscharka
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro de pastor de rusia meridional
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Zuidelijke Rusland Ovtcharka
In his country of origin, his name is

Yuzhnorusskaya Ovcharka

Usage

Herding and guardian dog. This breed is used for protecting cattle; they successfully performed guard duties and protect premises.

Brief historical summary

The ancestry of the South Russian Shepherd Dog is historically thought to be from bearded coarse-haired dogs which were brought together with fine-wool sheeps to steppe regions of the South from Spain. This fact is mentioned in the XXVI volume (1830 y., St.-Petersburg) of complete collection of the Russian Empire laws.
These agile dogs of medium size, looking like modern Gos d’Atura Catala dogs, were able to round up the flocks of sheep and to protect them. These dogs brought from Spain spontaneously mated with local shepherd and sighthound -like dogs, who had being kept there sheep from ancient times.
Later these cross-breed dogs became widespread in the southern regions of Russia and even were known abroad, in Western countries or Europe as “Russian shepherd”. In 1867, a golden medal was awarded to the Russian Shepherd Dog at the World's fair in Paris for the beauty.
However the real selection began in 1898, in the Crimea, in Askania – Nova, the demesne of Russian baron of a German origin Mr. Friedrich von Falz-Fein. He was the person to give the breed modern typical features and to call it “South-Russian Shepherd”.
Numerous breeding with local sighthounds had led to increasing the height and dominance of the white colour, added some lightness of confirmation and a few flattened chest typical for fast running dogs, as well as tucked-up belly and more pronounced hindquarters angulations.
Last typical characteristics of conformation and the name “South-Russian Shepherd” were finally assigned to the breed in the USSR period in the early 1930s when the first official standard of the breed was approved.
The South Russian Shepherd Dogs are easy to keep and they can easily be adapted to various climatic conditions due to their endurance, and they are always ready to protect their owners and their property. These dogs are exceptionally loyal and dedicated to their owners but at the same time one should not expect that the South Russian Shepherd Dog will be friendly with the strangers.

General appearance

The South Russian Shepherd Dog is the dog of an above-medium to a large size, moderately long bodied, not stocky, with strong bones and dry powerful muscles.
The sexual dimorphism is well-defined, the males are more massive compared to the females and have larger heads. The topline is a characteristic feature of the breed; it forms a slight curve over the loin.
The body, head, limbs and tail are covered with coarse, long, thick and shaggy coat which creates a deceptive impression of clumsiness and heaviness but in fact the South Russian Shepherd Dog is a quick and agile dog.

Important proportions

• The length of the body exceeds by 10-12% the height at the withers. Females are slightly longer than males.
• The length of the head is approximately 40 % of the height at the withers.
• The ratio between the length of the muzzle and the length of the skull is approximately 5:6.
• The height at elbows is slightly exceeds half of the height at the withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Well-balanced, self-confident and independent. The South Russian Shepherd Dog is devoted to its owner but mistrustful and aloof towards the strangers. The South Russian Shepherd Dog is a perfect guard dog both when watching the cattle and when protecting the owner and his property.

Head

Cranial region

Head
The head is elongated, wedge-shaped narrowing towards the nose.
Skull
Moderately broad with flat forehead. The occiput and cheek bones are well-developed. Forehead and nasal bridge viewed from profile are parallel. The superciliary arches are slightly pronounced. 
Stop
Slightly defined.

Facial region

Nose
Black and large. A seasonal lightening of the nose pigmentation in dogs of wheaten (biscuit) and pale ivory colors is permitted, but nevertheless the rim of the nose shall remain black.
Muzzle
Slightly shorter than the skull, well-filled under the eyes and slightly tapering towards the nose. The nasal bridge is straight.
Lips
Dry, tightly-fitting, and black.
Jaws and teeth
The jaws are strong and powerful, scissor bite. The teeth are large, white and placed close to each other, complete according to dental formula (42 teeth). Double PM1 are permissible. The incisors at their base are set in one line. The dogs with the broken incisors, in case the bite may still be determined, to be considered not a fault.
Eyes
Almond-shaped, not large, looking forward and wide apart. The colour varies from dark to light-brown. The darker eyes are preferred. The eyelids are dry, close fitting, pigmented.
Ears
Low set, medium-sized, triangular, hanging close to the cheeks. Covered with thick hair.

