Bichon frise

FCI standard Nº 215

Origin
France / Belgium
Translation
Mrs. Peggy Davis, brought up to date by Dr. J.-M. Paschoud
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
Section
Section 1 Bichons and related breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 28 October 1959
Publication of the official valid standard
Monday 04 April 2016
Last update
Friday 02 September 2016
En français, cette race se dit
Bichon à poil frisé
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Bichon frise
En español, esta raza se dice
Bichon de pelo rizado
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Bichon frise

Usage

Companion.

General appearance

Merry and playful little dog, with a lively gait, medium length muzzle, long very loose corkskrew-curled hair, very like the coat of the Mongolian goat. Head carriage is proud and high, the eyes dark, lively and expressive.

Head

Cranial region

Head
In harmony with the body.
Skull
Rather flat to the touch although the furnishings makes it appear round. The skull longer than the muzzle. 
Stop
Not much marked.

Facial region

Nose
The nose is rounded, black, finely grained and glossy.
Muzzle
The muzzle must not be thick nor heavy, without however being snipey. The furrow between the superciliary arches slightly visible.
Lips
The lips are fine, rather lean, less however than in the Schipperke, falling only enough so as to cover the lower lip, but never heavy nor pendulous; they are normally black up to the corner of the lips; the lower lip must not be heavy nor visible, nor slack and does not allow the mucous membranes to be seen when the mouth is closed.
Jaws and teeth
Bite normal, i.e. the incisors of the lower jaw are placed immediately against and behind the point of the teeth in the upper jaw.
Cheeks
Flat and not very muscular.
Eyes
Dark eyes, as much as possible with dark eyelids, of a rather round shape and not almond shaped; not placed obliquely; lively, not too big, not showing any white. Neither large nor prominent as in the Griffon Bruxellois and the Pekingese; the socket must not bulge. The eyeball must not stand out too much.
Ears
Drooping, well furnished with finely curled long hairs, carried rather forward when the dog is attentive, but in such a way that the front edge touches the skull and does not stand away obliquely; the length of the cartilage must not, like in the Poodle, extend to the nose, but stops halfway of the length of the muzzle. The ears are anyway not as broad and finer than the Poodle’s.

Neck

Reach of neck is fairly long, carried high and proudly. Round and fine near the skull, broadening gradually to merge smoothly into the shoulders. Its length is approximately a third of the length of the body (proportion of 11 cm to 33 cm for a dog of 27 cm high), the points of the shoulder blades against the withers taken as basis.

Body

Loin
Broad and well muscled, slightly arched.
Croup
Slightly rounded.
Chest
Well developed; the sternum is pronounced; the false ribs rounded and do not end abruptly, the chest having horizontally a rather great depth.
Side
The flanks are well tucked up at the belly; the skin is fine and not loose, giving quite a whippety appearance.

Tail

The tail is set a little more below the back line than in the Poodle. Normally the tail is carried raised and gracefully curved in line with the spine, without being rolled up; it is not docked and must not be in contact with the back; however the tail furnishings may fall onto the back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Seen from the front, forelegs really straight and perpendicular; fine bone.
Shoulders
The shoulder is fairly slanted, not prominent, giving the appearance of being the same length as the upper arm, about 10 cm.
Upper arm
Not standing away from the body.
Elbows
Not turned out.
Pastern
Short and straight seen from the front; very slightly oblique seen in profile.

Hindquarters

Generality
The pelvis is wide.
Upper thigh
Broad and muscular; well slanting.
Hock
Compared with the Poodle, the hock joint is more angulated.

Feet

Sinewy. Nails preferably black; it is however an ideal difficult to obtain.

Skin

The pigmentation beneath the white coat is preferably dark; the genitals are then pigmented either black, bluish or beige.

Coat

Hair
Fine, silky, very loose corkscrew curls looking like the coat (fur) of the Mongolian goat, neither flat nor corded and 7 to 10 cm long. The dog may be shown with the feet and muzzle slightly tidied up.
Colour
Pure white.

Size and weight

Height at withers
The height at the withers should not exceed 30 cm, the small size being an element of success.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Slightly overshot or undershot mouth.
 Coat flat, wavy, corded or too short.
 Pigmentation extending into the coat and forming rusty (red) patches.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Pink nose.
 Flesh coloured lips.
 Prognathism (undershot-overshot) so developed to the extent that the incisors do not touch.
 Light eyes.
 Rolled up tail or twisted in a spiral.
 Black spots in the coat.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

The Frisé and Maltese Bichons, better known than their counterparts the Bolognese and Havanese, have existed for a long time in the Mediterranean basin. Their sophisticated appearance, which has changed little over the centuries, judging from some of the works of art that have come to light in recent years and on which they are represented, can not fail to make us forget, however, that it is because of the dynamism with which they have always shown that these small animals, and more particularly the Maltese, have been appreciated by past civilizations.

