Cursinu

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
Corsica, France
Translation
Francis Vandersteen
This breed is also known as
Chien corse
U Cursinu

Brief historical summary

Writings and illustrations attest to the existence of the Corsican dog since at least the 16th century. Until the early 20th century, Corsicans entrusted them with guarding their herds. But depending on the times and people's needs, he has had multiple functions, including hunting. The Corsican dog's versatility and insularity contributed to its development on the island until around 1950. After a decline due to competition from continental breeds, a new craze has been sweeping the local breed since the 1980s, especially as a hunting dog. The Association de Sauvegarde du Chien Corse was created in 1989. The Société Centrale Canine recognized the breed in 2003.

General appearance

A hardy, robust country dog. They are medium-length, eumetrical dogs. It is characterized by a short neck.
In essence, the Corsican Dog is the versatile dog of yesteryear. It was originally a shepherd's dog and can still be used as such. Another common use is to search for and catch free-ranging animals such as pigs and cows. The decline in agro-pastoral activities has favored its use by hunters (wild boar, foxes, hares).

Important proportions

The height of the chest is about half the height at the withers. Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock tends to be equal to height at withers. The length of the muzzle is approximately half the length of the head (47% on average).

Behaviour / temperament

The Cursinu is docile, loyal and very attached to its master. It is a very proud dog. It is wary of strangers. Cursinus are intelligent, calm and well-balanced dogs, able to adapt to a wide range of situations. Quiet at home, they are lively and energetic in action. Extensive breeding meant that he didn't guide the whole herd, but brought back stray or recalcitrant animals. He hunts to windward, often to catch game; his chase is relatively short, one to two hours, accompanied by short, sharp barks. Users appreciate its spontaneous return to the release site.

Head

Cranial region

Head
The head belongs to the lupoid model defined by P. Megnin.
Skull
The skull is roughly flat, with an average width at the zygomatic arches of around 10 cm in females and 11 cm in males.
The lines of the skull and muzzle diverge towards the front. The profile of the muzzle is straight or slightly convex. The superciliary arches are slight to obliterated.
Stop
Slightly accentuated at an open angle of 150 to 160 degrees.

Facial region

Nose
Broad, black, open nostrils.
Muzzle
Truncated pyramid shape, straight upper profile. Relatively thin muzzle.
Lips
Thin, taut, close-fitting, well pigmented. The upper lip does not overlap the lower.
Cheeks
Dry, muscular.
Eyes
Oval, hazel to dark brown. Slightly oblique.
Ears
Set mostly above the eye line, but sometimes level with it. They may be drooping or semi-drooping (broken into a V or folded pink). Triangular, of medium length, they can reach the inner corner of the eye when pulled forward.

Neck

Short, giving the impression of a "head tucked into shoulders". It is muscular and truncated. The skin is taut: there is no dewlap.

Body

Body
Powerful, without excessive heaviness, straight topline. Harmonious underline. The belly is tucked up but not lifted. Short flanks.
Withers
Broad and prominent. Slight neck attachment.
Back
Straight profile and powerful musculature.
Loin
Short.
Croup
Slightly sloping, short and muscular.
Chest
Broad and high. It does not descend below the point of the elbow: the understernal void is approximately equal to half the height at the withers. Ribs moderately rounded.

Tail

The whip is whole. It is long (tip below the hock) or of medium length (tip at hock level). It is always thick and well furnished with hair. At rest, it may be drooping or curled. In action, it curls over the back or croup, sometimes over the hip. The curl may be partial or total, extending to a tight ring, which is a sought-after shape.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Regular legs and powerful muscles.
Shoulders
Oblique and muscular.
Elbows
Level with the lower part of the chest.
Forearm
Vertical when viewed from the side and front.
Carpal
Strong.
Pastern
Moderately oblique.

Hindquarters

Generality
Regular legs, powerful muscles. Seen from behind, the hindquarters are vertical.
Upper thigh
Moderately sloping, well muscled.
Lower thigh
Long, moderately muscular.
Stifle
Clean and in line with the body.
Metatarsus
Seen in profile, almost vertical.
Hock
Dry. The angle of the hock is suitably open.

Gait and movement

Regular and supple at walk and trot. The Cursinu's gallop is short, jerky and bouncy, perfectly suited to rugged terrain such as scrubland.

Skin

Thick, adhering perfectly to the body.

Coat

Hair
Well furnished, short to medium-length: some dogs have bangs.
Colour
The color is most often brindle fawn; all shades of fawn exist. Charcoal fawn or sable and black with fawn or sable markings are also permitted, as is the presence of a mask. Limited variegation is permitted, with white patches on the chest and extremities of the legs.

Size and weight

Height at withers
For females, from 46 to 55 cm, including tolerance. For males, 46 to 58 cm, including tolerance.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

Apart from genetic faults, the following are considered eliminatory :
 Aggressive and timid dogs.
 Molossoid head.
 Short coat.
 Absence of tail.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

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