Cane da Pastore Calabrese

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
Sila, Calabria, Italy
Translation
Francis Vandersteen

Usage

Shepherd dogs used to protect flocks and property.

Brief historical summary

The breed's origins are undoubtedly ancient, and according to some experts, it comes from the dogs imported by Greek settlers when they moved to the region. It has been described in numerous newspapers and stories over the past two centuries. This dog was mainly used to keep wolves away from grazing flocks of sheep and goats, but as the wolf no longer lives in these Italian regions, these ancient dogs have a weight in their function and therefore their local popularity, and are in fact rapidly becoming extinct. In 1972, the "race" made its debut, out of competition, at the Cosenza show, with 7 rather homogeneous specimens competing against each other.

General appearance

The Sila Shepherd Dog, alias Pastore Calabrese or Silano, resembles a harmoniously built mesomorph, tall, vigorous, strong-boned but never heavy, with well-developed musculature. Equipped with great agility. The trunk fits into the rectangle, but should never give the impression of being stocky or low on the limbs. Sexual dimorphism is very evident. The coat, rich in undercoat, long and thick in winter, is semi-vitreous and smooth, accentuating the dog's vigor.

Behaviour / temperament

The Sila Shepherd Dog has always played the role of guardian and leader in the management of the herds that populate the Sila and part of the Calabrian territory. Fearless and incorruptible, they carry out their work with the utmost seriousness and dedication, never leaving the unguarded herd with which they spend their entire lives. He is extremely hardy, as he is used to living in extreme conditions, food shortages and climatic adversities, the environment in which he has worked for centuries. It has a vigilant, cautious expression. Equipped with an excellent memory. He distrusts strangers, which makes it difficult for him to get close, but in the presence of the shepherd/owner, equipped with great poise, he familiarizes with great ease. If he grows up in close contact with man, he shows great docility, vivacity and attachment to those who have taken care of him. Loving with children, more spirited and impetuous with adults. He has a great capacity for learning. Likes to be stroked. His psychic abilities suggest that this dog's usefulness is not only limited to guarding, his sensitivity and gentleness make him suitable not only as a companion dog but also for use as a therapy dog. Thanks to its athletic ability and easy training, it is also suitable for sporting activities and social use. The Sila Shepherd Dog can be considered a multi-faceted dog, capable of being employed in a variety of activities.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Mesocephalic type, large and massive, powerful but not heavy. Viewed from the side, it is shaped like a truncated cone.
Skull
The skull is almost as long as it is wide. The lateral and front profiles are slightly convex. The axes of the facial skull are parallel.
Stop
Moderate, not too pronounced, soft.

Facial region

Nose
Large and black, with open nostrils.
Muzzle
Broad and deep at the root, the tip of the nose becomes slightly thin.
Lips
The upper lips just cover the teeth of the jaw. The lip margins are always pigmented black.
Jaws and teeth
Healthy, strong and well developed.
Cheeks
Broad and robust.
Eyes
Semi-lateral position, with eye bulb neither protruding nor sunken. Not too large for the size of the skull. Almond-shaped. The eyelids are well adhered and well pigmented with black. Iris color varies from ochre to dark brown. Lively, alert and cheerful expression.
Ears
Set well above the zygomatic arch, close to the cheek, triangular in shape with a slightly rounded tip. Not too large in relation to the dog's head. The roll is pendulous and mobile.

Neck

Medium length, strong and muscular, thick and free from dewlap. Always covered with abundant hair, especially in adult males. The hair around the neck is much thicker and longer in adult males, almost forming a mane, very useful for defense.

Body

Topline
The topline is straight from the withers to the croup.
Withers
Moderately high on the hind line. The distance between the ends of the shoulder blade is fairly wide.
Back
Straight in profile.
Loin
The loins are well blended with the rear line. Strong and muscular.
Croup
Broad, solid and muscular, with a straight profile.
Chest
Deep to the elbows, relatively broad, in harmony with its mesomorphic constitution.
Ribs
Long, sloping ribs, with large intercostal spaces, indicate great lung capacity and therefore resistance.
Side
Strong and robust. Slightly longer than the height at the withers.
Underline and belly
The ventral sternal profile shows a long sternal region that develops into a semicircle with a very wide string, which rises gently towards the abdomen.

Tail

Its attachment is situated below, beyond the dog's hock in the normal position, bent at rest, carried above the rear line in excitement, with the tip fairly curved, but never curled over itself. Well furnished with thick hair without feathering.

Limbs

Limb development is in good proportion to somatic development, and the individual regions related to these limbs are also among them.

Forequarters

Generality
Strong, muscular bone structure. Correct apiomb both forwards and laterally. Forelegs and profile must always be correct.
Shoulders
The shoulder is long, sloping, with strong muscles and free in movement.
Upper arm
The upper two-thirds of the upper arm are well fused to the trunk, with strong muscles.
Elbows
Adherent to the side, covered with soft, relaxed skin. They should be in a plane parallel to the median plane of the body. The point of the elbow is located on the perpendicular descending from the caudal angle of the scapula.
Forearm
Follows a straight vertical line, with a solid bone.
Carpal
Located on the vertical line of the forearm. Strong, dry, smooth and thick, with a prominent pisiform bone.
Pastern
Very dry, with minimal subcutaneous cellular tissue. Viewed from the side, it appears slightly extended.
Forefeet
Large, round in shape. Toes tightly closed together, covered with short, thick hair. Nails are pigmented black.

Hindquarters

Generality
The development of the hind limbs is well proportioned to the body, and the various regions associated with the limbs are also well proportioned.
Upper thigh
Long, broad, covered with prominent muscles, with a slightly convex rear margin. Slightly oblique from top to bottom and back to front.
Lower thigh
Strong bone structure and lean musculature, with marked leg groove.
Stifle
Perfectly aligned with the limb, not deviated inwards or outwards.
Metatarsus
Strong, dry. With spurs, often double, but also without.
Hock
Very broad sides. Good thickness.
Hind feet
Like forefeet, but more oval.

Gait and movement

Long wheelbase, extended trot.

Skin

Well adapted to the body and to each region. Rather thick. Pigment on mucous membranes and sclera is black, as are the soles of digital and orthopedic pads.

Coat

Hair
Very abundant, long, rather rough to the touch, adheres well to the body, tolerates slight waviness. It forms a rich collar around the neck and limited feathering on the rear margins of the legs. It is rather short on the muzzle, skull, ears and front edge of all limbs. Hair weave is semi-vitreous. Hair length on the trunk reaches 8 cm. The undercoat is abundant only in winter.
Colour
Permitted colors are those that resemble the colors of native Calabrian goats, bred on the Sila plateau for centuries.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males 65 to 73 cm at withers, females 60 to 68 cm at withers.
Weight
Males 35-45 kg. Females 30 to 40 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Converging cranial-facial axes.
 Accentuated, deforming prognathism.
 Tail rolled over back.
 Stature above or below indicated limits.
 Continuous amble gait.

Faults of non-confirmation

 Totally depigmented nose.
 Entirely convex or concave muzzle.
 Moderate or bilateral depigmentation of eyelids.
 Bilateral squint.
 Prognatism.
 Monorchidism, cryptorchidism, obvious deficiency in the development of one or both testicles.
 Tail : anourism, brachyourism, congenital and artificial.
 Curly hair.
 Mottled coat.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

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