Tyrolean Hound

FCI standard Nº 68

Origin
Austria
Translation
C. Seidler
Group
Group 6 Scenthounds and related breeds
Section
Section 1.2 Medium size Scenthounds
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 08 October 1954
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 10 October 1995
Last update
Tuesday 18 June 1996
En français, cette race se dit
Brachet tyrolien
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Tiroler Bracke
En español, esta raza se dice
Sabueso del Tirol
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Tiroler Bracke

Usage

The Tyrolean Hound is the ideal working dog for the hunter in wood and mountains. It is used as scenthound for hunting on its own hare and fox while giving tongue as well as for tracking all kinds of wounded games.

Brief historical summary

The Tyrolean Hound (Tiroler Bracke) originates, as do all types of Bracke, from the Keltenbracke (Celtic Hound). With its dense doublecoat it represents the purest type of game hunting hounds. Already around 1500 Emperor Maximilian 1st used first this noble Bracke in Tyrol and for hunting and mentioned in his hunt diaries that he took his lead hounds (limiers) from them. In 1860, pure breeding from certain strains began in Tyrol and in 1896 a standard was drawn up which was officially recognized in 1908. From the many types of Bracke native to the Tyrol, only the red and the black and tan colour varieties remain. In 1994, the short-legged variety of the Tyrolean Hound was delated.

General appearance

Medium size. Bone of medium strength, strong, muscular, sinewy. Flowing, long outline. Robust and healthy. Shape long, rectangular, slightly longer than high.

Behaviour / temperament

Steady, passionate hunting hound with fine scenting ability. Works independently and hunts with endurance, whereby giving tongue clearly and following scent firmly with a good sense of direction.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Broad, clean, lightly arched. 
Stop
Clearly defined.

Facial region

Nose
Black leather. Not vertically cut off.
Muzzle
Moderately deep, straight.
Lips
Short and close fitting.
Jaws and teeth
Strong complete scissor bite. A complete set with 42 teeth is sought after; the absence of totally two PM1 or PM2 (premolar 1 or 2) is tolerated; the M3 (molar 3) are not taken into account.
Eyes
Large, not deep set. Lid aperture round. Iris dark brown, edge of third eyelid pigmented. Lids fitting taut against eyeballs.
Ears
Broad, set on high, rounded at ends, reaching to top Canine when moderately extended.

Neck

Moderately arched, set on neither high or low, dry without dewlap.

Body

Body
Long trunk.
Topline
Belly with slight tuck up.
Withers
Pronounced, forming highest point of the top line.
Back
Straight, taut and moderately broad.
Croup
Sloping moderately, not steep, broad and long.
Chest
Very deep, moderately broad. Well rounded forechest.

Tail

Set on high, reaching at least to hock joint. Carried high when excited. Sabre shaped curve permitted, thick brush-like tail desired.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Legs straight.
Shoulders
Laid back, well muscled.
Upper arm
Well angulated.

Hindquarters

Generality
Joints in hindquarters well angulated.
Upper thigh
Broad and very muscled.

Feet

Strong with tightly closed, well arched toes and strong pads.

Gait and movement

Ground covering, very quick and enduring.

Coat

Hair
Thick double coat, undercoat coarse rather than fine. Hairy belly. Buttocks well feathered. Tail well coated with dense brush.
Colour
Red or black and tan (may also be tricolour).
Red variety : Red, deer red or red-fawn, too pale fawn is not desired.
Black and Tan variety : Black main coat or saddle with red usually not clearly defined markings on legs, belly and head. Marking above eyes (Vieräugl) permitted.
White markings (Apply to both colour varieties) : Stripe on neck, patch on fore or back chest and feet and legs. Lack of white markings not to be counted as a fault.

Size and weight

Height at withers
42-50 cm.
Dogs 44 – 50 cm, bitches 42 – 48 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Too weedy or too high on the leg.
 Too short on the leg.
 Coarse skull.
 Pendant lips.
 Glass or wall eye.
 Leathers too short, too long or folded.
 Too long, too soft in back.
 Shy temperament.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Nose brown.
 Over or undershot bite.
 Absence of more than two premolars 1 or 2.
 Distinctly pied colouring.
 Liver colour.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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