Burgos Pointing Dog

FCI standard Nº 90

Mrs. Peggy Davis
Group 7 Pointing Dogs
Section 1.1 Continental Pointing Dogs, type « Braque »
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 12 November 1954
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 26 May 1982
Last update
Monday 09 November 1998
En français, cette race se dit
Perdiguero de Burgos
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Perdiguero von Burgos
En español, esta raza se dice
Perdiguero de Burgos
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Perdiguero de Burgos


Pointing dog for fur and feather; much appreciated by the hunters who want a robust dog, resistant on any terrain and for any type of hunting, obedient, strong and above all endowed with a keen sense of smell. His excellent skill and style of hunting results from his calm and firmness in tracking as well as from his impeccable pointing and retrieving. Although usually used on small game, he is not averse to the hunting of big game, a task where he shows great courage.

General appearance

Hunting dog of good size, well balanced and of medium proportions. With a well developed head and pendulous ears, a compact body and solid legs; short coat. Of medium frame the length of the body should possibly be the same as the height at the withers. In stance and in movement balance in proportions and functional harmony are desired.

Behaviour / temperament

Robust, balanced, calm and sedate he is an excellent pointing dog, specializing in hunting feathered and small game. With his soft, very noble expression, it is a breed with an excellent temperament, docility and intelligence.


Cranial region

Large and powerful with a well developed skull, a strong foreface and muzzle, and hanging corkscrew ears. The cranial-facial ensemble seen from above must be moderately rectangular with progressive diminution towards the nose, without however giving an appearance of a pointed muzzle. The relation between the length of the skull and that of the muzzle is of 6 to 5. The cranial-facial axes are divergent.
Broad, strong, rounded, convex in profile, with a well marked median furrow and a slightly marked occipital crest. Superciliary arches pronounced. 
Gentle slope, only slightly marked.

Facial region

Dark brown, wet, large and wide with open nostrils.
Straight in profile or very slightly convex towards the nose. Broad in its entire length, must not give the impression of being pointed. Broad nasal bridge.
Hanging without being limp. Upper lip should well cover the lower lip. The lower lip forms a well defined labial corner (commissure). The mucous membranes must be dark brown.
Jaws and teeth
Teeth solid, white and sound. Scissor bite. All premolars must be present. Palate : With pink mucous membranes and well marked ridges.
Medium size, almond shaped; colour preferably dark hazel with a noble and soft expression sometimes giving the impression of sadness. Eyelids medium thick, brown pigmented the same as the mucous membranes. The lower lid should be as close as possible to the eyeball.
Large and hanging, of triangular shape. Set at eye level. At rest, they hang gracefully in corkscrew. Without being drawn forward they must meet the corner of the lips but not the nose. Soft and limp to the touch, with fine skin and hair, distinct plexus of veins. When the dog is attentive, the ear set is higher and the line of the set-on flatter.


Strong and powerful; broad at the beginning, widening slightly towards the body. Upper line slightly arched. Underline with a well defined double dewlap starting from both corners of the lips, without being too much exaggerated.


Square, strong and robust with powerful chest and thorax, giving the impression of power and agility.
Upper profile
Straight, horizontal or preferably with a slight slope down from the withers. Never a sway back. Without rocking or rolling when on the move.
Well defined.
Powerful and muscular.
Of medium length, broad and muscular, giving the impression of power.
Broad and solid. Its inclination in relation to the topline, or also to the ground, should be inferior to 45°. Height at the croup equal or slightly less than the height at the withers.
Broad, deep, reaching elbow level, muscular and powerful. Point of sternum quite prominent. Ribs well developed, round, not flat, rib spaces well marked and getting wider towards the floating ribs. The thoracic perimeter must be equal to the height at the withers increased by a quarter of the height at the withers.
Underline and belly
Belly moderately tucked up towards the genitals. Flanks deep and well defined.


Thick at the root, set at medium height. Is docked to one third or to the half of its length.



Limbs vertical, straight and parallel. Solid bone structure. Short pasterns with well developed feet.
Moderately oblique, muscled. The shoulder blade must have about the same length as the upper arm.
Upper arm
Strong and well muscled. Its length should be 2/3 of that of the forearm.
Close to the body
Of strong bone structure with well defined tendons. Straight, vertical. Its length is double that of the total length from the pastern joint (carpus) to the ground.
Carpal joint
Scapular-humeral angle about 100°.
Humeral-radial angle about 125°.
Very slightly oblique in profile, practically in the prolongation of the forearm. Solid bone structure.
Cat feet, strong tight toes, well knuckled-up. Dark nails. Pads hard, very broad and resistant. Interdigital membrane moderately developed.


Powerful and muscular, strong bone, with vertical limbs and correct angles; well marked and bent hocks not deviated, giving the impression of power and solidity.
Upper thigh
Very strong with a well developed, clearly defined, visible musculature. Its length is 3/4 of that of the lower thigh.
Lower thigh
Long, of strong bone structure with a length double than that of the hock.
Femoral joint
Coxal-femoral angle - about 100°.
Femoral-tibial angle - about 120°.
Angle at hockjoint blunter than 130°.
Strong bone, perpendicular to the ground.
Well marked, with tendon clearly visible.
Hind feet
Cat feet, like those of the forelegs, though slightly longer.

