Brabantse Bullenbijter

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
Germany
Translation
Francis Vandersteen
This breed is also known as
Brabanter
Brabant Bullenbeisser
Brabant Bulldog
Bärenbeisser
The Bullenbeisser, Bärenbeisser and Brabanter of Central Europe could be found in the area that now covers Belgium, Holland, Germany and Poland. How these dogs arrived in Central Europe, and for how long, is unknown, but it is most likely that these old Central European Molossers are a mixture of several ancestors, and from different periods in history. Celtic and Cimbrian dogs, guard dogs brought by attacking or passing armies, dogs brought to this land by human migration (bandits, hunters, vandals, etc.), dogs acquired through trade, etc. We shouldn't count on the primary versions of these breeds being uniform in type, since the new arrival of dogs would be used in multiplication, and they had any desired trait.

Slowly these dogs obtained a multiplication of type and specific traits, and became combined in the Dutch Mastiff, the Bullenbeisser, the Bärenbeisser, the Brabantse Bullenbitjer or Brabanter Bullenbeisser and the Danziger Bullenbeisser, even if it's not always so clear to trace the lineage, particularly between the small Bärenbeisser and the large Bullenbeisser.

For the best descriptions and illustrations of these dogs, we need to move closer to modern times, and stop at the end of the 16th, beginning of the 17th century.

John E. L. Riedinger (1698-1767) of Augsburg, Germany, was well known for his portraits of the German Hound, and is the most reliable source of Bullen/Bärenbeisser illustrations from this period in history.

Riedinger also gave written references to these dogs, when he wrote : "The main part of most German hunting packs of the olden days consisted of rough-coated dogs with bushy tails and wolf heads called 'Rüden'. They were supplied to the courts in incredible numbers by the peasants and suffered great losses on every hunt, so no special measures were taken to multiply them. The Doggen and Bullenbeisser, however, instinctively knew how to approach the hunting game from behind and hold it in such a way as to be protected from serious damage, which gave the hunters to achieve the kill, so that they were more valuable to the hunt and were consequently highly esteemed and carefully multiplied".

From this description we also learn that these dogs were employed for the great hunting game, and we can assume from Riedinger's words that these dogs were "highly esteemed and carefully multiplied", this kept the dogs more or less pure, otherwise they would surely lose their desired and esteemed traits as hunting dogs.

We take a leap into history, to read just what Wagner wrote about these dogs in 1950 : "By comparing Spanish and French authors of the 12th to 14th centuries with authentic English and German sources, we find that the so-called title "Dogge" was used as collectivism for all that was strongly built, short-haired hunting dogs with large heads, powerful muzzles developed into a triangle, drooping upper lip, strong body and strong teeth and that the Doggen forms of all European countries from the Middle Ages until today are limited to three types that have in the course of time developed into national breeds"

These are : 1. the heavy Bullenbeisser.
2. the large hunting dog created by crossing the Bullenbeisser with the old Wolfhound or Deerhound type.
3. the small Bullenbeisser, which represents a smaller form of the heavy Bullenbeisser through natural selection.

The dogs got their name Bullenbeisser (Bull biter) in the same way as the English Bulldogge got its name; through work the dogs were employed on it.

Bärenbeisser (Bear biter) are described as almost the same dog, slightly larger than the Bullenbeisser. They were used in hunting and fighting the Bären (brown bear). These two breeds were probably Bullen and Bärenbeisser, differing only in size.

Brabanter got its name from the province of Brabant in Belgium and was a smaller Bullenbeisser. An early German author of the 18th century wrote that a different kind of Bullenbeisser, of medium size, was established in the province of Brabant. He tells us that these dogs were bear hunters and baiters, made good guard dogs, with short noses, black muzzles, protruding lower jaws and were striped black and yellow in color. It's believed that the breed didn't exist until the English Bulldog came to Germany and the white gene was introduced to the Bullenbeisser.

The Danziger Bullenbeisser got its name from the town of Danzig (now Gdansk) in Poland, which earlier belonged to Germany. These Danziger Bullenbeissers have been described as large, much larger than the Brabanter, and we can assume that the Danziger was more or less the same dog as the Bärenbeisser.

The Dutch Mastiff was mentioned by Mr. B. Wynn in his book in 1886 : "There is a breed indigenous, or at least behind great antiquity in Holland and Germany, called the Dutch Mastiff, and is closely allied to the British variety, being of a fierce nature, and presenting the truncated and short muzzle. This breed, which is apparently the true descendant of the war dogs of Gaul, has been much crossed, says a well-known author, with the larger Mastiff. In the chronicles of the knight St. John of Jerusalem, there is mention of a Mastiff called Dreadnaught, who saved his master from the coils of a snake by his courage and agility. The dog is said to have been lowered from the cross mentioned above. However, the Dutch Mastiff can still occasionally be encountered in Holland"

Around 1875, Mr. Theo Basset encountered one of these Dutch Mastiffs in Hamburg. He described the dog as being 71 centimeters long, 30 high and weighing 81.5 kg. He drew a rough sketch of this dog, proving that it was long, low, a massive animal, with big bones, but short limbs, coat and hindquarters.

