Azawakh

FCI standard Nº 307

Origin
Northern borders of Mali and Niger; the slopes of the Azawakh valley
Patronage : France
Translation
Translator Ian Nicholson /FR
Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes, Raymond Triquet and Claude Guintard
Group
Group 10 Sighthounds
Section
Section 3 Short-haired Sighthounds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 03 June 1980
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 04 September 2019
Last update
Tuesday 15 October 2019
En français, cette race se dit
Azawakh
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Azawakh
En español, esta raza se dice
Azawakh
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Azawakh

Usage

Sighthound that hunts for game (gazelles, hares, ostriches) and fights off predators (hyenas, jackals, lions). This dog is an important companion for the family life of the nomads, and shares their camp life.

Brief historical summary

It is an African sighthound descending from the types pictured in the wall paintings of the Central Sahara which date back thousands of years. The ever-increasing aridity of the Sahara caused Tuareg, Dahoussahaq and Peul shepherd-hunters to migrate with their dogs to the more hospitable lands of the Sahel: in areas suitable for farming and hunting along the dry valley of the Azawakh. Belonging to the culture of peoples who domesticated and shaped it, it is known as Oska in the Tuareg language. European enthousiasts discovered the breed with admiration, and selected with the help of the breeders who owned the first lines exported to Europe, as of 1968.

General appearance

Particularly slim and elegant, the Azawakh sighthound gives a general impression of great slenderness. Its bone structure and muscles show through thin and dry skin. It is a slender dog whose body fits into a rectangle with a vertical long side.

Important proportions

Height at the withers / Scapulo-ischial length: 10-9 (a ratio slightly lower in females is allowed).
Height at the withers / Depth of chest: 10-4.
Length of head / Length of muzzle: 10-5.
Head length / Width of skull: 10-4.

Behaviour / temperament

Quick, attentive, distant, can bereserved with strangers, but it can be gentle and affectionate with its family, and people whom it is willing to accept.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Long, fine, lean and chiselled, rather narrow, without excess.
Skull
Almost flat, rather long, its width should be significantly less than half the length of the head. The line of skull and the bridge of the muzzle are sometimes slightly divergent. The superciliary ridges and the frontal furrow are slightly marked. The external occipital protuberance is clearly pronounced. 
Stop
Very slightly marked.

Facial region

Nose
Black or dark brown colour is obligatory, the nostrils are well opened.
Muzzle
Long, straight, tapered without exaggeration towards the end.
Lips
Thin lips tightly fitting, colour is black or dark brown, no hanging lips.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws are long and strong; scissor bite. Complete set of teeth.
Cheeks
Flat.
Eyes
Almond eyes, rather large, slightly oblique palpebral opening, colour is dark, sometimes amber, never blue. Eye rims well black or dark brown pigmented.
Ears
Set quite high. They are fine, always drooping and flat, broad based, lie flat against the cheeks, never "rose ear". The shape is that of a triangle with a rounded tip. The base of the ears pricks up when the sighthound is attentive.

Neck

Neck springing clearly from the shoulders, long, fine and muscular, with upper end slightly arched. The skin is fine and does not form a dewlap.

Body

Topline
Straight, approximately horizontal or slightly rising from the withers towards the point of the hips. Hips clearly protruding and placed at the same height or higher than the height of the withers.
Withers
Distinctively prominent.
Loin
Short and dry.
Croup
Oblique (ideally 45 °).
Chest
Deep, well let down almost to the elbows, sternal region gently narrowing. Fore chest fairly narrow.
Ribs
Ribs long, slightly visible, gently and evenly sprung.
Underline and belly
The sternal arch is pronounced. The underline rises smoothly into the belly which is tucked up very high.

Tail

Set low, long, thin, lean and tapered. Covered with the same type of hair as the body, it often has a white pencil hair on the end. The tail hangs with the tip slightly raised, but it can rise above the horizontal when the dog is excited.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Long, thin, vertical. Perfect stand.
Shoulders
Long shoulder blade, with dry muscles and only slightly oblique viewed in profile.
Upper arm
The scapulo-humeral angle is very open (about 130°).
Pastern
Slightly oblique.
Forefeet
Rounded, with slender digits, tight and well arched. The pads are pigmented.

Hindquarters

Generality
Long and lean legs, viewed from behind, perfectly parallel.
Upper thigh
Long with dry protruding muscles. Coxo-femoral angle is very open (about 130°).
Stifle
Femoro-tibial angle is very open (about 145°).
Metatarsus
Tarsus and metatarsus lean, without dewclaws.
Hind feet
Rounded, toes well arched, pads pigmented.

Gait and movement

Always very supple and with high action when walking and trotting. The gallop is springy. The Azawakh sighthound gives an impression of lightness, even elasticity. The movement is an essential characteristic of the breed.

Skin

Thin and tight-fitting.

Coat

Hair
Short, fine, and down to none on the belly.
Colour
Fawn, with or without brindles, with white patching limited to the extremities. All shades are admitted, clear sand to dark fawn (mahogany). Brindles should be black as excluding any other shade. The muzzle can present a black mask.
White patching :
The blaze is very inconstant. On the fore chest, white may be present as white patches, more or less extensively, confined to the base of the neck. Yet, a narrow white stripe is permitted on the forepart of the neck, on the forechest and on the lower part of the chest. The bib should not extend past the point of the shoulder, or go up on each side of the neck. A small white spot on the nape of the neck, of reduced size, is tolerated. As a continuation of the fore chest, white spots can appear below the chest, but must not in any case go up the ribs. Each of the four limbs has a white stocking, at least as a trace on the feet. On a subject having excellent morphology, the lack of white on one limb is allowed. The white marks on the forequarters, often irregular, should not extend beyond the elbows, or encroach on the shoulders. The white marks on the hindquarters, often more regular and less invasive, should not go up to the thigh. White marks appearing on the inner side of the thigh, however, should not be considered a fault.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males: 64 –74 cm. Females: 60–70 cm. A margin of 2 cm above and below the standard is tolerated.
Weight
Males: 20–25 kg. Females: 15–20 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Head heavy lacking elegance.
 Tail thick and hairy, very curled tail.
 Body too long.
 Level bite.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Lack of type.
 Overly small chest and extreme general thinness.
 Underbite or overbite.
 Nose, eyelids and lips other than black or dark brown.
 Light eyes or blue eyes.
 Rose ears.
 Hips lower than the withers.
 Non-accidental anatomical deformation (eg: asymmetrical junction of the ribs at the sternum).
 Presence of dewclaws or traces of removal of dewclaws on hind legs.
 Wired or semi-long coat.
 Non-standard coat colours (invasive white, white collar, brindle other than black); beware of diluted colours such as : blue, lilac.
 Every dog which shows traces of a surgical intervention meant to correct or repair an esthetical or morphological fault, will be excluded.
 Size deviating more than 3 cm from the standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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