Neck

Dry, muscular, of medium length, set at an approximately 40-degrees angle to the horizon, oval-shaped in cross section.

Body

Topline
The topline forms a slight arch over the loin where the highest point of the topline is.
Withers
Hardly visible.
Back
Moderately broad and long, muscular, strong, straight.
Loin
Medium length, moderately broad, muscular, slightly arched, and flexible.
Croup
Moderately long and wide, muscular, slightly sloping. The height at the rump is the same or 1-2 cm more than the height at the withers.
Chest
Moderately broad and rather deep. The ribs are slightly flattened. The forechest is placed slightly forward beyond the scapulo-humeral joint.
Underline and belly
It extends at the level of the elbows and the belly has a moderate tuck-up.

Tail

Moderately thick, not high set, it reaches at least the hock joint, and may have a hook or a semicircle on the end. The last 2-3 tail vertebrae often form a joint bone. The tail is carried down when the dog is at rest. Pendulous in repose; when alert and in movement carried not higher than the topline and is slightly curved upwards, but never curled or tilted over the back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Muscular and straight when seen from the front, parallel and set moderately wide apart.
Upper arm
Shoulder blades and upper arms are long, obliquely set and approximately of equal length; form a shoulder-blade angle of 100 degrees.
Elbows
Pointed backwards.
Forearm
Straight, oval in cross-section, set vertically.
Carpal
Strong and dry.
Pastern
Strong, moderately long and slightly inclined when viewed from the side.
Forefeet
Oval-shaped, firm and well-knit. Any colour of pads and nails is allowed.

Hindquarters

Generality
Muscular, straight, parallel when seen from behind and set slightly wider than forequarters. The hind legs should not be placed far behind the body.
Upper thigh
Long, wide, well-muscled.
Lower thigh
Long, its length is approximately equal to the length of upper thigh, oblique.
Stifle
The stifle is well bent.
Metatarsus
Strong, lean, moderately long, set slightly under the body, without dewclaws unless their removal is prohibited in specific countries.
Hock
Well-angulated, lean, flat and wide.
Hind feet
Oval-shaped, firm and well-knit. Any colour of pads and nails is allowed.

Gait and movement

Free and balanced. The typical gait is the easy and well extended with good reach in the forequarters and good drive from the hind legs. At the trot, the forelegs move in a straight line with a tendency of slight convergence to longitudinal axes of the body, the head lowers to the level of the topline. In movements, the rump is at same level with the withers or slightly higher. The joints of limbs freely bend and unbend when in motion.

Skin

Taut, supple, without any folds and saggings. Any pigmentation of the skin is allowed, except for the nose, eye and lip rims which must be pigmented black.

Coat

Hair
Abundant. The coat on the head, body, limbs and tail is of almost the same length. Thick and long coat on the head forms a eyebrows, moustache and beard. The nasal bridge shall be also well-covered with hair. It is desirable for males to have a mane.
The quality of the coat: long (not less than 10 cm), harsh, thick, coarse and shaggy, slightly wavy or broken. The outer coat onthe head and limbs is thinner and less coarse. The undercoat is soft, long, thick and lighter coloured. The coat with completely combed undercoat or matted either elf-locked is undesirable.
Colour
White, white with yellowish shading, white with grey, wheaten (biscuit) or pale ivory patches. Grey, pale ivory. grey and pale ivory dogs may have a white blaze on the head and muzzle, as well as white markings on the neck. With the spotted colour, the patches should be of light shades and should not have distinct borders. The final coat colour appears by the age of 18-24 months and due to this puppies and young dogs have somewhat more intense colour.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males: not less than 66 cm. Females: not less than 62 cm. Larger size is preferable, if general conformation is well proportioned.
Weight
Males: not less than 35 kg. Females: not less than 30 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 The height at the withers less than 66 cm for males and less than 62 cm for females.
 Neither sufficient nor excessive long body.
 Masculine bitches.
 A seasonal lightening of the pigment of the nose.
 Partial (not more than 10%) eyelids depigmentation.
 Excessive or insufficient curve of the topline over the loin.
 Insufficiently developed forechest.
 Insufficient angulation of the forequarters and hindquarters.
 Insufficient balance in movement.

