Affenpinscher

FCI standard Nº 186

Origin
Germany
Translation
Mrs C. Seidler
Group
Group 2 - Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossian breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle
Section
Section 1 - Pinscher and Schnauzer type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 15 July 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Thursday 26 March 2009
Last update
Wednesday 02 September 2009
En français, cette race se dit
Affenpinscher
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Affenpinscher
En español, esta raza se dice
Affenpinscher
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Affenpinscher
This breed is also known as
African Terriers
Ape Terriers
Affens
Monkey Dogs

Usage

House and Companion Dog.

Brief historical summary

Originally used as a housedog in the region of Southern Germany. His ancestors were depicted by Albrecht Dürer (1471 – 1528) in his woodcuts. First entries of Affenpinscher go back to the year 1879. These Toy dogs were very popular around the turn of the century, they evolved from the rough coated Pinschers. The harsh ring of hair around the head emphasised the monkey-like expression. The colours ranged from self coloured yellowish, reddish or grey-white to dark grey, black-grey and pure black..

General appearance

The Affenpinscher is rough haired, small and compact with a monkey-like expression.

Important proportions

The ratio of length to height shall make his build appear as square as possible.

Behaviour / temperament

Fearless, alert, persistent and devoted, sometimes full of quick-tempered passion. He is an agreeable family dog in all aspects.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Round rather than elongated, altogether not too heavy, high domed with pronounced forehead.  
Stop
Clearly defined.

Facial region

Nose
Noseleather round, full and black. Well opened nostrils
Muzzle
Short and straight, not curved upwards. Bridge of nose straight
Lips
Tight-fitting to the jaws. Lips are black.
Jaws and teeth
Complete (42 teeth) set of pure white teeth. The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw and is slightly turned upwards. The incisors in a healthy mouth are set as regularly as possible in a slightly rounded row. The canines and the incisors must not be visible when the mouth is closed, neither must the Affenpinscher show his tongue when the mouth is closed. The lack of two of the PM1, PM2 or PM3, or a combination of two of these teeth is tolerated.
Eyes
Dark, rather round and full. Black pigmented, close fitting eyelids, framed by a circle of harsh hair.
Ears
Set on high, carried evenly, turned forward. V-shaped, the inner edges lying close to the head. Prick ears should be small, evenly erect and carried as upright as possible.

Neck

Straight, strong, rather short with strong set on. Throat skin tight fitting without folds.

Body

Body
Strong, square and compact.
Topline
Slightly sloping in an almost straight line from the withers towards the rear .
Withers
Forming the highest point of topline.
Back
Strong, short and taut.
Loin
Short and strong. The distance from last rib to hip is short to make the dog appear compact.
Croup
Short, slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into the tail set on.
Chest
Only slightly flattened at sides, moderately broad, reaching to beyond the level of the elbows.
Underline and belly
Belly moderately tucked up. Underline and topline (from withers to tail set on) are more or less parallel.

Tail

Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Front legs sturdy, straight, parallel and not close together.
Shoulders
Well muscled. The shoulder blade is long, sloping (at an angle of appr. 45° ) and flat.
Upper arm
Lying close to the body, strong and muscular.
Elbows
Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm
Strongly developed. Straight when seen from any direction.
Carpal
Firm and strong.
Pastern
Vertical seen from the front, slightly sloping towards the ground when seen from the side. Strongly developed and muscled.
Forefeet
Short and round. Toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, strong and black.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen from side, standing obliquely with moderate angulation. Seen from rear, parallel.
Upper thigh
Strongly muscled, broad.
Lower thigh
Long and strong.
Stifle
Turning neither in nor out.
Metatarsus
Vertical to the ground.
Hock
Moderately angulated.
Hind feet
Somewhat longer than forefeet. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails short and black.

Gait and movement

Relaxed, fluent, mincing with moderate drive from the hindquarters. Seen from the front and the rear, straight forward and parallel.

Skin

Close fitting over the whole body.

Coat

Hair
The body coat should be harsh and dense. The head is typically adorned by bushy, bristly eyebrows and wreath-like hair surrounding the eyes, by an impressive beard, by the top knot and by the hair on the cheeks. The coat on the head should be as hard, straggly and sticking out as possible. It contributes essentially to the monkey-like general expression.
Colour
Pure black with black undercoat.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs and bitches 25 to 30 cm.
Weight
Dogs and bitches : appr. 4 to 6 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Clumsy, light, low or leggy build.
 Light eyes.
 Low set, very long or unevenly carried ears.
 Fly away ears.
 Too long, tucked up or soft back.
 Roach back.
 Croup falling away.
 Tail set inclined towards head.
 Hindquarters too angulated or open hocked.
 Long feet.
 Short, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky, white or spotted coat.
 Over or undersize up to 1 cm.

Serious faults

 Lack of sexual type (i e doggy bitch).
 Too fine bones.
 Muzzle Griffon-like upturned or long.
 Too markedly undershot or pincer bite.
 Protruding eyes.
 Elbows turning out.
 Hocks turning in.
 Over or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Malformation of any kind.
 Lack of breed type.
 Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour.
 Faults in mouth such as a scissor bite or wry mouth.
 Over or undersize by more than 2 cm.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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