Puma

He is a wild animal

Origin
North and South America
Translation
Francis Vandersteen
The possession of this animal is not authorized Royal Decree establishing the list of mammals not kept for production purposes that may be kept (M.B. 24.08.2009)
The puma, also known as the mountain lion or cougar, is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the felidae family. It is a solitary animal that lives in North and South America. Difficult to observe, it resembles a leopard without spots, which explains why it is sometimes also referred to as a panther.

The puma's coat is uniform (concolor means "of a single color"), although stripes can sometimes be seen on its forelegs. Its color remains in tawny tones, varying from reddish-brown in tropical regions to yellow-gray in arid regions. The underside is lighter, ranging from cream to white. Hair length depends on the natural environment in which the animal lives: rough and short in warm regions, long in cold. Albinism is rare, but melanism is common.

On average, the male measures between 1 and 2.30 meters in length, the record being 2.90 meters including tail. The tail represents a third of the animal's size. The puma's weight averages between 53 and 72 kg for males; the largest known individual weighed 120 kg. Shoulder height varies from 60 to 76 cm. Females are smaller (around 35 to 48 kg). In addition, puma subspecies differ in size: the largest specimens live in the Rocky Mountains and Patagonia, while the smallest evolve in regions close to the equator. Size increases with distance from the equator.

The puma's silhouette is slender and muscular, and its hindquarters are higher than its head, enabling it to jump easily. Its long tail (between 53 and 81 cm), darker at the tip, is one of the puma's distinguishing features. Finally, it has four toes equipped with long, sharp, retractile claws. Its hind legs are wider and more powerful than its front ones, enabling it to pounce efficiently and advance easily in snow or on steep terrain.

Pumas are carnivores, generally attacking large mammals such as deer or elk, but also smaller animals if necessary, even fishing or feeding on insects or lizards. On average, a North American puma will consume a deer every seven to ten days, sometimes more in the case of a female with young. Finally, pumas can kill livestock (horses, sheep, cows, goats, etc.).

Pumas hunt alone, at dawn or dusk, during the day in the mountains. They stalk their prey and approach it from behind. Pumas can swoop down on an animal from the top of a branch: this is called stalking. They kill their prey by biting the base of the skull, breaking the victim's neck. In this way, they can attack animals much larger than themselves. They then bury the carcass or partially cover it to protect it from scavengers for a few days, before returning to feed on it. Like all predators, they change their prey depending on its abundance. In an area where a species of Canadian bighorn sheep had been reintroduced, it was found that pumas had increased their predation on this species, while deer populations (their preferred food) had decreased.

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Cymric

    Cymric Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cymric is a cat breed from the Isle of Man (British Isles). This cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Manx, which has the particularity of not having a tail. A brief historical overview Like the Manx, the Cymric originated on the British Isle of Man. As the island's cat population was...
  • Colorpoint shorthair

    Colorpoint shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Colorpoint Shorthair is a cat breed originally from Thailand. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its colorpoint coat and blue eyes. A brief historical overview The origins of the Colorpoint Shorthair are the same as those of the Siamese, since it is the same breed.The breed is said to...
  • Chantilly

    Chantilly Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chantilly is a semi-long-haired cat breed created in the United States in the 1960s from two kittens of undetermined breed. On the brink of extinction in the 1980s, breeding was revived in Canada. The breed remains very rare and is only recognized by a few North American federations, mostly on an...
  • California Spangled

    California Spangled Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Spangled is a breed of cat native to the United States. This endangered cat is characterized by its leopard-like spotted tabby coat. A brief historical overview Paul Casey, an American screenwriter, created the breed in 1970. He had just returned from a trip to Africa and wanted a...
  • Brazilian shorthair

    Brazilian shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Brazilian shorthair, also known as the Pelo Curto Brasileiro, is a breed of cat native to Brazil. This medium-sized cat is characterized by the fact that it is the first internationally recognized Brazilian breed and is extremely rare. Standard The current standard published by the...
  • Japanese Bobtail

    Japanese Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of cat native to Japan. This cat is characterized by its short, curled tail. A brief historical overview The breed, when tortoiseshell and white, is known as the Mi-ké (three hairs = three colors) in its native Japan, where it is considered a symbol of...
  • Kuril Bobtail

    Kuril Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Kuril Bobtail is a cat breed from the Kuril Islands in Russia. This cat is characterized by its very short pom-pom tail, the result of a natural mutation. The breed exists in shorthair and longhair varieties. A brief historical overview This natural breed originated on the Kuril Islands, on the...
  • Russian blue

    Russian blue Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Russian Blue or Russian is a cat breed with controversial origins, usually considered a natural breed that originated in cold countries such as Russia and Scandinavia. Often described as a calm breed that is very attached to its master, the Russian Blue is well suited to life in an...
  • Balinais

    Balinais Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Balinais is a cat breed that originated in the United States. This medium-sized cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Siamese. Standard The French standard specifies that the Balinais, although fine, must not be too thin. A brief historical overview The Balinais is the semi-long-haired variety...
  • Australian mist

    Australian mist Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Australian Mist, also known as the Spotted Mist, is a breed of cat native to Australia. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short-haired coat with a spotted tabby or blotched tabby pattern. A brief historical overview The origins of the Australian Mist go back to the late 1970s,...
  • Anatoli

    Anatoli Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Anatoli, also known as the Anatolian shorthair or Turkish shorthair, is a cat breed of Turkish origin. It is the short-haired variety of the Van Turk. Standard The Anatoli is said to be a natural Turkish breed, like the Van Turk and Turkish Angora. The Anatoli was recognized by the WCF in 2001. A...
  • Californian rex

    Californian rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Rex is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its wavy, semi-longhair coat. It is the semi-long-haired variety of the Cornish Rex. A brief historical overview As its name suggests, this variety was discovered in California in the 1960s.Today, it...
  • Cornish rex

    Cornish rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cornish rex, also known as the Cornish rex, is a breed of cat native to the United Kingdom. This cat is characterized by its very short, notched, soft coat. A brief historical overview The Cornish rex, originally from Great Britain, is the result of spontaneous mutation. The breed's founder...
  • Chausie

    Chausie Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chausie is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its Chaus-like physique. A brief historical overview The Chausie is the result of hybridization between a Chaus and a domestic cat. The first crosses were made in the late 1960s to produce a cat with a wild type...
  • Chartreux

    Chartreux Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chartreux, also known as the Chartreux cat, is a breed of cat native to France. This cat is characterized by gold-to-copper eyes and a short, full coat that is entirely blue. A brief historical overview The Chartreux is one of the oldest natural cat breeds in the world. It is thought to have...
  • Ceylan

    Ceylan Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Ceylan is a cat breed originally from Sri Lanka. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its ticked tabby shorthair. A brief historical overview It was an Italian, Dr. Paolo Pellegatta, who in 1984 discovered half-wild ticked cats (like the Abyssin) in Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylan). With the help of the...
  • British longhair

    British longhair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British longhair is a breed of cat that originated in England. This medium to large cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the British shorthair. A brief historical overview The British longhair is a direct descendant of the British shorthair, and their history was identical until the...
  • British shorthair

    British shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British shorthair is a breed of cat that originated in Great Britain. This medium to large cat is characterized by its very round head and large, round eyes. A brief historical overview At the same time, English breeders such as H. Weir selected the most beautiful alley cats, which were...