Gait and movement

Typical gait of the breed is a steady economical trot, flowing and powerful without tendency to lateral rolling movement or to ambling.


Elastic without being loose, thick, abundant, of pink colour without patches. All mucous membranes should be brown, never black.


Dense, of medium thickness, short, smooth and evenly distributed all over the body down to the tissue between toes; finer on the head, the leathers and the legs.
The basic colours of the coat are white and liver. These colours mix irregularly, giving a liver-marbled or greyish liver or liver-speckled coat as well as other combinations, according to whether the liver or the white is predominant and according to whether the white patches are smaller or larger. A very frequent characteristic of the coat, although not necessary, is a distinct white patch on the forehead; the leathers are always spotted in self-coloured liver. The liver coloured hairs may form distinct patches of that colour, spread irregularly over the whole coat of the animal. The same applies to white hairs which may form patches of that colour in the coat without, however, being very extended. Never to be admitted : black colour or tan markings above the eyes and on the legs.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Male : 62-67 cm, bitches : 59-64 cm.
This breed shows a high degree of dimorphism, the males being more homogenous and the females of more variable sizes and much finer in general.


• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Nasal bridge slightly convex (Roman nose) without exaggeration.
 Absence of some premolar.
 Pincer bite.
 Conjunctiva (haw) very slightly visible.
 Lips and dewlap, without being excessive, very pronounced.
 Upper line not very solid.
 Front and rear pasterns and feet weak without exaggeration.
 Scars, wounds and abrasions of skin resulting from hunting work.

Serious faults

 Light general appearance, frail or excessively heavy, and lethargic.
 Cranio-facial axes parallel.
 Head small, not in balance with the body.
 Narrow skull.
 Pointed muzzle.
 Absence of various premolars or canines, not due to traumatism.
 Very pronounced entropion or ectropion; light eyes.
 Ears too long and too low set.
 Flews or dewlap exaggerated.
 Sway back.
 Height at the croup noticeably superior to the height at withers.
 Incorrect limbs, weak, not vertical.
 Loose elbows.
 Cow hocks.
 Coat wavy or too long.
 Unbalanced temperament.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Cranio-facial axes clearly convergent.
 Partial or total depigmentation of the nose.
 Split nose or black nose.
 Undershot mouth of any degree.
 Excessively overshot mouth.
 Albinism (coat and mucous membranes).

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.




Detailed history

The Spanish Braque, still called Braque de Burgos and, in Spain, Perro Perdiguero de Burgos, is probably one of the oldest among the Braques.

Some authors agree that the Italian Braque would be the ancestor of all. Castaing, while recognizing that this statement does not lack fundamentals, rejects the idea of an Italian descent for the Spanish Braque. One can however notice the very strong resemblance of the Italian Braque and the Braque of Burgos. They have many common characteristics: a rather heavy head, drooping lips, a noble and sad expression, a neck forming folds in the crop. Would these two dogs have the same origins? It is not forbidden to imagine it. We know that the appearance of the Italian Braque goes back to Antiquity. According to Fiorone, it comes from the crossing of a light running dog, which was used in the time of the Pharaohs and the Mastiff of Assyria; it is not impossible that the first sowing dogs thus obtained have spread in Europe by the Mediterranean countries. We know that Spain was invaded by the Romans during the Punic wars, then by the Arabs.

Be that as it may, the Perdiguero de Burgos is undoubtedly a Spanish race of very ancient lineage, which has kept all the characteristics of its ancestors very pure. In the 17th century, Velasquez painted Braques de Burgos on one of his canvases exactly as we know them today: dogs of hieratic beauty, giving off an impression of nobility and power.

It seems that in Spain, the Perdiguero de Burgos has developed mainly south of the Pyrenees, at least at the beginning. He could, it is said, be the ancestor of the old French Braque, also called "Braque Charles X". He could also have played a role in the appearance of another Spanish Braque, more unknown: the Braque said Lourdes or Charles VIII, a lighter dog, more agile, more angular than the Braque de Burgos, whose The pace is more lively and is particularly clever at hare hunting.

Although it has inherited the morphological features of its more distant ancestors, the Perdiguero de Burgos has also preserved their ancestral skills in hunting. It is, therefore, very popular in Spain. It must be said that the Spanish Braque possesses all the qualities that one can look for in a hunting dog. Its calm, docile and intelligent character makes it very easy to train. Effective on all terrains, but especially on flat and dry ground, it can be used for any game, hair or feather, with a predilection for the partridge. He does not refuse the tracking of big game, where he shows great valor. It should be noted that the Spanish Braque is a very rustic dog and extremely resistant to heat and weather; his broad and developed chest, his strong chest with well-rounded ribs certainly favor his robustness and endurance. During the quest, his favorite pace is an economic trot, flowy and powerful. His nobility of style and style still make him think of the Italian Braque.

