Japillon

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
China <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A.
Translation
Francis Vandersteen

A brief presentation of the Japillon

The Japillon is a specific cross between the Japanese Spaniel and the Continental Toy Spaniel. The two parent breeds are toy-sized, with similar layouts, sizes and coats, despite their geographical separation during development. The resulting hybrid strikes a delicate balance between the two, and is considered a wonderful companion dog that doesn't like to be separated from its family. Japillon is a popular crossbreed, and the American Canine Club, Designer Breed Registry and Designer Dogs Kennel Club recognize the hybrid. The Dog Registry of America and the International Designer Canine Registry also recognize the Japillon as a hybrid.

History of the Japillon

The Japillon is a specific hybrid between the Japanese Spaniel and the Continental Toy Spaniel. The hybrid is a popular choice for companion dogs, but even though it is recognized by several competitive registries, the Japillon has no set standards and can vary from dog to dog. So owners can prepare for variations by examining the histories and character traits of both parents to better understand the hybrid.

 

        

A little of the Japanese Spaniel

        
The Japanese Spaniel, despite its reference to Japan, developed in China. The Japanese Spaniel was prized by the imperial nobility and was often presented to foreign dignitaries, including the Japanese court. The Japanese court was also so enamored of the Japanese Spaniel that the dogs were given the name chin, meaning to be separated rather than to call the breed inu, which means dog in Japanese. The Japanese Spaniel remained in relative obscurity in the West until the 19th century, when the dogs were imported to Europe along new trade routes. Today, the Japanese Spaniel is a beloved companion recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888.
Standard of the Japanese Spaniel

A little of the Continental Toy Spaniel

The Continental Toy Spaniel is a toy-sized member of the Spaniel family, and developed in Europe as a favorite companion dog of aristocratic ladies. The dog originally came from Italy or Spain, and its ears were floppy. However, the breed was particularly popular in France, and selective breeding to raise the ears was preferred. This resulted in a dog with butterfly-like ears, giving rise to the name Epagneul nain continental. Today, both varieties exist, but the floppy-eared dog is rare. The Continental Toy Spaniel was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1915 and enjoys great popularity in the United States.
Standard of the Continental Toy Spaniel

Appearance of the Japillon

The Japillon's parent breeds, the Japanese Spaniel and the Continental Toy Spaniel, are of equal size and weight, making it easy to predict the Japillon's size. The Japillon is a toy-sized dog that measures less than 28 centimeters and weighs no more than 4 kilos. The head is round and the muzzle varies from slight to flat, depending on which parent breed the dog most resembles. The bite is scissor-like and the lips are tight. The Japillon's body is delicately boned, with slender legs and a compact body. The coat is silky and the tail is heavily feathered and curls over the back.

Temperament of the Japillon

The Japillon is very affectionate with the family and demands a lot of attention. It has a gentle disposition and resembles a cat in its movement. The Japillon loves children but may not be suitable for young children, who may be too rough for the delicately boned dog. Despite its toy size, the Japillon is an excellent watchdog that won't attack but will bark at strangers until asked to stop. The parent Continental Toy Spaniel likes to please, and chances are the Japillon is eager to please and will train well. However, the Japanese Spaniel can add elements of stubbornness and make training slightly more difficult. The Japillon is a playful hybrid with moderate to medium energy.

Needs and activities of the Japillon

The Japillon is a hybrid with medium energy levels and variable intensity requirements. A few short walks a day should be enough exercise for the Japillon. The Japillon can do all its exercise indoors and is ideally suited to apartment living. This hybrid also prefers warmer climates to colder ones, but does not tolerate extreme weather conditions. However, climate tolerance is somewhat irrelevant given that the Japillon is a domestic dog and spends most of its time indoors. This hybrid will appreciate time spent outdoors, however, so be sure to keep an eye on it at all times, as even a fenced yard may have an area you're not aware of that could allow this little dog to escape.

Maintenance of the Japillon

The unique silky coat is not prone to matting, but weekly brushing will help maintain the Japillon's coat. Frequent brushing will also help distribute the natural oils on the Japillon's skin. Bathing is not suggested unless necessary, as bathing can strip the skin of its natural oils and lead to dermatitis. The hair around the ears and legs is longer than the rest of the coat and requires special attention to avoid tangles. Long hair around the ears can also trap dirt, debris and moisture. Check your Japillon's ears during grooming to clean them with a vet-approved solution. The Japillon sheds very little and can be considered a hypoallergenic hybrid. The hybrid is not known for drooling and has no doggy odor.

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