Serious faults

 The height at the withers less than 64 cm for males and less than 59 cm for females.
 Light, coarse or loose constitution, short legs.
 Feminine males.
 The withers noticeably higher than croup.
 High-set neck.
 Yellow (“bird”) eyes.
 Loose flews and/or eyelids.
 Partially unpigmented eyelids.
 Small teeth.
 Large diastemas between the teeth.
 The incisors are not set in one line.
 The absence of two or more PM1 (M3 is not taken into consideration); to consult RKF attaching our recommendation.
 The ears hanging on the cartilages.
 Narrow, shallow chest.
 Roach back.
 Short, horizontal or abruptly sloping croup.
 The tail directed from the root towards the head and resting on the back and/or the tail curled over the back.
 The tail motionlessly hanging down.
 Straightened angulation in front and/or rear.
 Over-angulation in the rear.
 Sparse hair on the nasal bridge, short and/or sparse furnishing coat on the muzzle, poor moustache and beard.
 Absence of the undercoat.
 Straight, soft top coat.
 Silky coat parting on the back.
 Intense spotting, incompletely matured coat colour after the age of 2 years.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy dogs.
 Any surgical or cosmetic changes.
 Lack of desirable breed type.
 Square built.
 Rounded skull.
 Blue, green, bleached whitish eyes or the eyes of different colour.
 The entropion.
 All the deviations from the normal scissor bite.
 The absence of any tooth (except for PM1 and M3).
 Short hair.
 Tight curls or cords on any part of the body.
 The coat lying close to the head or limbs.
 Black, red, greyish brown, blue, brown or tricolor.
 Intensely represented mask or saddle.
 Totally unpigmented eyelids, pink or spotted nose, pink lips.
 Naturally short (bobtail) or straight docked tail.
 Side gating, pacing.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

The latest updated breeds

  • Rattle -- Rat Terrier X Poodle

    Rattle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Rattle The Rattle is a hybrid of the Rat Terrier and the Poodle. This medium-sized breed averages between 11.5 and 22.5 kilos in weight and 25.5 to 58.5 centimeters in height, depending on the traits it inherits...
  • Ratshi Terrier -- Rat Terrier X Shih Tzu

    Ratshi Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ratshi Terrier The Ratshi Terrier is a mix of two toy dogs, the Rat Terrier and the Shih Tzu. They generally weigh between 4.5 and 9 kilos and measure around 20.5 to 30.5 centimeters high at the shoulders...
  • Ratshire Terrier -- Rat Terrier X Yorkshire Terrier

      Ratshire Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I.     Origin   U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation   Francis Vandersteen     A brief presentation of the Ratshire Terrier The Ratshire Terrier is a mix of the Rat Terrier and Yorkshire Terrier. They are small dogs weighing between 4.5 and 9 kilos as adults. The Ratshire Terrier generally stands...
  • Ratese -- Rat Terrier X Maltese

    Ratese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Central Mediterranean Basin -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ratese The Ratese is a hybrid cross between the Maltese and the Rat Terrier. They will remain small, generally weighing around 7 kilos and measuring around 25.5 centimeters high at the...
  • Rat-Cha -- Rat Terrier X Chihuahua

    Rat-Cha He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Rat-Cha The Rat-Cha is a cross between the purebred Rat Terrier and the purebred Chihuahua. This creative dog has lots of energy and is very affectionate towards its family. The Rat-Cha, also known as the...
  • Rat-A-Pap -- Rat Terrier X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Rat-A-Pap He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Rat-A-Pap The Rat-A-Pap is a hybrid, a cross between the Rat Terrier and the pure-bred Continental Toy Spaniel. The hybrid is an alert little dog with an intelligent expression and great energy. The...
  • Rashon -- Rat Terrier X Bichon frise

    Rashon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Rashon The Rashon is a designer dog and is a cross between a pure-bred Rat Terrier and a pure-bred Bichon frise. They are small dogs weighing up to 5.5 kilos and measuring up to 30.5 centimeters. These...
  • Raggle -- Rat Terrier X Beagle

    Raggle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Raggle The Raggle is a designer dog composed of a cross between a pure-bred Rat Terrier and a pure-bred Beagle. They are small but energetic dogs that can be a little obstinate and have a strong prey...
  • Pyrenees Pit -- Pyrenean Mountain Dog X American Pit Bull Terrier