To all its qualities, it must be added that the Perdiguero de Burgos has a very fine nose and that it stops and brings game to perfection. It is really surprising that such a hunter is so little known outside the Spanish borders.

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Cymric

    Cymric Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cymric is a cat breed from the Isle of Man (British Isles). This cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Manx, which has the particularity of not having a tail. A brief historical overview Like the Manx, the Cymric originated on the British Isle of Man. As the island's cat population was...
  • Colorpoint shorthair

    Colorpoint shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Colorpoint Shorthair is a cat breed originally from Thailand. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its colorpoint coat and blue eyes. A brief historical overview The origins of the Colorpoint Shorthair are the same as those of the Siamese, since it is the same breed.The breed is said to...
  • Chantilly

    Chantilly Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chantilly is a semi-long-haired cat breed created in the United States in the 1960s from two kittens of undetermined breed. On the brink of extinction in the 1980s, breeding was revived in Canada. The breed remains very rare and is only recognized by a few North American federations, mostly on an...
  • California Spangled

    California Spangled Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Spangled is a breed of cat native to the United States. This endangered cat is characterized by its leopard-like spotted tabby coat. A brief historical overview Paul Casey, an American screenwriter, created the breed in 1970. He had just returned from a trip to Africa and wanted a...
  • Brazilian shorthair

    Brazilian shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Brazilian shorthair, also known as the Pelo Curto Brasileiro, is a breed of cat native to Brazil. This medium-sized cat is characterized by the fact that it is the first internationally recognized Brazilian breed and is extremely rare. Standard The current standard published by the...
  • Japanese Bobtail

    Japanese Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of cat native to Japan. This cat is characterized by its short, curled tail. A brief historical overview The breed, when tortoiseshell and white, is known as the Mi-ké (three hairs = three colors) in its native Japan, where it is considered a symbol of...
  • Kuril Bobtail

    Kuril Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Kuril Bobtail is a cat breed from the Kuril Islands in Russia. This cat is characterized by its very short pom-pom tail, the result of a natural mutation. The breed exists in shorthair and longhair varieties. A brief historical overview This natural breed originated on the Kuril Islands, on the...
  • Russian blue

    Russian blue Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Russian Blue or Russian is a cat breed with controversial origins, usually considered a natural breed that originated in cold countries such as Russia and Scandinavia. Often described as a calm breed that is very attached to its master, the Russian Blue is well suited to life in an...
  • Balinais

    Balinais Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Balinais is a cat breed that originated in the United States. This medium-sized cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Siamese. Standard The French standard specifies that the Balinais, although fine, must not be too thin. A brief historical overview The Balinais is the semi-long-haired variety...
  • Australian mist

    Australian mist Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Australian Mist, also known as the Spotted Mist, is a breed of cat native to Australia. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short-haired coat with a spotted tabby or blotched tabby pattern. A brief historical overview The origins of the Australian Mist go back to the late 1970s,...
  • Anatoli

    Anatoli Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Anatoli, also known as the Anatolian shorthair or Turkish shorthair, is a cat breed of Turkish origin. It is the short-haired variety of the Van Turk. Standard The Anatoli is said to be a natural Turkish breed, like the Van Turk and Turkish Angora. The Anatoli was recognized by the WCF in 2001. A...
  • Californian rex

    Californian rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Rex is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its wavy, semi-longhair coat. It is the semi-long-haired variety of the Cornish Rex. A brief historical overview As its name suggests, this variety was discovered in California in the 1960s.Today, it...
  • Cornish rex

    Cornish rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cornish rex, also known as the Cornish rex, is a breed of cat native to the United Kingdom. This cat is characterized by its very short, notched, soft coat. A brief historical overview The Cornish rex, originally from Great Britain, is the result of spontaneous mutation. The breed's founder...
  • Chausie

    Chausie Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chausie is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its Chaus-like physique. A brief historical overview The Chausie is the result of hybridization between a Chaus and a domestic cat. The first crosses were made in the late 1960s to produce a cat with a wild type...
  • Chartreux

    Chartreux Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chartreux, also known as the Chartreux cat, is a breed of cat native to France. This cat is characterized by gold-to-copper eyes and a short, full coat that is entirely blue. A brief historical overview The Chartreux is one of the oldest natural cat breeds in the world. It is thought to have...
  • Ceylan

    Ceylan Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Ceylan is a cat breed originally from Sri Lanka. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its ticked tabby shorthair. A brief historical overview It was an Italian, Dr. Paolo Pellegatta, who in 1984 discovered half-wild ticked cats (like the Abyssin) in Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylan). With the help of the...
  • British longhair

    British longhair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British longhair is a breed of cat that originated in England. This medium to large cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the British shorthair. A brief historical overview The British longhair is a direct descendant of the British shorthair, and their history was identical until the...
  • British shorthair

    British shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British shorthair is a breed of cat that originated in Great Britain. This medium to large cat is characterized by its very round head and large, round eyes. A brief historical overview At the same time, English breeders such as H. Weir selected the most beautiful alley cats, which were...