The Maltese Bichon is the oldest of the Bichon family. The statuettes that were discovered in the tomb of Pharaoh Ramses II show in addition that his ancestors were already very popular in Egypt in the fourteenth century BC. A few centuries later, exactly in the fourth century BC, traces of these animals are found in Aristotle's Greece and Roman Italy.

In the 1st century BC, accompanying the merchants along the Silk Road, the Maltese Bichons were then introduced to Asia. The many cynologists who deduce that the race would have received a blood supply of Tibetan dogs are not necessarily wrong. If this thesis can not be scientifically proven, it must be admitted that these two types of dogs met at one time or another. The Greek geographer Strabo (circa 58 BC - between 21 and 25 AD) was interested in the Maltese Bichon.

But his description of this little dog, which he called Canis meletensis, in no way clarifies the current doubt as to the origins of the race. It is probable that, for the eminent geographer, meletensis could correspond to nothing but the Sicilian city of Melenta; as Melenta is also the ancient name of the island of Malta, confusion is inevitable for many lovers of the breed.

Whether or not the cradle of the Maltese Bichons has been this Mediterranean island matters, in fact, little. On the other hand, what is interesting to know is that at the time of Strabo Malta had become the privileged stop for sailors and merchants leaving for Asia and that, consequently, it had been able to shelter a good number of Maltese Bichons, and perhaps even promote their breeding.

Closer to home, the Maltese Bichon appears in 15th century Europe. Like his ancestors on Greek and Egyptian pottery, he appears on tapestries and paintings from the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. He is present in Italy, his adopted country, in France; on the tapestry of The Lady with the unicorn preserved in the museum of Cluny in Paris; and it is found under the brush of Flemish, German, Dutch and Spanish painters such as Memling, Dürer, Bruegel, Van de Venne and Goya.

Pampered by Queen Mary Stuart, who had imported a few subjects from Lyon, the Bichons Maltese had trod the British soil from 1520, where they were soon to become notorious somewhat unusual. For the English, indeed, the dress of the Maltese Bichon cured rheumatism. And this legend seems to have continued today, since it is not uncommon to find gloves and shawls in Maltese Bichon fur across the Channel. For almost a century, breeders have been striving to promote the breed. And even if it is not very prolific, today there are farms all over the world.

The Bichon Frize (or curly hair), also called Teneriffe, and also very popular, causes much controversy. According to some cynologists, we find in writings of the second century before the Christian era allusions to the ancestors of the Bichons with furry hair showing that these dogs were already widespread in the Mediterranean countries, and more particularly in Italy. For others, the Bichon with curly hair only dates from the fifteenth century and would come from the cross between a Maltese Bichon and a Poodle. It seems, moreover, that this last hypothesis is scientifically more well founded.

Introduced in France during the reign of François 1st, this dog was soon to be appreciated by the European courts. The Spanish rulers possessed Bichons with curly hair, who had become accustomed to parading in the royal salons, in the company of other luxury dogs, such as the Maltese or the Dwarf Spaniels. We know the passion of the King of France Henry III for these dogs.

While still in fashion under Napoleon III and the Belle Epoque, the Bichon furry suffered terribly from the First World War: his breeding almost disappear. It was not until the end of the last war that the cynologists once again took an interest in him. But in the meantime, having become highly democratized, he had become the pet of the acrobats, organ players of Barbary, and even guided the blind.

The name of Teneriffe, contrary to what one could logically think, does not mean that the "curly hair" originates from the archipelago of the Canary Islands. If it is widespread enough on the Spanish island, it is first, as for the Maltese besides, because sailors and merchants of all kinds often stopped there. Cynologists have put forward another, more mercantile hypothesis, according to which the first breeders of the breed would have chosen the name of "Teneriffe" for purely commercial purposes, a very specific clientele being attracted by exotic-sounding names.

In any case, when it was recognized, the race officially received French-Belgian nationality. And it is a Belgian breeder who opted for the name of "Bichon Frize". Less sophisticated than its cousin Maltais, the Bichon Frize is now more easily welcomed by families. Because it has the same endearing character, it is also the joy of young and old alike.

Owners of Maltese Bichons or Bichon Frize deliberately chose a pleasure dog. They must therefore accept the continued presence of these small sensitive animals, which have nothing of the dogs that can be left a whole week without company, with only shelter from the weather a niche in a garden. Similarly, giving a Bichon to an acquaintance, whatever it is, during the holidays, is not an easy thing. Very attached to his masters, this dog is unhappy when he feels abandoned, even for a short time.