    Pyrenees Pit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pyrenees Pit The Pyrenees Pit is a great designer dog, a deliberate cross between two loyal and powerful dogs with strong natural guarding instincts, the American Pit Bull Terrier and the Pyrenean Mountain...
  • Pyrenees Husky -- Pyrenean Mountain Dog X Siberian Husky

    Pyrenees Husky He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pyrenees Husky The Pyrenees Husky is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the majestic Pyrenean Mountain Dog and the intuitive Siberian Husky. They are medium to large-sized dogs. He is the descendant of...
  • Pyredoodle -- Pyrenean Mountain Dog X Poodle

    Pyredoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pyredoodle The Pyredoodle is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the Standard Poodle and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog. It is a larger dog that is often considered a gentle giant. He gets along with most people. He's also...
  • Pyrador -- Pyrenean Mountain Dog X Labrador Retriever

    Pyrador He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pyrador The Pyrador is an intentional cross between the most popular dog in the United States, the Labrador Retriever, and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, a faithful guardian and protector of sheep in the mountains...
  • Pushon -- Pug X Bichon frise

    Pushon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pushon The Pushon is an adorable little dog that combines the best features of the Pug with the fluffy softness of the Bichon frise. Although their size may be small, they have big personalities. They...
  • Pugwich -- Pug X Norwich Terrier

    Pugwich He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugwich The Pugwich is a sociable, affectionate dog of small to medium size that has a cheerful disposition and loves to play. They make ideal pets with their confidence and outgoing nature. Active and...
  • Pug Shiba -- Pug X Shiba

    Pug Shiba He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Japan -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pug Shiba The Pug Shiba is a hybrid breed. Its parent breeds are the Shiba and the Pug. Unfortunately, the Pug Shiba will lose frequently, as both parent breeds tend to do. He needs moderate activity and enjoys playing...
  • Pug Pit -- Pug X American Pit Bull Terrier

    Pug Pit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pug Pit The Pug Pit is a gentle, playful dog that is very affectionate with its family and with strangers too. He's happy in an apartment or house with a fenced-in yard. He is small and stocky. He will have a...
  • Pugottie -- Pug X Scottish Terrier

    Pugottie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugottie The Pugottie is a small mixed breed that is a cross between the Scottish Terrier and the Pug. These dogs generally weigh between 7 and 11.5 kilos and can measure around 30.5 centimeters when...
  • Pugland -- Pug X West Highland White Terrier

    Pugland He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugland The Pugland is a hybrid of the Pug and the West Highland White Terrier. Because both breeds are small dogs, the Pugland will also be small. They rarely measure more than 30.5 centimeters, and their...
  • Puginese -- Pug X Pekingese

    Puginese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Puginese The Puginese is a popular designer hybrid between the Pug and the Pekingese. The two parent dogs are similar in size and appearance. The Puginese was first developed in China and is well known for its appearance and...
  • Pugillon -- Pug X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Pugillon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Pugion A brief presentation of the Pugillon The Pugillon is a specific cross between a purebred Pug and a purebred Continental Toy Spaniel. Although both parent breeds were bred as pocket dogs, they are...
  • Pughasa -- Pug X Lhassa Apso

    Pughasa He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pughasa The Pughasa is a cross between a Pug and a Lhassa Apso. They are active, friendly dogs that make excellent pets. They are good with children if socialized early. Pughasa are playful and although they have...
  • Puggit -- Pug X Italian Sighthound

    Puggit He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Puggit The Puggit is a specific crossbreed of two pets that have each been popular companions of royalty for hundreds of years, the Pug and the Italian Sighthound. It's a gentle, playful dog with a generally...
  • Puggat -- Pug X Rat Terrier

    Puggat He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Puggat The Puggat is a specific cross between the Pug, an ancient Chinese pet, and a feisty exterminator known as the Rat Terrier. These little dogs are quite energetic and playful, sometimes even clownish in their...
  • Pugese -- Pug X Chinese Crested Dog

    Pugese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pugese The Pugese is a designer hybrid between the Chinese Crested Dog, a dog originally used as a ratter on ships around the world, and the Pug, a companion of royalty for thousands of years. These small dogs are generally...
  • Pug-Coton -- Pug X Coton de Tuléar

    Pug-Coton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Pug-Coton The Pug-Coton is a hybrid breed. Its parent breeds are the Pug and the Coton de Tuléar. It's a friendly, loyal pet. A rather small dog, even at maturity, the Pug-Coton will weigh no more than 9...