Bourbonnais Pointing Dog

FCI standard Nº 179

Origin
France
Translation
Jennifer Mulholland
Group
Group 7 Pointing Dogs
Section
Section 1.1 Continental Pointing Dogs « Braque » Type
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 29 June 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 21 February 2006
Last update
Wednesday 29 March 2006
En français, cette race se dit
Braque du Bourbonnais
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Bourbonnaiser Vorstehhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Braco del Borbonesado
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Braque du Bourbonnais

Usage

Pointing Dog.

Brief historical summary

The Bourbonnais Pointing Dog was already known in 1598 (“Natural History”, Aldovrandi – National Library).
The ancient authors described him as a pleasant companion of the hunter, of hardy and healthy appearance. His white coat is entirely covered with fine brown or fawn ticking.
The breeders of the 1930’s wanted to impose a “faded lilac” coloured coat along with the obligation of being born with a naturally short tail. This strict selection put the existence of the breed in danger. In the 1970’s, a team of breeders decided to work for the survival of the Bourbonnais Pointing Dog.
The present state of the breed allows us to be confident about the future of the breed.

General appearance

Medium sized, short-haired “Braque” type (“braccoid”), medium proportions tending towards brachymorphic type, of robust build, compact and muscular. He gives the impression of strength and power, without excluding a certain elegance. The silhouette of the female is less stocky and more elegant.

Important proportions

• The length of the body is equal to, or slightly more than the height at the withers.
• The depth of the chest is equal to, or slightly more than half the height at the withers.
• The length of the muzzle is slightly less than that of the skull.

Behaviour / temperament

In the home he is kind and affectionate. When hunting, his passion and intelligence allow him to easily adapt to the most varied terrains and game. When searching, he naturally carries the head high to find the scent, proving his aptitude for useful and precise pointing.

Head

Cranial region

Head
The essential breed characteristic is the so-called “pear” shape. Neither too fine nor too heavy, it is well proportioned to the body.
Skull
Round, seen from all sides. The lateral sides are rounded, the parietal bones and zygomatic arches well developed. The axes of the skull and the muzzle are parallel, or very slightly divergent towards the front. 
Stop
Moderately defined.

Facial region

Nose
Broad, with well opened nostrils. It sometimes protrudes over the perpendicular line of the lips. Its colour matches that of the coat, without unpigmented patches.
Muzzle
Strong and broad at its base, tapering slightly towards the tip to form a truncated cone. Not as broad in females.
Lips
Not too thick, the upper lip covers the lower lip without forming too much of a fold at the corners of the mouth; the edges of the lips are well pigmented.
Nasal bridge
Straight or slightly convex.
Jaws and teeth
Strong and of equal length, with complete dentition, forming a scissor bite. A level bite is tolerated.
Eyes
Large, more or less rounded, hazel or dark amber depending on the colour of the coat. The look is expressive, kind and intelligent. The eyerims are well pigmented.
Ears
Of medium length, they can either reach or extend beyond the throat. Their base, rather broad, is attached at eye level or slightly above, which is appreciated. They hang naturally against the cheeks, flat or slightly curled inwards.

Neck

Not too long, muscled and with good reach, it fits smoothly to the shoulders. A slight dewlap is tolerated.

Body

Topline
Straight and well sustained.
Withers
The withers are well defined.
Back
Solid and well muscled.
Loin
Short, broad and muscled; well coupled to the back. Slightly longer in females.
Croup
Rounded, moderately oblique, with powerful muscles.
Chest
Wide, long and deep, reaching or extending slightly below the level of the elbow. The sternum reaches as far back as possible.
Ribs
Ribs well sprung.
Side
The flank is flat and only slightly raised.
Underline and belly
Progressively rising.

Tail

Some dogs are born naturally without a tail. If this is not the case, the tail should be docked at its base. It is set rather low. In countries where docking is illegal, the long tail should be carried below the topline when the dog is standing.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Seen as a whole: Very muscular. Seen from the front: Upright .
Shoulders
Oblique, fitting tightly against the thorax. Solid and apparent musculature.
Upper arm
Rather long and muscled.
Elbows
Fitting close to the body but not too tightly; neither turned in nor out.
Forearm
Straight and muscled, with strong bone without appearing coarse.
Carpal
Strong.
Pastern
Sloping very slightly in comparison to the forearm.
Forefeet
In line with the body, round or spoon shaped, pads firm and resistant, toes tight fitting and arched, strong nails.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen as a whole: Strong bone with a very apparent musculature. Seen from behind: upright and parallel.
Upper thigh
Long, well muscled, well let down.
Lower thigh
Muscled, practically as long as the upper thigh.
Stifle
Strong, with good angulation between upper and lower thigh.
Metatarsus
Vertical and strong, without any deviation.
Hock
Well let down, strong and well angulated.
Hind feet
Identical to front feet.

Gait and movement

Strides of average reach. When hunting, the gait is a sustained gallop, balanced and supple.

Skin

Supple, without being too thin, without folds.

Coat

Hair
Fine, dense and short; a little coarser, and sometimes longer, on the back. On the head and ears, the hair must be finer and shorter.
Colour
The white patching is very invasive, with fine brown ticking (formerly called “wine dregs”) or fawn flecking (formerly called “peach blossom”) and all variants. The ear is generally the same colour as the ground colour and more or less ticked. An intimate mix of white and coloured hairs, giving an overall roan colour, is also accepted. On the head, as for the body, coloured patches are only accepted in small numbers and sizes.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs 51 – 57 cm, bitches 48 – 55 cm, tolerance of +/- 1cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Long assembly.
 Ears too long and too curled inwards.

Serious faults

 Overall build, too heavy or light boned.
 Stocky appearance.
 Head disproportioned in comparison to the body.
 Muzzle pointed and pinched.
 Lips too important, forming a square muzzle.
 Eyes too light.
 Coat with too large patches of colour.
 Overwhelming patches on the head.
 Height over or below standard (+/- 2 cm).

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Cranio-facial lines converging towards the front.
 Bridge of the nose distinctively convex.
 Overshot or undershot, with lack of contact between incisors.
 Incisor arcade deviated.
 Xiphoid process deviated inwards.
 Presence of dewclaws or evidence of their removal.
 Presence of black (hair or nose).
 Hair long and coarse.
 Coat entirely white.
 Any colour not conform to standard.
 Height at withers over or below standard (+/- 3 cms).

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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