Billy

FCI standard Nº 25

Origin
France
Translation
Mrs. Kincaid, brought up to date by Dr. Paschoud
Group
Group 6 Scenthounds and related breeds
Section
Section 1.1 Large sized hounds
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 14 October 1963
Publication of the official valid standard
Friday 28 December 1973
Last update
Thursday 24 April 1997
En français, cette race se dit
Billy
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Billy
En español, esta raza se dice
Billy
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Billy

Usage

Hound.

General appearance

Well constructed hound, strong, yet light; forequarters more powerful than hindquarters.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Fairly fine, lean, of medium length.
Skull
Forehead slightly domed, not very broad; occipital protuberance perceptible. 
Stop
Well defined.

Facial region

Nose
Well developed, black or red-brown.
Muzzle
Rather square.
Lips
Slightly or not at all in form of flews, the upper lip covering the lower without overhanging fleshiness; corner of the lips often visible.
Nasal bridge
Nasal bridge fairly broad; first straight, then slightly arched, moderately long.
Eyes
Alert, very open and dark, eyerims black or brown.
Ears
Of medium size, set on relatively high for a French hound, rather flat, in the lower section turning slightly inwards.

Neck

Of medium length, rather round, somewhat strong; a slight dewlap is permitted.

Body

Back
Rather wide, strong, slightly arched.
Loin
Wide, slightly arched.
Croup
Sloping.
Chest
Very deep, quite narrow.
Ribs
Flat.
Side
Fairly long, with a slight tuck-up.

Tail

Long, strong, sometimes slightly feathered.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Strong, vertical stance, flat bones.
Shoulders
Fairly long, lying close to the chest.

Hindquarters

Upper thigh
Moderately muscled.
Hock
Slightly bent, wide and strong.

Feet

Well developed, rather round; toes tight.

Gait and movement

Gallops easily.

Skin

White, sometimes with deep brown or almost black spots; supple and fine.

Coat

Hair
Short, harsh to the touch, often slightly coarse.
Colour
Pure white or milk-cofee white, or white with light orange or lemon patches or mantle.

Size and weight

Height at withers
For dogs 60-70 cm, for bitches 58-62 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Nasal bridge too short, too long or too slim.
 Pronounced overshot mouth; such a dog must be stristly disqualified; however a dog with a slightly overshot mouth (1/2 cm) has not to be eliminated.
 Black or red hair.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

Obtained at the end of the nineteenth century by the crossing of different strains of French common dogs, the Billy is a successful reconstitution of what could be the famous White Dog of the King.It is a first cousin of the Poitevin, since it descends of Larye, Ceris and Montembœuf.It takes its name from that of the property occupied nearly a hundred years ago, north of Poitiers, the creator of the breed, Gaston Hublot du Rivault, father of Mr. Anthony Hublot du Rivault, who was a judge well known to many huntsmen.

The first breeding of Billys of Gaston Hublot du Rivault goes back to the year 1877, and the famous cynophile estimated that the race had been definitively fixed in 1886. Several types of dogs had been retained to serve as a basis for the selection, among lineages. as free as possible from any English influence. There was even an attempt to infuse blood of Saintongeois with Magicienne, a very fine list of the Count of Saint-Ligier, but Gaston Hublot du Rivault then returned to the origins Céris and Montembœuf with Bellone and Baliveau. On the other hand, and contrary to what could be said or written later, there has never been a cross with Greyhounds. Gaston Hublot du Rivault was as difficult on the color of the selected breeders as on their origin, since he retained only subjects wearing white dress or lemon, for reasons which he himself defined as follows: "I insist on the dress, which must be white, orange and clear or quite clear, but can also be tinted coffee very washed milk, pale lemon or blue, steel bluish. This unique dress gave my dogs a very distinguished stamp that was not found anywhere else, especially as their beautiful black eyes and truffles of the same color lent them a unique look and appreciated by all lovers."

Despite the efforts of Gaston Hublot du Rivault, the influence of English blood could never be completely erased, especially because of the contribution of Larye and Pindray's dogs, which were used for a while, especially with Comrade VI belonging to Count d'Oyron. But the diversity of these "alliances" does not detract from the beauty and homogeneity of the race so fixed.

The two world wars bore a heavy blow to the raising of the Billy, as well as to that of many French races, and in 1945 there was practically no trace left of the original strains. It was then that Anthony Hublot du Rivault, son of the creator of the Billy, decided to take over the work undertaken by his father. From Vol-au-Vent and Volga, two Guyot dogs that had outstanding hunting qualities and whose descendants still run the deer within the Saint-Hubert crew, he managed, in the fifties, to produce Banco, Belle and especially the marvelous Blondinette, who gave her sixty-eight puppies, including Darius and Dagobert, which can be found in the genealogy of most current Billys.

Around 1960, there were beautiful lots of Billys at Mr. Boudet, the vautrait of La Mee, and in the breeding of Mr. Charles Hardy, including with Isard, his famous deer dog. It is from these subjects that were born at the time the majority of the dogs of the rally Teillay, the vautrait of Domes and most of those of the rally Kéréol.

Although they are very popular, the Billys are today much fewer, although we can notice in many crews many dogs who remember them, but which are still far from the standards defined by Gaston Hublot of Rivault. The standard of the Billy has changed little over the years, apart from some changes made in 1974 and 1978 by Mr. Anthony Hublot Rivault himself, who wrote after reviewing: "Regarding the standard, I did not change a lot of points. For the ear, I added: "Rather short for a French dog." Secondly, the size: 0.60 to 0.70 m; the color: lemon white or orange white, provided that the orange is not too dark pulling red. A very slightly beguiled dog should not be eliminated. On the other hand, he who is strongly must be ruthlessly."

The Billys are primarily deer dogs. Their character does not really seem to predispose them to hunt wild boar, because they are not very eager to attack it on the farm and maintain it, even if their speed allows them to follow their animal closely enough. Because they are thoroughbreds, made to gallop fast and long. Very ardent, very forward, they are also very thin nose. Well gorged, they shout and riot well, showing in all circumstances great hunting qualities. Which is hardly surprising when one reads what Gaston Hublot du Rivault said of their ancestors Montembœuf:
"Very screaming, voice a little short but sharp and hearing from afar, very fine nose, closers loving especially the straight, stag, wolf, wild boar, a very big train, a bottom and a remarkable vigor; dogs very piercing and very hunters, however, keeping the exchange naturally"
or Céris:
"Very active dog, skilful and cunning, expeditious in the defects and very resourceful, very hunter, a little crazy at first, but calming down quickly and good retirement"
and what Laryes wrote count Le Couteulx de Canteleu:
"Their voice was prolonged but very clear, the delicacy of their nose was extraordinary; it turned out that M. de Larye, after having driven the wolf all day, often caught him the next day, and raised him again after several leagues."
One can not dream of better acclaim for the Billy.

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