Great Pyredane

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
France <> Germany -> U.S.A.
Translation
Francis Vandersteen

A brief presentation of the Great Pyredane

The Great Pyredane is a popular hybrid, a specific cross between two giant dogs, the Great Dane, a fun-loving family dog originally bred to hunt European wild boar, and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, an independent and extremely protective sheep herder. These dogs tend to be calmer than the exuberant Great Dane, but more easygoing and eager to learn than the strong-willed Pyrenean Mountain Dog. Although their grooming and exercise requirements are fairly minimal, they tend to shed a lot and drool occasionally, so they may not be the best companion for those concerned about mess. They are also too noisy, energetic and large to make apartment living feasible, and are more likely to thrive in a larger home with a secure yard or dog park nearby.

History of the Great Pyredane

The Great Pyredane is a specific cross between two giant dog breeds, the German Mastiff, a 400-year-old breed developed to hunt European wild boar, and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, a large white dog that has herded sheep in the Pyrenees for around three thousand years.

 

        

A little of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

        
The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is an even older breed than the Great Dane. They have been sharing the cold, lonely Pyrenean landscape with their shepherds and flocks of sheep for around three thousand years, but where they came from before that is a matter of speculation, although the prevailing theory is that they are descendants of the great white herders that existed in Asia Minor ten to eleven thousand years ago. These dogs can be found in art, literature and historical documentation throughout French history, being employed not only as sheep protectors, but also as property guardians and jailer's dogs. In the 1600s, the dauphin Louis XIV dubbed this breed the royal dog of France, and they are thought to have played a key role in the development of the modern Newfoundland and Landseer breeds.
Standard of the Pyrenean Mountain Dog

A little of the Great Dane

The Great Dane, as we know the breed, has been selectively bred for at least four hundred years and most experts believe they are the result of a cross between English Mastiffs and Irish Wolfhounds, developed specifically for the purpose of hunting one of the wildest and most dangerous types of prey in Europe at the time, the European wild boar. The Great Dane was extremely popular throughout Germany as early as the 1500s, and in 1876 was declared the national dog of Germany, where it is known as the Deutsche Dogge. The breed became popular in the USA in the late 1800s, where they are most often used as guard dogs and family companions.
Standard of the Great Dane

Appearance of the Great Pyredane

The Great Pyredane is a giant breed of dog, generally measuring over 61 centimeters high at the shoulder and often weighing over 45 kilos. They usually have a large rectangular head, but it's not usually heavy in relation to the animal's body. Their medium-sized, almond-shaped eyes are usually brown, but sometimes lighter colors like blue, and the ears are set high on the skull and fold forward, falling close to the cheek. The tail is generally long and straight like the Great Dane's, but they can also have a "shepherd's hook" in their tail, a trait passed down from the Mountain Dogs of the Pyrenees. Although they can inherit all the coat characteristics of the parent breeds, most Great Pyredanes seem to have the soft, short, glossy coat of the Great Dane, but many also sport a short, dense undercoat passed down from Pyrenean Mountain Dogs.

Temperament of the Great Pyredane

The Great Pyredane is a popular hybrid, recognized by most hybrid and designer dog registries. This giant dog tends to be more reserved and independent than the Great Dane, but more sensitive and eager to please than the Pyrenean Mountain Dog. These dogs tend to be quite tolerant of children and other animals in their household and are generally calm enough not to send toddlers flying with their antics, but all interactions between children and dogs must be carefully supervised for the safety of both child and dog, and children should never be allowed to ride the Great Pyredane as this can aggravate certain disorders such as hip dysplasia and Wobbler syndrome. Although they are generally gentle and easy-going with their own families, some Great Pyredanes can inherit the guarding tendencies of Pyrenean Mountain Dogs and become somewhat overprotective of children or other animals in their herd.

Needs and activities of the Great Pyredane

These large dogs generally have fairly low exercise requirements to stay fit and healthy, and are usually quite content with several short exercise sessions equivalent to around 40 to 60 minutes of vigorous exercise a day. The mature Great Pyredane is generally a fairly calm animal around the house, although some can be prone to bursts of very energetic behavior. However, the adolescent can be more boisterous than the adult, and care must be taken to ensure that the dog doesn't put too much strain on its joints during its critical growth phases. These dogs are generally not suited to apartment living due to their vocal nature, energetic outbursts and size.

Maintenance of the Great Pyredane

This crossbreed generally has fairly simple grooming requirements, as both parent breeds have coats that tend to shed dirt and water, virtually eliminating the need for regular bathing, unless the dog gets into something objectionable, even for dogs that inherit the thick coat of Pyrenean Mountain Dogs. The Great Pyredane tends to shed all year round, and regular brushing is necessary to remove dead hairs and keep the coat supple and healthy, usually at least two or three times a week. This dog's large, pendulous ears can be slightly prone to developing infections, so they need to be cleaned and assessed regularly.

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