All of these were developed from the same ancestors and although some were maintained because of their pure specific abilities, we should count that some cross-breeding was done, and from Wynn's description we learn that the Dutch Mastiff was crossed with the British Mastiff.

Today, it is generally accepted that the small Bullenbeisser crossed in the province of Brabant, as well as the British Bulldogge, are the ancestors of the modern boxer.

The large Bullenbeisser is thought to be one of the ancestors of the Great Dane. Others, however, believe that the Great Dane is a result of crossing English Mastiffs with Greyhounds. The truth is probably that both versions are accurate. We know for a fact that English Mastiffs and Mastiff crosses were imported to Central Europe. In Britain they crossed the Mastiff with the Greyhound, and probably the Irish Greyhound (Irish Wolfhound), to make faster, more agile hunting dogs. These dogs never became popular in Britain, but once transported to Germany, they soon found many admirers. These dogs, described in early German literature as the "Englische Dogge", together with the great Bullenbeisser, or Bärenbeisser if you prefer, were for the most part probably both involved in the breed base of the dog that was later to be known as the "Deutsche Dogge" (Great Dane).

The Bullenbeisser was also brought to South Africa by Boer and German settlers, and can therefore be found in the breed base of the Boerboel and Rhodesian Ridgeback.

Today, the Bullenbeisser, or its subtypes, can no longer be found. It is believed to have disappeared at the end of the 18th century, when the Boxer gained popularity in Germany. The Boxer, so to speak, took over the role of the Bullenbeisser and Bullenbeisser, in pedigree and also favored the current breed when dog fighting was banned and the great game had disappeared from the forests, thus achieving its extinction.

There are rumors, however, that the Brabanter still lives on, but is only used as a companion dog.

The latest updated breeds

  • Smooth Poxer -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Pug

    Smooth Poxer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Poxer The Smooth Poxer is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the Fox Terrier Smooth and the Pug. Smooth Poxers are small to medium-sized dogs. Playful and amusing, the Smooth Poxer will be...
  • Smooth Pom Terrier -- Fox Terrier Smooth X German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian

    Smooth Pom Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Pom Terrier The Smooth Pom Terrier is a hybrid breed. Its parent breeds are the Fox Terrier Smooth and the German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian. Although they are affectionate with all family...
  • Smooth Jafox -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Japanese Spaniel

    Smooth Jafox He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain X China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Jafox The Smooth Jafox is the result of crossing a Fox Terrier Smooth with a Japanese Spaniel. The result is a lively little dog that makes an ideal companion. The genes of the Japanese Spaniel...
  • Smooth Foxy Russell -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Jack Russell Terrier

    Smooth Foxy Russell He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Foxy Russell The Smooth Foxy Russell is a new breed of hybrid dog, the result of crossing the Fox Terrier Smooth with the Jack Russell Terrier. The result is a small, dynamic dog with energy to spare...
  • Smooth Foxy Rat Terrier -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Rat Terrier

    Smooth Foxy Rat Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Foxy Rat Terrier The Smooth Foxy Rat Terrier is a hybrid mix of the smooth-coated Fox Terrier and the pure-bred Rat Terrier. Both parents are small Fox Terrier Smooth, and the...
  • Smooth Foxton -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Boston Terrier

    Smooth Foxton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Foxton The Smooth Foxton is a small designer dog and a cross between a Fox Terrier Smooth and a Boston Terrier. Its average lifespan is 15 years. He's an intelligent, lively dog who makes a...
  • Smooth Fox Pinscher -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Miniature Pinscher

    Smooth Fox Pinscher He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Fox Pinscher The Smooth Fox Pinscher is an intentional hybrid, the result of crossing a capable and intense ratter developed in Germany, the Miniature Pinscher, with an English hunting dog...
  • Smooth Foxker -- Fox Terrier Smooth X American Cocker Spaniel

    Smooth Foxker He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Foxker The Smooth Foxker is a combination of the Fox Terrier Smooth and the American Cocker Spaniel (more rarely the English Cocker Spaniel). The English Cocker is slightly larger and has a...
  • Smooth Foxingese -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Pekingese

