Chilean Terrier

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
Chili
Translation
Francis Vandersteen

Usage

Used for small game and as a companion dog.

Brief historical summary

Its presence in Chile can be traced back to colonial times, when European immigrants settled in South America, bringing with them copies of Straight Hair Fox Terriers and Andalusian Winemakers, which crossed with local dogs of no defined breed. They gave life to the Chilean Terrier. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the breed thrived on the "estates" of south-central Chile, acclimatizing easily to a rustic, often "stable" life. At the end of the 19th century, with the arrival of the industrial revolution, many farmers emigrated to the cities, taking their families and their Chilean terriers with them. So it adapted to "urban" life, being used in new industries and human settlements (cities) for rat extermination.
Much of its popularity in Chile is due to the character of the Condorito comic strip and his ever-faithful Chilean Terrier "Washington". Since 2004, a group of breeders and enthusiasts have been working together to organize a serious breeding program that would perpetuate the characteristics that have remained natural for decades. In 2007, the Chilean National Terrier Club was formed, a group that defined the type to be standardized. It has the virtue of adapting to a variety of climates and lifestyles, being used even in rural areas as a mouse hunter and, in the city, as an excellent companion dog, attentive and lively.

General appearance

A small, well-balanced dog, elegant and firm without being heavy. The coat is short and close, emphasizing the symmetry of its colors and markings. It has a short tail from birth. Scars are permitted as a sign of its work in rodent extermination.

Important proportions

The total length from the point of the shoulders to the point of the ischium is greater than the height from the withers to the ground in males.
A body that is almost square, allowing it to be slightly longer in females due to its reproductive function.
Length from nose to stop is slightly shorter than from stop to occipital protuberance.

Behaviour / temperament

Courageous, docile, lively, alert and energetic.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Triangular when viewed from above, broader at the base and tapering towards the tip of the muzzle. In profile, it is slightly convex towards the occipital bone.
Skull
Flat, moderately broad, tapering gradually towards the eyes.
Stop
Slightly marked.

Facial region

Nose
Large, with wide nostrils, always black for black and tricolor dogs, blue and tricolor, bicolor black and bicolor tan. Brown for tricolored browns.
Muzzle
Strong, triangular when viewed from above.
Lips
Dry and tight.
Jaws and teeth
Strong, well-muscled jaws. Large teeth with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite. That is, the upper incisors overlap the lower ones in close contact and are set in a square to the jaws. The absence of PM1 and/or M3 is tolerated, but a complete occlusion is always desirable. Any deformation of the jaw must be severely penalized.
Cheeks
Not protruding, thin and dry.
Eyes
Small, moderately separated, almond-shaped, dark in color, accepting a little lighter in cases of brown pigmentation. Light eyes are undesirable.
Ears
Small, high set, moderately parted, triangular, semi-erect and inclined, falling towards the angle of the eye.

Neck

Muscular, slightly arched, of medium length, well set on the shoulders, thicker in males than in females. No double chin.

Body

Body
Well structured, shorter and almost square in males than in females, strong without being heavy, with clearly defined curved lines.
Withers
High and well defined.
Back
Short, firm and muscular, in an almost straight line with an imperceptible fall to the back.
Loin
Short, firm and strongly muscled, slightly arched.
Croup
Broad, developed and muscular, with an obvious slope.
Chest
Moderate length and depth, reaching almost to elbow level. The sternum is moderately curved, long, with moderately arched ribs.
Ribs
Brisket not too pronounced, moderately broad, allowing easy movement towards the front ends.
Underline and belly
Slightly curved.

Tail

Low set, moderately broad at the base. A significant number of specimens are absolutely anoure (tailless) or brachyoure (short-tailed). When born naturally with a tail, it must not extend beyond the hock, and must be carried in a high position, without bending over. For the function they perform in rodent extermination, and for one of the areas at greatest risk in this function, choose between two specimens of similar quality the one that is anoure or brachyoure.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The forelegs fall straight from the shoulders, with the elbows attached to the chest, making the front straight.
Shoulders
Moderately long, muscular, slightly sloping at the back.
Elbows
Firm, attached to the body.
Forefeet
Compact, with well-spaced, well arched toes; the middle fingers of the forelegs are longer than the others. Medium-length nails with well-developed pads are preferred. Dewclaws should not be removed.

Hindquarters

Generality
Muscular, long-boned, level and parallel to each other.
Upper thigh
Well developed.
Hock
Large and parallel.
Hind feet
Cat-like appearance. Dewclaws are undesirable.

Gait and movement

Flexible, elegant, short-stepped, with high head and firm back.

Skin

Smooth, free of wrinkles and/or folds.

Coat

Hair
Short, stiff, close and glossy. Covers the entire body, with finer hair on the ears, neck, inner and lower forelegs and behind the thighs. The inner layer (undercoat) is undesirable.
Colour
The predominant color is white, covering the entire body, including neck and tail, with the exception of the head and ears. This area is black and tan, brown and tan or blue and tan, with the tan symmetrically distributed over the eyes, both cheeks and inside the ears. There is also a slightly rarer, bicolored variety, with only the black or tan color, always limited to the head and ears.
Whatever the color of the head and ears, specimens with a white patch on the upper forehead and under the cheeks, harmoniously distributed, are highly prized. Specimens with an asymmetrical mask on the head (called "pirates") or with small, limited color spots (depending on the variety) on the neck, back and/or tail are tolerated. Similarly, tricolored specimens with more extensive areas of tan diffusion are tolerated, but symmetry of head color and exclusively white body are desirable.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males 32 to 38 cm, ideally 35 cm, females 28 to 35 cm, ideally 32 cm, leaving a margin of 1 cm below these measurements, provided the specimen retains proportions that enable it to perform optimally in its intended function.
Weight
Males: 5 to 8 kilos, ideal weight 6.5 kilos. Females: 4 to 7 kilos, ideal weight 5.5 kilos.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Narrow, snake-like skull.
 Pink ears.
 Small nose or underdeveloped nostrils.
 Straight loin.
 Loose elbows.

Serious faults

 Amanzanada head (rounded).
 Light eyes, round or too far apart.
 Large ears, too far apart, too high or too low.
 Brown nose in bicolor fire specimens.
 Pincer bite.
 Small teeth.
 Short neck and/or double chin.
 Shoulders too loose or heavy.
 Long body.
 Chest excessively broad and/or deep.
 Short limbs.
 Cambered back.
 Tail insertion too high or too light.
 Presence of hind dewclaws.
 Height exceeding defined maximum and minimum by 1 cm.
 Presence of undercoat.
 Coloration with excessive presence of spots on the body or with colored moles.
 Single-colored white specimen.

Disqualifying faults

 Shy and/or aggressive dogs.
 Undershot or overshot mouth or any deformity of the jaw.
 Completely erect ears.
 Long hair.
 Croup straight, flat, without slope.
 Examples exceeding the defined maximum and minimum by 2 cm.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

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