Brilliant and elegant, the Maltese Bichon is very pleasant in nature. He is also frequently the privileged companion of the elderly, because he devotes to his master or his mistress an affection almost limitless, quickly becoming irreplaceable. Its small size also makes it easy to transport. The Maltese Bichon also adapts very well, and with undisguised pleasure, to more hectic situations. It shares without restraint children's games or family walks. A former owner of the Breed Club even said that his Maltese could walk miles in his company, always with the same enthusiasm. These dogs are not only flat dogs: they love to work outdoors as long as they are given a full and diversified life.

In the house, the Maltese Bichon feels good only in the presence of family members. It is therefore recommended not to leave it alone in a room. Lying in a basket, comfortably seated on an armchair, he will doze quietly if he knows that his little world lives and evolves by his side. It is sometimes said that Maltese knows how to be a good guardian too. Let's not exaggerate: he announces in a high-pitched voice the arrival of a stranger, even that of a friend of his master, but his role stops there. Its modest size prevents it from taking on other functions. Some say that the Maltese Bichon has no sympathy for cats. Again, this is a misconception. The Maltese, excessively pampered, as is too often the case, become rather exclusive and accept badly any change, as the arrival of another animal in the home; but all those who have been brought up with other dogs; or with cats; are sociable in nature.

Despite its small size, the Bichon Frize is full of vitality. When he welcomes a guest whom he appreciates, he is able to make amazing leaps as a token of his joy. Equipped with extraordinary relaxation, he can jump into the arms of his master to be cajoled, then, after being caressed tenderly, it will calm down. Very intelligent, forgetting almost nothing, the Bichon fur was once used in circuses. His comedic appearance, like that of all Bichons, his enthusiasm, his ability to adapt made it one of the favorites of the showmen "learned dogs. "

If some Bichons, such as Maltese, are exceptionally calm, it is otherwise the Bichon furry. This little dog will please those who are looking for a companion always moving, exuberant besides any relative. Obviously, a dog of this size does not have the same need to spend as the shepherd breeds, and it is not likely to cause disasters in the apartment. In a nutshell, the Maltese Bichon, like the Bichon Frize, will suit dynamic dog lovers, even playful, but sweet and full of affection for their master. Their maintenance requires a lot of care, but it only takes a few minutes a day if it is not done for exhibitions. Especially because of competition from other breeds, like Yorkshire or the various small Tibetan dogs, the image of the Bichons has aged a bit, and it's a shame, because these dogs are nonetheless pets perfectly adapted to the constraints of modern life. This does not mean that you have to continually give in to their charm numbers. It would inevitably make them capricious.

No comments

No comments

Nobody has submitted a comment yet.

Last updated articles

  • Westiepoo -- West Highland White Terrier X Poodle

    Westiepoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as WestiedoodleWee-Poo A brief presentation of the Westiepoo Small, adorable and too cute for words, the Westiepoo is one of the original specific crossbreed dogs and is now a popular pet choice. Blending the...
  • Welsh Shepherd Dog

    Welsh Shepherd Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Welsh CollieCi Defaid Cymreig A brief presentation of the Welsh Shepherd Dog The Welsh Shepherd Dog is a rare breed that has existed in one form or another for at least 800 years. Kept almost exclusively as a...
  • Welsh Hound

    Welsh Hound He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain, U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Welsh FoxhoundWelsh Bytheuad A brief presentation of the Welsh Hound As its name suggests, the Welsh Hound is a hunting dog with a strong attachment to Wales. A true hunting dog, the Welsh Hound is a working...
  • Weimardoodle -- Weimaraner X Poodle

    Weimardoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as WeimarpooWeimaranerpooWeimaranerdoodle A brief presentation of the Weimardoodle The Weimardoodle is a hybrid dog developed by crossing a Weimaraner with a Poodle. They are medium to large in size. They weigh...
  • Weeranian -- West Highland White Terrier X German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian

    Weeranian He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Pom WestieWeeranian Terrier A brief presentation of the Weeranian The Weeranian is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the West Highland White Terrier and the Spitz Toy / Pomeranian. Weeranians are...
  • Wee-Chon -- West Highland White Terrier X Bichon frise

    Wee-Chon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Highland FriseWestie BichonWestion A brief presentation of the Wee-Chon The Wee-Chon is a small, teddy-bear-looking dog born of a cross between a West Highland White Terrier and a Bichon Frise...
  • Vizsla Staff -- Hungarian short haired pointer X American Staffordshire Terrier

    Vizsla Staff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Hungary <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Vizsla Staff The Vizsla Staff is the result of a cross between the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer and the American Staffordshire Terrier. It's an athletic dog with lots of energy and a jovial personality...
  • Vizmaraner -- Hungarian short haired pointer X Weimaraner

    Vizmaraner He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Hungary <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Vizmaraner The Vizmaraner is a magnificent dog descended from a long line of hunting and trapping ancestors. Its short, smooth coat means it enjoys the water, while its unwavering devotion and loyalty make it...
  • Basque Ratier