    Smooth Foxingese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Foxingese The Smooth Foxingese is a small hybrid that is a combination of the Pekingese and the Fox Terrier Smooth. This breed can be an excellent pet for your family if well trained...
  • Smooth Foxillon -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Smooth Foxillon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Foxillon The Smooth Foxillon is a small designer dog and a cross between a Continental Toy Spaniel (Papillon) and a Smooth Fox Terrier. He can live up to 16 years and is a...
  • Smooth Foxie Doxie -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Dachshund

    Smooth Foxie Doxie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Foxie Doxie The Smooth Foxie Doxie is a small hybrid that is a mix of the Fox Terrier Smooth and the Dachshund. It generally measures less than 38 centimeters and weighs around 9 kilos...
  • Smooth Fo-Tzu -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Shih Tzu

    Smooth Fo-Tzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Fo-Tzu The Smooth Fo-Tzu is a hybrid of the Shih Tzu and the Fox Terrier Smooth. This hybrid combines the gentle, docile intelligence of the Shih Tzu with the courageous, focused intelligence of...
  • Smooth Foodle -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Poodle

    Smooth Foodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Foodle The Smooth Foodle is a hybrid of the Poodle and the Smooth Fox Terrier. Both parent breeds were developed for hunting waterfowl, small vermin and foxes, their sizes and coats enabling them to...
  • Smooth Fo-Chon -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Bichon frise

    Smooth Fo-Chon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Fo-Chon The Smooth Fo-Chon is a charming dog of hybrid design that is a mix of Bichon frise and Fox Terrier Smooth. It's a small dog that generally weighs between 3 and 7 kilos. This...
  • Smooth Chisoxy -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Chihuahua

    Smooth Chisoxy He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Chisoxy The Smooth Chisoxy is a hybrid dog by design. It is derived from the Fox Terrier Smooth and the Chihuahua. It's a very small dog - some would even classify it as a toy. It usually...
  • Skye-Pap -- Skye Terrier X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Skye-Pap He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skye-Pap The Skye-Pap is a cross between the Skye Terrier and the Continental Toy Spaniel (Papillon). These little dogs have a lot of personality in a small space. Most of them measure just...
  • Skip-Shzu -- Schipperke X Shih Tzu

    Skip-Shzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Belgium <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skip-Shzu The Skip-Shzu is a rare hybrid of the Schipperke and the purebred Shih Tzu. Despite its rarity, the Skip-Shzu is recognized by five different breed registries, including the Designer Breed Registry...
  • Skilky Terrier -- Scottish Terrier X Australian Silky Terrier

    Skilky Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Scotland <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skilky Terrier The Skilky Terrier is a hybrid between the purebred Scottish Terrier and the Australian Silky Terrier. The Scottish Terrier parent adds some ruggedness to the Skilky Terrier, but the...
  • Ski-Collie -- American Eskimo Dog X Collie Rough

    Ski-Collie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ski-Collie The Ski-Collie is a hybrid of the American Eskimo Dog and the Collie Rough. This hybrid mix combines two pure breeds that have both been bred for agricultural/breeding tasks in their...
  • Ski-Border -- American Eskimo Dog X Border Collie

    Ski-Border He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ski-Border The Ski-Border is a hybrid dog of mixed conception. It is a combination of an American Eskimo Dog and a Border Collie. This friendly, outgoing mix has all the pleasing characteristics of its...
  • Silkzer -- Australian Silky Terrier X Miniature Schnauzer

    Silkzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkzer The Silkzer is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the purebred Miniature Schnauzer. The Silkzer is a small dog and, despite its Terrier roots, is not fiery but makes an excellent companion...
  • Silkytie -- Australian Silky Terrier X Shetland Sheepdog

    Silkytie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkytie The Silkytie is a cross between the purebred Shetland Sheepdog from the UK and the Australian Silky Terrier. Its name may not immediately betray its parentage, as some people don't remember...
  • Silky Pug -- Australian Silky Terrier X Pug

    Silky Pug He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Pug The Silky Pug is a designer dog and is a cross between an Australian Silky Terrier and a Pug. They are small dogs with a big attitude. They're friendly, mischievous little dogs that make excellent...
  • Silky-Pin -- Australian Silky Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    Silky-Pin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky-Pin The Silky-Pin is a mix of the Australian Silky Terrier and Miniature Pinscher breeds. They are small dogs, weighing no more than 7 kilos and measuring around 30 centimeters. They are very healthy and...
  • Silky-Lhasa -- Australian Silky Terrier X Lhassa Apso

    Silky-Lhasa He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky-Lhasa A Silky-Lhasa is a combination of the Lhassa Apso breed and the Australian Silky Terrier breed. As both are toy breeds, your Silky-Lhasa should measure no more than 30 centimeters and weigh...