    Basque Ratier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Spain Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Basque Ratier The Basque Ratier is as elusive as a ghost, as insubstantial as a shadow. And that's not just poetic license, for this once-common working dog is now in a critical state of preservation. What does that mean? It means...
  • Texas Heeler -- Australian Cattle Dog X Australian Shepherd

    Texas Heeler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Texas Heeler The Texas Heeler is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Shepherd Dog. It's a friendly dog, but it's also very protective of its family. More...
  • Terri-Poo -- Australian Terrier X Poodle

    Terri-Poo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Terri-Poo This designer dog is a cute creation resulting from crossing an Australian Terrier with a Poodle. As the Poodle comes in three sizes (toy, miniature and standard), the size of the Terri-Poo varies...
  • Stephens Cur

    Stephens Cur He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Stephens Stock Mountain CurStephens StockStephens Stock Cur A brief presentation of the Stephens Cur The Stephens Cur is a medium-weight scent hound weighing between 20 and 25 kilos. Originating in southeastern Kentucky from...
  • Saint Berdoodle -- St. Bernard X Poodle

    Saint Berdoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Saint Berdoodle A large breed with a dense, wavy coat, the Saint Berdoodle is a cross between the calm, docile Saint Bernard and the intelligent, hypoallergenic Poodle. These guys will most often...
  • Sprocker Spaniel -- English Springer Spaniel X English Cocker Spaniel

    Sprocker Spaniel He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Sprocker Spaniel As the Springer Spaniel and Cocker Spaniel were the same breed not so long ago, by breeding them together to create the Sprocker Spaniel, it would seem we've come full circle. Known for...
  • Springerdoodle -- English Springer Spaniel X Poodle

    Springerdoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as SproodleSpringerdoodle RetrieverSpringerpooSpringerpoo Retriever A brief presentation of the Springerdoodle The Springerdoodle is a popular designer dog and is a combination of an English Springer...
  • Sporting Lucas Terrier

    Sporting Lucas Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Scotland Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Sporting Lucas Terrier Developed in Scotland in the 1990s, the Sporting Lucas Terrier is a direct descendant of the Lucas Terrier, created some 50 years earlier. These small, compact terriers are prized for their...
  • Spanador -- American Cocker Spaniel X Labrador Retriever

    Spanador He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as CockadorCockerdor A brief presentation of the Spanador A stunning example of a family pet that's particularly appealing to children, the Spanador combines the playful nature of the Labrador Retriever with the...
  • Snorkie -- Miniature Schnauzer X Yorkshire Terrier

    Snorkie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Snorkie The Snorkie is a cross between the Yorkshire Terrier and the miniature Schnauzer. There's something attractive about the Snorkie, with its shaggy gray coat and piercing brown eyes. Small but...
  • Skypoo -- Australian Silky Terrier X Poodle

    Skypoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Skydoodle A brief presentation of the Skypoo A charming little dog, the Skypoo, also known as the Skydoodle, is an intelligent canine that can be trained to a high standard and often has exceptional manners...
  • Silky Tzu -- Australian Silky Terrier X Shih Tzu

    Silky Tzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Tzu The Silky Tzu is a hybrid dog that combines the placid nature of the Shih Tzu with the Australian Silky Terrier's sense of adventure. The result is a compact, affectionate and inquisitive little...
  • Siberpoo -- Siberian Husky X Poodle

    Siberpoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Siberia <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as HuskydoodlePoosky A brief presentation of the Siberpoo With plenty of energy and brains to spare, the Siberpoo is not a breed for the faint of heart. Inheriting the work ethic of the Siberian Husky and the...
  • Shorkie Tzu -- Yorkshire Terrier X Shih-Tzu

    Shorkie Tzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Shorkie Tzu If you're looking for a cute, cuddly little dog that considers itself a Rottweiler, the Shorkie Tzu may be just what you're looking for. A hybrid that's becoming increasingly popular in the UK,...
  • Shorgi -- Shih-Tzu X Welsh Corgi Pembroke

    Shorgi He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Shorgi With two parents, the Corgi and the Shih Tzu, as cute as a button, it's no wonder the Shorgi has become so adorable. With their long backs and short legs, many Shorgis look like longhaired Corgis. Their...
  • Shihpoo -- Shih-Tzu X Poodle

    Shihpoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as ShipooShi-PooShi PooShihpoohShipoohShitzpoo A brief presentation of the Shihpoo Fun-loving and bubbly, the Shihpoo is one of the most recent Poodle hybrids, and is usually bred by Poodle Toy and Shih Tzu parents. Its...
  • Gerberian Shepsky -- German Shepherd Dog X Siberian Husky

    Gerberian Shepsky He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Gerberian Shepsky The German Shepherd and the Siberian Husky are two of the most popular companion dogs, and certainly two breeds with a lot going for them. So it should come as no surprise that...